Jostein Gaarder
Overview
 
Jostein Gaarder /ˈju:staɪn ˈgɔːrdər/ (born 8 August 1952 in Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

) is a Norwegian intellectual
Intellectual
An intellectual is a person who uses intelligence and critical or analytical reasoning in either a professional or a personal capacity.- Terminology and endeavours :"Intellectual" can denote four types of persons:...

 and author of several novel
Novel
A novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose. The genre has historical roots both in the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. The latter supplied the present generic term in the late 18th century....

s, short stories
Short story
A short story is a work of fiction that is usually written in prose, often in narrative format. This format tends to be more pointed than longer works of fiction, such as novellas and novels. Short story definitions based on length differ somewhat, even among professional writers, in part because...

 and children's books. Gaarder often writes from the perspective of children, exploring their sense of wonder about the world. He often uses metafiction
Metafiction
Metafiction, also known as Romantic irony in the context of Romantic works of literature, is a type of fiction that self-consciously addresses the devices of fiction, exposing the fictional illusion...

 in his works, writing stories within stories
Story within a story
A story within a story, also rendered story-within-a-story, is a literary device in which one narrative is presented during the action of another narrative. Mise en abyme is the French term for a similar literary device...

.

Gaarder was born into a pedagogical family. His best known work is the novel Sophie's World
Sophie's World
Sophie's World is a novel by Jostein Gaarder, published in 1991. It was originally written in Norwegian, but has since been translated into English and many other languages. It sold more than 30 million copies and is one of the most successful Norwegian novels outside of Norway...

, subtitled A Novel about the History of Philosophy.
Encyclopedia
Jostein Gaarder /ˈju:staɪn ˈgɔːrdər/ (born 8 August 1952 in Oslo
Oslo
Oslo is a municipality, as well as the capital and most populous city in Norway. As a municipality , it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway's King...

) is a Norwegian intellectual
Intellectual
An intellectual is a person who uses intelligence and critical or analytical reasoning in either a professional or a personal capacity.- Terminology and endeavours :"Intellectual" can denote four types of persons:...

 and author of several novel
Novel
A novel is a book of long narrative in literary prose. The genre has historical roots both in the fields of the medieval and early modern romance and in the tradition of the novella. The latter supplied the present generic term in the late 18th century....

s, short stories
Short story
A short story is a work of fiction that is usually written in prose, often in narrative format. This format tends to be more pointed than longer works of fiction, such as novellas and novels. Short story definitions based on length differ somewhat, even among professional writers, in part because...

 and children's books. Gaarder often writes from the perspective of children, exploring their sense of wonder about the world. He often uses metafiction
Metafiction
Metafiction, also known as Romantic irony in the context of Romantic works of literature, is a type of fiction that self-consciously addresses the devices of fiction, exposing the fictional illusion...

 in his works, writing stories within stories
Story within a story
A story within a story, also rendered story-within-a-story, is a literary device in which one narrative is presented during the action of another narrative. Mise en abyme is the French term for a similar literary device...

.

Gaarder was born into a pedagogical family. His best known work is the novel Sophie's World
Sophie's World
Sophie's World is a novel by Jostein Gaarder, published in 1991. It was originally written in Norwegian, but has since been translated into English and many other languages. It sold more than 30 million copies and is one of the most successful Norwegian novels outside of Norway...

, subtitled A Novel about the History of Philosophy. This popular work has been translated into fifty-three languages; there are over thirty million copies in print.

In 1997, he established the Sophie Prize
Sophie Prize
The Sophie Prize is an international environment and development prize and is awarded annually. It was established in 1997 by the Norwegian author Jostein Gaarder and his wife Siri Dannevig, and it is named after Gaarder's novel Sophie's World. An award ceremony is set for June 22 in Oslo, Norway...

 together with his wife Siri Dannevig. This prize is an international environment and development prize (USD 100,000 = 77,000
Euro
The euro is the official currency of the eurozone: 17 of the 27 member states of the European Union. It is also the currency used by the Institutions of the European Union. The eurozone consists of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg,...

), awarded annually. It is named after the novel.

Awards and prizes

  • 1990 - Norwegian Critics Prize for Literature for the year's best children's or youth's literature, for Kabalmysteriet (The Solitaire Mystery
    The Solitaire Mystery
    The Solitaire Mystery is a 1990 fantasy novel by Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author of the best-selling Sophie's World. Its main target audience is young adults, but the themes of the book transcend any age group....

    )
  • 1993 – Norwegian Booksellers' Prize
    Norwegian Booksellers' Prize
    The Norwegian Booksellers' Prize is a literature prize was awarded by the Norwegian Booksellers Association. It was initiated in 1948, then did not return until 1961...

     for I et speil, i en gåte (Through a Glass, Darkly).
  • 1994 – Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis
    Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis
    The Deutscher Jugendliteraturpreis is an annual award established in 1956 by the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth to recognise outstanding works of children's literature. It is Germany's only state-funded literary award. In the past, authors from many countries...

     for Sophie's World
    Sophie's World
    Sophie's World is a novel by Jostein Gaarder, published in 1991. It was originally written in Norwegian, but has since been translated into English and many other languages. It sold more than 30 million copies and is one of the most successful Norwegian novels outside of Norway...

    .
  • 1995 – Premio Bancarella
    Premio Bancarella
    The Premio Bancarella is an Italian literary prize established in 1953; it is given in Pontremoli every year, the last Saturday or the last Sunday in July....

     for Il Mondo di Sofia, the Italian translation of Sophie's World.
  • 1997 – Buxtehude Bull for Durch einen Spiegel, in einem dunklen Wort, the German translation of I et speil, i en gåte.
  • 2004 – the Willy-Brandt Award in Oslo.
  • 2005 – Commander, The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
    The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav
    The Royal Norwegian Order of St. Olav is a Norwegian order of chivalry that was instituted by King Oscar I of Norway and Sweden on August 21, 1847, as a distinctly Norwegian order. It is named after King Olav II, known for posterity as St. Olav. Nobility was abolished in Norway in 1821...

    .
  • 2005 – an Honorary degree
    Honorary degree
    An honorary degree or a degree honoris causa is an academic degree for which a university has waived the usual requirements, such as matriculation, residence, study, and the passing of examinations...

     at Trinity College, Dublin
    Trinity College, Dublin
    Trinity College, Dublin , formally known as the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, was founded in 1592 by letters patent from Queen Elizabeth I as the "mother of a university", Extracts from Letters Patent of Elizabeth I, 1592: "...we...found and...

    .

Environmental and human rights activism

Jostein Gaarder has been involved in the promotion of human rights and sustainable development for several years, establishing the Sophie Prize
Sophie Prize
The Sophie Prize is an international environment and development prize and is awarded annually. It was established in 1997 by the Norwegian author Jostein Gaarder and his wife Siri Dannevig, and it is named after Gaarder's novel Sophie's World. An award ceremony is set for June 22 in Oslo, Norway...

 in 1997.

He has also vehemently criticized the Israeli occupation of Palestine and the treatment of the Palestinians. In August 2006, Jostein Gaarder published an op-ed
Op-ed
An op-ed, abbreviated from opposite the editorial page , is a newspaper article that expresses the opinions of a named writer who is usually unaffiliated with the newspaper's editorial board...

 in one of the major daily newspapers in Norway, Aftenposten
Aftenposten
Aftenposten is Norway's largest newspaper. It retook this position in 2010, taking it from the tabloid Verdens Gang which had been the largest newspaper for several decades. It is based in Oslo. The morning edition, which is distributed across all of Norway, had a circulation of 250,179 in 2007...

. This was written in response to the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict
2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict
The 2006 Lebanon War, also called the 2006 Israel-Hezbollah War and known in Lebanon as the July War #Other uses|Tammūz]]) and in Israel as the Second Lebanon War , was a 34-day military conflict in Lebanon, northern Israel and the Israeli-occupied territories. The principal parties were Hezbollah...

 and condemned certain aspects of Israel
Israel
The State of Israel is a parliamentary republic located in the Middle East, along the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea...

i politics and Judaism. Gaarder also argued against recognizing the state of Israel in its current form. The article described Judaism as "an archaic national and warlike religion", contrasting it with the Christian idea that "[T]he Kingdom of God
Kingdom of God
The Kingdom of God or Kingdom of Heaven is a foundational concept in the Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.The term "Kingdom of God" is found in all four canonical gospels and in the Pauline epistles...

 is compassion and forgiveness". The op-ed resulted in the Jostein Gaarder controversy. Gaarder disputed allegations of anti-Semitism, and sought to clarify that he didn't mean to offend anyone. He stated that the piece was written in a state of moral outrage over the death toll in Lebanon.

List of works

  • Diagnosen og andre noveller (The Diagnosis and Other Stories) (1986)
  • Froskeslottet (The Frog Castle) (1988)
  • Kabalmysteriet (The Solitaire Mystery
    The Solitaire Mystery
    The Solitaire Mystery is a 1990 fantasy novel by Jostein Gaarder, Norwegian author of the best-selling Sophie's World. Its main target audience is young adults, but the themes of the book transcend any age group....

    ) (1990) ISBN 0-425-15999-X
  • Sofies verden (Sophie's World
    Sophie's World
    Sophie's World is a novel by Jostein Gaarder, published in 1991. It was originally written in Norwegian, but has since been translated into English and many other languages. It sold more than 30 million copies and is one of the most successful Norwegian novels outside of Norway...

    ) (1991) ISBN 0-425-15225-1
  • Julemysteriet (The Christmas Mystery
    The Christmas Mystery
    The Christmas Mystery is a Norwegian novel for children by Jostein Gaarder. The story has one chapter for each day of Advent...

    ) (1992) ISBN 0-374-12329-2 (1995 edition illustrated by Stella East
    Stella East
    Stella Dorothy Loring East is a Canadian-Norwegian artist and illustrator. She has her education from Canada, USA, England and Norway. East has illustrated ten picturebooks since 1987. Her books have been published in Canada, USA, Norway, Denmark, Greece and Germany...

     ISBN 82-03-24090-9)
  • Bibbi Bokkens magiske bibliotek (Bibbi Bokken's magic library) (together with Klaus Hagerup
    Klaus Hagerup
    Klaus Hagerup is a Norwegian author, translator, screenwriter, actor and director.He is the youngest of three brothers. He debuted with the poem collection "Slik tenker jeg på dere" in 1969...

    (1993) ISBN 82-00-21210-6
  • I et speil, i en gåte (Through a Glass, Darkly) (1993) ISBN 0-7538-0673-8
  • Hallo? Er det noen her? (Hello? Is Anybody There?) (1996) ISBN 0-374-32948-6
  • Vita Brevis
    Vita Brevis
    VITA BREVIS :"Brief Life" is a book written by Jostein Gaarder and published in 1996. Gaarder presents the text as written by Saint Augustine´s lover .-Plot:...

    (Brief Life) (also appeared in English as That Same Flower) (1996) ISBN 0-7538-0461-1
  • Vita Brevis: A Letter to St Augustine (1998) ISBN 0-7538-0461-1
  • Maya (1999) ISBN 0-7538-1146-4
  • Sirkusdirektørens datter (The Ringmaster's Daughter
    The Ringmaster's Daughter
    The Ringmaster's Daughter is a novel by Jostein Gaarder, published in 2001. It was originally written in Norwegian, but has since been translated into English .-Plot:...

    ) (2001) ISBN 0-7538-1700-4
  • Appelsinpiken
    Appelsinpiken
    The Orange Girl is a Norwegian movie released in February 2009. It is based on a book by internationally acclaimed author Jostein Gaarder; a book translated to 43 languages...

    (The Orange Girl) (2004) ISBN 0-297-84904-2
  • Sjakk Matt (Checkmate) (2006)
  • De gule dvergene (The Yellow Dwarves) (2006)
  • Slottet i Pyreneene (The Castle in the Pyrenees) (2008)

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
x
OK