Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...
. As a municipality (formannskapsdistrikt
Formannskapsdistrikt was the name for a Norwegian local self-government districts put into force in 1838. This system of municipality was created in a bill approved by the Storting and signed into law by King Carl Johan on 14 January 1837...
), it was established on 1 January 1838. Founded around 1048 by King Harald III of Norway, the city was largely destroyed by fire in 1624. The city was moved under the reign of Denmark–Norway
Denmark–Norway is the historiographical name for a former political entity consisting of the kingdoms of Denmark and Norway, including the originally Norwegian dependencies of Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands...
's King Christian IV
Christian IV of Denmark
Christian IV was the king of Denmark-Norway from 1588 until his death. With a reign of more than 59 years, he is the longest-reigning monarch of Denmark, and he is frequently remembered as one of the most popular, ambitious and proactive Danish kings, having initiated many reforms and projects...
. It was rebuilt closer to Akershus Castle, as Christiania (also spelled Kristiania in late 1800s).
1314 King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
1903 Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage by leaving Oslo, Norway.
1945 King Haakon VII of Norway returns with his family to Oslo after five years in exile.
2004 A version of ''The Scream'' and ''Madonna'', two paintings by Edvard Munch, are stolen at gunpoint from a museum in Oslo, Norway.