Joseph Constantine Carpue
Joseph Constantine Carpue (4 May 1764 – 30 January 1846) was an English surgeon
In medicine, a surgeon is a specialist in surgery. Surgery is a broad category of invasive medical treatment that involves the cutting of a body, whether human or animal, for a specific reason such as the removal of diseased tissue or to repair a tear or breakage...

 who was born in London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

. He was associated with St. George's Hospital and Duke of York Hospital in Chelsea
Chelsea, London
Chelsea is an area of West London, England, bounded to the south by the River Thames, where its frontage runs from Chelsea Bridge along the Chelsea Embankment, Cheyne Walk, Lots Road and Chelsea Harbour. Its eastern boundary was once defined by the River Westbourne, which is now in a pipe above...

. He was a skilled surgeon and popular lecturer of anatomy
Anatomy is a branch of biology and medicine that is the consideration of the structure of living things. It is a general term that includes human anatomy, animal anatomy , and plant anatomy...


Carpue is known for performing the first rhinoplastic
Rhinoplasty , also nose job, is a plastic surgery procedure for correcting and reconstructing the form, restoring the functions, and aesthetically enhancing the nose, by resolving nasal trauma , congenital defect, respiratory impediment, and a failed primary rhinoplasty...

 surgery in England, using a technique created in India several centuries earlier. The Indian rhinoplastic reconstruction involved using a flap of skin taken from the forehead, and was to become known in Europe as "Carpue's operation". In 1816 Carpue described the procedure in his publication of "Account of Two Successful Operations for Restoring a Lost Nose from the Integument of the Forehead".

Carpue was also a pioneer involving experimentation with electricity in medicine, of which he detailed in his treatise of "An Introduction to Electricity and Galvanism
In biology, galvanism is the contraction of a muscle that is stimulated by an electric current. In physics and chemistry, it is the induction of electrical current from a chemical reaction, typically between two chemicals with differing electronegativities....

, with Cases showing their Effects in the Cure of Disease".


  • 1801- "Description of the Muscles of the Human Body"
  • 1803- "An Introduction to Electricity and Galvanism, with Cases showing their Effects in the Cure of Disease"
  • 1816- "Account of Two Successful Operations for Restoring a Lost Nose from the Integument of the Forehead"
  • 1819- "History of the High Operation for the Stone, by Inscision above the Pubis"

External links

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