Joseph Caillaux
Joseph-Marie–Auguste Caillaux (ʒɔzɛf kajo; 30 March 1863 Le Mans
Le Mans
Le Mans is a city in France, located on the Sarthe River. Traditionally the capital of the province of Maine, it is now the capital of the Sarthe department and the seat of the Roman Catholic diocese of Le Mans. Le Mans is a part of the Pays de la Loire region.Its inhabitants are called Manceaux...

 – 22 November 1944 Mamers
Mamers is a commune in the Sarthe department in the region of Pays-de-la-Loire in north-western France.The neighboring communes are: Commerveil, Saint-Longis, Saint-Rémy-des-Monts, Origny-le-Roux, Suré....

) was a major French politician of the Third Republic
French Third Republic
The French Third Republic was the republican government of France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed due to the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, to 1940, when France was overrun by Nazi Germany during World War II, resulting in the German and Italian occupations of France...

. The leader of the Radicals, he favored a policy of conciliation with Germany during his premiership from 1911 to 1912, which led to the maintenance of the peace during the Second Moroccan Crisis of 1911. He and his ministers were forced to resign On January 11, 1912, after it was revealed that he had secretly negotiated with Germany without the knowledge of President Fallieries.

In 1914 he resigned as Minister of Finance
Minister of the Economy, Finance and Industry (France)
The Minister for the Economy, Industry and Employment , or Minister of Finance for short, is one of the most prominent positions in the cabinet of France after the Prime Minister....

 after his wife Henriette
Henriette Caillaux
Henriette Caillaux was a Parisian socialite and second wife of the former Prime Minister of France. She is remembered as an assassin.-Biography:...

  shot Gaston Calmette
Gaston Calmette
Gaston Calmette was a French journalist.In January 1914 Calmette, who had been editor of the newspaper Le Figaro since 1902, launched a campaign against Minister of Finance Joseph Caillaux, who had introduced progressive taxation and was known for his pacifist stance towards Germany during the...

, the editor of Le Figaro
Le Figaro
Le Figaro is a French daily newspaper founded in 1826 and published in Paris. It is one of three French newspapers of record, with Le Monde and Libération, and is the oldest newspaper in France. It is also the second-largest national newspaper in France after Le Parisien and before Le Monde, but...

newspaper when he threatened to print a letter written by Caillaux that was political dynamite. She was acquitted, however, and Caillaux became the leader of a peace party in the Assembly during World War I. This led to his arrest and trial for treason in 1918. Again rehabilitated after the war, Caillaux served at various times in the left wing governments of the 1920s.

Joseph Caillaux is interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery
Père Lachaise Cemetery
Père Lachaise Cemetery is the largest cemetery in the city of Paris, France , though there are larger cemeteries in the city's suburbs.Père Lachaise is in the 20th arrondissement, and is reputed to be the world's most-visited cemetery, attracting hundreds of thousands of visitors annually to the...

 in Paris.

Caillaux's Ministry, 27 June 1911 – 11 January 1912

  • Joseph Caillaux – President of the Council and Minister of the Interior and Worship
  • Justin de Selves
    Justin de Selves
    Justin de Selves was a French politician....

     – Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Adolphe Messimy – Minister of War
  • Louis-Lucien Klotz
    Louis-Lucien Klotz
    Louis-Lucien Klotz was a French journalist and politician. He was the French Minister of Finance during World War I.-Early life:...

     – Minister of Finance
  • René Renoult
    René Renoult
    René Renoult was a French Minister and lawyer.Renoult is the son of Étienne and Élisa Geranger, a female day laborer. He studied at the Faculty of Law in Paris and obtained his doctorate in 1888...

     – Minister of Labour and Social Security Provisions
  • Jean Cruppi
    Jean Cruppi
    Jean Cruppi was a French politician of the Third Republic....

     – Minister of Justice
  • Théophile Delcassé
    Théophile Delcassé
    Théophile Delcassé was a French statesman.-Biography:He was born at Pamiers, in the Ariège département...

     – Minister of Marine
  • Théodore Steeg
    Théodore Steeg
    Théodore Steeg was a French politician of the Third Republic, deputy of the Seine from 1906 to 1914 and senator of the same department from 1914 to 1940....

     – Minister of Public Instruction and Fine Arts
  • Jules Pams – Minister of Agriculture
  • Albert Lebrun
    Albert Lebrun
    Albert François Lebrun was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940. He was the last president of the Third Republic. He was a member of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance .-Biography:...

     – Minister of Colonies
  • Victor Augagneur – Minister of Public Works, Posts, and Telegraphs
  • Maurice Couyba – Minister of Commerce and Industry
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