Jose Yulo
José Yulo was the Chief Justice of the Philippines
Chief Justice of the Philippines
The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the Philippines and is the highest judicial officer of the government of the Philippines...

 (1942–1945) during the Japanese Occupation and was Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives
Speaker of the Philippine House of Representatives
The Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines is the presiding officer of the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives....

 from 1939 until the World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 started in 1941.


Yulo was born on September 24, 1894 in Bago, Negros Occidental. He obtained his Bachelor of Laws degree at the University of the Philippines
University of the Philippines
The ' is the national university of the Philippines. Founded in 1908 through Act No...

 and placed third the Bar in 1913. But due to his age, did not practice law until two years later. He became distinguished as one of the best corporation lawyers in the Philippines.

Appointed as Justice Secretary by Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel L. Quezon
Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina served as president of the Commonwealth of the Philippines from 1935 to 1944. He was the first Filipino to head a government of the Philippines...

, he was elected to the Philippine National Assembly representing the province of Capiz, becoming its Speaker under the ruling Nacionalista Party on its convening session in 1939.

The 1935 Philippine Constitution was amended in 1940 changing the unicameral legislature system into a bicameral system thus the National Assembly was renamed as the House of Representatives. Yulo still remains as Speaker.

When the Japanese conquered the Philippines in 1942, Yulo was appointed as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. He was the only former Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines to be subsequently appointed as Chief Justice.


Despite his violation of his Judicial Oath, he attempted to maintain the integrity of the judiciary despite pressure from the Japanese to sway decisions on certain cases.

Post-War Years

He was the presidential candidate of the Liberal Party in the 1957 presidential elections, eventually losing to incumbent President Carlos P. Garcia
Carlos P. Garcia
Carlos Polistico García was a Filipino teacher, poet, orator, lawyer, public official, political economist and guerrilla leader...

. His running-mate, Pampanga Representative Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Macapagal
Diosdado Pangan Macapagal was the ninth President of the Philippines, serving from 1961 to 1965, and the sixth Vice President, serving from 1957 to 1961. He also served as a member of the House of Representatives, and headed the Constitutional Convention of 1970...

, won the vice-presidential race.

He was later appointed by President Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Marcos
Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

 as his Justice Secretary in 1966.

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