Japanese Second Army
The was an army
A corps is either a large formation, or an administrative grouping of troops within an armed force with a common function such as Artillery or Signals representing an arm of service...

 of the Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
-Foundation:During the Meiji Restoration, the military forces loyal to the Emperor were samurai drawn primarily from the loyalist feudal domains of Satsuma and Chōshū...

. It was raised and demobilized on four separate occasions.


The Japanese 2nd Army was initially raised during the First Sino-Japanese War
First Sino-Japanese War
The First Sino-Japanese War was fought between Qing Dynasty China and Meiji Japan, primarily over control of Korea...

 from September 27, 1894 to May 14, 1895 under the command of General Ōyama Iwao
Oyama Iwao


It was revived for the Russo-Japanese War
Russo-Japanese War
The Russo-Japanese War was "the first great war of the 20th century." It grew out of rival imperial ambitions of the Russian Empire and Japanese Empire over Manchuria and Korea...

 from March 6, 1904 to January 2, 1906 under the command of General Oku Yasukata
Oku Yasukata
- Notes :...

. It fought in most of the major campaigns of the war, including the Battle of Nanshan
Battle of Nanshan
The was one of many vicious land battles of the Russo-Japanese War. It took place on 25 May 1904 across a two-mile wide defense line across the narrowest part of the Liáodōng Peninsula, covering the approaches to Port Arthur and on the 116-meter high Nanshan Hill, the present-day Jinzhou District,...

, Battle of Te-li-Ssu
Battle of Te-li-Ssu
The Battle of Te-li-ssu , also called Battle of Wafangou after the nearby railway station, was a land battle of the Russo-Japanese War. It was fought at a hamlet some north of Port Arthur, Manchuria. The hamlet is known today as Delisi, and is located just north of Wafangdian, Liaoning Province,...

, Battle of Tashihchiao
Battle of Tashihchiao
The Battle of Tashihchiao was a small-scale land engagement fought on 24 July - 25 July 1904, during the Japanese advance toward Liaoyang in first stage of the Russo-Japanese War. Tashihchiao is located about 25 kilometers [16 miles] southwest of the city of Haicheng, in present-day Liaoning...

, Battle of Shaho
Battle of Shaho
The Battle of Shaho was a land battle of the Russo-Japanese War fought along a front centered at the Sha River on the Mukden–Port Arthur spur of the China Far East Railway just north of Liaoyang, Manchuria.-Background:...

, Battle of Liaoyang
Battle of Liaoyang
The Battle of Liaoyang was one of the major land battles of the Russo-Japanese War....

, Battle of Sandepu
Battle of Sandepu
The Battle of Sandepu, was a major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War. It was fought within a group of villages about 36 miles southwest of Mukden, Manchuria.-Background:...

, and Battle of Mukden
Battle of Mukden
One of the largest land battles to be fought before World War I, the , the last major land battle of the Russo-Japanese War, was fought from 20 February to 10 March 1905 between Japan and Russia near Mukden in Manchuria...


The Japanese 2nd Army was raised again on August 23, 1937 and placed under the command of the Japanese Northern China Area Army
Japanese Northern China Area Army
The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War.-History:The Japanese North China Area Army was formed on August 21, 1937 under the control of the Imperial General Headquarters. It was transferred to the newly formed China Expeditionary Army on September 23,...

 as reinforcement to Japanese forces in China following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident
Marco Polo Bridge Incident
The Marco Polo Bridge Incident was a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army, often used as the marker for the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War .The eleven-arch granite bridge, Lugouqiao, is an architecturally significant structure,...

. The 2nd Army participated in the North China Incident
Battle of Beiping-Tianjin
The Battle of Beiping-Tianjin , also known as the “Peiking-Tientsin Operation” or by the Japanese as the was a series of battles of the Second Sino-Japanese War fought in the proximity of Beiping and Tianjin...

, Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation
Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation
The Japanese 津浦線作戦 or Tientsin–Pukow Railway Operation was a follow up operation to the Peiking Tientsin Operation of the Japanese army in North China at the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War. The Japanese advanced following the line of the Tianjin-Pukou Railway to the Yellow River....

, Battle of Xuzhou
Battle of Xuzhou
The Battle of Xuzhou was fought between Japanese and Chinese forces in May 1938 during Second Sino-Japanese War. In contemporary accounts in English, the event was usually referred to as the "Battle of Hsuchow", using the Chinese Postal Map Romanization....

 and Battle of Taierzhuang
Battle of Taierzhuang
The Battle of Tai'erzhuang was a battle of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1938, between armies of Chinese Kuomintang and Japan, and is sometimes considered as a part of Battle of Xuzhou....

 before being demobilized on December 15, 1938.

The fourth and final incarnation of the Japanese 2nd Army was on July 4, 1942, when it was revived under the command of the Japanese First Area Army
Japanese First Area Army
The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II, based in northern Manchukuo and active in combat against the Soviet Union in the closing stages of the war...

 in Manchukuo
Manchukuo or Manshū-koku was a puppet state in Manchuria and eastern Inner Mongolia, governed under a form of constitutional monarchy. The region was the historical homeland of the Manchus, who founded the Qing Empire in China...

. It was transferred to the Japanese Second Area Army
Japanese Second Area Army
The was a field army of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.-History:The Japanese 2nd Area Army was formed on July 4, 1942 under the control of the Kwangtung Army as a reserve and garrison force to maintain security and public order in Manchukuo...

 on October 30, 1943. Towards the closing stages of the war, on June 30, 1945, it was transferred to the Southern Expeditionary Army Group
Southern Expeditionary Army Group
The was a army group of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II. It was responsible for all military operations in South East Asian and South West Pacific campaigns of World War II....

 and was based in the Celebes
Sulawesi is one of the four larger Sunda Islands of Indonesia and is situated between Borneo and the Maluku Islands. In Indonesia, only Sumatra, Borneo, and Papua are larger in territory, and only Java and Sumatra have larger Indonesian populations.- Etymology :The Portuguese were the first to...

 at the end of World War II

Commanding officer

Name From To
1 Marshal Ōyama Iwao
Oyama Iwao

25 September 1894 26 May 1895
X demobilized 26 May 1895 6 March 1904
2 General Oku Yasukata
Oku Yasukata
- Notes :...

6 March 1904 12 January 1906
X demobilized 12 January 1906 23 August 1937
3 General Toshizō Nishio
Toshizo Nishio
-External links:...

23 August 1937 30 April 1938
4 General Prince Higashikuni Naruhiko 30 April 1938 9 December 1939
x demobilized 9 December 1938 4 July 1942
5 Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki 4 July 1942 28 May 1943
6 Lieutenant General Ichiro Shichida 28 May 1943 29 October 1943
7 Lieutenant General Fusataro Teshima 29 October 1943 15 August 1945

Chief of Staff

Name From To
2 Colonel Inoue Hikaru 1 October 1894 14 May 1895
X demobilized 26 May 1895 6 March 1904
2 Major General Ochiai Toyosaburo 6 March 1904 12 September 1904
3 Major General Osako Naomichi 12 September 1904 18 January 1906
X demobilized 18 January 1906 31 August 1937
4 Major General Yorimichi Suzuki 31 August 1937 11 June 1938
5 Lieutenant General Kazumoto Machijiri
Kazumoto Machijiri
-External links:**...

11 June 1938 21 November 1938
6 Major General Shigenari Aoki 21 November 1938 9 December 1938
X demobilized 9 December 1938 1 July 1942
7 Major General Goro Isoya 1 July 1942 8 April 1943
8 Major General Ichimaro Horike 8 April 1943 23 October 1943
9 Major General Shikao Fujitsuka 23 October 1943 26 December 1944
10 Major General Yuki Fukabori 1 February 1945 7 April 1945
11 Major General Shintaro Imada 7 April 1945 24 May 1945
12 Major General Minetaro Yoshida 5 June 1945 15 August 1945
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.