Initial Professional Development
Professional development
Professional development
Professional development refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement. Professional development encompasses all types of facilitated learning opportunities, ranging from college degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning...

 may be separated into two distinct phases, Continuing Professional Development
Continuing Professional Development
Continuing professional development or Continuing professional education is the means by which people maintain their knowledge and skills related to their professional lives.-CPD research:...

 and Initial Professional Development.


Initial Professional Development (IPD) is defined by the UK Initial Professional Development Forum as "a period of development during which an individual acquires a level of competence
A skill is the learned capacity to carry out pre-determined results often with the minimum outlay of time, energy, or both. Skills can often be divided into domain-general and domain-specific skills...

 necessary in order to operate as an autonomous professional". Professional bodies may recognise the successful completion of IPD by the award of chartered or similar status.

The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications
Institute of Mathematics and its Applications
The Institute of Mathematics and its Applications is the UK's chartered professional body for mathematicians and one of the UK's learned societies for mathematics ....

 defines IPD as "a pattern of learning undertaken by a graduate mathematician to develop the range of skills and competencies
Competence (human resources)
Competence is the ability of an individual to perform a job properly. A competency is a set of defined behaviors that provide a structured guide enabling the identification, evaluation and development of the behaviors in individual employees. As defined, the term "competence" first appeared in...

 needed to achieve professional status".

The Institution of Structural Engineers
Institution of Structural Engineers
The Institution of Structural Engineers is a professional body for structural engineering based in the United Kingdom. It has 27,000 members in 105 countries. The Institution provides professional accreditation for structural engineers...

  states that "Initial Professional Development (IPD) comprises the acquisition and development of the specialist knowledge and skills, and their practical application, that are needed to practise as a structural engineer. It bridges the gap between your educational base and attaining professional qualifications. The Institution defines IPD in terms of Core Objectives, which are defined to minimum standards".

The Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Institution of Mechanical Engineers
The Institution of Mechanical Engineers is the British engineering society based in central London, representing mechanical engineering. It is licensed by the Engineering Council UK to assess candidates for inclusion on ECUK's Register of professional Engineers...

states that Initial Professional Development builds upon academic skills and leads to registration as a Chartered Engineer or Incorporated Engineer. IPD must be challenging and based upon the level of educational achievement reached. It can be undertaken prior to, during or after the completion of a course of study.

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