Iliac artery
In human anatomy, iliac artery refers to several anatomical structures located in the pelvis:
  • Common iliac artery
    Common iliac artery
    The common iliac arteries are two large arteries that originate from the aortic bifurcation at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra. They bifurcate into the external iliac artery and internal iliac artery ....

     - forms at terminus of the aorta
  • External iliac artery
    External iliac artery
    The external iliac arteries are two major arteries which bifurcate off the common iliac arteries anterior to the sacroiliac joint of the pelvis. They proceed anterior and inferior along the medial border of the psoas major muscles...

     - forms when the common iliac artery bifurcates, continues as the femoral artery at the inguinal ligament
  • Internal iliac artery
    Internal iliac artery
    The internal iliac artery is the main artery of the pelvis.-Structure:The internal iliac artery supplies the walls and viscera of the pelvis, the buttock, the reproductive organs, and the medial compartment of the thigh...

    - forms when the common iliac artery bifurcates, supplies the perineum and sexual organs.
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