Hooge, Prince Su
Hooge was a prominent Manchu prince. He was the eldest son of Emperor Huang Taiji of the Qing Dynasty
Qing Dynasty
The Qing Dynasty was the last dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917. It was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed by the Republic of China....

. He was the founder of the House of Prince Su (Manchu
Manchu language
Manchu is a Tungusic endangered language spoken in Northeast China; it used to be the language of the Manchu, though now most Manchus speak Mandarin Chinese and there are fewer than 70 native speakers of Manchu out of a total of nearly 10 million ethnic Manchus...

: hošoi fafungga cin wang).


He joined military campaigns against the Mongols, Koreans and the Chinese under the Ming Dynasty
Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty, also Empire of the Great Ming, was the ruling dynasty of China from 1368 to 1644, following the collapse of the Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty. The Ming, "one of the greatest eras of orderly government and social stability in human history", was the last dynasty in China ruled by ethnic...

. After Huang Taiji's death in 1643, Hooge and Dorgon
Dorgon , also known as Hošoi Mergen Cin Wang, the Prince Rui , was one of the most influential Manchu princes in the early Qing Dynasty. He laid the groundwork for the Manchu rule of China.-Early life:Dorgon was born in Yenden, Manchuria , China...

, son of Nurhaci and his uncle, fought over the succession to the throne. The situation was in favor of Hooge because the three military banners under Huang Taiji's control were passed on to Hooge, ensuring their loyalty. Dorgun had the support of his brothers and therefore had the two White banners supporting him. This meant the remaining 2 Red banners controlled by Daišan
Daišan was an influential Manchu statesman and an imperial prince of the Qing Dynasty.-Family Background:He the second son of Nurhaci, the founder of the Qing Dynasty...

 and his son and the remaining Striped Blue Banner controlled by Chiurhala were crucial. After much conflict, Daišan started to favor Hooge. Feeling that he has wrapped up the crown, Hooge purposely refused the crown so that the others will make him emperor. This way, Hooge could be pushed onto the throne rather than seem rude and hungry of power. Unfortuntely, this was a mistake as Dorgun and his brothers would give way and the conflict continued without a solution. Their power struggle ended with a compromise in order to avoid internal strife—Dorgon nominated Fulin, Huang Taiji's ninth son born to Concubine Zhuang, who was later known as Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang.

After Fulin's succession to the throne as the Shunzhi Emperor
Shunzhi Emperor
The Shunzhi Emperor was the third emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the first Qing emperor to rule over China, which he did from 1644 to 1661. "Shunzhi" was the name of his reign period...

, Hooge repeatedly came into conflict with Dorgon. According to popular belief, he had made a scheme to usurp the throne from Shunzhi, but had told this to Prince Yu, his uncle. Prince Yu
Dodo (prince)
Dodo was a Manchu prince and military general of the early Qing Dynasty. His title was "Prince Yu of the First Rank" .-Family background:...

, who was Dorgon's brother, turns out to tell Dorgon. According to this belief, Dorgon used the chance to imprison Hooge. With rather historical records, after campaigns launched on remnant Han-Chinese rebel forces in western China
Fall of the Ming Dynasty
The collapse of the Ming Dynasty was a protracted affair, its roots beginning as early as 1600 with the emergence of the Manchu under Nurhaci. Originally a vassal of the Ming emperors, Nurhaci in 1582 embarked on an inter-tribal feud that escalated into a campaign to unify the Jianzhou Jurchen tribes...

, Hooge was imprisoned and died there. He was posthumously rehabilitated in 1650.

His tenth-generation descendant is Yoshiko Kawashima, daughter of the last Prince Su of the Blood Shanqi.

Succession of Prince Su

  • Hooge, Prince Wu of Su (1609–1648, r.1636-1648)
  • Fushou, Prince Que of Xian (1643–1669, r.1651-1669)
  • Danzhen, Prince Min of Xian (1665–1702, r.1670-1702)
  • Yanhuang, Prince Jin of Xian (1690–1771, r.1703-1771)
  • Yunzhao, Prince Qin of Su (1699–1778, r.1772-1778)
  • Yongxi, Prince Gong of Su (1753–1821, r.1778-1821)
  • Jinmin, Prince Xin of Su (1773–1852, r.1821-1852)
  • Huafeng, Prince Ke of Su (1804–1869, r.1853-1869)
  • Longqin, Prince Liang of Su (1840–1898, r.1870-1898)
  • Shanqi, Prince Zhong of Su (1866–1922, r.1898-1922)
    • Princess Xianyu (1907–1948)
  • Xianzhang, Prince Su (1885–1947, r.1922-1947)
  • Liansui (b.1910)
  • Qinrui (b.1934)
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