Henry I, Count Palatine
Heinrich I, Count Palatine of Lotharingia from 1045 until 1060, son of Hezzelin I
Hezzelin I
Hezzelin I , Count in Zulpichgau , son of count palatine Hermann I of Lotharingia.He married a daughter of Duke Conrad I of Carinthia and had at least two sons:...

Historians have given several nicknames to Heinrich: Furiosus (the Violent/the Insane), because he murdered his wife; Monachus (the Monk), because he was confined into an abbey for treating his insanity.

He married about 1048 Mathilde of Verdun (born abt 1025, died July 17, 1060) daughter of Duke Gozelo of Lotharingia
Gothelo I, Duke of Lorraine
Gothelo , called the Great, was the duke of Lower Lorraine from 1023 and of Upper Lorraine from 1033. He was also the margrave of Antwerp from 1005 and count of Verdun. Gothelo was the youngest son of Godfrey I, Count of Verdun, and Matilda Billung, daughter of Herman, Duke of Saxony...

, and sister of pope Stephen IX.

He received the Mosellan castle of Cochem
Cochem is the seat of and the biggest place in the Cochem-Zell district in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. With just under 5,000 inhabitants, Cochem falls just behind Kusel, in the like-named district, as Germany's second smallest district seat...

 from his niece, Queen Richeza of Poland. He was elected as successor for the German kingdom during Emperor Heinrich III
Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor
Henry III , called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors...

's illness.

Shortly after 1058, Heinrich began to show signs of insanity, for which he was confined to the abbey of Gorze. He escaped however, when he heard that his wife Mathilde had a love-affair with one of his relatives, and killed her with an axe (July 17, 1060). Heinrich then was definitely enclosed into the abbey of Echternach, where he died in 1061. His office and counties were confiscated by Anno II, archbishop of Cologne
Anno II, Archbishop of Cologne
Saint Anno II was Archbishop of Cologne from 1056 to 1075.He was born around 1010, belonging to the Swabian family of the von Steusslingen, and was educated at Bamberg. He became confessor to the Emperor Henry III, who appointed him archbishop of Cologne in 1056...

, who became the guardian of their only son, the later count palatine Hermann II (1064-1085).
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