H.R. 5122 (2006)
H.R. 5122, also known as the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 was a bill passed in the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

United States Congress
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States, consisting of the Senate and the House of Representatives. The Congress meets in the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C....

 on September 29, 2006 and signed by President
A president is a leader of an organization, company, trade union, university, or country.Etymologically, a president is one who presides, who sits in leadership...

 George W. Bush
George W. Bush
George Walker Bush is an American politician who served as the 43rd President of the United States, from 2001 to 2009. Before that, he was the 46th Governor of Texas, having served from 1995 to 2000....

 on October 17, 2006 becoming Public Law 109-364. House Vote - 396 Ayes (168 Democrats/1 I) with 31 Nays and 5 present not voting. H.R. 5122 includes:
  • $500 billion allocated to the military
    A military is an organization authorized by its greater society to use lethal force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country by combating actual or perceived threats. The military may have additional functions of use to its greater society, such as advancing a political agenda e.g...

     and defense related activities for fiscal year 2007

  • Expansion of the President's power to declare martial law
    Martial law
    Martial law is the imposition of military rule by military authorities over designated regions on an emergency basis— only temporary—when the civilian government or civilian authorities fail to function effectively , when there are extensive riots and protests, or when the disobedience of the law...

     under revisions to the Insurrection Act
    Insurrection Act
    The Insurrection Act of 1807 is the set of laws that govern the US President's ability to deploy troops within the United States to put down lawlessness, insurrection and rebellion. The laws are chiefly contained in - . The general aim is to limit Presidential power as much as possible, relying on...

    , and take charge of United States National Guard
    United States National Guard
    The National Guard of the United States is a reserve military force composed of state National Guard militia members or units under federally recognized active or inactive armed force service for the United States. Militia members are citizen soldiers, meaning they work part time for the National...

     troops without state governor
    Governor (United States)
    In the United States, the title governor refers to the chief executive of each state or insular territory, not directly subordinate to the federal authorities, but the political and ceremonial head of the state.-Role and powers:...

     authorization when public order has been lost and the state and its constituted authorities cannot enforce the law (repealed as of 2008 by H.R.4986 SEC.1068);

  • The elimination of the position of the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction as of October 1, 2007, currently held by Republican lawyer Stuart Bowen
    Stuart Bowen
    Stuart W. Bowen, Jr. , is an American lawyer who serves as the Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction , a position he has held since October 2004. He previously served as the Inspector General for the Coalition Provisional Authority , a position to which he was appointed in January 2004....

    , which is in charge of auditing expenditures in Iraq
    Iraq ; officially the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia spanning most of the northwestern end of the Zagros mountain range, the eastern part of the Syrian Desert and the northern part of the Arabian Desert....

    , transitioning Inspector General responsibilities to the Inspector General
    Inspector General
    An Inspector General is an investigative official in a civil or military organization. The plural of the term is Inspectors General.-Bangladesh:...

     offices in the departments of State and Defense, now that the Coalition Provisional Authority
    Coalition Provisional Authority
    The Coalition Provisional Authority was established as a transitional government following the invasion of Iraq by the United States and its allies, members of the Multi-National Force – Iraq which was formed to oust the government of Saddam Hussein in 2003...

     is dissolved and Iraq is now a sovereign nation.

  • A sunset date of September 30, 2012.

External links

  • Text of H.R. 5122
  • Morales, Frank. Bush Moves Toward Martial Law. Global Research. October 26, 2006. (Note: the portion of the law to which this editorial refers has been repealed as of 2008.)
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