Gulfstream Aerospace
Overview
 
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is a producer of several models of jet
Jet aircraft
A jet aircraft is an aircraft propelled by jet engines. Jet aircraft generally fly much faster than propeller-powered aircraft and at higher altitudes – as high as . At these altitudes, jet engines achieve maximum efficiency over long distances. The engines in propeller-powered aircraft...

 aircraft
Aircraft
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Although...

. Gulfstream has been a unit of General Dynamics
General Dynamics
General Dynamics Corporation is a U.S. defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2008 it is the fifth largest defense contractor in the world. Its headquarters are in West Falls Church , unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Falls Church area.The company has...

 since 1999.
The company has produced more than 1,500 aircraft for corporate, government, private, and military customers around the world. As of 2010, more than one-quarter of Fortune 500 companies operate Gulfstream aircraft.
The Gulfstream brand first appeared in 1957, when Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp. completed the design for the turboprop
Turboprop
A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller using a reduction gear.The gas turbine is designed specifically for this application, with almost all of its output being used to drive the propeller...

-driven Gulfstream I
Grumman Gulfstream I
|-See also:-External links:*...

, Grumman's first marketable business aircraft; up until this point Grumman was primarily known for its military aircraft production.
Encyclopedia
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is a producer of several models of jet
Jet aircraft
A jet aircraft is an aircraft propelled by jet engines. Jet aircraft generally fly much faster than propeller-powered aircraft and at higher altitudes – as high as . At these altitudes, jet engines achieve maximum efficiency over long distances. The engines in propeller-powered aircraft...

 aircraft
Aircraft
An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air, or, in general, the atmosphere of a planet. An aircraft counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a few cases the downward thrust from jet engines.Although...

. Gulfstream has been a unit of General Dynamics
General Dynamics
General Dynamics Corporation is a U.S. defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2008 it is the fifth largest defense contractor in the world. Its headquarters are in West Falls Church , unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Falls Church area.The company has...

 since 1999.
The company has produced more than 1,500 aircraft for corporate, government, private, and military customers around the world. As of 2010, more than one-quarter of Fortune 500 companies operate Gulfstream aircraft.

Grumman

The Gulfstream brand first appeared in 1957, when Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp. completed the design for the turboprop
Turboprop
A turboprop engine is a type of turbine engine which drives an aircraft propeller using a reduction gear.The gas turbine is designed specifically for this application, with almost all of its output being used to drive the propeller...

-driven Gulfstream I
Grumman Gulfstream I
|-See also:-External links:*...

, Grumman's first marketable business aircraft; up until this point Grumman was primarily known for its military aircraft production. The Gulfstream I turboprop, which had its maiden flight on August 14, 1958, was so successful that Grumman developed a turbojet-powered corporate aircraft, the Gulfstream II
Grumman Gulfstream II
The Gulfstream II is an American twin engine business jet designed and built by Grumman and then in succession, Grumman American and finally Gulfstream American. Its Grumman model number is G-1159 and its US military designation is C-11 Gulfstream II. It has been succeeded by the Gulfstream III...

.

In 1967, Grumman separated its civil and military divisions, and moved the Gulfstream corporate jet operation to Savannah
Savannah, Georgia
Savannah is the largest city and the county seat of Chatham County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. Established in 1733, the city of Savannah was the colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and later the first state capital of Georgia. Today Savannah is an industrial center and an important...

. The new facility, located at the Savannah airport, housed both production and flight testing for the Gulfstream II, with a 100-person workforce. By the end of 1968, employment had grown to over 1,000.

In 1969, the 200th and last Gulfstream I was delivered. Production of the Gulfstream II increased throughout the 1970s until the 256th and final aircraft was delivered in 1977.

Gulfstream Aerospace

In 1978, Grumman sold the Gulfstream aircraft line and all operations in Savannah to American Jet Industries, headed by Allen Paulson. Paulson became CEO, and renamed the company Gulfstream American. Paulson pushed heavily for the development of the Gulfstream III, which had its first flight in 1979. The purchase of Rockwell
Rockwell International
Rockwell International was a major American manufacturing conglomerate in the latter half of the 20th century, involved in aircraft, the space industry, both defense-oriented and commercial electronics, automotive and truck components, printing presses, valves and meters, and industrial automation....

's Aero Commander
Aero Commander (aircraft)
The Aero Commander 500 is the first in a series of light-twin piston-engined aircraft originally built by the Aero Design and Engineering Company in the late 1940s. In 1950 it became the Aero Commander company, and a division of Rockwell International from 1965. The initial production version was...

 program completed the formation of the new Gulfstream Aerospace.

The Savannah facility grew to employ 2,500 people by 1982, when the company's name was changed to Gulfstream Aerospace Corp. On April 8, 1983, Gulfstream stock was offered publicly for the first time. The company debuted on the Fortune 500 list at No. 417 in 1985, and that same year Chrysler
Chrysler
Chrysler Group LLC is a multinational automaker headquartered in Auburn Hills, Michigan, USA. Chrysler was first organized as the Chrysler Corporation in 1925....

 acquired Gulfstream as part of its drive for diversification. In 1989, however, Paulson teamed up with Forstmann Little & Co. to buy the company back for $825 million.

The company continued to grow throughout the 1990s, signing a five-year contract with NetJets
NetJets
NetJets, a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway, offers fractional ownership and rental of private business jets.-History:NetJets Inc., formerly Executive Jet Aviation, was founded in 1964 as one of the first private business jet charter and aircraft management companies...

 in 1994. In 1995 Gulfstream introduced the Gulfstream V
Gulfstream V
The Gulfstream V is a business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace. It is also used by the US military under the designation C-37A. The G500 and G550 are improved versions which are currently in production...

, and two years later, began to produce the Gulfstream IV-SP alongside the Gulfstream V. For the development of the GV, in 1997 Gulfstream was awarded the first of two Collier Trophies.

General Dynamics

In 1999, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
General Dynamics Corporation is a U.S. defense conglomerate formed by mergers and divestitures, and as of 2008 it is the fifth largest defense contractor in the world. Its headquarters are in West Falls Church , unincorporated Fairfax County, Virginia, in the Falls Church area.The company has...

 made a $5 billion bid for Gulfstream, and the acquisition was approved by the shareholders.

In 2001, Gulfstream acquired Galaxy Aerospace and rebranded Galaxy's then-current aircraft model line. The mid-size Astra SPX was named the G100 and the super mid-size Galaxy became the G200
Gulfstream G200
|-G280:-See also:-External links:* * * * * ****...

. The following year the company rebranded all its products using Arabic numerals: the Gulfstream V became the G550, while the Gulfstream IV was branded G300 and the Gulfstream IV-SP was renamed the G400.

In 2003, the Gulfstream 450 was introduced as the replacement for the G400. Responding to the economic downturn following September 11, 2001 attacks Gulfstream laid off 1,000 employees and closed the manufacturing facility in Savannah for four weeks, from June 30 to July 27, 2003.

In 2004, Gulfstream was awarded their second Collier Trophy
Collier Trophy
The Collier Trophy is an annual aviation award administered by the U.S. National Aeronautics Association , presented to those who have made "the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America, with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space...

 for the development of the G550. The G550 is the first civil aircraft to include an Enhanced Vision System (FLIR) as standard equipment. In March of the same year the G350, a short-range version of the G450, was introduced.

In 2005, Gulfstream became the first business-jet manufacturer to offer an in-flight, ultra-high-speed internet connection, dubbed BBML (Broad-Band Multi-Link). In partnership with Lockheed-Martin and NASA
NASA
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is the agency of the United States government that is responsible for the nation's civilian space program and for aeronautics and aerospace research...

, Gulfstream developed and patented the Quiet Spike
Quiet Spike
Quiet Spike is a collaborative program between Gulfstream Aerospace and NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center to investigate the suppression of sonic booms....

, a telescopic nose device to reduce the sonic boom caused by an aircraft breaking the sound barrier.

In 2006, the 22-year production run of the G100 ended, and the G150 entered service to take its place. Gulfstream also announced an expansion of its Savannah plant: the seven-year, $400-million plan includes a new sales and design center, a 625000 square feet (58,064.4 m²) service center and the creation of more than 1,100 new jobs. Currently in development is the G280 (previously named G250 ), an improved variant of the G200 with type certification expected in 2011. The G280 flight-test program is well under way, and the three aircraft in the test program have exceeded 1,400 flight hours over 525 flights. The G100/G150/G200/G250 are developed and manufactured in association with Israel Aerospace Industries.

Current products

As of 2011, Gulfstream currently produces six models of private aircraft:
  • Gulfstream G150 - based on the IAI Astra SPX.
  • Gulfstream G200
    Gulfstream G200
    |-G280:-See also:-External links:* * * * * ****...

     - based on the IAI Galaxy.
  • Gulfstream G280 - based on the G200.
  • Gulfstream G350/G450 - based on the Gulfstream IV-SP.
  • Gulfstream G500/G550 - based on the Gulfstream V.
  • Gulfstream G650
    Gulfstream G650
    The Gulfstream G650 is a twin-engine business jet aircraft under development by Gulfstream Aerospace. Gulfstream began the G650 program in 2005 and revealed it to the public in 2008...

     - new wide-cabin business jet.

Former products

  • Gulfstream G100 - twin-engine business jet
  • Grumman Gulfstream I
    Grumman Gulfstream I
    |-See also:-External links:*...

     - twin-turboprop business aircraft
  • Grumman Gulfstream II
    Grumman Gulfstream II
    The Gulfstream II is an American twin engine business jet designed and built by Grumman and then in succession, Grumman American and finally Gulfstream American. Its Grumman model number is G-1159 and its US military designation is C-11 Gulfstream II. It has been succeeded by the Gulfstream III...

     - twin-engine business jet
  • Gulfstream III - twin-engine business jet
  • Gulfstream IV
    Gulfstream IV
    The Gulfstream IV and derivatives are a family of twin-jet aircraft, mainly for private or business use. The aircraft was designed and built by Gulfstream Aerospace, a General Dynamics company based in Savannah, Georgia, United States from 1985 until 2003.-Design and development:Gulfstream, in...

     - twin-engine business jet
  • Gulfstream V
    Gulfstream V
    The Gulfstream V is a business jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace. It is also used by the US military under the designation C-37A. The G500 and G550 are improved versions which are currently in production...

     - twin-engine business jet
  • Gulfstream G300 - twin-engine business jet
  • Gulfstream G400 - twin-engine business jet

Facilities

Gulfstream's main facility is located in Savannah, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia
Savannah is the largest city and the county seat of Chatham County, in the U.S. state of Georgia. Established in 1733, the city of Savannah was the colonial capital of the Province of Georgia and later the first state capital of Georgia. Today Savannah is an industrial center and an important...

. Other facilities are located throughout the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

, including Appleton
Appleton, Wisconsin
Appleton is a city in Outagamie, Calumet, and Winnebago Counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. It is situated on the Fox River, 30 miles southwest of Green Bay and 100 miles north of Milwaukee. Appleton is the county seat of Outagamie County. The population was 78,086 at the 2010 census...

, Brunswick
Brunswick, Georgia
Brunswick is the major urban and economic center in southeastern Georgia in the United States. The municipality is located on a harbor near the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 30 miles north of Florida and 70 miles south of South Carolina. Brunswick is bordered on the east by the Atlantic...

, Dallas
Dallas, Texas
Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the ninth-largest in the United States. The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex is the largest metropolitan area in the South and fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States...

, Las Vegas
Las Vegas, Nevada
Las Vegas is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Nevada and is also the county seat of Clark County, Nevada. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping, and fine dining. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, and is famous...

, Long Beach
Long Beach, California
Long Beach is a city situated in Los Angeles County in Southern California, on the Pacific coast of the United States. The city is the 36th-largest city in the nation and the seventh-largest in California. As of 2010, its population was 462,257...

, Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, "the District", or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States. On July 16, 1790, the United States Congress approved the creation of a permanent national capital as permitted by the U.S. Constitution....

, Westfield
Westfield, Massachusetts
Westfield is a city in Hampden County, in the Pioneer Valley of western Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 41,094 at the 2010 census. The ZIP Code is 01085 for homes and businesses, 01086 for Westfield State...

, and West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach, Florida
West Palm Beach, is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and is the most populous city in and county seat of Palm Beach County, the third most populous county in Florida with a 2010 population of 1,320,134. The city is also the oldest incorporated municipality in South Florida...

. Gulfstream currently operates two facilities outside the United States, one in Luton, England
England
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west; the Irish Sea is to the north west, the Celtic Sea to the south west, with the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south separating it from continental...

 and the other in Mexicali, Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

.

A number of Gulfstream facilities were partnered as GDAS (General Dynamics Aviation Services) sites, namely Dallas
Dallas, Texas
Dallas is the third-largest city in Texas and the ninth-largest in the United States. The Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex is the largest metropolitan area in the South and fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States...

, Las Vegas
Las Vegas, Nevada
Las Vegas is the most populous city in the U.S. state of Nevada and is also the county seat of Clark County, Nevada. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city for gambling, shopping, and fine dining. The city bills itself as The Entertainment Capital of the World, and is famous...

, Westfield
Westfield, Massachusetts
Westfield is a city in Hampden County, in the Pioneer Valley of western Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 41,094 at the 2010 census. The ZIP Code is 01085 for homes and businesses, 01086 for Westfield State...

, and West Palm Beach
West Palm Beach, Florida
West Palm Beach, is a city located on the Atlantic coast in southeastern Florida and is the most populous city in and county seat of Palm Beach County, the third most populous county in Florida with a 2010 population of 1,320,134. The city is also the oldest incorporated municipality in South Florida...

. Those sites were folded back into the Gulfstream name as of January 1, 2011. Also, Midcoast Aviation, with locations in St Louis, Missouri and Savannah, Georgia was consolidated under Jet Aviation and Gulfstream respectively, going from four companies to two, now known as Jet Aviation and Gulfstream Aerospace.

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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