Graph theory

Overview

Mathematics

Mathematics is the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity...

and computer science

Computer science

Computer science or computing science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems...

,

**graph theory**is the study of

*graphs*

, mathematical structures used to model pairwise relations between objects from a certain collection. A "graph" in this context refers to a collection of vertices

Graph (mathematics)

In mathematics, a graph is an abstract representation of a set of objects where some pairs of the objects are connected by links. The interconnected objects are represented by mathematical abstractions called vertices, and the links that connect some pairs of vertices are called edges...

Vertex (graph theory)

In graph theory, a vertex or node is the fundamental unit out of which graphs are formed: an undirected graph consists of a set of vertices and a set of edges , while a directed graph consists of a set of vertices and a set of arcs...

or 'nodes' and a collection of

*edges*that connect pairs of vertices. A graph may be

*undirected*, meaning that there is no distinction between the two vertices associated with each edge, or its edges may be

*directed*from one vertex to another; see graph (mathematics)

Graph (mathematics)

In mathematics, a graph is an abstract representation of a set of objects where some pairs of the objects are connected by links. The interconnected objects are represented by mathematical abstractions called vertices, and the links that connect some pairs of vertices are called edges...

for more detailed definitions and for other variations in the types of graphs that are commonly considered.

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