Gender is a range of characteristics used to distinguish between male
Male refers to the biological sex of an organism, or part of an organism, which produces small mobile gametes, called spermatozoa. Each spermatozoon can fuse with a larger female gamete or ovum, in the process of fertilization...

s and female
Female is the sex of an organism, or a part of an organism, which produces non-mobile ova .- Defining characteristics :The ova are defined as the larger gametes in a heterogamous reproduction system, while the smaller, usually motile gamete, the spermatozoon, is produced by the male...

s, particularly in the cases of men and women and the masculine
Masculinity is possessing qualities or characteristics considered typical of or appropriate to a man. The term can be used to describe any human, animal or object that has the quality of being masculine...

 and feminine
Femininity is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with girls and women. Though socially constructed, femininity is made up of both socially defined and biologically created factors...

 attributes assigned to them. Depending on the context, the discriminating characteristics vary from sex
In biology, sex is a process of combining and mixing genetic traits, often resulting in the specialization of organisms into a male or female variety . Sexual reproduction involves combining specialized cells to form offspring that inherit traits from both parents...

 to social role to gender identity
Gender identity
A gender identity is the way in which an individual self-identifies with a gender category, for example, as being either a man or a woman, or in some cases being neither, which can be distinct from biological sex. Basic gender identity is usually formed by age three and is extremely difficult to...

. Sexologist John Money
John Money
John William Money was a psychologist, sexologist and author, specializing in research into sexual identity and biology of gender...

 introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role
Gender role
Gender roles refer to the set of social and behavioral norms that are considered to be socially appropriate for individuals of a specific sex in the context of a specific culture, which differ widely between cultures and over time...

 in 1955. Before his work, it was uncommon to use the word "gender" to refer to anything but grammatical categories.

"...our notions of what a human being is problematically depend on there being two coherent genders. And if someone doesn't comply with either the masculine norm or the feminine norm, their very humaness is called into question." ~ Judith Butler The Believer Magazine - Interview - Issue 2

"...modelling is a form of pornography. The beauty shows have been a major platform for the reduction of women from full human beings into mere objects to be admired". ~ Asher Mutsengi, They reduce women into objects.

"As far as I'm concerned, being any gender is a drag." ~ Patti Smith, quoted in Levine, Martin P. (1998). Gay Macho, New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0814746942.

"Women forgive but never forget; men forget but never forgive." ~ Robert Jordan, in the Wheel of Time series

"The real problem between the sexes is that for men, sex is a gender-underliner, they need it for their egos. We don’t need sex to make us feel we are the person we need to be." ~ Carol Clewlow, British authoress. From her interview in The Observer newspaper, 19th February 1989

People are born female or male but learn to be girls and boys who grow into women and men. This learned behaviour makes up gender identity and determines gender roles. ~ Taken from the World Health Organisation|World Health Organisation Website, The Dept. of Gender, Women and Health (GWH), ‘Integrating gender analysis and actions into the work of WHO.’

"For the female of the species is more deadly than the male." ~ Rudyard Kipling ‘The Female of the Species’, Rudyard Kipling’s Verse (1919)

"You have got to be a man—or else you are a woman!" ~ Swami Raj

"Man is a ribald—Man’s a rake, Man is Nature’s sole mistake!" ~ W. S. Gilbert, Princess Ida, Act II Category:Gender| tr:Seks