Fort Bend County, Texas
Overview
Fort Bend County is a county located along the Gulf Coast
Gulf Coast of the United States
The Gulf Coast of the United States, sometimes referred to as the Gulf South, South Coast, or 3rd Coast, comprises the coasts of American states that are on the Gulf of Mexico, which includes Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida and are known as the Gulf States...

 region in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

 within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown
Greater Houston
Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown is a 10-county metropolitan area defined by the Office of Management and Budget. It is located along the Gulf Coast region in the U.S. state of Texas...

 metropolitan area. In 2000 its population was 354,452, while the 2010 U.S. Census official county population is 585,375.http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml, amounting to 65.1% growth in ten years.

Since the 1970s Fort Bend County has been one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States.
Encyclopedia
Fort Bend County is a county located along the Gulf Coast
Gulf Coast of the United States
The Gulf Coast of the United States, sometimes referred to as the Gulf South, South Coast, or 3rd Coast, comprises the coasts of American states that are on the Gulf of Mexico, which includes Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida and are known as the Gulf States...

 region in the U.S. state
U.S. state
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 federated states of the United States of America that share sovereignty with the federal government. Because of this shared sovereignty, an American is a citizen both of the federal entity and of his or her state of domicile. Four states use the official title of...

 of Texas
Texas
Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

 within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown
Greater Houston
Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown is a 10-county metropolitan area defined by the Office of Management and Budget. It is located along the Gulf Coast region in the U.S. state of Texas...

 metropolitan area. In 2000 its population was 354,452, while the 2010 U.S. Census official county population is 585,375.http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml, amounting to 65.1% growth in ten years.

Since the 1970s Fort Bend County has been one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States. It is named for a blockhouse
Blockhouse
In military science, a blockhouse is a small, isolated fort in the form of a single building. It serves as a defensive strong point against any enemy that does not possess siege equipment or, in modern times, artillery...

 at a bend of the Brazos River
Brazos River
The Brazos River, called the Rio de los Brazos de Dios by early Spanish explorers , is the longest river in Texas and the 11th longest river in the United States at from its source at the head of Blackwater Draw, Curry County, New Mexico to its mouth at the Gulf of Mexico with a drainage...

; the fort was the start of the community in early days. Its county seat
County seat
A county seat is an administrative center, or seat of government, for a county or civil parish. The term is primarily used in the United States....

 is Richmond
Richmond, Texas
-Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 11,081 people, 3,413 households, and 2,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,975.4 people per square mile . There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 965.3 per square mile...

, while its largest city is Sugar Land
Sugar Land, Texas
Sugar Land is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area and Fort Bend County. Sugar Land is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent in the last decade. In the time period of 2000–2007, Sugar Land also enjoyed a...

. It was founded in 1837.

History

Prior to Anglo settlement, the area was inhabited by the Karankawa
Karankawa
Karankawa were a group of Native American peoples, now extinct as a tribal group, who played a pivotal part in early Texas history....

 Indians. A group of Stephen F. Austin's colonists, headed by William Little, built a fort at the present site of Richmond around 1822. The fort was called "Fort Bend" since it was built in the bend of the Brazos River. The city of Richmond was incorporated under the Republic of Texas along with nineteen other towns in 1837. Fort Bend County was created from Austin, Harris, and Brazoria Counties in 1838. In April 2009, as part of a settlement with the United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice
The United States Department of Justice , is the United States federal executive department responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries.The Department is led by the Attorney General, who is nominated...

, Fort Bend County agreed to increase assistance to Spanish-speaking
Spanish language
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...

 voters in elections held in the county.
Fort Bend County was the site of the Jaybird-Woodpecker War
Jaybird-Woodpecker War
The Jaybird-Woodpecker War was a feud between two factions fighting for political control of Fort Bend County, Texas, just west of Houston. It occurred during the U.S...

.

In the middle 1950s, Fort Bend County and neighboring Galveston County
Galveston County, Texas
Galveston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 291,309. Its county seat is Galveston. League City is the largest city in Galveston County in terms of population; between...

 were overrun by organized crime
Organized crime
Organized crime or criminal organizations are transnational, national, or local groupings of highly centralized enterprises run by criminals for the purpose of engaging in illegal activity, most commonly for monetary profit. Some criminal organizations, such as terrorist organizations, are...

, with its brothel
Brothel
Brothels are business establishments where patrons can engage in sexual activities with prostitutes. Brothels are known under a variety of names, including bordello, cathouse, knocking shop, whorehouse, strumpet house, sporting house, house of ill repute, house of prostitution, and bawdy house...

s and illegal casino
Casino
In modern English, a casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities. Casinos are most commonly built near or combined with hotels, restaurants, retail shopping, cruise ships or other tourist attractions...

s. A crusading newspaper editor, Clymer Wright
Clymer Wright
Clymer Lewis Wright. Jr. , was a Texas conservative political activist and a crusading journalist later credited with bringing term limits to Houston municipal government and encouraging Ronald W...

 of the then Fort Bend Reporter, joined with state officials and the Texas Rangers to rid the area of such corruption. Wright defied death threats to clean up the community. Wright soon sold his paper, now known as the Fort Bend Herald and Texas Coaster.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is the government agency that is responsible for the United States Census. It also gathers other national demographic and economic data...

, the county has a total area of 886 square miles (2,294.7 km²), of which 875 square miles (2,266.2 km²) is land and 11 square miles (28.5 km²) (1.29%) is water.

Major Highways

  • U.S. Highway 59
  • U.S. Highway 90 Alternate
  • State Highway 6
    State Highway 6 (Texas)
    State Highway 6 runs from the Red River, the Texas–Oklahoma boundary, to northwest of Galveston. In the Houston area, it runs north to FM 1960, then northwest along US Highway 290 to Hempstead, and south to Westheimer Road and Addicks, and is known as Addicks Satsuma Road. In the...

  • State Highway 36
    State Highway 36 (Texas)
    State Highway 36 runs from Abilene to Freeport. It was designated as The 36th Division Memorial Highway between Cameron and Sealy by the Texas Legislature in 1985.-History:...

  • Interstate 10

Adjacent counties

  • Waller County  (north)
  • Harris County
    Harris County, Texas
    As of the 2010 Census, the population of the county was 4,092,459, White Americans made up 56.6% of Harris County's population; non-Hispanic whites represented 33.0% of the population. Black Americans made up 18.9% of the population. Native Americans made up 0.7% of Harris County's population...

      (northeast)
  • Austin County
    Austin County, Texas
    Austin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas adjacent to the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 28,417 at the 2010 census. Its county seat is Bellville. Austin County is named for Stephen F...

      (northwest)
  • Brazoria County
    Brazoria County, Texas
    Brazoria County[p] is a county in the U.S. state of Texas, located on the Gulf Coast within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. Regionally, parts of the county are within the extreme southern-most fringe of the regions locally known as Southeast Texas. Brazoria County is among a...

      (southeast)
  • Wharton County  (southwest)

Demographics

As of the census
Census
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. It is a regularly occurring and official count of a particular population. The term is used mostly in connection with national population and housing censuses; other common...

of 2000, there were 354,452 people, 110,915 households, and 93,057 families residing in the county. The population density
Population density
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and particularly to humans...

 was 405 people per square mile (156/km²). There were 115,991 housing units at an average density of 133 per square mile (51/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 56.96% White
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 (46.21% White Non-Hispanic), 19.85% Black
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 or African American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 0.30% Native American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 11.20% Asian
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 0.04% Pacific Islander
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 9.10% from other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, and 2.56% from two or more races. 21.12% of the population were Hispanic
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 or Latino
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 of any race. Other self-identifications were 8.8% of German
Germans
The Germans are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe. The English term Germans has referred to the German-speaking population of the Holy Roman Empire since the Late Middle Ages....

 ancestry, 6.3% American
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 and 5.8% English
English people
The English are a nation and ethnic group native to England, who speak English. The English identity is of early mediaeval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Anglecynn. England is now a country of the United Kingdom, and the majority of English people in England are British Citizens...

 ancestry according to Census 2000.

In 2006 Fort Bend county had a population of 493,187. This represented a growth of 39.1% since 2000. The county's racial or ethnic makeup was 53.96% White (39.63% White Non-Hispanic), 20.88% African American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 14.77% Asian
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 0.51% Native American
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

, 7.73% other races
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 and 2.14% from two or more races. 22.88% of the population were Hispanic
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 or Latino
Race (United States Census)
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the Federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify, and indicate whether or not they are...

 of any race. 23.82% of the population was foreign born; of this, 50.24% came from Asia, 37.17% came from Latin America, 5.74% from Africa, 5.28% from Europe and 1.57% from other parts of the world.

In 2000 There were 110,915 households out of which 49.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.80% were married couples
Marriage
Marriage is a social union or legal contract between people that creates kinship. It is an institution in which interpersonal relationships, usually intimate and sexual, are acknowledged in a variety of ways, depending on the culture or subculture in which it is found...

 living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.10% were non-families. 13.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.46.

In the county, the population was spread out with 32.00% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 32.30% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 5.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

As of 2002, the largest two cities within Fort Bend County were Missouri City
Missouri City, Texas
Missouri City is a city located in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area. The city is mostly in Fort Bend County with a small portion within Harris County. As of the 2000 U.S...

 and Sugar Land
Sugar Land, Texas
Sugar Land is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area and Fort Bend County. Sugar Land is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent in the last decade. In the time period of 2000–2007, Sugar Land also enjoyed a...

, with Houston being the county's third largest city. In that year, 38,000 residents of the City of Houston also live in Fort Bend County.

According to the 2008 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the county was $81,456, and the median income for a family was $90,171. Males had a median income of $54,139 versus $41,353 for females. The per capita income
Per capita income
Per capita income or income per person is a measure of mean income within an economic aggregate, such as a country or city. It is calculated by taking a measure of all sources of income in the aggregate and dividing it by the total population...

 for the county was $30,862. About 5.50% of families and 7.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.50% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2006 Fort Bend County is the wealthiest county in Texas and the 24th wealthiest in the US with a median household income of $75,202(In 2006 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars), having surpassed Collin and Rockwall counties(Dallas suburbs) since the 2000 census. However, the Council for Community and Economic Research ranked Fort Bend County as America's 3rd wealthiest county when the local cost of living was factored into the equation with median household income.

However, this estimate does not include property taxes and local taxes as they didn't measure effective tax rates and home insurance. Fort Bend County, along with other Texas counties, has one of the nation's highest property tax rates.

In 2007, it was ranked 5th in the nation for property taxes as percentage of the homes value on owner occupied housing. The list only includes counties with a population over 65,000 for accuracy. Fort Bend County also ranked in the top 100 for amount of property taxes paid and for percentage of taxes of income. Part of this is due to the complex Robin Hood plan
Robin Hood plan
The Robin Hood plan was a media nickname given to legislation enacted by the U.S. state of Texas in 1993 to provide court-mandated equitable school financing for all school districts in the state...

 school financing law that exists in Texas.

Racial and ethnic backgrounds

Since the 1970s Fort Bend County has been attracting people from all types of racial and ethnic backgrounds and according to a 2001 Claritas study, it is the 5th most diverse county in the United States among counties of 100,000+ population. It is one of a growing number of counties with no clear ethnic-racial group in the majority. Fort Bend County also has the highest percentage of Asian Americans in the Southern United States, with primarily Vietnamese American
Vietnamese American
A Vietnamese American is an American of Vietnamese descent. They make up about half of all overseas Vietnamese and are the fourth-largest Asian American group....

s, Chinese American
Chinese American
Chinese Americans represent Americans of Chinese descent. Chinese Americans constitute one group of overseas Chinese and also a subgroup of East Asian Americans, which is further a subgroup of Asian Americans...

s, Indian American
Indian American
Indian Americans are Americans whose ancestral roots lie in India. The U.S. Census Bureau popularized the term Asian Indian to avoid confusion with Indigenous peoples of the Americas who are commonly referred to as American Indians.-The term: Indian:...

s, and Filipino American
Filipino American
Filipino Americans are Americans of Filipino ancestry. Filipino Americans, often shortened to "Fil-Ams", or "Pinoy",Filipinos in what is now the United States were first documented in the 16th century, with small settlements beginning in the 18th century...

s having large populations in Fort Bend County. By 2011 Fort Bend ranked as number four on a USA Today
USA Today
USA Today is a national American daily newspaper published by the Gannett Company. It was founded by Al Neuharth. The newspaper vies with The Wall Street Journal for the position of having the widest circulation of any newspaper in the United States, something it previously held since 2003...

listing of the most racially diverse counties in the United States. The newspaper based the ranking on calculating the probability that two persons selected at random would be of different ethnic groups or races. According to the USA Today methodology, the chance of people of being two different ethnic groups/races being selected was 75%. Karl Eschbach, a former demographer with the State of Texas, said in a 2011 Houston Chronicle
Houston Chronicle
The Houston Chronicle is the largest daily newspaper in Texas, USA, headquartered in the Houston Chronicle Building in Downtown Houston. , it is the ninth-largest newspaper by circulation in the United States...

article that many people from Houston neighborhoods and communities with clear racial identities, like the East End, Sunnyside, and the Third Ward, moved to suburban areas that were too new to have racial identities. Eschbach explained "[a]s a large minority middle class started to emerge, Fort Bend was virgin territory that all groups could move to."

Government and politics

Presidential elections results
Year Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

Democratic
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

2008
United States presidential election, 2008
The United States presidential election of 2008 was the 56th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on November 4, 2008. Democrat Barack Obama, then the junior United States Senator from Illinois, defeated Republican John McCain, the senior U.S. Senator from Arizona. Obama received 365...

50.9% 102,846 48.6% 98,136
2004
United States presidential election, 2004
The United States presidential election of 2004 was the United States' 55th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 2, 2004. Republican Party candidate and incumbent President George W. Bush defeated Democratic Party candidate John Kerry, the then-junior U.S. Senator...

57.4% 93,625 42.1% 68,722
2000
United States presidential election, 2000
The United States presidential election of 2000 was a contest between Republican candidate George W. Bush, then-governor of Texas and son of former president George H. W. Bush , and Democratic candidate Al Gore, then-Vice President....

59.6% 73,567 38.5% 47,569
1996
United States presidential election, 1996
The United States presidential election of 1996 was a contest between the Democratic national ticket of President Bill Clinton of Arkansas and Vice President Al Gore of Tennessee and the Republican national ticket of former Senator Bob Dole of Kansas for President and former Housing Secretary Jack...

53.8% 49,945 41.1% 38,163
1992
United States presidential election, 1992
The United States presidential election of 1992 had three major candidates: Incumbent Republican President George Bush; Democratic Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton, and independent Texas businessman Ross Perot....

46.6% 41,039 34.1% 29,992
1988
United States presidential election, 1988
The United States presidential election of 1988 featured no incumbent president, as President Ronald Reagan was unable to seek re-election after serving the maximum two terms allowed by the Twenty-second Amendment. Reagan's Vice President, George H. W. Bush, won the Republican nomination, while the...

62.4% 39,818 36.6% 23,351
1984
United States presidential election, 1984
The United States presidential election of 1984 was a contest between the incumbent President Ronald Reagan, the Republican candidate, and former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate. Reagan was helped by a strong economic recovery from the deep recession of 1981–1982...

68.7% 41,370 31.1% 18,729
1980
United States presidential election, 1980
The United States presidential election of 1980 featured a contest between incumbent Democrat Jimmy Carter and his Republican opponent, Ronald Reagan, as well as Republican Congressman John B. Anderson, who ran as an independent...

66.3% 25,366 30.3% 11,583
1976
United States presidential election, 1976
The United States presidential election of 1976 followed the resignation of President Richard Nixon in the wake of the Watergate scandal. It pitted incumbent President Gerald Ford, the Republican candidate, against the relatively unknown former governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter, the Democratic...

60.3% 17,354 39.1% 11,264
1972
United States presidential election, 1972
The United States presidential election of 1972 was the 47th quadrennial United States presidential election. It was held on November 7, 1972. The Democratic Party's nomination was eventually won by Senator George McGovern, who ran an anti-war campaign against incumbent Republican President Richard...

69.4% 10,475 30.1% 4,541
1968
United States presidential election, 1968
The United States presidential election of 1968 was the 46th quadrennial United States presidential election. Coming four years after Democrat Lyndon B. Johnson won in a historic landslide, it saw Johnson forced out of the race and Republican Richard Nixon elected...

39.7% 4,573 39.0% 4,493
1964
United States presidential election, 1964
The United States presidential election of 1964 was held on November 3, 1964. Incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson had come to office less than a year earlier following the assassination of his predecessor, John F. Kennedy. Johnson, who had successfully associated himself with Kennedy's...

36.0% 3,493 63.8% 6,186
1960
United States presidential election, 1960
The United States presidential election of 1960 was the 44th American presidential election, held on November 8, 1960, for the term beginning January 20, 1961, and ending January 20, 1965. The incumbent president, Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower, was not eligible to run again. The Republican Party...

42.8% 3,301 56.3% 4,339


County politics in Fort Bend County, as with all counties in Texas, are centered around a Commissioners' Court. It is composed of four popularly elected County Commissioners, one representing each precinct drawn on the basis of population, and a county judge elected to represent the entire county. Other county officials include a Sheriff, District Attorney, Tax Assessor-Collector, County Clerk, District Clerk, County Treasurer, and County Attorney.

Fort Bend County, like most Texas counties, for decades was a stronghold for the Democratic Party
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

, when the franchise was mostly limited to whites. In fact, so few Republicans resided in Fort Bend County at one time that in 1960, the county's Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

 chair once received a letter addressed simply to "Mr. Republican". However, after national Democratic Party support for civil rights legislation in the 1960s and cultural realignments, some voters began to move to support Republican candidates. As master-planned communities in the eastern and northern portions of the county began to develop, the Houston area's growing Republican base on the west side began to expand into Fort Bend County. Beginning in 1978, Republicans began to win several offices within the county.

Among the first Republicans elected was fiscally conservative Ron Paul
Ron Paul
Ronald Ernest "Ron" Paul is an American physician, author and United States Congressman who is seeking to be the Republican Party candidate in the 2012 presidential election. Paul represents Texas's 14th congressional district, which covers an area south and southwest of Houston that includes...

 to the U.S. House of Representatives
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is one of the two Houses of the United States Congress, the bicameral legislature which also includes the Senate.The composition and powers of the House are established in Article One of the Constitution...

. He became known for opposition to the general platforms of both major parties. He earned the nickname "Dr. No".

Another key Republican elected was future Congressman and House Majority Leader Tom DeLay
Tom DeLay
Thomas Dale "Tom" DeLay is a former member of the United States House of Representatives, representing Texas's 22nd congressional district from 1984 until 2006. He was Republican Party House Majority Leader from 2003 to 2005, when he resigned because of criminal money laundering charges in...

, who was elected to the county's only seat in the Texas House of Representatives
Texas House of Representatives
The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the Texas Legislature. The House is composed of 150 members elected from single-member districts across the state. The average district has about 150,000 people. Representatives are elected to two-year terms with no term limits...

. By 1982, several county-level positions were gained by Republicans. In 1984, DeLay succeeded Paul in Congress after the latter ran for an unsuccessful U.S. Senate campaign; the Senate seat was won by the Republican primary winner Phil Gramm
Phil Gramm
William Philip "Phil" Gramm is an American economist and politician, who has served as a Democratic Congressman , a Republican Congressman and a Republican Senator from Texas...

.

In 1994 a Republican County Judge was elected to the Commissioners' Court for the first time since Reconstruction. This solidified Fort Bend County's new reputation as a Republican stronghold. Today, every elected countywide office in Fort Bend County is held by Republicans. They control a majority of precinct-based positions (County Commissioners, Constables, Justices of the Peace, etc.). No Democrat has carried Fort Bend County in the presidential election since 1964, when Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Baines Johnson , often referred to as LBJ, was the 36th President of the United States after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States...

 of Texas won his second term. In 2008, Democrat Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Barack Hussein Obama II is the 44th and current President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office. Obama previously served as a United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned following his victory in the 2008 presidential election.Born in...

 came very close in heavy voting, when he won 48.6 percent of the vote compared to 50.9 percent for Republican John McCain
John McCain
John Sidney McCain III is the senior United States Senator from Arizona. He was the Republican nominee for president in the 2008 United States election....

. In 2010, political experts have now dubbed Fort Bend County a battleground/swing county due to the high amount of Hispanics and African Americans that mostly vote Democratic, and are now in near turnout levels as the Whites who mostly vote Republican. Fort Bend County as often been used as a microcosm of what Texas might become if the Texas Republican Party fails to attract Democratic voting blocs like minorities and northern transplants.

Among the four Commissioners' Court precincts, two precincts, Precinct 3 and Precinct 4 which cover most of the Sugar Land and Katy areas, consistently vote Republican. Precinct 1 also votes heavily Republican, but it contains significant Democratic areas, specifically in Rosenberg and in the northeastern parts of the county near Fresno (which have large Hispanic populations). The fourth precinct, Precinct 2, contains a significant African-American voter bloc concentrated in the county's majority share of Houston and northern Missouri City. It votes mostly Democratic with a few Republican pockets, particularly around the Quail Valley neighborhood of Missouri City. All of its precinct-level officeholders are Democrats.

Commissioners' Court

Commissioners Name Party First Elected Communities Represented
  Judge Bob Hebert Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2002 Countywide
  Precinct 1 Richard Morrison Democratic
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

2008 Arcola, Beasley, Fairchilds, Fresno, Greatwood, Needville, Orchard, Richmond, Rosenberg, Sienna Plantation
  Precinct 2 Grady Prestage Democratic
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

1990 eastern Stafford, most of Missouri City east of FM 1092
  Precinct 3 Andy Meyers Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

1996 Cinco Ranch, Fulshear, Lakemont, Mission Bend, Pecan Grove, Simonton, north Sugar Land, western Stafford
  Precinct 4 James Patterson Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

1998 Missouri City west of FM 1092, New Territory, western and southern areas of Sugar Land (including First Colony)

United States Congress

Senators Name Party First Elected Level
  Senate Class 1 Kay Bailey Hutchison
Kay Bailey Hutchison
Kathryn Ann Bailey Hutchison, known as Kay Bailey Hutchison , is the senior United States Senator from Texas.She is a member of the Republican Party. In 2001, she was named one of the thirty most powerful women in America by Ladies Home Journal. The first woman to represent Texas in the U.S....

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

1993 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 2 John Cornyn
John Cornyn
John Cornyn, III is the junior United States Senator for Texas, serving since 2003. He is a member of the Republican Party. He was elected Chairman of the National Republican Senatorial Committee for the 111th U.S. Congress....

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2002 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Fort Bend County Represented
  District 9 Al Green
Al Green (politician)
Alexander N. "Al" Green is the U.S. Representative from Texas' 9th congressional district . The district includes most of southwestern Houston, including most of that city's share of Fort Bend County. It also includes most of Missouri City.-Early life and career:Green was born in New Orleans,...

Democrat
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

2004 Mission Bend, eastern portion of Stafford, northern and eastern portions of Missouri City, county’s entire share of Houston
  District 14 Ron Paul
Ron Paul
Ronald Ernest "Ron" Paul is an American physician, author and United States Congressman who is seeking to be the Republican Party candidate in the 2012 presidential election. Paul represents Texas's 14th congressional district, which covers an area south and southwest of Houston that includes...

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

1996 (also served 1976-1977 and 1979–1985) Far northern and western areas
  District 22 Pete Olson
Pete Olson
Peter Graham "Pete" Olson is the U.S. Representative for , serving since 2009. He is a member of the Republican Party. The district includes much of southeastern Houston, as well as most of the city's southern suburbs such as Pearland, Sugar Land, and Pasadena.-Early life, education, and military...

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2008 Sugar Land, Rosenberg, western and southern portions of Missouri City

Texas Senate

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Fort Bend County Represented
  13 Rodney Ellis
Rodney Ellis
Rodney Glenn Ellis is an African-American politician from the state of Texas. He has served on the Texas State Senate since 1990, representing Texas Senate District 13.Senator Rodney Ellis was elected to the Texas Senate in 1990...

Democrat
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

1990 Northern portions of Missouri City, Stafford, county’s share of Houston
  17 Joan Huffman
Joan Huffman
Joan J. Huffman is a former felony court judge in Houston, Texas, and an incoming Republican member of the 31-member Texas State Senate from District 17, which includes a portion of populous Harris County. Huffman will also be the sixth currently serving female member of the chamber...

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2008 Sugar Land and southern Missouri City
  18 Glenn Hegar
Glenn Hegar
Glenn Allen Hegar, Jr. is a Republican member of the Texas Senate representing the 18th District. Hegar formerly represented the 28th District in the Texas House. Senator Hegar, the youngest member of the Texas Senate, is a sixth generation Texan who farms on land that has been in his family since...

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2006 Richmond, Rosenberg, Katy

Texas House of Representatives

District Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Fort Bend County Represented
  26 Charlie Howard
Charles F. Howard
Charles F. Howard, known more commonly as Charlie Howard, is an American politician and has been a member of the Texas House of Representatives since 1995...

Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

1994 Sugar Land
  27 Ron Reynolds Democrat
Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. The party's socially liberal and progressive platform is largely considered center-left in the U.S. political spectrum. The party has the lengthiest record of continuous...

2010 Rosenberg, most of Missouri City, county’s share of Houston
  28 John Zerwas Republican
Republican Party (United States)
The Republican Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Democratic Party. Founded by anti-slavery expansion activists in 1854, it is often called the GOP . The party's platform generally reflects American conservatism in the U.S...

2006 Far northern and western areas

Cities

  • Arcola
    Arcola, Texas
    Arcola is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census.Arcola incorporated in 1986.-Geography:Arcola is located at ....

  • Beasley
    Beasley, Texas
    Beasley is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The city's population was 590 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Beasley is located at ....

  • Fulshear
    Fulshear, Texas
    Fulshear is a city in northwest Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 716 at the 2000 census.-History:The city incorporated in 1977....

  • Houston
    Houston, Texas
    Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

     (mostly in Harris County
    Harris County, Texas
    As of the 2010 Census, the population of the county was 4,092,459, White Americans made up 56.6% of Harris County's population; non-Hispanic whites represented 33.0% of the population. Black Americans made up 18.9% of the population. Native Americans made up 0.7% of Harris County's population...

    )
  • Katy
    Katy, Texas
    Katy is a city located in Harris, Fort Bend and Waller Counties in the U.S. state of Texas, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area...

     †
  • Meadows Place
    Meadows Place, Texas
    Meadows Place is a city located in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city population was 4,912.Meadows Place was part of Stafford's extraterritorial jurisdiction prior to incorporation on November 14, 1983...

  • Missouri City
    Missouri City, Texas
    Missouri City is a city located in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area. The city is mostly in Fort Bend County with a small portion within Harris County. As of the 2000 U.S...

     (majority in Fort Bend)
  • Needville
    Needville, Texas
    Needville is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 2,609 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Needville is located at ....

  • Orchard
    Orchard, Texas
    Orchard is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 408 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Orchard is located at ....


    • Richmond
      Richmond, Texas
      -Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 11,081 people, 3,413 households, and 2,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,975.4 people per square mile . There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 965.3 per square mile...

    • Rosenberg
      Rosenberg, Texas
      Rosenberg is a city located in the U.S. state of Texas within Fort Bend County and is part of the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 31,676 at the 2010 census...

    • Simonton
      Simonton, Texas
      Simonton is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city population was 718.-Geography:Simonton is located at ....

    • Stafford
      Stafford, Texas
      Stafford is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The city is mostly in Fort Bend County with a small portion in Harris County. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, Stafford's population was 15,681....

    • Sugar Land
      Sugar Land, Texas
      Sugar Land is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area and Fort Bend County. Sugar Land is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent in the last decade. In the time period of 2000–2007, Sugar Land also enjoyed a...

    • Weston Lakes
      Weston Lakes, Texas
      Weston Lakes is a master-planned, gated community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. Residents voted to incorporate the community in an election held on May 10, 2008. At the time of incorporation, there were about 2,300 residents living in Weston Lakes....


    † Katy is incorporated in Harris County, with portions in Fort Bend County and Waller County.

    Census-designated areas

    • Cinco Ranch
      Cinco Ranch, Texas
      Cinco Ranch is a census-designated place and master-planned community located in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston within Fort Bend and Harris Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 11,196 at the 2000 census. It lies about 25 miles west of the Harris County seat of...

    • Cumings
      Cumings, Texas
      Cumings is a census-designated place in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The population was 683 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Cumings is located at ....

    • Fifth Street
    • Four Corners
      Four Corners, Texas
      Four Corners is a census-designated place within the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,954 at the 2000 census.-History:Four Corners began as a community of extended families...

    • Fresno
      Fresno, Texas
      Fresno is a census-designated place in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The population was 19,069 at the 2010 census.Fresno is located in the extra-territorial jurisdiction of Houston, which is the fourth largest city in the nation in population...

    • Greatwood
      Greatwood, Texas
      Greatwood is a census-designated place and master-planned community located in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Sugar Land within Fort Bend County, Texas...

    • Mission Bend
      Mission Bend, Texas
      Mission Bend is a census-designated place around Texas State Highway 6 within the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Houston in Fort Bend and Harris Counties in the U.S. state of Texas; Mission Bend is four miles northwest of the city hall of Sugar Land and twenty miles southwest of Downtown Houston...

    • New Territory
      New Territory, Texas
      New Territory is a census-designated place and master-planned community within the extraterritorial jurisdiction of Sugar Land in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The population was 13,861 at the 2000 census.-History:...

    • Pecan Grove
    • Sienna Plantation
      Sienna Plantation, Texas
      Sienna Plantation is a census-designated place and master-planned community located in Missouri City, mostly in its extraterritorial jurisdiction, within Fort Bend County, Texas...


    Other unincorporated areas

    • Booth
      Booth, Texas
      Booth is a small unincorporated community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-Education:Booth is zoned to schools in the Lamar Consolidated Independent School District.Zoned schools include:...

    • Crabb
      Crabb, Texas
      Crabb is a small unincorporated community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The town was made notable when an 11-year-old named Brian Zimmerman won an unofficial election for mayor in 1983. He worked to incorporate the small town, which had a population of under 200 when he was elected...

    • Clodine
      Clodine, Texas
      Clodine is an unincorporated community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, between the Alief section of Houston and the city of Fulshear.- History :...

    • Foster
      Foster, Fort Bend County, Texas
      Foster is an unincorporated area in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-Education:Lamar Consolidated Independent School District operates schools in the area.That portion is served by:* Huggins Elementary School...

    • Guy
      Guy, Texas
      Guy is a small unincorporated community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-Education:Guy is located in the Needville Independent School District. Needville High School serves the community.-External links:* Handbook of Texas...

    • Juliff
      Juliff, Texas
      Juliff is an unincorporated community in eastern Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.It is located along Farm to Market Road 521, the Missouri Pacific Railroad, and the Brazos River....

    • Long Point
      Long Point, Texas
      Long Point is an unincorporated area in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-Education:Long Point is located in the Needville Independent School District. Needville High School serves the community.-External links:* Handbook of Texas...

    • Pittsville
      Pittsville, Texas
      Pittsville is an unincorporated area that formerly held a distinct community in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-Education:What was Pittsville is zoned to schools in the Lamar Consolidated Independent School District.-External links:...

    • Powell Point
      Powell Point, Texas
      Powell Point is an unincorporated area in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.The area is named after Elizabeth Powell, who received the original land grant there from the Mexican Government in 1831.-Education:...

    • Tavener
      Tavener, Texas
      Tavener is an unincorporated area in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States.-External links:...


    Economy

    Fort Bend County has jobs in the education, energy, hospitality, and other sectors. The Houston Business Journal said in 2010 that the diversity of industries promoted decades of rapid population growth. After Memorial Hermann Hospital
    Memorial Hermann Hospital
    Memorial Hermann Healthcare System is the largest not-for-profit hospital system in Houston, Texas, and consists of 11 hospitals, 7 Cancer Centers, 3 Heart & Vascular Institutes, and 27 sports medicine and rehabilitation centers, in addition to other outpatient and rehabilitation centers. It was...

     and St. Luke's Hospital
    St. Luke's Hospital
    St. Luke's Hospital may refer to:in Greece* St. Luke's Hospital in Ireland* St. Luke's General Hospital, Kilkenny* St. Luke's Hospital, Rathgar, Dublinin Japan* St. Luke's International Hospitalin Malta* St. Luke's Hospital, Malta...

     opened facilities in Fort Bend County, doctor's offices increasingly established themselves in the county.

    Public school districts

    • Brazos Independent School District
      Brazos Independent School District
      Brazos Independent School District is a public school district based in Wallis, Texas . The district lies in two counties, Austin and Fort Bend.In addition to Wallis, the district also serves the city of Orchard....

    • Fort Bend Independent School District
      Fort Bend Independent School District
      The Fort Bend Independent School District, also known as Fort Bend ISD or FBISD, is a school district system in the U.S. state of Texas based in the city of Sugar Land....

    • Katy Independent School District
      Katy Independent School District
      The Katy Independent School District is a public school district based in Katy, Texas, United States. The district enrolls over 60,000 students and is currently rated as Recognized by the Texas Education Agency...

    • Lamar Consolidated Independent School District
      Lamar Consolidated Independent School District
      Lamar Consolidated Independent School District, also Lamar Consolidated ISD, Lamar CISD or LCISD, is a public school district in the U.S...

    • Needville Independent School District
      Needville Independent School District
      Needville Independent School District is a public school district based in Needville, Texas .In addition to Needville, the district also serves the town of Fairchilds and the unincorporated communities of Guy and Long Point...

    • Stafford Municipal School District
      Stafford Municipal School District
      Stafford Municipal School District is a school district based in Stafford, Texas, United States. The district covers all of the city of Stafford and is controlled by the city, the only school district in Texas that is not an independent school district operated by an independent school board.There...



    Kendleton Independent School District
    Kendleton Independent School District
    Kendleton Independent School District was a public school district based in Powell Point. unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, north of the city of Kendleton. The district served Kendleton and Powell Point....

     closed in 2010.

    University centers

    • University of Houston System at Cinco Ranch
      University of Houston System at Cinco Ranch
      The University of Houston System at Cinco Ranch is a multi-institution teaching center of the located near Katy, Texas in Fort Bend County. It was founded in 1980 as the West Houston Institute and was part of the University of Houston. The Institute offered night classes at Memorial High...

    • University of Houston System at Sugar Land
      University of Houston System at Sugar Land
      The University of Houston System at Sugar Land is a multi-institution teaching center of the University of Houston System located in Sugar Land, Texas...


    Libraries

    Fort Bend County Libraries
    Fort Bend County Libraries
    Fort Bend County Libraries is a public library system in Fort Bend County, Texas .The library system, headquartered in the George Memorial Library in Richmond, operates two libraries and nine branches throughout Fort Bend County.-Libraries:...

     operates many libraries in the county.

    Houston Public Library
    Houston Public Library
    Houston Public Library is the public library system serving Houston, Texas, United States. The library system has its headquarters in the Marston Building in Neartown Houston.-History:It can trace its founding to the Houston Lyceum in 1854...

     operates one branch in the county.

    Airports

    The sole publicly owned airport in the county is Sugar Land Regional Airport
    Sugar Land Regional Airport
    Sugar Land Regional Airport is a city-owned public-use airport located in Sugar Land, Texas , southwest of the central business district of Houston....

     in Sugar Land
    Sugar Land, Texas
    Sugar Land is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the metropolitan area and Fort Bend County. Sugar Land is one of the most affluent and fastest-growing cities in Texas, having grown more than 158 percent in the last decade. In the time period of 2000–2007, Sugar Land also enjoyed a...



    Privately owned airports for public use include:
    • Happy Landings Airport
      Happy Landings Airport
      Houston Fort Bend Airport is a public-use airport located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The airport is located east of Beasley and southwest of the central business district of Houston. It is privately owned by John D. Hull, Jr...

       is in an unincorporated area east of Beasley
      Beasley, Texas
      Beasley is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The city's population was 590 at the 2000 census.-Geography:Beasley is located at ....

      .
    • Houston Southwest Airport
      Houston Southwest Airport
      Houston Southwest Airport or Houston-Southwest Airport is a public-use airport located in Arcola, a city in Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, 15 miles southwest of the central business district of Houston. It is privately owned by James Griffith, Jr.Although most U.S...

       in Arcola
      Arcola, Texas
      Arcola is a city in Fort Bend County, Texas within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 1,642 at the 2010 census.Arcola incorporated in 1986.-Geography:Arcola is located at ....

    • Westheimer Air Park
      Westheimer Air Park
      Westheimer Air Park is a privately-owned, public-use airport in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The airport is 20 nautical miles west of the central business district of Houston...

       is in an unincorporated area between Fulshear and Houston.


    Privately owned airports for private use include:
    • Cardiff Brothers Airport
      Cardiff Brothers Airport
      Cardiff Brothers Airport is an airport located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, east of the city of Fulshear and south of the city of Katy.The airport is owned by "Cardiff Brothers" of Katy, Texas. The manager is Hal V. Cardiff....

       is in an unincorporated area near Fulshear and Katy
      Katy, Texas
      Katy is a city located in Harris, Fort Bend and Waller Counties in the U.S. state of Texas, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area...



    The following general aviation heliports (all privately owned, for private use) exist in unincorporated areas:
    • Dewberry Heliport is in an unincorporated area between Fulshear and Katy


    The closest airport with regularly scheduled commercial service is Houston's William P. Hobby Airport
    William P. Hobby Airport
    William P. Hobby Airport is a public airport in Houston, Texas, located from Downtown Houston. The airport covers and has four runways. Hobby Airport is Houston's oldest commercial airport and was the city's primary air terminal until the opening of Houston Intercontinental Airport in 1969...

     in Harris County. The Houston Airport System
    Houston Airport System
    Houston Airport System is a department of the City of Houston, Texas, United States that manages city airports. Its administrative offices are on the property of George Bush Intercontinental Airport. It operates Bush, William P. Hobby Airport, and Ellington Airport in Houston.The city of Houston...

     stated that Fort Bend County is within the primary service area of George Bush Intercontinental Airport
    George Bush Intercontinental Airport
    George Bush Intercontinental Airport, is a Class B international airport in Houston, Texas, serving the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the United States. Located north of Downtown Houston between Interstate 45 and U.S. Highway 59...

    , an international airport in Houston in Harris County.

    Mass transit

    Fort Bend County officially created a department of Public Transportation in 2005 that provides commuter buses to Uptown
    Uptown Houston
    The Uptown District of Houston is located 6.2 miles west of downtown and is centered along Post Oak Boulevard, Westheimer Road , and the Galleria...

    , Greenway Plaza
    Greenway Plaza
    Greenway Plaza is a master-planned mixed-use development off U.S. Highway 59 in Houston, Texas, United States, five miles west of Downtown Houston and three miles east of Uptown Houston. Greenway Plaza is Houston's first totally planned business-commercial-residential complex developed by the...

    , and Texas Medical Center
    Texas Medical Center
    The Texas Medical Center is the largest medical center in the world with one of the highest densities of clinical facilities for patient care, basic science, and translational research...

    . It also provides Demand and Response Buses to Senior Citizens and the General Public that travel only in Fort Bend County to anywhere in Fort Bend County. www.co.fort-bend.tx.us

    Freeway system

    The TTC-69 component (recommended preferred) of the planned Trans-Texas Corridor
    Trans-Texas Corridor
    The Trans-Texas Corridor was a transportation network that was discontinued in the planning and early construction stages in the U.S. State of Texas. The network, as originally envisioned, would have been composed of a network of supercorridors up to wide to carry parallel links of tollways,...

     goes through Fort Bend County.

    Toll Roads

    The Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority
    Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority
    The Fort Bend County Toll Road Authority , located in Sugar Land, Texas, is currently managing the successful development and completion of two key county mobility projects, the Fort Bend Parkway Toll Road and the Fort Bend Westpark Tollway...

     (FBCTRA), located in Sugar Land, Texas
    Texas
    Texas is the second largest U.S. state by both area and population, and the largest state by area in the contiguous United States.The name, based on the Caddo word "Tejas" meaning "friends" or "allies", was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves and to the region of their settlement in...

    , currently manages and operates the following:


    Both toll roads offer new transportation options, relieving traffic congestion for commuters.

    Corrections

    The Fort Bend County Jail is located at 1410 Ransom Road in Richmond
    Richmond, Texas
    -Demographics:As of the census of 2000, there were 11,081 people, 3,413 households, and 2,628 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,975.4 people per square mile . There were 3,595 housing units at an average density of 965.3 per square mile...

    .

    Texas Department of Criminal Justice
    Texas Department of Criminal Justice
    The Texas Department of Criminal Justice is a department of the government of the state of Texas. The TDCJ is responsible for statewide criminal justice for adult offenders, including managing offenders in state prisons, state jails and private correctional facilities, funding and certain...

     operates the following facilities in Fort Bend County, all at the Jester State Prison Farm
    Jester State Prison Farm
    The Jester State Prison Farm refers to a complex of Texas Department of Criminal Justice prisons for men in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas...

     site:

    Prisons for men:
    • Jester III Unit
      Jester III Unit
      The Beauford H. Jester III Unit is a Texas Department of Criminal Justice prison located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, United States. The unit is along U.S. Highway 90A, east of central Richmond...

       (Unincorporated area) (Co-located with the Jester units)
    • Vance Unit (Unincorporated area) (Co-located with the Jester units)


    Other facilities:
    • Jester I Unit
      Jester I Unit
      The Beauford H. Jester I Unit is a Texas Department of Criminal Justice substance abuse felony punishment facility located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas. The unit is along U.S. Highway 90A, east of central Richmond. The unit, with about of land, is co-located with Carol Vance Unit,...

       - Substance Abuse Felony Punishment Facility (Unincorporated area) (Co-located with the Jester units)
    • Jester IV Unit
      Jester IV Unit
      The Beauford H. Jester IV Unit is a psychiatric facility of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice located in unincorporated Fort Bend County, Texas, east of Richmond. It is a part of the Jester State Prison Farm property and it is located in U.S. Highway 90A.The unit was established in...

       - Psychiatric Facility (Unincorporated area) (Co-located with the Jester units)


    The TDCJ announced that the Central Unit
    Central Unit
    The Central Unit was a Texas Department of Criminal Justice men's prison in Sugar Land, Texas. The approximately facility is from central Sugar Land on U.S. Highway 90A. The unit first opened in April 1909. The unit had 950 beds for men...

     in Sugar Land was closing in 2011.

    See also

    • National Register of Historic Places listings in Fort Bend County, Texas

    External links

    The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
     
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