Federal Electoral Institute
|Instituto Federal Electoral|
|Headoffice||Av. Viaducto Tlalpan 100, Col. Arenal Tepepan, Del. Tlalpan C.P.: 14610, México, D.F. Tel: +52 (55) 01 800 433 2000.|
|Director||Leonardo Antonio Valdés Zurita
Leonardo Valdés Zurita
Leonardo Valdés Zurita is a Mexican scholar who currently serves as president of the Federal Electoral Institute. He grew up in Mexico D.F.-References:* Ricardo Gomez, Andrea Merloz Mexico City:El Universal 7 Feb 2008...
(7 feb 2008 - 30 oct 2013)
The Federal Electoral Institute is an autonomous, public organization responsible for organizing federal elections in Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...
, that is, those related to the election of the President
President of Mexico
The President of the United Mexican States is the head of state and government of Mexico. Under the Constitution, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican armed forces...
of the United Mexican States and to the election of the members of the Lower
Chamber of Deputies of Mexico
The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the Congress of the Union, Mexico's bicameral legislature. The structure and responsibilities of both chambers of Congress are defined in Articles 50 to 70 of the current constitution.-Composition:The Chamber of Deputies is composed of one federal...
and Upper Chamber
Senate of Mexico
The Senate of the Republic, constitutionally Chamber of Senators of the Honorable Congress of the Union After a series of reforms during the 1990s, it is now made up of 128 senators:...
s that constitute the Congress of the Union
Congress of Mexico
The Congress of the Union is the legislative branch of the Mexican government...
. Current president is Leonardo Valdés Zurita.
IFE was formally established on October 11, 1990, as a result of a series of constitutional reforms approved in 1989, and of the issuing of a new legislation in electoral subject matter in August 1990, the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures (Cofipe), currently in force. The legislative branch of the federal government, the national political parties, and the general citizenry participate in its composition.
Ever since its creation, the constitutional and legal regulations in this subject matter have experienced significant reform processes, which have had an impact on its integration and attributions. The most recent of these reforms, approved in 1996, reinforced the level of independence and autonomy of the IFE by completely dissociating the executive branch from any aspect regarding its integration and functioning, and by reserving the vote within all its directive bodies to the councilors that do not have links to any party or to any state power or body.
IFE has legal personality and patrimony of its own. Unlike the bodies that preceded it in its function of organizing federal elections, its nature is permanent. Its headquarters are located in the Federal District, and it is organized under a decentralized framework that allows it to exercise its attributions throughout the country.
Political parties and associationsIFE is also charged with the registration, funding and overseeing of national political parties (as opposed to local political parties, which are registered by each state's
States of Mexico
The United Mexican States is a federal republic formed by 32 federal entities .According to the Constitution of 1917, the states of the federation are free and sovereign. Each state has their own congress and constitution, while the Federal District has only limited autonomy with a local Congress...
Electoral Institute). Rules and guidelines for the registration of national political parties are outlined in the Federal Code of Electoral Institutions and Procedures.
In addition, IFE can register national political association
National political association
In the context of Mexican politics, a national political association is a citizens' association intended to assist in the development of democratic life and the country's political culture, as well as being intended to create a better informed public opinion...
s, which are intended to assist in the development of democratic life and the country's political culture, as well as being intended to create a better informed public opinion. The creation of a national political association is usually regarded as the first step towards the creation of a full-fledged political party.