Endodontics
Overview
 
Endodontics is one of the dental specialties
Specialty (dentistry)
In the United States, Canada, and Australia, there are nine recognized dental specialties in which some dentists choose to train and practice, in addition to or instead of general dentistry....

 recognized by the American Dental Association
American Dental Association
The American Dental Association is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 155,000 members. Based in Chicago, the ADA is the world's largest and oldest national dental association and promotes good oral health to the public while representing the dental...

, Royal College of Dentists of Canada, and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
The Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons or RACDS is a professional college established in 1965 that administers Fellowship Exams for both general and specialist dental practitioners in the Australasian region...

, and deals with the tooth pulp
Pulp (tooth)
The dental pulp is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells called odontoblasts.- Anatomy :Each person can have a total of up to 52 pulp organs, 32 in the permanent and 20 in the primary teeth....

 and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth
Tooth
Teeth are small, calcified, whitish structures found in the jaws of many vertebrates that are used to break down food. Some animals, particularly carnivores, also use teeth for hunting or for defensive purposes. The roots of teeth are embedded in the Mandible bone or the Maxillary bone and are...

. Endodontists perform a variety of procedures including root canal
Root canal
A root canal is the space within the root of a tooth. It is part of a naturally occurring space within a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber , the main canal, and more intricate anatomical branches that may connect the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root.-Root canal anatomy:...

 therapy, endodontic retreatment
Endodontic retreatment
Endodontic retreatment describes a dental root canal procedure procedure that is carried out on a tooth that has previously had root canal treatment. For this reason it is also called "repeat root canal treatment"....

, surgery, treating cracked teeth
Cracked tooth syndrome
Cracked tooth syndrome is a medical condition in which a partial crack extends through the dentin, and occasionally through the pulp of a tooth.-Classification:...

, and treating dental trauma
Dental trauma
Dental trauma refers to trauma to the face, mouth, and especially the teeth lips and periodontium. The study of dental trauma is called dental traumatology.- Types :* Tooth fractures**Enamel infraction**Enamel fracture**Enamel-dentine fracture...

. Root canal therapy is one of the most common procedures. If the pulp (containing nerve
Nerve
A peripheral nerve, or simply nerve, is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of peripheral axons . A nerve provides a common pathway for the electrochemical nerve impulses that are transmitted along each of the axons. Nerves are found only in the peripheral nervous system...

s, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue) becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.
Australian programs are accredited by the Australian Dental Council (ADC) and are 3 years in length and culminate with either a Master degree (MDS) or a Doctor of Clinical Dentistry degree (DClinDent).
Encyclopedia
Endodontics is one of the dental specialties
Specialty (dentistry)
In the United States, Canada, and Australia, there are nine recognized dental specialties in which some dentists choose to train and practice, in addition to or instead of general dentistry....

 recognized by the American Dental Association
American Dental Association
The American Dental Association is an American professional association established in 1859 which has more than 155,000 members. Based in Chicago, the ADA is the world's largest and oldest national dental association and promotes good oral health to the public while representing the dental...

, Royal College of Dentists of Canada, and Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons
The Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons or RACDS is a professional college established in 1965 that administers Fellowship Exams for both general and specialist dental practitioners in the Australasian region...

, and deals with the tooth pulp
Pulp (tooth)
The dental pulp is the part in the center of a tooth made up of living connective tissue and cells called odontoblasts.- Anatomy :Each person can have a total of up to 52 pulp organs, 32 in the permanent and 20 in the primary teeth....

 and the tissues surrounding the root of a tooth
Tooth
Teeth are small, calcified, whitish structures found in the jaws of many vertebrates that are used to break down food. Some animals, particularly carnivores, also use teeth for hunting or for defensive purposes. The roots of teeth are embedded in the Mandible bone or the Maxillary bone and are...

. Endodontists perform a variety of procedures including root canal
Root canal
A root canal is the space within the root of a tooth. It is part of a naturally occurring space within a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber , the main canal, and more intricate anatomical branches that may connect the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root.-Root canal anatomy:...

 therapy, endodontic retreatment
Endodontic retreatment
Endodontic retreatment describes a dental root canal procedure procedure that is carried out on a tooth that has previously had root canal treatment. For this reason it is also called "repeat root canal treatment"....

, surgery, treating cracked teeth
Cracked tooth syndrome
Cracked tooth syndrome is a medical condition in which a partial crack extends through the dentin, and occasionally through the pulp of a tooth.-Classification:...

, and treating dental trauma
Dental trauma
Dental trauma refers to trauma to the face, mouth, and especially the teeth lips and periodontium. The study of dental trauma is called dental traumatology.- Types :* Tooth fractures**Enamel infraction**Enamel fracture**Enamel-dentine fracture...

. Root canal therapy is one of the most common procedures. If the pulp (containing nerve
Nerve
A peripheral nerve, or simply nerve, is an enclosed, cable-like bundle of peripheral axons . A nerve provides a common pathway for the electrochemical nerve impulses that are transmitted along each of the axons. Nerves are found only in the peripheral nervous system...

s, arterioles, venules, lymphatic tissue, and fibrous tissue) becomes diseased or injured, endodontic treatment is required to save the tooth.

Australia

Australian programs are accredited by the Australian Dental Council (ADC) and are 3 years in length and culminate with either a Master degree (MDS) or a Doctor of Clinical Dentistry degree (DClinDent). Fellowship can then be obtained with the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons, FRACDS (Endo).

Canada

Canadian programs are accredited by the (CDAC) and are a minimum of two years in length to a maximum of 8 years in length and usually culminate with a master (MSc or MDent) degree. Graduates are then eligible to sit for the Fellowship exams with the Royal College of Dentists of Canada (FRCD (C)).

USA

In the United States after a dentist finishes his or her dental degree
Dental degree
There are a number of first professional degrees in dentistry offered by schools in various countries around the world. These include the following:* Doctor of Dental Surgery * Doctor of Dental Medicine * Bachelor of Dentistry...

 the dentist must undergo 2-3 additional years of postgraduate training to become an endodontist. The American Dental Association (CODA) accredited programs are a minimum of two years in length. Following successful completion of this training the dentist becomes Board eligible to sit the American Board of Endodontology examination. Successful completion of board certification results in Diplomate status in the American Board of Endodontology.

There are 50 endodontic training programs in the United States, in which roughly 400 students are enrolled.

India

In India after a dentist finishes his or her Bachelor in Dental Surgery Programme, he or she must undergo 3 additional years of postgraduate training (Master in Dental Surgery) to become an endodontist.

See also

  • Root canal
    Root canal
    A root canal is the space within the root of a tooth. It is part of a naturally occurring space within a tooth that consists of the pulp chamber , the main canal, and more intricate anatomical branches that may connect the root canals to each other or to the surface of the root.-Root canal anatomy:...

  • Endodontic therapy
    Endodontic therapy
    Endodontic therapy is a sequence of treatment for the pulp of a tooth which results in the elimination of infection and protection of the decontaminated tooth from future microbial invasion...

  • Journal of Endodontics
    Journal of Endodontics
    The Journal of Endodontics is the official journal of the American Association of Endodontists and is published by Elsevier. It is a monthly journal that was established in 1975 and publishes scientific articles, case reports, and studies comparing different tools, materials, and methods used in...

  • Oral surgery
    Oral Surgery
    Oral Surgery is a recognized international specialty in dentistry. It includes the diagnosis, surgical and related treatment of diseases, injuries and defects involving both the functional and esthetic aspects of the hard and soft tissues of the head, mouth, teeth, gums, jaws and neck.It involves,...

  • Dental dam
    Dental dam
    A dental dam or rubber dam is a rectangular sheet of latex used in dentistry, in particular endodontic therapy, to reduce contamination, and where dental composite are being placed, due to the need for the area to remain dry during filling placement...

  • American Association of Endodontists
    American Association of Endodontists
    The American Association of Endodontists, or AAE, is a not-for-profit organization of endodontists and other professionals with an interest in endodontics. Headquartered in Chicago, Ill., the Association represents more than 7,400 members worldwide. Endodontics is one of nine dental specialties...

  • Ralph Frederick Sommer
    Ralph Frederick Sommer
    Ralph Frederick Sommer is known as one of the two leading pioneers in the development of endodontics. He is also noted as a pioneer in the treatment of root canal infections and the development of the root canal operation....

    , an early developer of endodontics

External links

Organizations:
Publications:
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