Forms of energy
In the context of physical sciences, several forms of energy have been defined. These include:These energies may be divided into two main groups; kinetic energy and potential energy. Other familiar types of energy are a varying mix of both potential and kinetic energy...
The fundamental principles of electricity generation were discovered during the 1820s and early 1830s by the British scientist Michael Faraday
Michael Faraday, FRS was an English chemist and physicist who contributed to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry....
. His basic method is still used today: electricity is generated by the movement of a loop of wire, or disc of copper between the poles of a magnet
A magnet is a material or object that produces a magnetic field. This magnetic field is invisible but is responsible for the most notable property of a magnet: a force that pulls on other ferromagnetic materials, such as iron, and attracts or repels other magnets.A permanent magnet is an object...
For electric utilities
An electric utility is a company that engages in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity for sale generally in a regulated market. The electrical utility industry is a major provider of energy in most countries. It is indispensable to factories, commercial establishments,...
, it is the first process in the delivery of electricity to consumers.