Eila Kivikk'aho
Eila Sylvia Kivikk'aho, originally Sammalkorpi (February 8, 1921 – June 21, 2004) was a Finnish
Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

A poet is a person who writes poetry. A poet's work can be literal, meaning that his work is derived from a specific event, or metaphorical, meaning that his work can take on many meanings and forms. Poets have existed since antiquity, in nearly all languages, and have produced works that vary...


Kivikk'aho was born in Sortavala
Sortavala is a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located at the northern tip of Lake Ladoga. Population: It is an important station of the Vyborg-Joensuu railroad.-History:...

 soon after the World War I. One of her most famous poems is "Nocturno", which was already published in the debut work Sinikallio (1942).

Kivikk'aho was awarded the State Prize for Literature in 1951, 1961, 1971 and 1976. She also received the Eino Leino
Eino Leino
Eino Leino was a Finnish poet and journalist and is considered one of the pioneers of Finnish poetry. His poems combine modern and Finnish folk elements. The style of much of his work is like the Kalevala and folk songs. Nature, love, and despair are frequent themes in Leino's work...

 Prize in 1976 and the Aleksis Kivi
Aleksis Kivi
Aleksis Kivi , born Alexis Stenvall, was a Finnish author who wrote the first significant novel in the Finnish language, Seven Brothers...

 Prize in 1981.

As a translator to Finnish
Finnish language
Finnish is the language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland Primarily for use by restaurant menus and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. It is one of the two official languages of Finland and an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a...

, Kivikk'aho was awarded the State Prize for Translation in 1970 and 1979. She died in Helsinki
Helsinki is the capital and largest city in Finland. It is in the region of Uusimaa, located in southern Finland, on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, an arm of the Baltic Sea. The population of the city of Helsinki is , making it by far the most populous municipality in Finland. Helsinki is...

 at the age of 83.


  • Sinikallio (1942; poems)
  • Viuhkalaulu (1945; poems)
  • Niityltä pois (1951; poems)
  • Venelaulu (1952; poems)
  • Parvi (1961; poems)
  • Ruusukvartsi (1995; poems)
  • Kootut runot (2001; collection, with an article by Eila Pennanen)
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