Crveni Krst concentration camp
Crveni Krst concentration camp (Red Cross concentration camp), also known as logor Crveni Krst (логор Црвени Крст) or Lager Niš (Лагер Ниш), was a concentration camp located in Crveni Krst, in the industrial zone of the Serbia
Serbia , officially the Republic of Serbia , is a landlocked country located at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, covering the southern part of the Carpathian basin and the central part of the Balkans...
n city of Niš
Niš is the largest city of southern Serbia and third-largest city in Serbia . According to the data from 2011, the city of Niš has a population of 177,972 inhabitants, while the city municipality has a population of 257,867. The city covers an area of about 597 km2, including the urban area,...
, and operated by the Nazis
Nazi Germany , also known as the Third Reich , but officially called German Reich from 1933 to 1943 and Greater German Reich from 26 June 1943 onward, is the name commonly used to refer to the state of Germany from 1933 to 1945, when it was a totalitarian dictatorship ruled by...
during the Second World War
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...
It is estimated that around 30,000 persons went through this camp, and an estimated 12,000 persons were executed on the location of Bubanj
Bubanj is located in Palilula, Niš, Serbia. According to the 2002 census was 516 inhabitants . It is famous for its World War II Bubanj Memorial Park, Historic Landmark of Exceptional Importance.-History:...
. Many of the other inmates were transferred to Sajmište concentration camp
Sajmište concentration camp
Sajmište concentration camp was a German run Nazi concentration camp located on the outskirts of Belgrade whilst part of NDH . It was established in December 1941 and shut down in September 1944...
or other camps around Europe
Europe is, by convention, one of the world's seven continents. Comprising the westernmost peninsula of Eurasia, Europe is generally 'divided' from Asia to its east by the watershed divides of the Ural and Caucasus Mountains, the Ural River, the Caspian and Black Seas, and the waterways connecting...
. The camp victims included the Jews
The Jews , also known as the Jewish people, are a nation and ethnoreligious group originating in the Israelites or Hebrews of the Ancient Near East. The Jewish ethnicity, nationality, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish nation...
, Roma, but mostly members of the Yugoslav Communist Party and their sympathisers, partisan
The Yugoslav Partisans, or simply the Partisans were a Communist-led World War II anti-fascist resistance movement in Yugoslavia...
POWs, and members of their families. At least 300 Serbian Roma
Roma people in Serbia
Roma are one of the ethnic minorities in Serbia They are known as Cigani -History:The first reference to the Romani people in Serbia is found in a 1348 document, by which Stefan Uroš IV Dušan of Serbia, Emperor of Serbs and Greeks donated some "Gypsy" slaves to the Monastery of Prizren, in...
died at the camp.
The camp was operated from 1941 until the liberation of Niš by the Yugoslav Partisans in 1944.
Niš Concentration Camp was declared Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance
Monuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance (Serbia)
Cultural Monuments of Exceptional Importance are the monuments in the Republic of Serbia that have the highest level of the State protection, and some of them are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites....
in 1979, and it is protected by Republic of Serbia.
Currently (as of March 2008), the Crveni Krst camp operates as a museum. However, major investments are due so that the museum could be fully representative.
- Monument of Culture of Exceptional ImportanceMonuments of Culture of Exceptional Importance (Serbia)Cultural Monuments of Exceptional Importance are the monuments in the Republic of Serbia that have the highest level of the State protection, and some of them are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites....
- Bubanj Memorial ParkBubanj Memorial ParkMemorial Park Bubanj is a World War II memorial complex built to commemorate the shooting and execution of more than 10,000 citizens of Niš and people from Serbia and other parts of the country, but according to some data, over 12,000 people, and it is located in...
- List of Nazi-German concentration camps