, namely, the executive
, the legislature
and the judiciary
Not all nation states have codified constitution
s, though all such states have a jus commune
, or law of the land, that may consist of a variety of imperative and consensual rules. These may include customary law, conventions
, statutory law
, judge-made law or international rules and norms
, and so on.
Constitutional laws may often be considered second order rulemaking or rules about making rules to exercise power.
"A law can be both economic folly and constitutional." ~ Antonin Scalia
"I have three degrees in history and only one in law, but since I came back to specialize in constitutional law where history is so essentially a part and an explanation of much that exists, the two disciplines blended very well." ~ Frank Scott
"One country, one constitution, one destiny." ~ Daniel Webster, Speech, March 15, 1837.
"The Constitution devotes the national domain to union, to justice, to defence, to welfare and to liberty. But there is a higher law than the Constitution." ~ William H. Seward, Speech, March 11, 1850.
"The Court is most vulnerable and comes nearest to illegitimacy when it deals with judge-made constitutional law having little or no cognizable roots in the language or design of the Constitution." ~ Byron R. White
"The current constitutional law places the president of the republic in an embarrassing situation." ~ Jose Eduardo Dos Santos Category:Law and government