Claire Goll
Claire Goll (29 October 1890 in Nuremberg, Germany – 30 May 1977 in Paris) was a German-French writer and journalist. She was the spouse of Yvan Goll
Yvan Goll
Yvan Goll, born Isaac Lange , was a French-German poet who was perfectly bilingual and wrote in both French and German...


In 1911 she married the publisher Heinrich Studer (1889–1961) and lived with him in Leipzig. In May 1912 she gave birth to her daughter Dorothea Elisabeth. In 1916 she emigrated in protest of World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

 to Switzerland, where she studied at the University of Geneva
University of Geneva
The University of Geneva is a public research university located in Geneva, Switzerland.It was founded in 1559 by John Calvin, as a theological seminary and law school. It remained focused on theology until the 17th century, when it became a center for Enlightenment scholarship. In 1873, it...

, was engaged in the peace movement, and began to work as a journalist. In 1917 she met the poet Yvan Goll with whom she became engaged. At the end 1918, she had an affair with Rainer Maria Rilke
Rainer Maria Rilke
René Karl Wilhelm Johann Josef Maria Rilke , better known as Rainer Maria Rilke, was a Bohemian–Austrian poet. He is considered one of the most significant poets in the German language...

 and they were friends until his death. In 1918 she debuted as a writer with the poetry collection and the novella
A novella is a written, fictional, prose narrative usually longer than a novelette but shorter than a novel. The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America Nebula Awards for science fiction define the novella as having a word count between 17,500 and 40,000...

 collection . In 1919, she went with Yvan to Paris and they married in 1921. Her short stories, poems, and novels also appeared in French. She wrote her poetry collections (1925), (1926) and together with her husband as a "shared song of love" ("").

The pair, both of Jewish origin, fled from Europe to New York in 1939, but returned in 1947. Yvan died in 1950. From then on, Goll dedicated her work to her husand. Her autobiographical novels (1962) and (1971) did not receive much attention. However, her battle with Paul Celan
Paul Celan
Paul Celan was a poet and translator...

over copyright and plagiarism, known as the "Goll Affair" caused a significant stir.
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