Chrysoblephus gibbiceps
Chrysoblephus gibbiceps or Red Stumpnose is a cold water, reef-dwelling species of sea bream, closely related to the Red Roman
Chrysoblephus laticeps
Chrysoblephus laticeps aka Roman Nose Goby or Red Roman or Roman seabream, is a marine demersal fish growing to a maximum length of 500mm and a recorded mass of 4200g. It is a slow-growing species showing late sexual maturity, and is closely related to the Red Stumpnose...

. It is endemic to the South African south and east coasts, and found from False Bay
False Bay
False Bay is a body of water defined by Cape Hangklip and the Cape Peninsula in the extreme South-West of South Africa.- Description and location :...

 near Cape Town
Cape Town
Cape Town is the second-most populous city in South Africa, and the provincial capital and primate city of the Western Cape. As the seat of the National Parliament, it is also the legislative capital of the country. It forms part of the City of Cape Town metropolitan municipality...

 to Margate
Margate, KwaZulu-Natal
Margate is a seaside resort town on the KwaZulu-Natal South Coast, just about 20 kilometres southwest of Port Shepstone. The river which flows into the sea at Margate is called "Nkhongweni" because the original inhabitants were reputed to be so mean that travellers had to beg for hospitality...

 on the Natal Southcoast. It is known as 'Miss Lucy' along the Port Elizabeth coast, and as 'Mighel' in the Knysna
Knysna is a town with 76,431 inhabitants in the Western Cape Province of South Africa and is part of the Garden Route. It lies 34 degrees south of the equator, and is 72 kilometres east from the town of George on the N2 highway, and 25 kilometres west of Plettenberg Bay on the same road.-History:A...


First described and named by the French zoologist Achille Valenciennes
Achille Valenciennes
Achille Valenciennes was a French zoologist.Valenciennes was born in Paris, and studied under Georges Cuvier. Valenciennes' study of parasitic worms in humans made an important contribution to the study of parasitology...

 in 1830, 'Chrysoblephus' means 'golden-eyed', while 'gibbiceps' refers to the bulbous forehead developed by adult males. Adults are territorial and solitary, and are found on offshore reefs at depths between 30 and 150 metres, the juveniles remaining in shallow water until mature at about 30 cm in length. Adults can grow to 75 cm long and a mass of about 9 kg, and have powerful molars used to crush food items such as redbait
Pyura stolonifera
Pyura stolonifera, commonly known in South Africa as red bait or rooi aas and in Australia as cunjevoi, is a sessile ascidian, or sea squirt, that lives in coastal waters.-Distribution:...

, sea urchin
Sea urchin
Sea urchins or urchins are small, spiny, globular animals which, with their close kin, such as sand dollars, constitute the class Echinoidea of the echinoderm phylum. They inhabit all oceans. Their shell, or "test", is round and spiny, typically from across. Common colors include black and dull...

, octopus
The octopus is a cephalopod mollusc of the order Octopoda. Octopuses have two eyes and four pairs of arms, and like other cephalopods they are bilaterally symmetric. An octopus has a hard beak, with its mouth at the center point of the arms...

 and crab
True crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" , or where the reduced abdomen is entirely hidden under the thorax...


The species spawns during the summer months on offshore reefs along the Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape
The Eastern Cape is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bhisho, but its two largest cities are Port Elizabeth and East London. It was formed in 1994 out of the "independent" Xhosa homelands of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province...

coast. It is slow-growing and has been over-exploited because of its tastiness. Catch restrictions have been implemented since 2004 in an effort to re-establish this once abundant species.
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.