Christian de Portzamparc
Christian de Portzamparc (born May 5, 1944 in Casablanca
Casablanca is a city in western Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. It is the capital of the Grand Casablanca region.Casablanca is Morocco's largest city as well as its chief port. It is also the biggest city in the Maghreb. The 2004 census recorded a population of 2,949,805 in the prefecture...
Morocco , officially the Kingdom of Morocco , is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of more than 32 million and an area of 710,850 km², and also primarily administers the disputed region of the Western Sahara...
) is a French
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...
An architect is a person trained in the planning, design and oversight of the construction of buildings. To practice architecture means to offer or render services in connection with the design and construction of a building, or group of buildings and the space within the site surrounding the...
and urbanist. He graduated from the École Nationale des Beaux Arts in Paris in 1970 and has since been noted for his bold designs and artistic touch; his projects reflect a sensibility to their environment and the town is a founding principal of his work. He won the Pritzker Prize
The Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually by the Hyatt Foundation to honour "a living architect whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built...
CareerChristian de Portzamparc was born in Casablanca in 1944, and graduated from the School of Fine Arts
École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts
The École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-arts is the distinguished National School of Fine Arts in Paris, France.The École des Beaux-arts is made up of a vast complex of buildings located at 14 rue Bonaparte, between the quai Malaquais and the rue Bonaparte, in the heart of Saint-Germain-des-Près,...
in Paris in 1970. He created his agency in 1980, supported by Marie-Élisabeth Nicoleau, Étienne Pierrès and Bertrand Beau, and later welcomed Bruno Durbecq, Céline Barda, Léa Xu, André Terzibachian and Clovis Cunha. Based in Paris, the agency has ‘satellite’ offices near building sites, in addition to offices in New York and Rio de Janeiro, and represents a team of 80 people, drawn from all corners of the globe.
Both an architect and urban planner, Christian de Portzamparc is implicated in the research of form and meaning, as well as being a constructer. His work focuses on research over speculation and concerns the quality of life; aesthetics are conditioned by ethics, and he maintains that we have too often dissociated one from the other. Christian de Portzamparc focuses on all scales of construction, from simple buildings to urban re-think; the town is a founding principal of his work, developing in parallel and in crossover along three major lines: neighbourhood or city pieces, individual buildings and sky-scrapers.
The growth of Christian de Portzamparc’s urban projects through competitions and studies led to an evolution of methods, a practical result of theoretical research and analysis. This renewed vision of urban structure, which he named the “open block” in the 80’s, can be seen today through projects such as the Quartier Masséna - Seine Rive Gauche (since 1995), an entire neighbourhood of Paris, and at La Lironde (since 1991), in the south of France, both of which illustrate his master-planning and coordination techniques.
Christian de Portzamparc’s iconic buildings, urban poles of attraction, create environments wherein the interior and exterior spaces interpenetrate, working as catalysts in cityscape dynamics. This method of functioning came into play in major cultural programmes, often dedicated to dance and music, the most recent examples of which include a 1500 seat philharmonic hall, 300 seat chamber hall and 120 seat electro-acoustic hall in Luxembourg, completed in 2005, plus a unique 1800 seat concert hall that transforms into a 1300 seat opera house, which is under construction, amongst other music halls, as part of the project Cidade da Música
Cidade da Música
The Cidade da Música is a cultural complex located in Barra da Tijuca in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which was originally planned to open in 2004. The formal inauguration is now anticipated for 2012, restyled as Cidade das Artes .The project's R$515 million to the city of Rio caused...
in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The towers created by Christian de Portzamparc have, since the beginning, been a result of his studies of the vertical and sculptural dimension, concentrating on the prismatic form, the most recognised example of which is the LVMH Tower created in 1995 in New York, USA, for which Christian de Portzamparc received many accolades, soon to be accompanied by the residential tower at 400 Park avenue in Manhattan, whose site is due to commence in 2010.
In 1994 Christian de Portzamparc became the first French architect to gain the prestigious “Pritzker Architectural Prize”, at the age of 50. In 2006, the Collège de France
Collège de France
The Collège de France is a higher education and research establishment located in Paris, France, in the 5th arrondissement, or Latin Quarter, across the street from the historical campus of La Sorbonne at the intersection of Rue Saint-Jacques and Rue des Écoles...
created a 53rd chair dedicated ‘artistic creation’, and called on Christian de Portzamparc to be its first occupant. Today, he continues his research work through projects that are under way around the world, expressing his freshness, pleasure and passion through a perfectionism that has characterised his work from the beginning.
- 1971-1974 Château d’eau, Marne la Vallée
- 1975-1979 Les Hautes-Formes housing project, Paris
- 1983-1987 Dance school for the Paris Opera, Nanterre
- 1985-1987 Beaubourg Cafe, Paris
- 1988-1990 Musée BourdelleMusée BourdelleThe Musée Bourdelle is an art museum located in the 15th arrondissement at 18, rue Antoine Bourdelle, Paris, France. It is open daily, except Mondays. The nearest métro stations are Falguière and Montparnasse – Bienvenüe....
- 1989-1991 Nexus II, Fukuoka, Japan
- 1984-1995 The City of MusicCité de la MusiqueThe Cité de la Musique is a group of institutions dedicated to music and situated in the La Villette quarter, 19th arrondissement, Paris, France. It was designed by the architect Christian de Portzamparc and opened in 1995...
- 1991-1995 Crédit LyonnaisCrédit LyonnaisCrédit Lyonnais is a historic French bank. In the early 1990s it was the largest French bank, majority state-owned at that point. Crédit Lyonnais was the subject of poor management during that period which almost led to its bankruptcy in 1993...
- 1993-1999 Law courts, Courts of Justice, Grasse
- 1993-2006 Centre of science, library and museum “Les Champs Libres”, Rennes
- 1994-1999 Extension of the Palais des Congrès Porte Maillot, Paris
- 1995-1999 LVMH Tower, New York
- 1997-2003 French Embassy of Germany, Berlin
- 2001-2004 Headquarters for the press group Le MondeLe MondeLe Monde is a French daily evening newspaper owned by La Vie-Le Monde Group and edited in Paris. It is one of two French newspapers of record, and has generally been well respected since its first edition under founder Hubert Beuve-Méry on 19 December 1944...
- 1997-2005 Philharmonie LuxembourgPhilharmonie LuxembourgThe Grande-Duchesse Joséphine-Charlotte Concert Hall is a concert hall located on the Kirchberg plateau in the City of Luxembourg. Opened in 2005, it now plays host to 400 performances each year and is one of the main concert halls in Europe.-Origins:...
- 2000-2006 “De Citadel”, housing and commercial centre Almere
- 2007-2009 HergéHergéGeorges Prosper Remi , better known by the pen name Hergé, was a Belgian comics writer and artist. His best known and most substantial work is the 23 completed comic books in The Adventures of Tintin series, which he wrote and illustrated from 1929 until his death in 1983, although he was also...
museum, Louvain-la-NeuveLouvain-la-NeuveLouvain-la-Neuve is a planned city in the municipality of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, situated 30 km southeast of Brussels, in the French-speaking part of the country...
Principal projects under construction
- 1991-2009 Development of the Lironde Gardens and construction of two Montpellier blocks
- 1995-2009 Urban development of the Masséna district, Paris
- 1998-2009 Croix Rousse Hospital, Lyon
- 2001-2008 Société Générale tower, La Défense, Paris
- 2002-2009 “400 Park Avenue South” residential tower in Manhattan, New York
- 2002-2011 Concert halls, cinema, school of music Cidade da MusicaCidade da MúsicaThe Cidade da Música is a cultural complex located in Barra da Tijuca in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which was originally planned to open in 2004. The formal inauguration is now anticipated for 2012, restyled as Cidade das Artes .The project's R$515 million to the city of Rio caused...
, Rio de Janeiro
- 2003-2008 Renaissance Paris Wagram Hotel, Paris
- 2006-2009 Regional hall, Hôtel de Région Rhône Alpes, Lyon
- 2004-2008 Multiplex Europalaces-Gaumont, Rennes
- 2004-2008 Residential development “La prairie au Duc”, Nantes
- 2004-2008 Bastide residential development in Bordeaux
- 2011-2015 Amphitheater District in MetzMetzMetz is a city in the northeast of France located at the confluence of the Moselle and the Seille rivers.Metz is the capital of the Lorraine region and prefecture of the Moselle department. Located near the tripoint along the junction of France, Germany, and Luxembourg, Metz forms a central place...
Awards and distinctions
- 1988 - Equerre d’Argent – awarded by the press group Le Moniteur for the Dance School of the Paris Opera in Nanterre
- 1989 - Commander of the Order of Arts and LettersOrdre des Arts et des LettresThe Ordre des Arts et des Lettres is an Order of France, established on 2 May 1957 by the Minister of Culture, and confirmed as part of the Ordre national du Mérite by President Charles de Gaulle in 1963...
– awarded by the French Ministry of Culture
- 1990 - The Great Prize of Architecture of the City of Paris – awarded by the Mayor of Paris
- 1992 - Médaille d’Argent – awarded by the French Academy of Architecture
- 1993 - Great National Prize of Architecture – awarded by the French Ministry of Urbanism and Transport
- 1994 - Pritzker PrizePritzker PrizeThe Pritzker Architecture Prize is awarded annually by the Hyatt Foundation to honour "a living architect whose built work demonstrates a combination of those qualities of talent, vision and commitment, which has produced consistent and significant contributions to humanity and the built...
of Architecture – awarded by the Hyatt Foundation
- 1995 - Equerre d’Argent awarded by the French press group Le Moniteur for the City of Music – Conservatory of Music and Dance in Paris
- 2001 - Business Week and Architectural Record Award for the LVMH tower in New York (USA)
- 2004 - The Great Prize of Urbanism – awarded by an international jury who 'wanted to congratulate a work with achievements of high quality combined with city vision and philosophy articulating theoretical concepts and concrete realisations, while developing an optimistic vision for the future through his works and writings'
- 2005 - MIPIM Award for the remodelling of the building for the press group Le Monde in Paris
Publications and biographies
- Exhibition catalogue « Rêver la ville », Sophie Trelcat, Paris, Le Moniteur, 2007
- Architecture : figures du monde, figures du temps, Leçons inaugurales au Collège de France, Collège de France/Fayard, Paris, 2006
- Voir écrire, Christian de Portzamparc & Philippe SollersPhilippe SollersPhilippe Sollers is a French writer and critic. In 1960 he founded the avant garde journal Tel Quel , published by Seuil, which ran until 1982...
, Paris, Folio Gallimard, 2005
- Christian de Portzamparc by Gilles de Bure Edited by Terrail, 2003
- Christian de Portzamparc, entretien avec Y. Futagawa, G.A. Document extra 04 / in Studio Talk interview with 15 architects (Tokyo, A.D.A edita,2002
- Christian de Portzamparc by Riccardo Florio, Edited by Officina Edizioni, 1997
- Christian de Portzamparc G.A.Document, 1996
- Christian de Portzamparc Disegno e forma dell’architettura per la città, R.Florio (Roma, Officina Edizioni, 1996)
- Généalogie des formes by Christian de Portzamparc, Edited by Dis Voir, about free drawings and paintings,1996
- Christian de Portzamparc Edited by Arc en Rêve/ Birkhauser, 1996
- Scènes d'Atelier Edited by Centre Georges Pompidou, 1996
- Christian de Portzamparc by Jean Pierre Le Dantec Edited by Le Regard, 1996
- Christian de Portzamparc Urban situations Edited by Gallery MA - Tokyo - Japan 1991
- Christian de Portzamparc Published by Le Moniteur, 1984–1987
Books on projects
- La philharmonie de Luxembourg, entretien avec C. de Portzamparc, M. Brausch. (Luxembourg, Fonds d’Urbanisation et d’Aménagement du Plateau de Kirchberg, 2003)
- La tour LVMH, entretien avec C. de Portzamparc «Portzamparc ou l’esprit des lieux». «Christian de Portzamparc The LVMH Tower», J. Giovannini, F.Rambert, (Connaissance des Arts hors série, Paris, 1999)
- De la danse - école du ballet de L’Opéra de Paris, C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Les éditions du Demi-Cercle, 1990)
- La cité de la musique, M. Bleuse, P. Boulez, S. Goldberg, J-C. Casadesus, O. Messiaen, P. Sollers, H. Tonka,C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Champ Vallon, 1986)
- Rue des Hautes Formes, C. de Portzamparc (Paris, Régie immobilière de la ville de Paris, RIVP, 1979)