1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the Free French Forces
during World War II
. He later founded the French Fifth Republic
in 1958 and served as its first President from 1959 to 1969.
A veteran of World War I
, in the 1920s and 1930s de Gaulle came to the fore as a proponent of mobile armoured divisions, which he considered would become central in modern warfare.
1940 Appeal of June 18 by Charles de Gaulle.
1944 World War II: Charles de Gaulle enters Paris.
1958 May 1958 crisis: a group of French military officers lead a coup in Algiers demanding that a government of national unity be formed with Charles de Gaulle at its head in order to defend French control of Algeria.
1958 Charles de Gaulle comes out of retirement to lead France by decree for six months.
1959 General Charles de Gaulle, President of France, declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for a "Europe, "from the Atlantic to the Urals."
1960 French forces crack down in a violent clash with protesters in French Algeria during a visit by French president Charles de Gaulle.
1961 In France a referendum supports Charles de Gaulle's policies in Algeria.
1962 French President Charles De Gaulle calls for Algeria to be granted independence.
1962 An attempt to assassinate French president Charles de Gaulle fails.
1963 The Elysée treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
I have understood you!
Long live free Quebec!
France has no friends, only interests.
Yes, it is Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals, it is Europe, it is the whole of Europe, that will decide the fate of the world.
Now she is like the others.
France has lost a battle, but France has not lost the war.
At the root of our civilization, there is the freedom of each person of thought, of belief, of opinion, of work, of leisure.
Let us be firm, pure and faithful; at the end of our sorrow, there is the greatest glory of the world, that of the men who did not give in.
"A foreign military leader whose daring was feared by those who profited by it." De Gaulle said that MacArthur's critics should "pay deserved tribute to the legendary service of a great soldier".
I am a man who belongs to no-one and who belongs to everyone.