Charles-Joseph Bouchard
Charles-Joseph Bouchard (September 6, 1837 – 1915) was a French
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 pathologist born in Montier-en-Der
Montier-en-Der is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.-See also:*Communes of the Haute-Marne department...

, a commune the department of Haute-Marne
Haute-Marne is a department in the northeast of France named after the Marne River.-History:Haute-Marne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790...

. He studied medicine in Lyon
Lyon , is a city in east-central France in the Rhône-Alpes region, situated between Paris and Marseille. Lyon is located at from Paris, from Marseille, from Geneva, from Turin, and from Barcelona. The residents of the city are called Lyonnais....

 and Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, where he obtained his doctorate in 1866. In 1874 he became a physician at Bicêtre Hospital, and in 1879 was appointed chair of general pathology. In 1886 he became a member of the Academie de Médecine
Académie Nationale de Médecine
Académie Nationale de Médecine, or National Academy of Medicine was created in 1820 by king Louis XVIII at the urging of baron Antoine Portal. At its inception, the institution was known as the Académie Royale de Médecine...



Bouchard is remembered for his work with infectious and nutrition
Nutrition is the provision, to cells and organisms, of the materials necessary to support life. Many common health problems can be prevented or alleviated with a healthy diet....

al diseases. He was a student of Jean Charcot, and with Charcot described a condition that would later be known as Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm
Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm
Charcot-Bouchard aneurysms are aneurysms of the brain vasculature which occur in small blood vessels . They should not be confused with saccular aneurysms , which occur in larger-sized blood vessels...

. This is a small aneurysm
An aneurysm or aneurism is a localized, blood-filled balloon-like bulge in the wall of a blood vessel. Aneurysms can commonly occur in arteries at the base of the brain and an aortic aneurysm occurs in the main artery carrying blood from the left ventricle of the heart...

 on cerebral perforated vessels that may cause intracranial hemorrhages. Bouchard wrote about this aneurysm in his doctorate thesis Étude sur quelques points de la pathogénie des hémorrhagies cérébrales.

His name is also lent to the eponymous Bouchard's nodes
Bouchard's nodes
Bouchard's nodes are hard, bony outgrowths or gelatinous cysts on the proximal interphalangeal joints They are a sign of osteoarthritis, and are caused by formation of calcific spurs of the articular cartilage....

, which are bony outgrowths of the proximal interphalangeal joints, and a sign of osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone. Symptoms may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion...



Bouchard was the author of Traité de Pathologie Générale, a compendium
A compendium is a concise, yet comprehensive compilation of a body of knowledge. A compendium may summarize a larger work. In most cases the body of knowledge will concern some delimited field of human interest or endeavour , while a "universal" encyclopedia can be referred to as a compendium of...

 of medical pathology, and also "Lectures on Auto-Intoxication in Disease, or Self-Poisoning of the Individual". Among his other noted written works are the following:
  • Études expérimentales sur l'identité de l'herpès circiné et de l'herpès tonsurant, 1860
  • Des dégenerations secondaires de la moëlle épinière, 1866
  • Étude sur quelques points de la pathogénie des hémorrhagies cérébrales, 1866
  • Les auto-intoxications, 1866
  • De la pathogénie des hémorrhagies, 1869
  • Questions relatives à la reforme des études médicales, 1907

External links

  • The clinician, germs and infectious diseases: the example of Charles Bouchard in Paris by Alain Contrepois
  • Charles-Joseph Bouchard @ Who Named It
    Who Named It
    Who Named It? is an English-language dictionary of medical eponyms and the people associated with their identification. Though this is a dictionary, many eponyms and persons are presented in extensive articles with comprehensive bibliographies. It is hosted in Norway and maintained by medical...

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