Celia Cruz
Overview
 
Celia Cruz was a Cuban-American salsa
Salsa music
Salsa music is a genre of music, generally defined as a modern style of playing Cuban Son, Son Montuno, and Guaracha with touches from other genres of music...

 singer, and was one of the most successful Salsa performers of the 20th century, having earned twenty-three gold albums. She was renowned internationally as the "Queen of Salsa" as well as "La Guarachera de Cuba."

She spent most of her career living in New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania and on the southwest by Delaware...

, and working in the United States and several Latin American countries.

Celia Cobo of Billboard Magazine once said "Cruz is indisputably the best known and most influential female figure in the history of Cuban music." Cruz once said in an interview "If I had a chance I wouldn't have been singing and dancing, I would be a teacher just like my dad wanted me to be".
Cruz was born October 21, 1925 in the diverse, working-class neighborhood of Santos Suárez neighborhood in Havana, Cuba.
Encyclopedia
Celia Cruz was a Cuban-American salsa
Salsa music
Salsa music is a genre of music, generally defined as a modern style of playing Cuban Son, Son Montuno, and Guaracha with touches from other genres of music...

 singer, and was one of the most successful Salsa performers of the 20th century, having earned twenty-three gold albums. She was renowned internationally as the "Queen of Salsa" as well as "La Guarachera de Cuba."

She spent most of her career living in New Jersey
New Jersey
New Jersey is a state in the Northeastern and Middle Atlantic regions of the United States. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Pennsylvania and on the southwest by Delaware...

, and working in the United States and several Latin American countries.

Celia Cobo of Billboard Magazine once said "Cruz is indisputably the best known and most influential female figure in the history of Cuban music." Cruz once said in an interview "If I had a chance I wouldn't have been singing and dancing, I would be a teacher just like my dad wanted me to be".

Early life

Cruz was born October 21, 1925 in the diverse, working-class neighborhood of Santos Suárez neighborhood in Havana, Cuba. She is the second child of fourteen children born to Catalina Alfonso and Simón Cruz. Simón worked in the railroads as a stoker, and Catalina took care of the extended family.

While growing up in Cuba's diverse 1930s musical climate, Cruz listened to many musicians that later influenced her adult career, such as Paulina Alvarez, Fernando Collazo, Abelardo Barroso
Abelardo Barroso
The singer Abelardo Barroso Dargeles was the first sonero mayor to be recognized as such by the Cuban public. He was the lead singer of the Sexteto Habanero from 1925, recorded with the Sexteto Boloña in 1926, and joined the Septeto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro in 1927...

, Pablo Quevedo, Arsenio Rodríguez
Arsenio Rodríguez
Arsenio Rodríguez was a Cuban musician who played the tres , reorganized the conjunto and developed the son montuno, and other Afro-Cuban rhythms in the 1940s and 50s...

, and Arcaño y sus Maravillas. Celia Cruz also studied the words to Yoruba songs with colleague Mercedita Valdes (an Akpwon santeria singer) from Cuba and Celia made various recordings of this religious genre singing even back up for other female akpwons like Candita Batista.

When she was a teenager, her aunt took her and her cousin to cabaret
Cabaret
Cabaret is a form, or place, of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue: a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting at tables watching the performance, as introduced by a master of ceremonies or...

s to sing, but her father encouraged her to keep attending school, in hopes that she would become a Spanish language
Spanish language
Spanish , also known as Castilian , is a Romance language in the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several languages and dialects in central-northern Iberia around the 9th century and gradually spread with the expansion of the Kingdom of Castile into central and southern Iberia during the...

 teacher. However, one of her teachers told her that as an entertainer she could earn in one day what most Cuban teachers earned in a month. Cruz began singing in Havana's radio station Radio Garcia-Serra's popular "Hora del Té" daily broadcast, she sang the tango "Nostalgias", (and won a cake as first place) often winning cakes and also opportunities to participate in more contests. Her first recordings were made in 1948 in Venezuela. Before that, Cruz had recorded for radio stations.

Career

In 1950, Cruz made her first major breakthrough, after the lead singer of the Sonora Matancera
Sonora Matancera
La Sonora Matancera is a long-time band. Led by guitarist and vocalist Rogelio Martínez, La Sonora Matancera has been called, by the Guinness Book of World Records, "the group with the longest duration."...

, a renowned Cuban orchestra, left the group and Cruz was called to fill in. Cruz was hired permanently by the orchestra, but she wasn't well accepted by the public at first. However, the orchestra stood by their decision, and soon Cruz became famous throughout Cuba. During the 15 years she was a member, the band traveled all over Latin America, becoming known as "Café Con Leche" (coffee with milk). Cruz became known for her trademark shout "¡Azúcar!" ("Sugar!" in Spanish). The catch phrase
Catch phrase
A catchphrase is a phrase or expression recognized by its repeated utterance. Such phrases often originate in popular culture and in the arts, and typically spread through a variety of mass media , as well as word of mouth...

 started as the punch line
Punch line
A punch line is the final part of a joke, comedy sketch, or profound statement, usually the word, sentence or exchange of sentences which is intended to be funny or to provoke laughter or thought from listeners...

 for a joke Cruz used to tell frequently at her concerts. Once, she ordered cafe cubano (Cuban coffee) in a restaurant in Miami. The waiter asked her if she'd like sugar, and she replied that, since he was Cuban, he should know that you can't drink Cuban coffee without it! After having told the joke so many times, Cruz eventually dropped the joke and greeted her audience at the start of her appearances with the punch line alone. In her later years, she would use the punch line a few times, to later say: "No les digo más 'Azúcar', pa' que no les dé diabetes!" which means "I won't say 'Sugar' anymore so that you won't get diabetes".

With Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro
Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz is a Cuban revolutionary and politician, having held the position of Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 to 1976, and then President from 1976 to 2008. He also served as the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba from the party's foundation in 1961 until 2011...

 assuming control of Cuba in 1959, Cruz and her husband, Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight Caraballo was an accomplished Cuban-American musician who was better known for being the husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz....

, refused to return to their homeland and became citizens of the United States.

In 1966, Cruz and Tito Puente
Tito Puente
Tito Puente, , born Ernesto Antonio Puente, was a Latin jazz and Salsa musician. The son of native Puerto Ricans Ernest and Ercilia Puente, of Spanish Harlem in New York City, Puente is often credited as "El Rey de los Timbales" and "The King of Latin Music"...

 began an association that would lead to eight albums for Tico Records. The albums were not as successful as expected. However, Puente and Cruz later joined the Vaya Records label. There, she joined accomplished pianist Larry Harlow and was soon headlining a concert at New York's Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall
Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park....

.

Cruz's 1974 album with Johnny Pacheco
Johnny Pacheco
Johnny Pacheco is a Dominican producer, musician, bandleader, and one of the most influential figures in American salsa music.-Early life:...

, Celia y Johnny, was very successful, and Cruz soon found herself in a group named the Fania All-Stars
Fania All-Stars
The Fania All-Stars was a musical ensemble established in 1968 by the composer, Johnny Pacheco, as a showcase for the musicians on the record label Fania Records, the leading salsa record company of the time.-Beginnings:...

, which was an ensemble of salsa musicians from every orchestra signed by the Fania label (owner of Vaya Records). With the Fania All-Stars, Cruz had the opportunity of visiting England, France, Zaire
Zaire
The Republic of Zaire was the name of the present Democratic Republic of the Congo between 27 October 1971 and 17 May 1997. The name of Zaire derives from the , itself an adaptation of the Kongo word nzere or nzadi, or "the river that swallows all rivers".-Self-proclaimed Father of the Nation:In...

 (Today's DR Congo), and to return to tour Latin America; her performance in Zaire is included in the film Soul Power
Soul Power (film)
Soul Power is a 2008 documentary film directed by Jeff Levy-Hinte about the Zaire 74 music festival which accompanied the Rumble in the Jungle heavyweight boxing championship match between Muhammad Ali and George Foreman in October 1974....

. In the late 1970s, she participated in an Eastern Air Lines
Eastern Air Lines
Eastern Air Lines was a major United States airline that existed from 1926 to 1991. Before its dissolution it was headquartered at Miami International Airport in unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida.-History:...

 commercial in Puerto Rico, singing the catchy phrase ¡Esto sí es volar! (This really is flying!).

Celia Cruz used to sing the identifying spot for WQBA radio station in Miami, formerly known as "La Cubanísima" : "I am the voice of Cuba, from this land, far away,..., I am liberty, I am WQBA, the most Cuban! (Yo soy de Cuba, la voz, desde esta tierra lejana, ..., soy libertad, soy WQBA, Cubanísima!)

During the 1980s, Cruz made many tours in Latin America and Europe, doing multiple concerts and television shows wherever she went, and singing both with younger stars and stars of her own era. She began a crossover
Crossover (music)
Crossover is a term applied to musical works or performers appearing on two or more of the record charts which track differing musical tastes, or genres...

 of sorts, when she participated in the 1988 Hollywood production of Salsa, alongside Robby Draco Rosa.

In 1990, Cruz won a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
A Grammy Award — or Grammy — is an accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to recognize outstanding achievement in the music industry...

 for Best Tropical Latin Performance
Grammy Award for Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album
The Grammy Award for Best Traditional Tropical Latin Album has been awarded since 1984. The award has had several minor name changes:*From 1984 to 1991 the award was known as Best Tropical Latin Performance...

 - Ray Barretto
Ray Barretto
Ray Barretto was a Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican jazz musician.-Early years:Barretto was born in New York City of Puerto Rican descent...

 & Celia Cruz - Ritmo en el Corazon. She later recorded an anniversary album with la Sonora Matancera
Sonora Matancera
La Sonora Matancera is a long-time band. Led by guitarist and vocalist Rogelio Martínez, La Sonora Matancera has been called, by the Guinness Book of World Records, "the group with the longest duration."...

. In 1992, she starred with Armand Assante
Armand Assante
-Personal life:Assante was born in New York City and raised in Cornwall, New York, the son of Katherine , a music teacher and poet, and Armand Anthony Assante, Sr., a painter and artist. His father was Italian and his mother was Irish, and was raised in a devoutly Roman Catholic family...

 and Antonio Banderas
Antonio Banderas
José Antonio Domínguez Banderas , better known as Antonio Banderas, is a Spanish film actor, film director, film producer and singer...

 in the film The Mambo Kings
The Mambo Kings
The Mambo Kings is a 1992 drama film starring Armand Assante and Antonio Banderas. Directed by Arne Glimcher in his directorial debut, the film is based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love by Oscar Hijuelos...

. In 1994, President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Inaugurated at age 46, he was the third-youngest president. He took office at the end of the Cold War, and was the first president of the baby boomer generation...

 awarded Cruz the National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts
The National Medal of Arts is an award and title created by the United States Congress in 1984, for the purpose of honoring artists and patrons of the arts. It is the highest honor conferred to an individual artist on behalf of the people. Honorees are selected by the National Endowment for the...

. In 2001, she recorded a new album, on which Johnny Pacheco was one of the producers.

On July 16, 2002, Cruz performed to a full house at the free outdoor performing arts festival Central Park SummerStage in New York City. During the performance she sang, "Bemba Colora." A live recording of this song was subsequently made available in 2005 on a commemorative CD honoring the festival's then 20 year history entitled, "Central Park SummerStage: Live from the Heart of the City."

In early 2003, she had surgery to correct knee problems that she had for a few years, and she intended to continue working indefinitely. She had weight issues.

Celia Cruz appeared on the 2006 Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick
Dionne Warwick is an American singer, actress and TV show host, who became a United Nations Global Ambassador for the Food and Agriculture Organization, and a United States Ambassador of Health....

 album My Friends & Me
My Friends & Me
My Friends & Me is a studio album by American soul singer Dionne Warwick, released in the United States on November 7, 2006 by Concord Records...

.

Death

On July 16, 2003, Cruz died of a cancer
Cancer
Cancer , known medically as a malignant neoplasm, is a large group of different diseases, all involving unregulated cell growth. In cancer, cells divide and grow uncontrollably, forming malignant tumors, and invade nearby parts of the body. The cancer may also spread to more distant parts of the...

ous brain tumor
Brain tumor
A brain tumor is an intracranial solid neoplasm, a tumor within the brain or the central spinal canal.Brain tumors include all tumors inside the cranium or in the central spinal canal...

 at her home in Fort Lee, New Jersey
Fort Lee, New Jersey
Fort Lee is a borough in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough population was 35,345. Located atop the Hudson Palisades, the borough is the western terminus of the George Washington Bridge...

. She was survived by her husband Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight Caraballo was an accomplished Cuban-American musician who was better known for being the husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz....

, who died February 3, 2007.

After her death in New Jersey, her body was taken to Miami to lie in state
Lying in state
Lying in state is a term used to describe the tradition in which a coffin is placed on view to allow the public at large to pay their respects to the deceased. It traditionally takes place in the principal government building of a country or city...

 in downtown Miami
Downtown Miami
Downtown Miami is an urban residential neighborhood, and the central business district of Miami, Miami-Dade County, and South Florida in the United States...

's Freedom Tower
Freedom Tower (Miami)
The Freedom Tower is a building in Miami, Florida, designed by Schultze and Weaver. It is used currently as a memorial to Cuban immigration to the United States. It is located at 600 Biscayne Boulevard on the Wolfson Campus of Miami Dade College. On September 10, 1979, it was added to the U.S....

, where more than 200,000 of her South Florida fans paid their final respects. Her body was returned to New Jersey where tens of thousands of fans paid tribute to her at the funeral home. A service was held for her in St. Patrick's Cathedral
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York
The Cathedral of St. Patrick is a decorated Neo-Gothic-style Roman Catholic cathedral church in the United States...

 on Fifth Avenue. She was interred in a private mausoleum at the Woodlawn Cemetery
Woodlawn Cemetery, Bronx
Woodlawn Cemetery is one of the largest cemeteries in New York City and is a designated National Historic Landmark.A rural cemetery located in the Bronx, it opened in 1863, in what was then southern Westchester County, in an area that was annexed to New York City in 1874.The cemetery covers more...

 in the Bronx; an epilogue in her autobiography notes that, in accordance with her wishes, Cuban soil
Soil
Soil is a natural body consisting of layers of mineral constituents of variable thicknesses, which differ from the parent materials in their morphological, physical, chemical, and mineralogical characteristics...

 that she had saved from a visit to Guantánamo Bay was used in her entombment.

Legacy

In February 2004, Cruz's latest album, Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma is the title of the last studio album recorded by Celia Cruz. This album became her first number-one hit on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and won the Grammy Award for Best Salsa/Merengue Album....

, won a posthumous award at the Premios Lo Nuestro for best Salsa release of the year. It was announced in December 2005 that a musical called "Assuca" would open in Tenerife
Tenerife
Tenerife is the largest and most populous island of the seven Canary Islands, it is also the most populated island of Spain, with a land area of 2,034.38 km² and 906,854 inhabitants, 43% of the total population of the Canary Islands. About five million tourists visit Tenerife each year, the...

 before touring the world. The name comes from Cruz's well-known catch phrase of "¡Azúcar!"

On June 4, 2004, the heavily-Cuban-American community of Union City, New Jersey
Union City, New Jersey
Union City is a city in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. According to the 2010 United States Census the city had a total population of 66,455. All of the city is on land, an area of...

 heralded its annual Cuban Day Parade by dedicating its new Celia Cruz Park (also known as Celia Cruz Plaza), which features a sidewalk star in her honor, at 31st Street and Bergenline Avenue, with Cruz's widower, Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight
Pedro Knight Caraballo was an accomplished Cuban-American musician who was better known for being the husband of legendary singer Celia Cruz....

, present. There are four other similar dedications to Cruz around the world. Cruz's star has expanded into Union City's "Walk of Fame", as new marble stars are added each spring to honor Latin entertainment and media personalities, such as merengue singer Joseíto Mateo, salsa singer La India
La India
La India , known also as "La Princesa de la Salsa" , is a singer of salsa. She has been nominated for both Grammy and Latin Grammy awards.-Early years:...

, Cuban musician Israel "Cachao" Lopez
Cachao López
Israel "Cachao" López , often known as Cachao, was a Cuban musician and composer who helped popularize mambo in the United States in the early 1950s....

, Cuban tenor
Tenor
The tenor is a type of male singing voice and is the highest male voice within the modal register. The typical tenor voice lies between C3, the C one octave below middle C, to the A above middle C in choral music, and up to high C in solo work. The low extreme for tenors is roughly B2...

 Beny Moré, Tito Puente
Tito Puente
Tito Puente, , born Ernesto Antonio Puente, was a Latin jazz and Salsa musician. The son of native Puerto Ricans Ernest and Ercilia Puente, of Spanish Harlem in New York City, Puente is often credited as "El Rey de los Timbales" and "The King of Latin Music"...

, Spanish language television news anchor Rafael Pineda
Rafael Pineda
Rafael Pineda is a Cuban-American television news reporter and anchor for the Spanish language station WXTV, the Univision affiliate in New York City.Born in 1938 in Cuba, he later immigrated to the United States as an adult...

, salsa pioneer Johnny Pacheco
Johnny Pacheco
Johnny Pacheco is a Dominican producer, musician, bandleader, and one of the most influential figures in American salsa music.-Early life:...

, singer/bandleader Gilberto Santa Rosa
Gilberto Santa Rosa
Gilberto Santa Rosa, also known as "El Caballero de la Salsa" , is a Puerto Rican bandleader and singer of salsa and bolero.-Early years:...

 and music promoter Ralph Mercado
Ralph Mercado
Ralph Mercado Jr. was a promoter of Latin American music — Latin Jazz, Latin rock, merengue and salsa — who established a network of businesses that included promoting concerts, managing artists, Radio Mundo Musical a record label the most important in the Latin industry during 1980-1990, film...

.

On May 18, 2005, the National Museum of American History
National Museum of American History
The National Museum of American History: Kenneth E. Behring Center collects, preserves and displays the heritage of the United States in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. Among the items on display are the original Star-Spangled Banner and Archie Bunker's...

, administered by the Smithsonian Institution
Smithsonian Institution
The Smithsonian Institution is an educational and research institute and associated museum complex, administered and funded by the government of the United States and by funds from its endowment, contributions, and profits from its retail operations, concessions, licensing activities, and magazines...

 and located in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington, "the District", or simply D.C., is the capital of the United States. On July 16, 1790, the United States Congress approved the creation of a permanent national capital as permitted by the U.S. Constitution....

, opened "¡Azúcar!", an exhibit celebrating the life and music of Celia Cruz. The exhibit highlights important moments in Cruz's life and career through photographs, personal documents, costumes, videos, and music.

On September 26, 2007, through May 25, 2008, Celia, a musical based on the life of Celia Cruz, played at the off-Broadway venue, New World Stages. Some performances were in Spanish and some in English. The show won four 2008 HOLA awards from the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors
Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors
The Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors is an active arts service and advocacy organization. It is in the United States and dedicated to Hispanic artists and actors....

.

Discography

  • 2003 Homenaje a Beny Moré
  • 2003 Celia & Johnny
  • 2003 Dios Disfrute a la Reina
  • 2003 Son Boleros, Boleros Son
  • 2003 Reina de la Música Cubana
  • 2003 Regalo del Alma
    Regalo del Alma
    Regalo del Alma is the title of the last studio album recorded by Celia Cruz. This album became her first number-one hit on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and won the Grammy Award for Best Salsa/Merengue Album....

  • 2003 Más Grande Historia Jamás Cantada
  • 2003 Estrellas de la Sonora Matancera
  • 2003 Celia in the House: Classic Hits Remixed
  • 2003 Carnaval de la Vida
  • 2003 Candela Pura
  • 2002 Unrepeatable
  • 2002 Hits Mix
  • 2001 La Negra Tiene Tumbao
    La Negra Tiene Tumbao
    La Negra Tiene Tumbao is the 59th album recorded by Cuban salsa singer Celia Cruz released on October 2, 2001. On the third Latin Grammy Awards the album won Best Salsa Album and was nominee for Album of the Year, and the first single of the album "La Negra Tiene Tumbao" was nominee for Song of the...

  • 2000 Siempre Viviré
  • 2000 Salsa
    Salsa (album)
    Salsa is an album of salsa music recorded by Celia Cruz in 2000. Celia was born in 1925 in Havana, Cuba. The album contains around 20 salsa songs.-Track list:-External links:*...

  • 2000 Habanera
  • 2000 Celia Cruz and Friends: A Night of Salsa
  • 1999 En Vivo Radio Progreso, Vol. 3
  • 1999 En Vivo Radio Progreso, Vol. 2
  • 1999 En Vivo Radio Progreso, Vol. 1
  • 1999 En Vivo C.M.Q., Vol. 5
  • 1999 En Vivo C.M.Q., Vol. 4
  • 1998 Mi Vida Es Cantar

  • 1998 Afro-Cubana
  • 1997 También Boleros
  • 1997 Duets
  • 1997 Cambiando Ritmos
  • 1996 Celia Cruz Delta
  • 1995 Irresistible
  • 1995 Festejando Navidad
  • 1995 Double Dynamite
  • 1995 Cuba's Queen of Rhythm
  • 1994 Merengue Saludos Amigos
  • 1994 Mambo del Amor
  • 1994 Irrepetible
  • 1994 Homenaje a Los Santos
  • 1994 Guaracheras de La Guaracha
  • 1993 Introducing
  • 1993 Homenaje a Beny Moré, Vol. 3
  • 1993 Boleros Polydor
  • 1993 Azucar Negra
    Azucar Negra
    Azucar Negra is an album by Cuban singer Celia Cruz released in 1993.-Track listing:# Azúcar Negra # Amores De Un Día # Sazón # Pasaporte Latinoamericano # De La Habana Hasta Aquí # Ochún Con Changó # Bolero, Bolero...

  • 1992 Verdadera Historia
  • 1992 Tributo a Ismael Rivera
  • 1991 Reina del Ritmo Cubano
  • 1991 Canta Celia Cruz
  • 1990 Guarachera del Mundo
  • 1988 Ritmo en el Corazón
  • 1987 Winners
  • 1986 De Nuevo

  • 1986 Candela
  • 1983 Tremendo Trío
  • 1982 Feliz Encuentro
  • 1981 Celia & Willie
  • 1980 Celia/Johnny/Pete
  • 1977 Only They Could Have Made This Album
  • 1976 Recordando El Ayer
  • 1975 Tremendo Caché
  • 1974 Celia & Johnny
  • 1971 Celia Y Tito Puente en España
  • 1970 Etc. Etc. Etc.
  • 1969 Quimbo Quimbumbia
  • 1968 Serenata Guajira
  • 1968 Excitante
  • 1967 A Ti México
  • 1967 Bravo Celia Cruz
  • 1966 Son con Guaguancó
  • 1966 Cuba Y Puerto Rico Son
  • 1965 Sabor y Ritmo de Pueblos
  • 1965 Canciones Premiadas
  • 1959 Mi Diario Musical
  • 1958 Incomparable Celia


Grammy awards

|-
| align="center"|1990
| "Ritmo En El Corazon"
| Best Tropical Latin Performance
|
|-
| align="center"|2000
| Celia Cruz and Friends: A Night of Salsa
| Best Salsa Performance
|
|-
| align="center"|2001
| "Siempre Viviré"
| Best Tropical Traditional Album
|
|-
| align="center"|2002
| La Negra Tiene Tumbao
La Negra Tiene Tumbao
La Negra Tiene Tumbao is the 59th album recorded by Cuban salsa singer Celia Cruz released on October 2, 2001. On the third Latin Grammy Awards the album won Best Salsa Album and was nominee for Album of the Year, and the first single of the album "La Negra Tiene Tumbao" was nominee for Song of the...


| Best Salsa Album
|
|-
| align="center"|2003
| La Negra Tiene Tumbao
La Negra Tiene Tumbao
La Negra Tiene Tumbao is the 59th album recorded by Cuban salsa singer Celia Cruz released on October 2, 2001. On the third Latin Grammy Awards the album won Best Salsa Album and was nominee for Album of the Year, and the first single of the album "La Negra Tiene Tumbao" was nominee for Song of the...


| Best Salsa Album
|
|-
| align="center"|2003
| Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma is the title of the last studio album recorded by Celia Cruz. This album became her first number-one hit on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and won the Grammy Award for Best Salsa/Merengue Album....


| Best Salsa/Merengue Album
|
|-
| align="center"|2004
| Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma
Regalo del Alma is the title of the last studio album recorded by Celia Cruz. This album became her first number-one hit on the Billboard Top Latin Albums chart and won the Grammy Award for Best Salsa/Merengue Album....


| Best Salsa Album
|

External links

  • Celia Cruz homepage.
  • Celia Cruz discography at Discogs
    Discogs
    Discogs, short for discographies, is a website and database of information about audio recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases. The Discogs servers, currently hosted under the domain name discogs.com, are owned by Zink Media, Inc., and are...

    .
  • Celia Cruz's Discography (album covers) Florida International University
    Florida International University
    Florida International University is an American public research university in metropolitan Miami, Florida, in the United States, with its main campus in University Park...

     Libraries.
  • Celia Cruz's Discography (recordings) Florida International University
    Florida International University
    Florida International University is an American public research university in metropolitan Miami, Florida, in the United States, with its main campus in University Park...

     Libraries.
  • Celia Cruz - videos..
  • Celia Cruz at Findagrave.com.
  • ¡Azúcar! The Life and Music of Celia Cruz at the National Museum of American History
    National Museum of American History
    The National Museum of American History: Kenneth E. Behring Center collects, preserves and displays the heritage of the United States in the areas of social, political, cultural, scientific and military history. Among the items on display are the original Star-Spangled Banner and Archie Bunker's...

    .
  • In May 2011, the VOA Special English
    Special English
    Special English is a controlled version of the English language first used on October 19, 1959, and still presented daily by the United States broadcasting service Voice of America. World news and other programs are read one-third slower than regular VOA English. Reporters avoid idioms and use a...

     service of the Voice of America
    Voice of America
    Voice of America is the official external broadcast institution of the United States federal government. It is one of five civilian U.S. international broadcasters working under the umbrella of the Broadcasting Board of Governors . VOA provides a wide range of programming for broadcast on radio...

    broadcast a 15-minute program on Celia Cruz. A transcript and MP3 of the program, intended for English learners, can be found at Celia Cruz, 1925-2003: 'The Queen of Salsa'
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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