in the Northeastern
and Middle Atlantic
regions of the United States
. , its population was 8,791,894. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York
, on the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean
, on the west by Pennsylvania
and on the southwest by Delaware
. New Jersey lies mostly within the sprawling metropolitan area
s of New York City
and Philadelphia and is the most densely populated state in the United States.
1664 New Jersey becomes a colony of England.
1664 The colony of New Jersey is founded.
1673 John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton sells his part of New Jersey to the Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers.
1766 The last colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).
1777 American Revolutionary War: American forces under the command of George Washington repulsed a British attack at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek near Trenton, New Jersey
1783 A 5.3 magnitude earthquake strikes New Jersey.
1787 New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1789 New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
1815 New Jersey grants the first American railroad charter to John Stevens.
1831 The locomotive ''John Bull'' operates for the first time in New Jersey on the Camden and Amboy Railroad.