Celeste (colour)
Celeste is the colloquial name for the turquoise
Turquoise is an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl648·4. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue...

Blue is a colour, the perception of which is evoked by light having a spectrum dominated by energy with a wavelength of roughly 440–490 nm. It is considered one of the additive primary colours. On the HSV Colour Wheel, the complement of blue is yellow; that is, a colour corresponding to an equal...

 colour associated with the Italian Bianchi Bicycle Company
Bianchi Bicycles
F.I.V. Edoardo Bianchi S.p.A is the world's oldest bicycle-making company still in existence, having pioneered the use of equal-sized wheels with pneumatic rubber tires in 1885. It was founded in Italy in 1885. It produced cars and commercial vehicles from 1900 to 1939; and motorcycles from 1897 to...

 and sometimes known as Bianchi Green. In Italian, as the name indicates (Celestial
- Science :* Sky objects, bodies and the following astronomy terms:** Astronomical objects, see for detailed description of celestial bodies and objects** Celestia, a 3D astronomy program that allows users to travel through the universe...

), it is an attempt to reproduce the colour of clear skies - Sky blue.

Bianchi bicycles

Bianchi bicycles are traditionally painted celeste, also known as Bianchi Green (and sometimes, incorrectly Tiffany Blue
Tiffany Blue
Tiffany Blue is the colloquial name for the light medium robin egg blue color associated with Tiffany & Co., the New York City jewelry company.The Tiffany Blue color is protected as a color trademark by Tiffany & Co...

). Contradictory myths say celeste is the colour of the Milan
Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital city of the region of Lombardy and of the province of Milan. The city proper has a population of about 1.3 million, while its urban area, roughly coinciding with its administrative province and the bordering Province of Monza and Brianza ,...

 sky; the eye colour of a former queen for whom Edoardo Bianchi made a bicycle; and that it was a mixture of surplus military paint.

The exact shade of turquoise used by the company has varied over time, but has always been described as Celeste. In Anglophone countries Celeste is sometimes reported as Pantone
Pantone Inc. is a corporation headquartered in Carlstadt, New Jersey, USA. The company is best known for its Pantone Matching System , a proprietary color space...

-#332 (Seafoam green) (or #333), and with various other shades.


The Italian Wikipedia cites Il dizionario dei colori: nomi e valori in quadricromia by S.Fantetti and C.Petracchi and describes multiple variants of Celeste as shown below, plus details as defined in the infobox above.

Gradations of Celeste

colour name C M Y K R G B HEX
  celeste (sky blue, heavenly blue) 030 000 000 000 178 255 255 B2FFFF
  celeste polvere (dusty) 010 000 000 000 230 255 255 E6FFFF
  celeste pallido (pale) 020 000 000 000 204 255 255 CCFFFF
  celeste velato (veiled / overcast) 020 010 010 000 204 230 230 CCE6E6
  celeste opaco (opaque) 050 020 020 000 128 204 204 80CCCC

External links

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