Caproni
Overview
 
Caproni was an Italian
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 aircraft manufacturer founded in 1908 by Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni
Giovanni Battista Caproni
Giovanni Battista Caproni , known as "Gianni" Caproni, was an Italian aeronautical engineer, civil engineer, electrical engineer, and aircraft designer who founded the Caproni aircraft-manufacturing company.-Early life and education:...

.
It was initially named, from 1911, Società de Agostini e Caproni, then Società Caproni e Comitti. Caproni made the first aircraft of Italian construction in 1911. The manufacturing facilities were based in Taliedo
Taliedo
Taliedo is a peripheral district of the city Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 4 administrative division, located south-east of the city centre...

, a peripheral district of Milan
Milan
Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital city of the region of Lombardy and of the province of Milan. The city proper has a population of about 1.3 million, while its urban area, roughly coinciding with its administrative province and the bordering Province of Monza and Brianza ,...

.

During World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, Caproni developed a series of successful heavy bombers, used by the Italian, French, British and US air forces.
Encyclopedia
Caproni was an Italian
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

 aircraft manufacturer founded in 1908 by Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni
Giovanni Battista Caproni
Giovanni Battista Caproni , known as "Gianni" Caproni, was an Italian aeronautical engineer, civil engineer, electrical engineer, and aircraft designer who founded the Caproni aircraft-manufacturing company.-Early life and education:...

.
It was initially named, from 1911, Società de Agostini e Caproni, then Società Caproni e Comitti. Caproni made the first aircraft of Italian construction in 1911. The manufacturing facilities were based in Taliedo
Taliedo
Taliedo is a peripheral district of the city Milan, Italy, part of the Zone 4 administrative division, located south-east of the city centre...

, a peripheral district of Milan
Milan
Milan is the second-largest city in Italy and the capital city of the region of Lombardy and of the province of Milan. The city proper has a population of about 1.3 million, while its urban area, roughly coinciding with its administrative province and the bordering Province of Monza and Brianza ,...

.

During World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

, Caproni developed a series of successful heavy bombers, used by the Italian, French, British and US air forces. Between the world wars, Caproni evolved into a large syndicate named Società Italiana Caproni, Milano, which bought some smaller manufacturers. The main subdivisions were Caproni Bergamasca, Caproni Vizzola, Reggiane
Reggiane
Officine Meccaniche Reggiane SpA was an Italian aircraft manufacturer, owned by Caproni and situated in Reggio Emilia, a city of what today is the Emilia-Romagna region...

 and engine manufacturer Isotta-Fraschini
Isotta-Fraschini
Isotta Fraschini represents two Italian manufacturing companies which produce, respectively, marine engines and luxury goods. In the early 20th century it was famous worldwide as a luxury car manufacturer.-History:...

.

Between the world wars, Caproni produced mostly bombers and light transport planes. The Società Italiana Caproni ceased to exist in 1950, although one of its divisions, Caproni Vizzola endured until 1983 when it was bought by Agusta
Agusta
Agusta is an Italian helicopter manufacturer. It is based in Samarate, Northern Italy. It is a subsidiary of Finmeccanica. The company was founded by Count Giovanni Agusta in 1923, who flew his first airplane in 1907...

.

World War I

  • Caproni Ca.1 of 1914 - Heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.2
    Caproni Ca.2
    -Development:The Ca.2 was a minor development of the Caproni Ca.1. It had become evident early in the Ca.1's service life that the design could benefit from more power. Caproni therefore replaced the central, pusher engine of the aircraft with a more powerful one. Caproni referred to this as the...

     - Heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.3
    Caproni Ca.3
    |-See also:-External links:* *...

     - Heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.4
    Caproni Ca.4
    -Ca.48:-See also:-References:** **-External links: Contemporary technical description of the Ca.41 and Ca.42 with photographs and drawings.- Video :*...

     - Heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.5
    Caproni Ca.5
    The Caproni Ca.5 was an Italian heavy bomber of the World War I and post-war era. It was the final version of the series of aircraft that began with the Caproni Ca.1 in 1914.-Development:...

     - Heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.18  - Observation plane
  • Caproni Ca.20
    Caproni Ca.20
    The Caproni Ca.20 was one of the first modern monoplane purpose-built fighters. It was developed by Giovanni Battista "Gianni" Caproni in 1914...

     - Monoplane fighter
  • Caproni Ca.31 - Modified Ca.1
  • Caproni Ca.32 - Modified Italian Army version of Ca.1

Inter-War Period

  • Caproni Ca.30 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.1
  • Caproni Ca.33 - Postwar redesignatipn of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.34 - Postwar redesignation of proposed modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.35 - Postwar redesignation of proposed modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.36 - Postwar redesignation of modified Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.37 - Postwar redesignation of prototype ground-attack version of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.39 - Postwar redesignation of proposed seaplane version of Ca.3
  • Caproni Ca.40 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 prototype
  • Caproni Ca.41 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 variant
  • Caproni Ca.42 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.4 variant
  • Caproni Ca.43 - Postwar redesignation of floatplane variant of Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.44 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 heavy bomber
  • Caproni Ca.45 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 aircraft built for France
  • Caproni Ca.46 - Postwar redesignation of Ca.5 variant
  • Caproni Ca.47 - Postwar redesignation of seaplane version of Ca.5
  • Caproni Ca.48 - Airliner version of Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.49
    Caproni Ca.49
    -See also:-References:*...

     - Proposed seaplane airliner of 1919
  • Caproni Ca.50 - Air ambulance version of Ca.44
  • Caproni Ca.51 - Postwar redesignation of prototype of enlarged Ca.4
  • Caproni Ca.52 - Postwar redesignation for Ca.4 aircraft built for Royal Naval Air Service
    Royal Naval Air Service
    The Royal Naval Air Service or RNAS was the air arm of the Royal Navy until near the end of the First World War, when it merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service , the Royal Air Force...

  • Caproni Ca.56 - Airliner version of Ca.1
  • Caproni Ca.57 - Airliner version of Ca.44
  • Caproni Ca.58 - Postwar redesignation for re-engined Ca.4s
  • Caproni Ca.59 - Postwar redesignation for exported Ca.58s
  • Caproni Ca.60
    Caproni Ca.60
    |-Video:A Mammoth of the Air, a 1921 silent film of the Ca.60, can be seen at -External links:*...

     Noviplano - Flying boat airliner prototype
  • Caproni Ca.70
    Caproni Ca.70
    -References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8.* "". Flight, 18 February 1926. pp. 95–96....

     - Prototype night fighter of 1925
  • Caproni Ca.71
    Caproni Ca.71
    -References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

     - Ca.70 variant of 1927
  • Caproni Ca.73
    Caproni Ca.73
    |-See also:...

     - Airliner and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.74 - Re-engined Ca.73 light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.80 - Later redesignation of Ca.74
  • Caproni Ca.82 - Redesignation of Ca.73ter variant
  • Caproni Ca.88 - Redesignation of Ca.73quarter variant
  • Caproni Ca.89 - Redesignation of Ca.73quarterG variant
  • Caproni Ca.97
    Caproni Ca.97
    |-See also:-References:The aviation Factfile: Biplanes, Triplanes & Seaplanes...

     - Civil utility aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.100
    Caproni Ca.100
    |-References:...

     - Trainer
  • Caproni Ca.101
    Caproni Ca.101
    |-See also:-References:* Lembo, Daniele, Ca.101/102, Aerei Nella Storia magazine, Westward editions, n.42 pagg.23-29.-External links:* * Illustration...

     - Airliner, transport, and bomber
  • Caproni Ca.102 - Re-engined Ca.101
  • Caproni Ca.111
    Caproni Ca.111
    The Caproni Ca.111 was a long-range reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber produced in Italy during the 1930s. It was a derivative of the Ca.101.-Design and development:...

     - Reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.113
    Caproni Ca.113
    |-See also:...

     - Advanced trainer
  • Caproni Ca.114
    Caproni Ca.114
    |-See also:-References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

     - Biplane fighter
  • Caproni Ca.122
    Caproni Ca.122
    |-See also:...

     - Prototype bomber and transport
  • Caproni Ca.123 - Proposed airliner version of Ca.122
  • Caproni Ca.124 - Reconnaissance and bomber floatplane
  • Caproni Ca.132
    Caproni Ca.132
    |-See also:-References:*...

     - Prototype bomber and airliner
  • Caproni Ca.134 - Reconnaissance biplane
  • Caproni Ca.161
    Caproni Ca.161
    |-See also:...

     - High-altitude experimental aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.165
    Caproni Ca.165
    |-See also:-Bibliography:* Green, William. "Facts by Request." Flying Review International, Volume 24, no. 3, November 1968, p. 71.* Lembo, Daniele I brutti anatroccoli della Regia, Aerei nella Storia, Westward editions, n.14....

     - Prototype fighter of 1938
  • Caproni Ca.301 - Prototype fighter
  • Caproni A.P.1
    Caproni A.P.1
    |-See also:-References:* Taylor, Michael J.H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989.* Sapienza Fracchia, Antonio Luis: "La Contribución Italiana en la Aviación Paraguaya". Author's edition. Asunción. 2007.-External links:* *...

     - Attack aircraft derivative of Ca.301
  • Caproni Ca.305 - First production version of A.P.1
  • Caproni Ca.306 - Airliner prototype (1935)
  • Caproni Ca.307 - Second production version of A.P.1
  • Caproni Ca.308 - Export version of A.P.1 for Peru
  • Caproni Ca. 308 Borea - Airliner
  • Caproni Ca.405 -- Caproni-built version of Piaggio P.32
    Piaggio P.32
    |-See also:-References:* Vigna, Achille, il Piaggio P.32, Storia Militare magazine n.100 Nov. 1997...

     medium bomber
  • Caproni CH.1
    Caproni CH.1
    -References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

     - Prototype fighter of 1935
  • Caproni Vizzola F.5 - Fighter of 1939
  • Stipa-Caproni
    Stipa-Caproni
    The Stipa-Caproni, also generally called the Caproni Stipa, was an experimental Italian aircraft designed in 1932 by Luigi Stipa and built by Caproni. It featured a hollow, barrel-shaped fuselage with the engine and propeller completely enclosed by the fuselage—in essence, the whole fuselage was a...

     - Experimental ducted-fan powered prototype of 1932

World War II

  • Caproni Ca.133
    Caproni Ca.133
    |-See also:-References:*Ca.133 reconnaissance table, Storia militare magazine n.83. *Mondey, David. The Hamlyn Concise Guide to Axis Aircraft of World War II. London: Bounty Books, 2006. ISBN 0-753714-60-4....

     - Transport and bomber
  • Caproni Ca.135
    Caproni Ca.135
    The Caproni Ca.135 was an Italian medium bomber designed in Bergamo in Italy by Cesare Pallavicino. It flew for the first time in 1935, and entered service with the Peruvian Air Force in 1937, and with the Regia Aeronautica in January 1938.-Origins:General Valle initiated the "R-plan" - a program...

     - Medium bomber
  • Caproni Ca.148 - Civil-military transport version of Ca.133
  • Caproni Ca.164
    Caproni Ca.164
    |-See also:...

     - Trainer and liaision and reconnaissance aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.309
    Caproni Ca.309
    -See also:...

     Ghibli - Reconnaissance, ground-attack, and transport aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.310
    Caproni Ca.310
    |-See also:-Bibliography:* Bishop, Chris. The Complete Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. London: Brown Books, 1998. ISBN 1-897884-36-2....

     Libeccio - Reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber
  • Caproni Ca.311
    Caproni Ca.311
    |-See also:-External links:* http://wmilitary.neurok.ru/caproni.ca311.html...

     - Light bomber and reconnaissance aircraft
  • Caproni Ca.312 - Re-engined version of Ca.310 sold to Norway
  • Caproni Ca.313
    Caproni Ca.313
    |-See also:-References:NotesBibliography*Alonzo, F.S, Il Caproni Ca.313 in Svezia, Storia militare magazine n.64 page 15.* Neulen, Hans Werner. In the Skies of Europe. Ramsbury, Marlborough, UK: The Crowood Press, 2000. ISBN 1-86126-799-1....

     - Reconnaissance bomber, trainer, and transport
  • Caproni Ca.314
    Caproni Ca.314
    |-See also:...

     - Ground attack aircraft and torpedo bomber
  • Caproni Ca.316
    Caproni Ca.316
    |-See also:-References:*...

     - Seaplane
  • Caproni Ca.331
    Caproni Ca.331
    The Caproni Ca.331 Raffica was an Italian aircraft built by Caproni in the early 1940s. The three examples built served as prototypes for two versions of the aircraft, the Ca.331 O.A. tactical reconnaissance aircraft/light bomber and the Ca.331 C.N. night fighter.Raffica is Italian for "Gust of...

     - Prototype tactical reconnaissance aircraft/light bomber (Ca.331 O.A./Ca.331A) of 1940 and prototype night fighter (Ca.331 C.N./Ca.331B) of 1942
  • Caproni Campini N.1 - Experimental motorjet powered aircraft of 1940
  • Caproni Vizzola F.4
    Caproni Vizzola F.4
    |-See also:-References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

     - Fighter prototype of 1940 with German-made engine
  • Caproni Vizzola F.5bis - Proposed version of F.4 with Italian-made engine
  • Caproni Vizzola F.6
    Caproni Vizzola F.6
    |-See also:-References:*Green, William, and Gordon Swanborough. The Complete Book of Fighters: An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Every Fighter Aircraft Built and Flown. New York: SMITHMARK Publishers, 1994. ISBN 0-8317-3939-8....

     -- Fighter prototype of 1941 (F.6M) and 1943 (F.6Z)

Post-World War II




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