Caloocan City
Overview
 

The City of Caloocan (official name: Makasaysayang Lungsod ng Kalookan, The Historic City of Caloocan) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprises the Metro Manila region (National Capital Region)
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. It is a major residential area inside Metro Manila. Located just north of the capital City of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,378,856 as of the 2007 census.

Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas.
Encyclopedia

The City of Caloocan (official name: Makasaysayang Lungsod ng Kalookan, The Historic City of Caloocan) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprises the Metro Manila region (National Capital Region)
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. It is a major residential area inside Metro Manila. Located just north of the capital City of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

, Caloocan is the country's third most populous city with a population of 1,378,856 as of the 2007 census.

Geography

Caloocan City is divided into two separate areas. Southern Caloocan City lies directly north of the City of Manila and is bounded by Malabon City
Malabon City
The City of Malabon is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. Located just north of Manila, the city has a population of 363,681 as of 2007. It is primarily a residential and industrial town and is one of the most densely populated cities in the metropolis...

 and Valenzuela City
Valenzuela City
Valenzuela ,In rare occasion it is pronunced as , with a glottal stop after /ɐ/ in Filipino/Tagalog languages. officially known as the City of Valenzuela is a highly urbanized, first-class city and one of cities in the Philippines that constitutes Metro Manila...

 to the north and west, Navotas to the west, and Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

 to the east. Northern Caloocan City is the northernmost territory of Metro Manila; it lies east of Valenzuela City, north of Quezon City, and south of San Jose del Monte City
San Jose del Monte City
The City of San Jose del Monte is a first class suburban component city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. It is bordered by Caloocan City and Quezon City, both in Metro Manila, in the south; by Rodriguez, Rizal in the east; Santa Maria and Marilao, both of Bulacan, in the west and...

, and Marilao in the province of Bulacan
Bulacan
Bulacan , officially called the Province of Bulacan or simply Bulacan Province, is a first class province of the Republic of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, north of Manila , and part of the Metro...

. Northern Caloocan City is much larger than its southern counterpart.

Barangays

Caloocan City is divided into 188 barangays. The city uses a hybrid system for its barangays - all barangays have their corresponding numbers but only a few - mostly in the northern part - have corresponding names.

Among all cities in the Philippines, only Manila, Pasay City and Caloocan City implement the so called "Zone Systems". A Zone is a group of barangays in a district. Although a zone is considered a subdivision in the local government units, the people do not elect a leader for the zone in a popular election similar to the normal barangay or local elections. The zoning system is merely for strategical purposes. Caloocan City has 16 Zones. The biggest zone in Caloocan is Zone 15 located in District 1 (North Caloocan) directly west of the second biggest zone in Caloocan which is Zone 16.

Barangay Bagong Silang (176) is the largest barangay in the country with a population of 221,874 people.

Population

The city has a population of 1,378,856 people which makes it the third largest city in the Philippines in terms of population.

Most of the people speak English
English language
English is a West Germanic language that arose in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England and spread into what was to become south-east Scotland under the influence of the Anglian medieval kingdom of Northumbria...

 and Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

 as their primary language. A considerable amount of the population also speaks other languages and dialects.
Like many other places in the country, Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholic Church
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church, with over a billion members. Led by the Pope, it defines its mission as spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ, administering the sacraments and exercising charity...

 is the religion with most followers in the city, but there is a significant number of the members of Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo
Iglesia ni Cristo also known as INC, is the largest entirely indigenous Christian religious organization that originated from the Philippines and the largest independent church in Asia. Due to a number of similarities, some Protestant writers describe the INC's doctrines as restorationist in...

 and other Christian denominations.

History

The city is historically significant because it was the center of activities for the Katipunan
Katipunan
The Katipunan was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. The society was initiated by Filipino patriots Andrés Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, and others on the night...

, the secret militant society that launched the Philippine Revolution
Philippine Revolution
The Philippine Revolution , called the "Tagalog War" by the Spanish, was an armed military conflict between the people of the Philippines and the Spanish colonial authorities which resulted in the secession of the Philippine Islands from the Spanish Empire.The Philippine Revolution began in August...

 during the Spanish occupation of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. It was in a house in Caloocan where secret meetings were held by Andres Bonifacio
Andres Bonifacio
Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary. He was a founder and later Supremo of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution...

 and his men, and it was within the city's perimeters where the very first armed encounter took place between the Katipunan and the Spaniards.

The word caloocan comes from the Tagalog
Tagalog language
Tagalog is an Austronesian language spoken as a first language by a third of the population of the Philippines and as a second language by most of the rest. It is the first language of the Philippine region IV and of Metro Manila...

 root word lo-ok; kalook-lookan (or kaloob-looban) means "innermost area". The City borders many other cities such as Quezon City, Manila, Malabon, Navotas, Valenzuela and San Jose Del Monte Bulacan in the north. During the formation of Rizal Province, Caloocan was included in its matrix until 1975.

Mayors

Municipality of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1902–1904 Pedro Sevilla
1904–1906 Silverio Baltazar
1906–1908 Tomas Susano
1908–1910 Leon Nadurata
1910–1913 Emilio Sanchez
1913–1915 Godofredo Herrera
1915–1921 Jose Sanchez
1922–1925 Dominador Aquino
1926–1928 Pablo Pablo
1928–1931 Dominador Aquino
1932–1940 Pablo Pablo
1941–1944 Cornelio Cordero
1945–1946 Oscar Baello
1946–1951 Jesus Basa
1952–1962 Macario Asistio, Sr.
City of Caloocan
Period of Tenure Mayor
1962–1971 Macario Asistio, Sr.
1972–1976 Marcial Samson
1976–1978 Alejandro Fider
1978–1980 Virgilio Robles
1980–1986 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1986 Virgilio Robles
1986–1988 Antonio Martinez
1988–1995 Macario Asistio, Jr.
1995–2004 Reynaldo Malonzo
2004–present Enrico Echiverri

Controversy

By the 1920s, Caloocan had annexed the neighboring town of Novaliches, bringing it to a total area of about 15,000 hectares. In 1939, when Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

 was created, 1,500 hectares of land from Caloocan was to be given to the newly-created capital city. But the people, instead of opposing it, willingly gave land to Quezon City, realizing it will be good for the Philippines' new capital.

However, in 1949, the Congress of the Philippines enacted Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan-Quezon City boundary. The barrios of Baesa, Talipapa, San Bartolome, Pasong Tamo, Novaliches, Banlat, Kabuyao, Pugad Lawin, Bagbag, Pasong Putik, which formerly belonged to Novaliches and had an area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan. This caused the division of Caloocan into two separate parts - the South section being the urbanized part, while the North section being subrural.

Economy

Caloocan City's 10th Avenue area is well-known for the clusters of motorcycle dealers and motorcycle spare parts dealers. Among the major and famous streets are P. Zamora Street and A. Mabini Street.

Numerous banks have branches in the city such as Banco de Oro, East West Bank
East West Bank
East West Bank is a Chinese American bank in the state of California in the United States. It has 119 branch locations in northern and southern California, Georgia, Massachusetts, New York, Texas, Washington, two overseas branches in Hong Kong, one each in Shanghai and Shantou and representative...

, MetroBank
Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company
The Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company , commonly known as Metrobank. It has a diverse offering of financial services, from regular banking to insurance. Metrobank is the second largest bank in the Philippines.-History:...

, Maybank
Maybank
Maybank , a trade name for Malayan Banking Berhad is the largest bank and financial group in Malaysia, with significant banking operations in Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. The bank also has large interests in Islamic banking through Maybank Islamic Berhad and insurance via its Etiqa...

, Chinabank
Chinabank
China Banking Corporation , known publicly as China Bank is Philippines' fourth largest universal bank by market capitalization. Established in 1920, it is the first privately-owned commercial bank in the Philippines. It is likewise the first bank in Southeast Asia to process deposit accounts...

, Bank of the Philippine Islands
Bank of the Philippine Islands
Bank of the Philippine Islands is the oldest bank in the Philippines still in operation and is the country's third largest bank in terms of assets, the country's largest bank in terms of market capitalization, and the country's most profitable bank...

, etc.

The city also has a number of shopping malls including Ever Gotesco Grand Central, Victory Central Mall, Puregold, etc. in which most of them are located in Monumento area.

There are rumors of a SM Department Store
SM Department Store
SM Department Store is the very foundation of SM. Being run by SM Investments, the holding company of the SM Group, SM Department Store is a founding retail center where we can find brands of fashion, footwear, bags, accessories, toys, gadgets and other brands of product...

 to be built in Caloocan City. This rumor began appearing in certain blogs and forums. As of this date, there has been no official confirmation about the said mall, which will replace the old Kalookan Grand Plaza in Monumento area. But Point Design, Inc. has already published in its site renders for the proposed mall, hinting at the possibility of construction of SM City Caloocan.

The Manila North Tollways Corporation's headquarters, the concession holder of the North Luzon Expressway, is housed in Caloocan City.

Transportation

The Light Rail Transit (LRT-1)
Manila Light Rail Transit System
The Manila Light Rail Transit System, popularly known as the LRT, is a metropolitan rail system serving the Metro Manila area in the Philippines. Although referred to as a light rail system because it originally used light rail vehicles, it has many characteristics of a rapid transit system, such...

 has a terminal at Monumento. The railway traverses Rizal Avenue Extension of Caloocan City, into the City of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 and Pasay City
Pasay City
The City of Pasay is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the north by the country's capital, Manila, to the northeast by Makati City, to the east by Taguig City, and Parañaque City to the south.Pasay City was one of the original four...

. The whole stretch can be traveled in about 30 minutes.

The Philippine National Railways
Philippine National Railways
The Philippine National Railways , or PNR, is a state-owned railway company in the Philippines, operating a single line of track on Luzon. As of 2010, it operates one commuter rail service in Metro Manila and a second in the Bicol Region. PNR restored its intercity service to the Bicol region in 2011...

 has a terminal at Samson Road. That serves 3 Stations (Caloocan railway station
Caloocan railway station
Caloocan railway station is a defunct railway station that is situated on the Northrail line, where services of Philippine National Railways and its precursors used to halt. It was situated in Apolinario Mabini St., beside Sangandaan Police Station...

, Asistio Avenue railway station
Asistio Avenue railway station
Asistio Avenue station is a defunct railway station on the South Main Line of the Philippine National Railways. Like all PNR stations, the station is at grade. It is located on Asistio Avenue in Caloocan....

, & C-3 railway station
C-3 railway station
C-3 station is a defunct railway station of the Southrail line of the Philippine National Railways. It is situated in Grace Park, Caloocan, Metro Manila and is located beside Libis Gocheco Street. The station is near Apolinario Mabini Street, which is beside Libis Gocheco Street....

)

The city has an extensive network of roads. The most prominent of these roads is the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue , formerly known as Highway 54, is the main circumferential road and highway of Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is an important commuting artery between the northern and southern parts of the metropolitan area...

 which begins in Monumento area. Also, the North Luzon Expressway
North Luzon Expressway
The North Luzon Expressway , and which is formerly called the North Diversion Road, and officially known as Radial Road 8 is a 4 to 8-lane limited-access toll expressway that connects Metro Manila to the provinces of the Central Luzon region in the Philippines...

 Operations and Maintenance Center and the Balintawak Toll Barrier are also housed in Caloocan City.

The Victory Liner Incorporated's
Victory Liner
Victory Liner, Inc. is one of the largest provincial bus companies operating in the Philippines. This bus company played a major role in transport industry since it became the product of Japanese occupation in the country after World War II....

 headquarters and its terminal is located in Rizal Avenue Extension
José Rizal
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda , was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by...

 near the LRT Monumento Station
Monumento LRT Station
Monumento LRT Station is a station on the Manila LRT Yellow Line . Like all other LRT-1 stations, Monumento station is above-ground. The station serves the southern portion of Caloocan City, and is named after the most famous landmark of Caloocan, the Monumento Circle, which houses the Bonifacio...

.

Educational institutions

The city's lone public university is the University of Caloocan City
University of Caloocan City
The University of Caloocan City is located in Sangandaan, Caloocan City, Metro Manila, Philippines. UCC-Main is located at Sangandaan Annexes, Tandang Sora, Camarin and Buena Park....

 (formerly Caloocan City Polytechnic College). Other educational institution of higher learning are the University of the East - Caloocan
University of the East Caloocan
The University of the East Caloocan Campus is a private university in Caloocan City, Philippines. The university is one of the two extension campuses of the University of the East. An autonomous unit headed by a Chancellor with the College of Business Administration , Arts and Sciences,...

, Holy Redeemer School of Kalookan, World Citi Colleges and Manila Central University
Manila Central University
The Manila Central University is a private, non-sectarian, non-stock educational institution situated in EDSA, Caloocan City, Philippines. It was founded and first directed in 1904 by Dr. Alejandro M...

. Several prestigious high schools, such as Caloocan High School, Notre Dame of Greater Manila
Notre Dame of Greater Manila
The Notre Dame of Greater Manila is a private Catholic high school located in Caloocan City. It was originally founded as an all-male school in 1963 by Rev. Fr. William P. Mc Grath, OMI of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate at the request of the Archdiocese of Manila under Archbishop Michael J....

, Caloocan City Science High School
Caloocan City Science High School
Caloocan City Science High School , is a public secondary science school in Caloocan City, Metro Manila, Philippines.-History:...

, Holy Infant Montessori Center
Holy Infant Montessori Center
Holy Infant Montessori Center , is a private institutional facility of Filipino basic education situated in Caloocan City in Philippines.-History:...

, Saint Benedict School of Novaliches
Saint Benedict School of Novaliches
Saint Benedict School of Novaliches is a Catholic school in Caloocan City, The Philippines. Opened in 1997, the school served 1,876 students during the 2005-2006 school year.-History:...

, Philippine Cultural College (Annex), Systems Plus Computer College
Systems Plus Computer College
Systems Plus Computer College - Caloocan City Campus is a Private, Non-Sectarian school in Caloocan City, Metro Manila, Philippines.-The Pioneering Years - SPCF:...

, St. Mary's Academy of Caloocan City, St. Clare College of Caloocan, Mystical Rose School of Caloocan, Saint Joseph College of Novaliches, Camarin High School, and the two campuses of La Consolacion College
La Consolacion College
La Consolacion College may refer to the following schools:*La Consolacion College - Bacolod, in Bacolod City, Philippines*La Consolacion College - Daet, in Camarines Norte, Philippines*La Consolacion College - Manila, in Manila, Philippines...

 in which one is located in Novaliches in the northern part and the other one is located on the southern part, near the city hall. There is a campus here of Access Computer College
Access Computer College
Access Computer College is a degree-awarding tertiary educational institution that specializes in computer and vocational courses. Based in the Philippines, Access has eight campuses located in Cubao , Cubao , Caloocan City, Novaliches-Zabarte, Novaliches Bayan, Camarin, Lagro, and Manila. It was...

, a degree-awarding tertiary educational institutitution

Landmarks

The city's most celebrated landmark is the monument of Philippine revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, which is located at the end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue , formerly known as Highway 54, is the main circumferential road and highway of Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is an important commuting artery between the northern and southern parts of the metropolitan area...

 (EDSA). The memorial was erected in 1933 with sculptures crafted by national artist Guillermo Tolentino to mark the very first battle of the Philippine revolution on August 3, 1896. Recent renovations have been made on the environs of the monument, including the Bonifacio Circle, its former site, and the Caloocan stretch of EDSA, which is 100 meters away from the landmark. The whole area is now known as Monumento (Monument).
The city hall is located on A. Mabini Avenue in the southern part of the city, across the street from San Roque Parish Cathedral. The old city hall, on the other hand, still stands today in its present location at 9th Avenue. There is also a city hall in the northern part of the city.

A Bureau of Internal Revenue
Bureau of Internal Revenue (Philippines)
The Bureau of Internal Revenue is an attached agency of Department of Finance. BIR collects more than one-half of the total revenues of the government.-Functions:...

 district office is located in EDSA
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
Epifanio de los Santos Avenue , formerly known as Highway 54, is the main circumferential road and highway of Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is an important commuting artery between the northern and southern parts of the metropolitan area...

.

Sister cities

San Jose del Monte City
San Jose del Monte City
The City of San Jose del Monte is a first class suburban component city in the province of Bulacan, Philippines. It is bordered by Caloocan City and Quezon City, both in Metro Manila, in the south; by Rodriguez, Rizal in the east; Santa Maria and Marilao, both of Bulacan, in the west and...

, Bulacan
Bulacan
Bulacan , officially called the Province of Bulacan or simply Bulacan Province, is a first class province of the Republic of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon Region in the island of Luzon, north of Manila , and part of the Metro...

, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 Calamba City
Calamba City
Calamba City is a first class component city located in the province of Laguna, Philippines. Situated only 54 kilometers south of Manila, about an hour by chartered bus, Calamba City is a popular tourist destination with its hot spring resorts, most of the resorts are located in Barangay Pansol...

, Laguna, Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...


External links

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