Bullring
Overview
 
A bullring is an arena
Arena
An arena is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or all sides by tiered seating for spectators. The key feature of an arena is that the event space is the...

 where bullfighting
Bullfighting
Bullfighting is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some Latin American countries , in which one or more bulls are baited in a bullring for sport and entertainment...

 is performed. Bullrings are often associated with Spain, but they can also be found in neighboring countries and the New World
New World
The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically America and sometimes Oceania . The term originated in the late 15th century, when America had been recently discovered by European explorers, expanding the geographical horizon of the people of the European middle...

. Bullrings are often historic and culturally significant centres that bear many structural similarities to the Roman
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
An amphitheatre is an open-air venue used for entertainment and performances.There are two similar, but distinct, types of structure for which the word "amphitheatre" is used: Ancient Roman amphitheatres were large central performance spaces surrounded by ascending seating, and were commonly used...

.
The classic bullring is an enclosed, roughly circular amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
An amphitheatre is an open-air venue used for entertainment and performances.There are two similar, but distinct, types of structure for which the word "amphitheatre" is used: Ancient Roman amphitheatres were large central performance spaces surrounded by ascending seating, and were commonly used...

 with tiered rows of stands that surround an open central space.
Encyclopedia
A bullring is an arena
Arena
An arena is an enclosed area, often circular or oval-shaped, designed to showcase theater, musical performances, or sporting events. It is composed of a large open space surrounded on most or all sides by tiered seating for spectators. The key feature of an arena is that the event space is the...

 where bullfighting
Bullfighting
Bullfighting is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some Latin American countries , in which one or more bulls are baited in a bullring for sport and entertainment...

 is performed. Bullrings are often associated with Spain, but they can also be found in neighboring countries and the New World
New World
The New World is one of the names used for the Western Hemisphere, specifically America and sometimes Oceania . The term originated in the late 15th century, when America had been recently discovered by European explorers, expanding the geographical horizon of the people of the European middle...

. Bullrings are often historic and culturally significant centres that bear many structural similarities to the Roman
Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that grew on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to one of the largest empires in the ancient world....

 amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
An amphitheatre is an open-air venue used for entertainment and performances.There are two similar, but distinct, types of structure for which the word "amphitheatre" is used: Ancient Roman amphitheatres were large central performance spaces surrounded by ascending seating, and were commonly used...

.

Common Structure

The classic bullring is an enclosed, roughly circular amphitheatre
Amphitheatre
An amphitheatre is an open-air venue used for entertainment and performances.There are two similar, but distinct, types of structure for which the word "amphitheatre" is used: Ancient Roman amphitheatres were large central performance spaces surrounded by ascending seating, and were commonly used...

 with tiered rows of stands that surround an open central space. The open space forms the arena or ruedo, a field of densely packed crushed rock (albero) that is the stage for the bullfight. Also on the ground level, the central arena is surrounded by a staging area where the bullfighters prepare and take refuge, called the callejón (alley). The callejón is separated from the arena by a wall or other structure, usually made of wood
Wood
Wood is a hard, fibrous tissue found in many trees. It has been used for hundreds of thousands of years for both fuel and as a construction material. It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression...

 and roughly 140 cm high. The partition wall has doors for the entrance and exit of the bull (puerta de los toriles) and human participants (puerta de cuadrilla), although the form, number, and placement of these doors will vary from one bullring to another.
In regular places, the wall is pushed outwards leaving splits (burladero, from burlar: to evade, to dodge) that allow the bullfighters to go in the arena and to take refuge but are too narrow for the bull.
Nevertheless, on rare occasions the bull jumps the wall causing havoc in the corridor.
The walls also have a type of stirrup or foothold that aids in crossing over to the central arena, and sometimes stirrups on the arena side as well; these are used mostly by event staff if they need to intervene quickly in the case of an emergency.
The arena is surrounded by climbing rows of seats.
The seats are priced differently according to the position of the sun during the show, normally in the afternoon.
The hot sol, "sun", is cheaper than the fresher sombra, "shade".

Architectural origins

Bullrings evolved as specialized sporting arenas hand-in-hand with the sport that demanded them. Many of the ancient Roman amphitheatres had characteristics that can be seen in the bullrings of today (in fact the ring in Nîmes
Nîmes
Nîmes is the capital of the Gard department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region in southern France. Nîmes has a rich history, dating back to the Roman Empire, and is a popular tourist destination.-History:...

, France, is a Roman artifact, though it is more elliptical than the usual plaza), and the origin of bullfighting
Bullfighting
Bullfighting is a traditional spectacle of Spain, Portugal, southern France and some Latin American countries , in which one or more bulls are baited in a bullring for sport and entertainment...

 is very closely related to certain Roman traditions. In the formative years of the sport on the Iberian peninsula, those Roman enclosures were not commonly utilised for bullfighting events. Back when bullfighting festivals were conducted principally on horseback, the spectacle was a more public affair that took place in the city's open plaza
Plaza
Plaza is a Spanish word related to "field" which describes an open urban public space, such as a city square. All through Spanish America, the plaza mayor of each center of administration held three closely related institutions: the cathedral, the cabildo or administrative center, which might be...

 area. It was only later, when bullfights were conducted principally by men on foot, that the public needed a structure to house them appropriately. Not only did the crowd need special seating to view the spectacle, they also needed a structure to contain the general disorder that reigned at festivals during the heyday of such legendary figures as Costillares
Costillares
Joaquín Rodríguez , better known as Costillares, was a Spanish bullfighter who has been considered the father of modern spectator bullfighting....

, Pedro Romero
Pedro Romero
Pedro Romero Martínez was a legendary bullfighter from the Romero family in Ronda, Spain. His grandfather Francisco is credited with advancing the art of using the muletilla; his father and two brothers were also toreros...

 and Pepe-Hillo. In these early days, the circular form was not to be taken for granted. When La Maestranza
Plaza de toros de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla
The Plaza de Toros de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla is the oldest bullring in Spain. It is the site of the annual Feria de Abril in Seville, one of the most well-known bullfighting festivals in the world....

 bullring in Sevilla was authorized for construction in 1730 specifically to house bullfights, the original plans called for a rectangular arena for the first three years, only later to be changed to a circular form that avoided the cornering of the action and put all viewers at the same approximate distance, the same reason for the elliptical form of amphitheatres. Another circular plaza was begun in Ronda
Ronda
Ronda is a city in Spanish province of Málaga. It is located about West from the city of Málaga, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its population is approximately 35,000 inhabitants.-History:...

 in 1754, and it featured its first bullfights in 1782.
In the change from the 19th to the 20th century. the Neo Mudéjar style became in vogue for plazas, involving decoration in visible brickwork.
Since the 1990s, new construction technology allows some rings to be covered permanently or temporarily.

Alternate uses

The primary purpose of the ring is bullfighting, but it is usually limited to some festival weeks in the year.
In other times, it may be used as a concert venue as in the Rock en el ruedo tour of Miguel Ríos
Miguel Ríos
Miguel Ríos is a Spanish singer, composer, actor. He is one of the pioneers of rock and roll in Spain.-Biography:...

 or the live record Diamonds & Rust in the Bullring
Diamonds & Rust in the Bullring
Diamonds & Rust in the Bullring was a Joan Baez album, recorded live in the bullring of Bilbao, Spain. The album featured twelve songs, six of which were performed in English, five in Spanish, and one - "Txoria Txori" - in Basque...

, featuring a Joan Baez
Joan Baez
Joan Chandos Baez is an American folk singer, songwriter, musician and a prominent activist in the fields of human rights, peace and environmental justice....

 concert in the Bilbao plaza.

Before the diffusion of modern sports premises, bull rings were used in the Basque Country for challenges of resistance running. The public made bets on the number of laps the runner could make. No bulls were involved.

After the battle of Badajoz (1936)
Battle of Badajoz (1936)
The Battle of Badajoz was one of the first major Nationalist victories in the Spanish Civil War. A series of costly assaults won the Nationalists the fortified border city of Badajoz on August 14, 1936, cutting off the Spanish Republic from neighbouring Portugal and linking the northern and...

 of the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil WarAlso known as The Crusade among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War among Carlists, and The Rebellion or Uprising among Republicans. was a major conflict fought in Spain from 17 July 1936 to 1 April 1939...

, the Badajoz ring was used as a confinement camp for supporters of the republic
Second Spanish Republic
The Second Spanish Republic was the government of Spain between April 14 1931, and its destruction by a military rebellion, led by General Francisco Franco....

 and, allegedly, many were executed there.

Bullrings of the world

The most famous bullrings in the world are Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas
Las Ventas
The Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas is a famous bullring in Madrid .Situated in the Guindalera quarter of the district of Salamanca, it was inaugurated on June 17, 1931. It has a seating capacity of 25,000 and is regarded as the home of bullfighting in Spain.This bullring was designed by the architect...

 in Madrid
Madrid
Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...

 (Spain), widely regarded as the most prestigious one, La Maestranza in Seville (Spain) and Plaza de toros de Mexico
Plaza México
The Plaza México, situated in Mexico City, is the world's largest bullring. This 48,000-seat facility is usually dedicated to bullfighting, but many boxing fights have been held there as well, including Julio César Chávez's third bout with Frankie Randall...

 in Mexico. The main bullrings are usually found in Spain, southern France and Portugal, and in former Spanish
Spanish Empire
The Spanish Empire comprised territories and colonies administered directly by Spain in Europe, in America, Africa, Asia and Oceania. It originated during the Age of Exploration and was therefore one of the first global empires. At the time of Habsburgs, Spain reached the peak of its world power....

 colonies
Colony
In politics and history, a colony is a territory under the immediate political control of a state. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception....

 in the New World: Mexico
Mexico
The United Mexican States , commonly known as Mexico , is a federal constitutional republic in North America. It is bordered on the north by the United States; on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; on the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and on the east by the Gulf of...

, Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Costa Rica , officially the Republic of Costa Rica is a multilingual, multiethnic and multicultural country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east....

, Panama
Panama
Panama , officially the Republic of Panama , is the southernmost country of Central America. Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the northwest, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The...

, Venezuela
Venezuela
Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

, Colombia
Colombia
Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia , is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The country is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the...

, Ecuador
Ecuador
Ecuador , officially the Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border...

 and Peru
Peru
Peru , officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean....

. Some include:
  • Spain
    • Coso de los califas, Córdoba
      Córdoba, Spain
      -History:The first trace of human presence in the area are remains of a Neanderthal Man, dating to c. 32,000 BC. In the 8th century BC, during the ancient Tartessos period, a pre-urban settlement existed. The population gradually learned copper and silver metallurgy...

    • La Monumental (:es:Plaza de toros Monumental), Barcelona
      Barcelona
      Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1,621,537 within its administrative limits on a land area of...

      . (1919)
    • La Maestranza
      Plaza de toros de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla
      The Plaza de Toros de la Real Maestranza de Caballería de Sevilla is the oldest bullring in Spain. It is the site of the annual Feria de Abril in Seville, one of the most well-known bullfighting festivals in the world....

      , Sevilla. (1761)
    • Les Arenes
      Les Arènes
      Les Arènes is a painting by Vincent van Gogh executed in Arles, in November or December 1888, during the period of time when Paul Gauguin was living with him in The Yellow House. The bullfight season in Arles that year started on Easter Sunday 1 April and ended on 21 October. Van Gogh's painting...

      , Barcelona
      Barcelona
      Barcelona is the second largest city in Spain after Madrid, and the capital of Catalonia, with a population of 1,621,537 within its administrative limits on a land area of...

      , Under conversion to a shopping arcade
    • Plaza de Toros de Albacete, Albacete
      Albacete
      Albacete is a city and municipality in southeastern Spain, 258 km southeast of Madrid, the capital of the province of Albacete in the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. The municipality had a population of c. 169,700 in 2009....

      . (1917)
    • Plaza de toros de El Puerto
      Plaza de toros de El Puerto
      The Plaza de toros de El Puerto is a bullring in El Puerto de Santa María, Spain.Dating from the 19th century, it has an eclectic architectural style and was completed in 1880. It is the work of Manuel Portillo de Avila y Herrera. The arena is 99 metres in diameter and the central ruedo measures...

       de Santa María, Cádiz
      Cádiz
      Cadiz is a city and port in southwestern Spain. It is the capital of the homonymous province, one of eight which make up the autonomous community of Andalusia....

      . (1880)
    • Plaza de Toros de Granada, Granada
      Granada
      Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the autonomous community of Andalusia, Spain. Granada is located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, at the confluence of three rivers, the Beiro, the Darro and the Genil. It sits at an elevation of 738 metres above sea...

      . (1928)
    • Plaza de Toros de La Coruña
      Plaza de Toros de La Coruña
      Plaza de Toros de La Coruña is an stadium for shows used as bullring in A Coruña, Spain. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 8,000 people. It was built in 1990 and open on August 12, 1991....

      , A Coruña
      A Coruña
      A Coruña or La Coruña is a city and municipality of Galicia, Spain. It is the second-largest city in the autonomous community and seventeenth overall in the country...

      . (1991)
    • Plaza de Toros de Illumbe
      Plaza de Toros de Illumbe
      Plaza de Toros de Illumbe is an arena in San Sebastián, Spain. It is primarily used for basketball and the home arena of San Sebastián Gipuzkoa BC. The arena holds 12,500 people and opened in 1998. When configured for basketball games it has a seating capacity for 11,000 spectators In accord with...

      , San Sebastián
      San Sebastián
      Donostia-San Sebastián is a city and municipality located in the north of Spain, in the coast of the Bay of Biscay and 20 km away from the French border. The city is the capital of Gipuzkoa, in the autonomous community of the Basque Country. The municipality’s population is 186,122 , and its...

      . (1998)
    • Plaza de Toros La Malagueta, Malaga
      Málaga
      Málaga is a city and a municipality in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia, Spain. With a population of 568,507 in 2010, it is the second most populous city of Andalusia and the sixth largest in Spain. This is the southernmost large city in Europe...

      . (1874)
    • Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas
      Las Ventas
      The Plaza de Toros de Las Ventas is a famous bullring in Madrid .Situated in the Guindalera quarter of the district of Salamanca, it was inaugurated on June 17, 1931. It has a seating capacity of 25,000 and is regarded as the home of bullfighting in Spain.This bullring was designed by the architect...

      , Madrid
      Madrid
      Madrid is the capital and largest city of Spain. The population of the city is roughly 3.3 million and the entire population of the Madrid metropolitan area is calculated to be 6.271 million. It is the third largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin, and its metropolitan...

      . (1931)
    • Plaza de Toros de Murcia
      Plaza de Toros de Murcia
      Plaza de Toros de Murcia is a bullring in Murcia, Spain. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 15,000 people. It was built in 1885.-External links:*...

      , Murcia
      Murcia
      -History:It is widely believed that Murcia's name is derived from the Latin words of Myrtea or Murtea, meaning land of Myrtle , although it may also be a derivation of the word Murtia, which would mean Murtius Village...

      . (1885)
    • Plaza de toros de Ronda
      Plaza de toros de Ronda
      The Plaza de Toros in Ronda, Málaga is one of the oldest operational bullrings in Spain. The arena has a diameter of , surrounded by a passage formed by two rings of stone. There are two layers of seating, each with five raised rows and 136 pillars that make up 68 arches...

      , Ronda
      Ronda
      Ronda is a city in Spanish province of Málaga. It is located about West from the city of Málaga, within the autonomous community of Andalusia. Its population is approximately 35,000 inhabitants.-History:...

      . (1784)
    • Plaza de Toros de Pamplona
      Plaza de Toros de Pamplona
      Plaza de Toros de Pamplona is a bullring in Pamplona, Spain. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 19,529 people. It was built in 1922. It is the ending point of the famous Running of the bulls during the festival of San Fermín....

      , Pamplona
      Pamplona
      Pamplona is the historial capital city of Navarre, in Spain, and of the former kingdom of Navarre.The city is famous worldwide for the San Fermín festival, from July 6 to 14, in which the running of the bulls is one of the main attractions...

      . (1922) Where the famous encierro
      Encierro
      The Running of the Bulls is a practice that involves running in front of a small group of bulls that have been let loose, on a course of a sectioned-off subset of a town's streets...

       or the running of the bulls in San Fermin´s festival
      San Fermín
      The festival of San Fermín in the city of Pamplona , is a deeply rooted celebration held annually from 12:00, 6 July, when the opening of the fiesta is marked by setting off the pyrotechnic chupinazo, to midnight 14 July, with the singing of the Pobre de Mí...

       ends.
    • Plaza de Toros de Valencia
      Plaza de Toros de Valencia
      Plaza de Toros de Valencia is a bullring in València, Spain. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 12,884 people. It was built in 1851. The Valencian bullring, situated next to the del north train station, was built between 1850 and 1860 and the architect was Sebastian...

      , Valencia. (1851)
    • Plaza de Toros La Glorieta
      Plaza de Toros La Glorieta
      Plaza de Toros de "La Glorieta" is a bullring in Salamanca, Castile and León, Spain. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 10,858 people. It was built in 1892 and officially opened on September 11th, 1893. It's classical in style, and has three levels, made of stone,...

      , Salamanca
      Salamanca
      Salamanca is a city in western Spain, in the community of Castile and León. Because it is known for its beautiful buildings and urban environment, the Old City was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1988. It is the most important university city in Spain and is known for its contributions to...

      . (1893)

  • France
    • The Arena of Nîmes
      Arena of Nimes
      The Arena of Nîmes is a Roman amphitheater found in the French city of Nîmes. Built around 70 AD, it was remodeled in 1863 to serve as a bullring. The Arenas of Nimes is the site of two annual bullfights, and it is also used for other public events....

      , Nîmes
      Nîmes
      Nîmes is the capital of the Gard department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region in southern France. Nîmes has a rich history, dating back to the Roman Empire, and is a popular tourist destination.-History:...

    • The arena in Arles
      Arles
      Arles is a city and commune in the south of France, in the Bouches-du-Rhône department, of which it is a subprefecture, in the former province of Provence....

    • The arena in Alès
      Alès
      Alès is a commune in the Gard department in the Languedoc-Roussillon region in southern France. It is one of the sub-prefectures of the department. It was formerly known as Alais.-Geography:...

    • The arena in Mont de Marsan
    • The arena in Bouillargues
    • The arena in Vauvert
      Vauvert
      Vauvert is a commune in the Gard department in southern France. It was known as Posquières in the Middle Ages.The commune comprises the town of Vauvert and the villages of Gallician and Montcalm. Over a third of the population work in industry, which is largely the food...

    • There are also arenas in an important part of small villages of camargue
      Camargue
      The Camargue is the region located south of Arles, France, between the Mediterranean Sea and the two arms of the Rhône River delta. The eastern arm is called the Grand Rhône; the western one is the Petit Rhône....


Villages round the Camargue, such as Rodilhan in the Gard, who also practise 'mise à morte' - killing the bull.

  • Portugal
    • Campo Pequeno bull ring, Lisbon
      Lisbon
      Lisbon is the capital city and largest city of Portugal with a population of 545,245 within its administrative limits on a land area of . The urban area of Lisbon extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of 3 million on an area of , making it the 9th most populous urban...

    • Monumental Praça de Touros da Póvoa de Varzim, Porto
      Porto
      Porto , also known as Oporto in English, is the second largest city in Portugal and one of the major urban areas in the Iberian Peninsula. Its administrative limits include a population of 237,559 inhabitants distributed within 15 civil parishes...


  • Mexico
    • Coliseo Centenario
      Coliseo Centenario
      The Coliseo Centenario , officially named "Centro de Espectaculos Coliseo Centenario" is a multi-purpose complex in Torreón, in the state of Coahuila, Mexico. The complex can seat up to 10,000 people...

      , Torreón
      Torreón
      Torreón is a city and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name in the Mexican state of Coahuila. As of 2010, the city's population was 608,836 with 639,629 in the municipality. The metropolitan population, including Matamoros, Coahuila, and Gómez Palacio and Lerdo in adjacent Durango,...

    • Plaza de toros México, Mexico City
      Mexico City
      Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

       (Currently the biggest bullring worldwide)
    • Plaza de Toros Monumental de Aguascalientes
      Plaza de Toros Monumental de Aguascalientes
      Plaza de Toros Monumental de Aguascalientes is a bullring in the city of Aguascalientes, Mexico. It is currently used for bull fighting and concerts. The stadium holds 16,000 people and it was inaugurated on November 23, 1974 . Its currently the 4th largest bullring in Mexico.-External links:**...

      , Aguascalientes
      Aguascalientes
      Aguascalientes is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is divided in 11 municipalities and its capital city is Aguascalientes....

    • Plaza de Toros Monumental de Tijuana
      Plaza de Toros Monumental de Tijuana
      Plaza de Toros Monumental de Tijuana , and commonly known in English as Bullring by the Sea, is a bullring in the city of Tijuana, in the state of Baja California, Mexico...

      , Tijuana
      Tijuana
      Tijuana is the largest city on the Baja California Peninsula and center of the Tijuana metropolitan area, part of the international San Diego–Tijuana metropolitan area. An industrial and financial center of Mexico, Tijuana exerts a strong influence on economics, education, culture, art, and politics...

    • Plaza de Toros Santa María, Santiago de Querétaro
      Santiago de Querétaro
      Santiago de Querétaro is the capital and largest city of the state of Querétaro, located in central Mexico. It is located 213 km northwest of Mexico City, 96 km southeast of San Miguel de Allende and 200 km south of San Luis Potosí...

    • Plaza Monumental de Morelia
      Plaza Monumental de Morelia
      Plaza Monumental de Morelia , is a multi-purpose complex in Morelia, in the state of Michoacán, Mexico. The complex can seat up to 15,000 people, it can also accommodate and concerts, sports venue and bullfighting matches.-External links:*...

      , Morelia
      Morelia
      Morelia is a city and municipality in the north central part of the state of Michoacán in central Mexico. The city is in the Guayangareo Valley and is the capital of the state. The main pre-Hispanic cultures here were the P'urhépecha and the Matlatzinca, but no major cities were founded in the...

    • Plaza Nuevo Progreso
      Plaza Nuevo Progreso
      Plaza Nuevo Progreso is a bull ring in the Mexican city of Guadalajara, Jalisco. It is currently used for bull fighting and for hosting professional wrestling events. The stadium holds 20,000 people and was built in 1967....

      , Guadalajara
      Guadalajara, Jalisco
      Guadalajara is the capital of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara. The city is located in the central region of Jalisco in the western-pacific area of Mexico. With a population of 1,564,514 it is Mexico's second most populous municipality...

    • Plaza El Paseo, San Luis Potosí
    • Plaza de toros el Relicario, Puebla, Puebla
      Puebla, Puebla
      The city and municipality of Puebla is the capital of the state of Puebla, and one of the five most important colonial cities in Mexico. Being a planned city, it is located to the east of Mexico City and west of Mexico's main port, Veracruz, on the main route between the two.The city was founded...


    • Plaza Santiago J. Vivanco, Matehuala

  • Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

    • Plaza de toros Monumental de Valencia
      Plaza de toros Monumental de Valencia
      Plaza de toros Monumental de Valencia is a bull ring in Valencia, Venezuela. It is currently used for bull fighting and other events like concerts and fairs. It is currently the second largest bullring in the world, the first being the Plaza de toros México. The stadium holds 25,000 people and was...

      , Valencia, Carabobo. (The 2nd biggest bullring in the world)
    • Plaza de toros Monumental de Maracaibo
      Plaza de toros Monumental de Maracaibo
      Plaza de toros Monumental de Maracaibo is a bull ring in Maracaibo, Venezuela. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 15,000 people and was built in 1972....

      , Maracaibo
      Maracaibo
      Maracaibo is a city and municipality located in northwestern Venezuela off the western coast of the Lake Maracaibo. It is the second-largest city in the country after the national capital Caracas and the capital of Zulia state...

    • Plaza Monumental de Toros de Pueblo Nuevo
      Plaza Monumental de Toros de Pueblo Nuevo
      Plaza Monumental de Toros de Pueblo Nuevo is a Bullring located in San Cristóbal, Venezuela. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium, which was built in 1967, can hold 23,000 people.-History:...

      , San Cristóbal, Táchira
      San Cristóbal, Táchira
      San Cristóbal is the capital city of the Venezuelan state of Táchira. It is located in a mountainous region of Western Venezuela. The city is situated 818 m/2,625 ft above sea level in the northern Andes overlooking the Torbes River, 56 km/35 mi from the Colombian border. San...

    • Plaza Monumental Román Eduardo Sandia
      Plaza Monumental Román Eduardo Sandia
      Plaza Monumental Román Eduardo Sandia also known as the Plaza de Toros de Mérida is a plaza de toros first class located in the city of Mérida, Venezuela being one of the main infrastructure for cultural and artistic events to large scale of the city after the Estadio Olímpico Metropolitano and the...

      , Mérida, Mérida
      Mérida, Mérida
      Santiago de los Caballeros de Mérida, Venezuela, is the capital of the municipality of Libertador and the state of Mérida, and is one of the principal cities of the Venezuelan Andes...


  • Colombia
    Colombia
    Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia , is a unitary constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments. The country is located in northwestern South America, bordered to the east by Venezuela and Brazil; to the south by Ecuador and Peru; to the north by the Caribbean Sea; to the...

    • Santamaría Bullring
      Santamaría Bullring
      Santamaría Bullring is a bullring in Bogotá, Colombia and it is currently used for bullfighting, although it has also been used for concerts and other cultural activities. The stadium holds 14,500 people and was built in 1931. This bullring is more commonly known as the Plaza de Toros Santamaría....

      , Bogotá
      Bogotá
      Bogotá, Distrito Capital , from 1991 to 2000 called Santa Fé de Bogotá, is the capital, and largest city, of Colombia. It is also designated by the national constitution as the capital of the department of Cundinamarca, even though the city of Bogotá now comprises an independent Capital district...


  • Ecuador
    Ecuador
    Ecuador , officially the Republic of Ecuador is a representative democratic republic in South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. It is one of only two countries in South America, along with Chile, that do not have a border...

    • Plaza de toros de Quito
      Plaza de toros de Quito
      Plaza de toros de Quito is a bull ring in Quito, Ecuador. It is currently used for bull fighting. The stadium holds 15,000 people and was built in 1960....

      , Quito
      Quito
      San Francisco de Quito, most often called Quito , is the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America. It is located in north-central Ecuador in the Guayllabamba river basin, on the eastern slopes of Pichincha, an active stratovolcano in the Andes mountains...

      .


  • Peru
    Peru
    Peru , officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America. It is bordered on the north by Ecuador and Colombia, on the east by Brazil, on the southeast by Bolivia, on the south by Chile, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean....

    • Plaza de toros de Acho
      Plaza de toros de Acho
      The Plaza de Toros de Acho is the premier bullring in Lima, Peru. Located beside the historical center of the Rímac District, the plaza is classified as a national historic monument...

      , Lima
      Lima
      Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central part of the country, on a desert coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima...

      . 2nd oldest. 30 January 1766.
    • Plaza de Toros Sol y Sombra, Lima.
    • Plaza de Toros de la Provincia de Cutervo, Cajamarca
      Cajamarca
      Cajamarca may refer to:Colombia*Cajamarca, Tolima a town and municipality in Tolima DepartmentPeru* Cajamarca, city in Peru.* Cajamarca District, district in the Cajamarca province.* Cajamarca Province, province in the Cajamarca region....

      .
    • Plaza de Toros "El Vizcaíno", Cajamarca.
    • Plaza de Toros de Trujillo "El Coliseo", Trujillo
      Trujillo, Peru
      Trujillo, in northwestern Peru, is the capital of the La Libertad Region, and the third largest city in Peru. The urban area has 811,979 inhabitants and is an economic hub in northern Peru...

      .
    • Plaza de Toros de El Coliseo, Huancayo
      Huancayo
      Huancayo with a rock') is the capital of the Junín Region, in the central highlands of Peru. It is located in Junín Province, of which it is also capital. Situated near the Mantaro Valley at an altitude of 3,271 meters, it has a population of 377,000 and is the fifth most populous city of the...

      .
    • Plaza de Toros de Sicaya, Huancayo.
    • Plaza de Toros de la Unión, Huánuco
      Huánuco
      -Famous Natives:* Daniel Alomía Robles - Musical composer and ethnologist born in 1871, famous for El Cóndor Pasa* Johan Fano- Professional football player-External links:*** - Catholic Encyclopedia article...

      .
    • Plaza de Toros de Guadalupe, Ica.
    • Plaza de Toros de Puquío, Ayacucho
      Ayacucho
      Ayacucho is the capital city of Huamanga Province, Ayacucho Region, Peru.Ayacucho is famous for its 33 churches, which represent one for each year of Jesus's life. Ayacucho has large religious celebrations, especially during the Holy Week of Easter...

      .

  • Uruguay
    Uruguay
    Uruguay ,officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay,sometimes the Eastern Republic of Uruguay; ) is a country in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to some 3.5 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area...

    • Plaza de toros Real de San Carlos
      Plaza de toros Real de San Carlos
      Plaza de toros Real de San Carlos is a bull ring in Colonia del Sacramento, Uruguay. It is currently a derelict building that is crumbling down. It is forbidden for safety reasons to access the bull ring.When in operation it could host 10,000 spectators...

      , Colonia del Sacramento
      Colonia del Sacramento
      Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is the oldest town in Uruguay and capital of the departamento of Colonia. It has a population of around 22,000.It is renowned for its historic quarter, a World Heritage Site...

      (until 1912)

External links

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