Brazilian Navy
Overview
 
The Brazilian Navy is a branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces responsible for conducting naval
Navy
A navy is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions...

 operations. It is the largest navy in Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

. It is equipped with a 32,800-ton aircraft carrier
Aircraft carrier
An aircraft carrier is a warship designed with a primary mission of deploying and recovering aircraft, acting as a seagoing airbase. Aircraft carriers thus allow a naval force to project air power worldwide without having to depend on local bases for staging aircraft operations...

, the NAe São Paulo (formerly Foch of the French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military. It includes a full range of fighting vessels, from patrol boats to a nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 10 nuclear-powered submarines, four of which are capable of launching...

), British-built frigate
Frigate
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.In the 17th century, the term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built"...

s, locally built corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

s, coastal diesel-electric submarine
Submarine
A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation below the surface of the water. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability...

s and many other river and coastal patrol craft, among other vehicles.
The origin of the weapon goes back to the Portuguese Navy
Portuguese Navy
The Portuguese Navy is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces which, in cooperation and integrated with the other branches of the Portuguese military, is charged with the military defence of Portugal....

, already existing since the 12th century.
Encyclopedia
The Brazilian Navy is a branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces responsible for conducting naval
Navy
A navy is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions...

 operations. It is the largest navy in Latin America
Latin America
Latin America is a region of the Americas where Romance languages  – particularly Spanish and Portuguese, and variably French – are primarily spoken. Latin America has an area of approximately 21,069,500 km² , almost 3.9% of the Earth's surface or 14.1% of its land surface area...

. It is equipped with a 32,800-ton aircraft carrier
Aircraft carrier
An aircraft carrier is a warship designed with a primary mission of deploying and recovering aircraft, acting as a seagoing airbase. Aircraft carriers thus allow a naval force to project air power worldwide without having to depend on local bases for staging aircraft operations...

, the NAe São Paulo (formerly Foch of the French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military. It includes a full range of fighting vessels, from patrol boats to a nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 10 nuclear-powered submarines, four of which are capable of launching...

), British-built frigate
Frigate
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.In the 17th century, the term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built"...

s, locally built corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

s, coastal diesel-electric submarine
Submarine
A submarine is a watercraft capable of independent operation below the surface of the water. It differs from a submersible, which has more limited underwater capability...

s and many other river and coastal patrol craft, among other vehicles.

Background

The origin of the weapon goes back to the Portuguese Navy
Portuguese Navy
The Portuguese Navy is the naval branch of the Portuguese Armed Forces which, in cooperation and integrated with the other branches of the Portuguese military, is charged with the military defence of Portugal....

, already existing since the 12th century. The transfer of the headquarters of the Kingdom of Portugal
Kingdom of Portugal
The Kingdom of Portugal was Portugal's general designation under the monarchy. The kingdom was located in the west of the Iberian Peninsula, Europe and existed from 1139 to 1910...

, to Brazil, in 1808, has led to here, was also transferred a large part of the structure, personnel and ships of the Portuguese Navy. These would be the core of the Navy of Brazil.
Before Pedro I of Brazil declared independence from Portugal in September 1822, he had already assembled a navy that then participated in the Brazilian Declaration of Independence
Brazilian Declaration of Independence
The Brazilian Independence comprised a series of political events occurred in 1821–1823, most of which involved disputes between Brazil and Portugal regarding the call for independence presented by the Brazilian Kingdom...

, which had begun a year earlier. The navy would later fight in the Cisplatine War
Argentina-Brazil War
The Cisplatine War or the Argentine–Brazilian War was an armed conflict over an area known as Banda Oriental or "Eastern Shore" in the 1820s between the United Provinces of River Plate and the Empire of Brazil in the aftermath of the United Provinces' emancipation from Spain.-Background:Led by...

, the River Plate conflicts, the Paraguayan War
War of the Triple Alliance
The Paraguayan War , also known as War of the Triple Alliance , was a military conflict in South America fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay...

, both World War I and World War II, as well as in the sporadic rebellions that would mark Brazil's history.

In the initial decades following independence, the country had maintained a good naval establishment. Most of the Portuguese Empire
Portuguese Empire
The Portuguese Empire , also known as the Portuguese Overseas Empire or the Portuguese Colonial Empire , was the first global empire in history...

's naval forces reverted overnight to the newly-independent country. In 1860 the fleet consisted of eight paddle steamer
Paddle steamer
A paddle steamer is a steamship or riverboat, powered by a steam engine, using paddle wheels to propel it through the water. In antiquity, Paddle wheelers followed the development of poles, oars and sails, where the first uses were wheelers driven by animals or humans...

s, seven screw sloop
Screw sloop
A screw sloop is a propeller-driven sloop-of-war. In the 19th century, during the introduction of the steam engine, ships driven by propellers were differentiated from those driven by paddle-wheels by referring to the ship's screws...

s, six frigates and corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

s, and 14 smaller vessels. During the Paraguayan War
War of the Triple Alliance
The Paraguayan War , also known as War of the Triple Alliance , was a military conflict in South America fought from 1864 to 1870 between Paraguay and the Triple Alliance of Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay...

, Brazil purchased several ironclads from the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 and from the Navy's Imperial Arsenal in Rio de Janeiro.

After the losses of the 1893 naval rebellion
Revolta da Armada
Brazilian Naval Revolts, or the Revoltas da Armada , were armed mutinies promoted mainly by Admirals Custodio de Mello and Saldanha da Gama and their fleet of Brazilian Navy ships against unconstitucional attitudes of the then the central government in Rio de Janeiro.-First revolt:In November 1891,...

, there was a hiatus in the development of the navy until 1905, when Brazil acquired two of the most powerful
Minas Geraes-class battleship
The Minas Geraes class, spelled Minas Gerais in some sources, consisted of two battleships built for the Brazilian Navy which began a South American dreadnought race. The ships were named Minas Geraes, after the Brazilian state, and São Paulo, honoring both the state and city...

 and advanced dreadnought
Dreadnought
The dreadnought was the predominant type of 20th-century battleship. The first of the kind, the Royal Navy's had such an impact when launched in 1906 that similar battleships built after her were referred to as "dreadnoughts", and earlier battleships became known as pre-dreadnoughts...

s of the day. These vessels, and , were the last battleship
Battleship
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of heavy caliber guns. Battleships were larger, better armed and armored than cruisers and destroyers. As the largest armed ships in a fleet, battleships were used to attain command of the sea and represented the apex of a...

s of the Brazilian Navy. Brazil also bought two cruiser
Cruiser
A cruiser is a type of warship. The term has been in use for several hundreds of years, and has had different meanings throughout this period...

s in this period, and .

The Brazilian Navy served in both World War I and World War II, engaging in anti-submarine warfare in the two Battles of Atlantic.

The Colossus class aircraft carrier
Colossus class aircraft carrier
The 1942 Design Light Fleet Carrier, commonly referred to as the British Light Fleet Carrier, was a light aircraft carrier design created by the Royal Navy during World War II, and used by eight naval forces between 1944 and 2001...

 Minas Gerais
NAeL Minas Gerais
NAeL Minas Gerais was a operated by the Marinha do Brasil from 1960 until 2001. The ship was laid down for the Royal Navy during World War II as , but was completed only shortly before the war's end, and did not see service...

served the Navy until its decommission in 2001.

Imperial Navy

The National Army (as the Brazilian Navy was called during the monarchy) came up with the Independence of the country. It consisted almost entirely of vessels, personnel, organizations and doctrines from the transmigration of the Royal Family of Portugal in 1808
Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil
The Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil was an episode in the history of Portugal and the history of Brazil in which the Portuguese royal family and its court escaped from Lisbon on November 29, 1807 to Brazil, just days before Napoleonic forces captured the city on December 1...

. Its members were a few native Brazilians (then almost all banned from serving), Portuguese who chose to join the cause of separation (and hence were naturalized Brazilian) and foreigners from various countries engaged as mercenaries. Also recovered were several bodies created by John VI of Portugal
John VI of Portugal
John VI John VI John VI (full name: João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael; (13 May 1767 – 10 March 1826) was King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves (later changed to just King of Portugal and the Algarves, after Brazil was recognized...

, such as the Department of the Navy, the Headquarters of the Quartermaster and Accounting, the Navy, the Royal Academy of Marine Guard, the Hospital, the Auditor, the Supreme Military Council, the Gunpowder Factory, the Cutting of Wood and others. As the first Minister of Marine was appointed Captain of the Brazilian born-and-Ocean War Luís Moreira da Cunha (future Vicomte de Cabo Frio) in October 28 in 1822 .

In the absence of military experts who were born in Brazil, the committee composed by Luis Moreira Cunha and several officers tried to contact the Portuguese military serving in Brazil for them to join the newly created Brazilian Empire. Hundreds have accepted, and those who refused were given, together with their families, transportation to return to Portugal. However, fearful of possible consequences for sending combat ships manned mostly by Portuguese forces against the Lusitania, the committee recruited several mercenaries, indigenous
Indigenous peoples in Brazil
The Indigenous peoples in Brazil comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to the European invasion around 1500...

 if slaves
Slavery
Slavery is a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to refuse to work, or to demand compensation...

. To control the Brazilian Navy has chosen the experienced Lord Thomas Alexander Cochrane, British by birth, who received the title of "First Admiral". The fleet consisted of only a ship
Ship
Since the end of the age of sail a ship has been any large buoyant marine vessel. Ships are generally distinguished from boats based on size and cargo or passenger capacity. Ships are used on lakes, seas, and rivers for a variety of activities, such as the transport of people or goods, fishing,...

, four frigate
Frigate
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.In the 17th century, the term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built"...

s, two corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

s, five brig
Brig
A brig is a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts. During the Age of Sail, brigs were seen as fast and manoeuvrable and were used as both naval warships and merchant vessels. They were especially popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries...

s, six schooner
Schooner
A schooner is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts with the forward mast being no taller than the rear masts....

s and twenty small boats, a total of thirty-eight warships. The Minister of Finance Martim Francisco Ribeiro de Andrada created a national subscription to raise funds and so the fleet retrofit, and Brazil were all sent contributions. Even the Emperor Pedro I of Brazil acquired at his own expense a merchant brig that was renamed "Caboclo" and donated to the State.

The National Armed headed then to the Bahia
Bahia
Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil, and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the fourth most populous Brazilian state after São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, and the fifth-largest in size...

, where he attacked a convoy of Portuguese fleet consisting of more than seventy ships that went up to Maranhão
Maranhão
Maranhão is a northeastern state of Brazil. To the north lies the Atlantic Ocean. Maranhão is neighbored by the states of Piauí, Tocantins and Pará. The people of Maranhão have a distinctive accent...

. Only thirteen were able to achieve London
London
London is the capital city of :England and the :United Kingdom, the largest metropolitan area in the United Kingdom, and the largest urban zone in the European Union by most measures. Located on the River Thames, London has been a major settlement for two millennia, its history going back to its...

 after being prevented from reaching the northern coast of Brazil. The other ships were sunk or captured or incorporated and the Brazilian Navy. The British John Pascoe Grenfell
John Pascoe Grenfell
Admiral John Pascoe Grenfell was an officer in the Brazilian Navy who spent most of his service in South America campaigns, most notably under the leadership of Lord Cochrane and Commodore Norton. He was the nephew of British politician Pascoe Grenfell and grandfather to General Sir John Grenfell...

, who commanded the brig Don Miguel, obtained the surrender of Belem do Para. Having overcome the opposition Lusitanian provinces of Bahia, Maranhão and Pará
Pará
Pará is a state in the north of Brazil. It borders the Brazilian states of Amapá, Maranhão, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, Amazonas and Roraima. To the northwest it also borders Guyana and Suriname, and to the northeast it borders the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is Belém.Pará is the most populous state...

, the Brazilian fleet departed for the Cisplatin
Cisplatin
Cisplatin, cisplatinum, or cis-diamminedichloroplatinum is a chemotherapy drug. It is used to treat various types of cancers, including sarcomas, some carcinomas , lymphomas, and germ cell tumors...

, where he achieved more success in this endeavor. Admiral Cochrane, released after a third of Brazil, received the Emperor Dom Pedro I himself the decoration of the Order of the Southern Cross
Order of the Southern Cross
The National Order of the Southern Cross is a Brazilian order of chivalry founded by Emperor Pedro I on 1 December 1822. This order was intended to commemorate the independence of Brazil and the coronation of Pedro I...

 and the noble title of Marquess of Maranhão. The participation in the conflict against Portugal was vital:

After the suppression of the revolt of the Confederation of the Equator
Confederation of the Equator
The Confederation of the Equator was a short-lived rebellion that occurred in the northeastern region of Brazil during that nation's struggle for independence from Portugal. The secessionist movement was led by wealthy landowners who opposed early reforms by the nation's first leader, Emperor...

 in 1824 and when you start the Cisplatine War (1825–1828), the Navy was no longer that small marine and weak. The thirty-eight vessels of 1822 became ninety-six modern warships of various types, with about 690 guns. The Brazilian fleet blocked the mouth of the Río de la Plata
Río de la Plata
The Río de la Plata —sometimes rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth, and occasionally rendered [La] Plata River in other English-speaking countries—is the river and estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay River and the Paraná River on the border between Argentina and...

, making it impossible to connect the United Provinces of the rebels and cisplatin with the rest of the world. Several skirmishes occurred between ships from Brazil and Buenos Aires until the defeat of the enemy squadron, consisting of two corvettes, five brigs and a schooner, across the Santiago Island
Santiago Island
Santiago Island may refer to:*Santiago Island *Santiago Island *Santiago Island...

in 1827. To abdicate in 1831, Dom Pedro I left a powerful Armada comprising: two ships, ten frigates, twenty corvettes, brigs, schooners seventeen, two gunboats, twelve bombers, three steam boats, fourteen boats of various transport and large, totaling at least eighty warships in peacetime.

The long reign of fifty-eight years of Dom Pedro II
Pedro II of Brazil
Dom Pedro II , nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of...

 would represent the end of the growth and flourishing of the National Armed Forces (and even then during the Republican period). was reorganized to the Ministry of the Navy, the Naval Arsenal and Chain, and also created the Imperial Marines Corps
Brazilian Marine Corps
The Brazilian Marine Corps is the land combat branch of the Brazilian Navy.- Mission :...

, formed by volunteers. This period was definitely adopted the steamship, with Brazil Squad rapidly modernized, acquiring and building vessels abroad in the other country, and also replacing the old smooth-bore cannons for new, rifled, with greater range and accuracy. Improvements were also made in arsenals and naval bases, being equipped with new workshops. warships were built in the arsenals of the Navy in Rio de Janeiro, Salvador, Recife, Santos, Niterói and Pelotas. The Army acted in all the riots that occurred in Regency
Regent
A regent, from the Latin regens "one who reigns", is a person selected to act as head of state because the ruler is a minor, not present, or debilitated. Currently there are only two ruling Regencies in the world, sovereign Liechtenstein and the Malaysian constitutive state of Terengganu...

 as Cabanagem
Cabanagem
The Cabanagem was a social revolt that occurred in the then-province of Grão-Pará, Brazil.Among the causes for this revolt were the extreme poverty of the Paraense people and the political irrelevance to which the province was relegated after the independence of Brazil.The name "Cabanagem" refers...

, the Farringdon
Farringdon
Farringdon is a historic area of the City of London, represented today by the Wards of Farringdon Within and Farringdon Without. Farringdon is also used informally to refer to the area around Farringdon Station in the London Borough of Islington, some distance north of the historic locality.-City...

, the Sabinada, among others. The Navy conducted the blockade of the provinces where the riots occurred and did most of the troop transports Imperial Army, from one region to another country, keeping them municiadas, supplied and equipped,.

In 1840, when Emperor Dom Pedro II was declared of age and assumed his constitutional prerogatives, the Navy had ninety warships: six frigate
Frigate
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.In the 17th century, the term was used for any warship built for speed and maneuverability, the description often used being "frigate-built"...

s, seven corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

s, two brigs, eight brigs, sixteen gunboat
Gunboat
A gunboat is a naval watercraft designed for the express purpose of carrying one or more guns to bombard coastal targets, as opposed to those military craft designed for naval warfare, or for ferrying troops or supplies.-History:...

s, twelve schooner
Schooner
A schooner is a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts with the forward mast being no taller than the rear masts....

s, seven patachos, six Steamboat
Steamboat
A steamboat or steamship, sometimes called a steamer, is a ship in which the primary method of propulsion is steam power, typically driving propellers or paddlewheels...

s, three plows, two lugger
Lugger
A lugger is a class of boats, widely used as traditional fishing boats, particularly off the coasts of France, Scotland and England. It is a small sailing vessel with lugsails set on two or more masts and perhaps lug topsails.-Defining the rig:...

s, two cutters and thirteen armed lanchões. New modernization occurred, this time, reorganizing the State Department, the Accounting Department of the Navy, the Headquarters and the Marine Academy. New vessels were purchased and the port authorities have been retooled. The Corps of Imperial Marines was finally settled and did the Marine Corps
Marine corps
A marine is a member of a force that specializes in expeditionary operations such as amphibious assault and occupation. The marines traditionally have strong links with the country's navy...

 (instead of the Artillery Corps of the Navy that had been dissolved) as well as services to the disabled and also schools for the training of sailors and craftsmen.

The conflicts in La Plata region does not cease after the war
War
War is a state of organized, armed, and often prolonged conflict carried on between states, nations, or other parties typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality. War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political...

 in 1825, and then the Brazil
Brazil
Brazil , officially the Federative Republic of Brazil , is the largest country in South America. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 192 million people...

 was forced to send a fleet of seventeen warships (a nau
Carrack
A carrack or nau was a three- or four-masted sailing ship developed in 15th century Western Europe for use in the Atlantic Ocean. It had a high rounded stern with large aftcastle, forecastle and bowsprit at the stem. It was first used by the Portuguese , and later by the Spanish, to explore and...

, ten corvettes, and six steamships) headed by veteran Independence John Pascoe Grenfell
John Pascoe Grenfell
Admiral John Pascoe Grenfell was an officer in the Brazilian Navy who spent most of his service in South America campaigns, most notably under the leadership of Lord Cochrane and Commodore Norton. He was the nephew of British politician Pascoe Grenfell and grandfather to General Sir John Grenfell...

 to address the United Provinces of La Plata River in 1851. The Brazilian fleet managed to overcome the strong Argentine Toneleros under heavy shelling and made the transport of troops to the theater of operations ashore. More than a decade later, the navy was again modernized, and his old sailing ships gave way to steam forty ships with over 250 guns. Its officers consisted of no more foreigners, but only Brazilians (who were recruits at the time of the War of Independence). From his frame of military
Military
A military is an organization authorized by its greater society to use lethal force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country by combating actual or perceived threats. The military may have additional functions of use to its greater society, such as advancing a political agenda e.g...

, left men like Joaquim Marques Lisboa Marquis de Tamandaré, da Silva Francisco Manuel Barroso Baron Amazon, Joaquim José Inácio de Barros Viscount Inhaúma, Luís Filipe de Saldanha da Gama, among others, who were all loyal to the monarchy.

Riachuelo

In 1864 collaborated with the intervention in Uruguay and shortly thereafter the Paraguayan War. In this conflict, twenty battleships and six river monitors were added to the fleet register, in addition to its commanders, and crews (and the vessels that were already in the theater of war) were better trained. These actions allowed the Navy to obtain a great victory in the Battle of Riachuelo
Battle of Riachuelo
The naval Battle of Riachuelo was a key point in the War of the Triple Alliance. By late 1864, Paraguay had scored a series of victories in the war; on June 11, 1865, however, its naval defeat by Brazil began to turn the tide in favor of the allies....

 against Paraguayan forces. Brazilian shipbuilders such as Napoleon Level Trajano de Carvalho and John Candido Brazil designed new plans for warships of the Navy that enabled the naval register to maintain competitiveness with other nations. With the end of the Paraguay War, the Brazilian government sought to repair the damaged vessels and retrofit the fleet, enabling Brazil to have the fourth most powerful navy world of that time.

During the 1870s, the Brazilian Empire sought to further strengthen its fleet in light of the a possibility of armed conflict with Argentina. Thus, the Navy acquired a gunboat and a corvette in 1873 as well as a battleship and a monitor in 1874, followed by two more cruisers and a monitor. The beginning of the 1880 saw the continued growth of the Navy as the Naval Arsenals of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro , commonly referred to simply as Rio, is the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil, and the third largest metropolitan area and agglomeration in South America, boasting approximately 6.3 million people within the city proper, making it the 6th...

, Bahia
Bahia
Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil, and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the fourth most populous Brazilian state after São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, and the fifth-largest in size...

, Pernambuco
Pernambuco
Pernambuco is a state of Brazil, located in the Northeast region of the country. To the north are the states of Paraíba and Ceará, to the west is Piauí, to the south are Alagoas and Bahia, and to the east is the Atlantic Ocean. There are about of beaches, some of the most beautiful in the...

 Pará
Pará
Pará is a state in the north of Brazil. It borders the Brazilian states of Amapá, Maranhão, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, Amazonas and Roraima. To the northwest it also borders Guyana and Suriname, and to the northeast it borders the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is Belém.Pará is the most populous state...

 and Mato Grosso
Mato Grosso
Mato Grosso is one of the states of Brazil, the third largest in area, located in the western part of the country.Neighboring states are Rondônia, Amazonas, Pará, Tocantins, Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul. It also borders Bolivia to the southwest...

 continued to build dozens of warships. Four destroyers were purchased, they created the Torpedo Training School for squares and took up a workshop for manufacturing and repair of electrical appliances and torpedoes in the Navy Arsenal January on November 30 of 1883. The same shipyard built the steam gunboats: Initiator, Carioca, Camocim, and Cabedelo Marajo beyond patach Apprentice, all iron and steel hulls without using wood in their construction, marking the first ship of that kind built in Brazil. However, the apex of the Imperial Navy was the incorporation of the battleships Riachuelo and Aquidabã, both equipped with torpedo tubes, in 1884 and 1885, respectively. Acquiring these vessels allowed Brazil to remain "among the naval powers of the universe." These two vessels epoch, because:

In the last case of the monarchy the Secretary of the Navy, Admiral José da Costa Azevedo, Baron Ladário, left a large project that was about to be made for the reorganization of Navy personnel and institutions. In 1889, the Naval Battalion had 454 squares and the Imperial Marines, 3,218 squares. coup that brought the Republic in Brazil was not well accepted by the military of the Imperial Navy. Sailors were driven shot to give the Emperor alive when he was imprisoned in the Imperial Palace. The Marquis de Tamandaré begged his friend Dom Pedro II, who allowed it quell the coup, but denied this possibility. The old sailor and loyal, as to the nearing ninety years of age, was arrested by order of dictator Floriano Peixoto
Floriano Peixoto
Floriano Vieira de Araújo Peixoto , April 30, 1839, Maceió, Brazil — July 29, 1895, Rio de Janeiro; born in Ipioca , was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the War of the Triple Alliance, and the second President of Brazil.-Election and Succession as President:Floriano Peixoto...

 on charges of funding the monarchist military during the Federalist Revolution. " The Baron of Ladario remained in contact with the Imperial Family in exile seeking ways to restore the ousted regime, but was relegated ostracized by the Republican government. Admiral Saldanha da Gama led the Armed Revolt in order to resurrect the Empire and joined forces with other military royalists who were on the Rio Grande do Sul
Rio Grande do Sul
Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in Brazil, and the state with the fifth highest Human Development Index in the country. In this state is located the southernmost city in the country, Chuí, on the border with Uruguay. In the region of Bento Gonçalves and Caxias do Sul, the largest wine...

. All attempts were restorative crushed by the Republican government. Monarchist officers of high rank were arrested or shot or banned without due process of law, and his subordinates were subjected to "cruel." This thorough purge in the tables of the Navy explains how it was possible an institution traditionally loyal The monarchy
Monarchy
A monarchy is a form of government in which the office of head of state is usually held until death or abdication and is often hereditary and includes a royal house. In some cases, the monarch is elected...

 to have suddenly become Republican.

Old Republic

With the military coup that led to the Proclamation of the Brazilian Republic (1889), accentuating the decline of shipbuilding in the country. For four decades, between 1890 and 1930 there were no releases of new media by floating Navy of Rio de Janeiro. The focus of republican governments is now equipping the army for the fight against internal uprisings, which has not been achieved satisfactorily because of the difficulties that the new regime faced in its early years. In addition, the Navy was perceived as a threat to the new republican regime, as had been constituted as an institution more loyal to the Empire and the Emperor D. Pedro II
Pedro II of Brazil
Dom Pedro II , nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last ruler of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. Born in Rio de Janeiro, he was the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina and thus a member of the Brazilian branch of...

.

The situation had become precarious in just over a decade of Republican regime since the Naval Battalion had been reduced to 295 soldiers and Marines Imperial at 1,904 men. The equipment and vessels acquired were considered outdated by Navy officials, who criticized the complete abandonment of repair shops. Participation in two riots, known as Riots Navy
Revolta da Armada
Brazilian Naval Revolts, or the Revoltas da Armada , were armed mutinies promoted mainly by Admirals Custodio de Mello and Saldanha da Gama and their fleet of Brazilian Navy ships against unconstitucional attitudes of the then the central government in Rio de Janeiro.-First revolt:In November 1891,...

, the second, avowedly monarchist, cost the officers loyal to the Brazilian Constitution of 1824 and the Emperor not only their careers as were also arrested, banned and shot, without even having been formed in the military justice process. The sailors who obeyed his orders and took part in the attempt to restore monarchy suffered cruel.

At the beginning of 20th century to force the Brazilian shipbuilding had become obsolete. In 1903, the marine engineer
Naval architecture
Naval architecture is an engineering discipline dealing with the design, construction, maintenance and operation of marine vessels and structures. Naval architecture involves basic and applied research, design, development, design evaluation and calculations during all stages of the life of a...

 Italian
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

, General Vittorio Cuniberti
Vittorio Cuniberti
Vittorio Emanuele Cuniberti was an Italian military officer who envisioned the concept of the all big gun battleship, best exemplified by HMS Dreadnought.-Cuniberti's article:...

, had a series of articles published by the prestigious Jane's Fighting Ships
Jane's Fighting Ships
Jane's Fighting Ships is an annual reference book of information on all the world's warships arranged by nation, including information on ship's names, dimensions, armaments, silhouettes and photographs, etc...

, who advocated a revolutionary design of warships in the area lived. According to the author, the warships would be equipped only with big guns, developing high speeds (20 knots) and have massive armor (12 inches or 30.48 cm). At that time, these conceptions seemed utopian, but only two years later, in 1905, beat the keel of the Aki
Japanese battleship Aki
|-External links:*...

 in Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

 and the following year in 1906 in the HMS Dreadnought
HMS Dreadnought
Several ships and one submarine of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Dreadnought in the expectation that they would "dread nought", i.e. "fear nothing, but God"...

 in Great Britain
Great Britain
Great Britain or Britain is an island situated to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest European island, as well as the largest of the British Isles...

. With the construction of these vessels began weapons, mainly naval, race between industrialized powers, especially the German Empire
German Empire
The German Empire refers to Germany during the "Second Reich" period from the unification of Germany and proclamation of Wilhelm I as German Emperor on 18 January 1871, to 1918, when it became a federal republic after defeat in World War I and the abdication of the Emperor, Wilhelm II.The German...

, Japan, Britain and the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

.

In this context, in Brazil, for reasons of sovereignty, Baron of Rio Branco was the greatest advocate of maintaining a Navy that could match the most powerful nations. Thus, during the government of President Afonso Pena, Marshal Hermes da Fonseca, War Minister
Ministry of War
A Ministry of War or Ministry for War is an administrative, supply and services agency of an army, as opposed to the entire military establishment. Both Mexico and Brazil both still maintain a War Department for the support of their armies...

 approved the project of modernization of the Brazilian fleet, which began in 1906. Thus, British shipyards were ordered to the "dreadnought battleships-" Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, of which only the first two where delivered, since, for lack of funds, the order for the latter was soon canceled.

In late November 1910 broke out Chibata Revolt, organized movement of seamen by the abolition of physical punishment and improving working conditions in the institution. Although successful in just demands the repression that followed the participants was violent and ruthless.

After the declaration of war on the Central Powers
Central Powers
The Central Powers were one of the two warring factions in World War I , composed of the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria...

 in October 1917 The Brazilian Navy participated in the World War
World war
A world war is a war affecting the majority of the world's most powerful and populous nations. World wars span multiple countries on multiple continents, with battles fought in multiple theaters....

 by sending in 1918 of Division Naval Warfare Operations (DNOG) in theater from the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

 and sending pilots to the front Frenchwere integrated into the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
The Royal Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces. Formed on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world...

.

Second World War

Obsolete in terms of resources and unable to guarantee security on the Brazilian coast, in early 1942, with the outbreak of war the German Navy Submarine, aiming to isolate the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandIn the United Kingdom and Dependencies, other languages have been officially recognised as legitimate autochthonous languages under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages...

 and then Soviet Union
Soviet Union
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

 supplies and materials necessary for the war effort from the American continent, Brazil's navy was forced to, among 1942 and 1944, guided by the United States
United States
The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

 Navy
Navy
A navy is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions...

. During this period several naval bases were established in the North and Northeast of Brazil, where the headquarters of the Allied Command Atlantic South
Yet within their limitations and the refitting and reorganization promoted with the U.S. resources, the Brazilian Navy participated actively in the anti-submarine fight War
War
War is a state of organized, armed, and often prolonged conflict carried on between states, nations, or other parties typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality. War should be understood as an actual, intentional and widespread armed conflict between political...

anti-submarine not only in South Atlantic, but also Central zone of the Atlantic, besides participating in the anti-submarine on the Caribbean
Caribbean
The Caribbean is a crescent-shaped group of islands more than 2,000 miles long separating the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea, to the west and south, from the Atlantic Ocean, to the east and north...

 and the train guard for the North Africa
North Africa
North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent, linked by the Sahara to Sub-Saharan Africa. Geopolitically, the United Nations definition of Northern Africa includes eight countries or territories; Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, and...

 and Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Anatolia and Europe, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant...

. Thus, it was responsible, between 1942 and 1945, conducting convoy operations 574 involving the protection of 3164 merchant ships of various nationalities. Of these, the enemy submarines managed to sink only three vessels. According to documentation from the German Navy, the Brazilian Navy made over sixty-six attacks against German submarines.

About 1,100 Brazilians died in the Battle of the Atlantic, due to the sinking of 32 ships of the Merchant Navy of Brazil and a Navy ship. Among the 972 dead in sinking of merchant navy ships, 470 were crew and 502 passengers were civilians. Besides these, 99 sailors died Navy of Brazil in the sinking of theVital de Oliveira (ship)|Vital de Oliveira when he was attacked by German submarines, in addition to some 350 deaths in accidents that resulted in the sinking of the corvette Camaquã on July 21, 1944, 23 crew members died when the cruiser Bahia, which accidentally exploded and sank on July 4, 1945, killing 333 men.

Coup d'etat in Brazil in 1964

Although physical punishment in the institution was officially abolished since the Revolt of the Whip at the end of 1910, improvement in working conditions and career plans were still grounds for claims of troops in early 1960. The growing uncompromising by both sectors of officialdom inflated by high-media and conservative politicians on the right to hear the cry of the troops, as part of the sailors encouraged by leaders like Cape Anselmo, coupled with the lack of vision and inability of the general policy of the then president of the republic João Goulart to mediate and resolve Military coup of 1964 uprising of sailors#|cited the crisis without breaking the rank military (Brazil)|military hierarchy led to the most supportive of the Corps Commanders Coup d'état in Brazil in 1964 by act or omission.

The purges carried out later (not just the Navy but in all the Armed Forces), and the establishment of certain criteria for selecting its new members was a military term in the Brazilian tradition among its members openly harboring various currents of political thought.

2011 UNIFIL Maritime Task Force

On 15 February 2011, Brazil assumed command of the Maritime Task Force (MTF) of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon, or UNIFIL, was created by the United Nations, with the adoption of Security Council Resolution 425 and 426 on 19 March 1978, to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon which Israel had invaded five days prior, restore international peace and security,...

 (UNIFIL).

On October 4, 2011 the Brazilian ministries of Defence and Foreign Relations informed that Brazil is going to send a Navy vessel with up to 300 crew members, equipped with an aircraft, to integrate the fleet of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (Unifil). The sending of the vessel, which is going to run the fleet, was authorized by the National Congress.

Brazilian Navy today

As of 2011, the Brazilian Navy consists of 60,000 active personnel, 100 ships in commission and 89 aircraft. The current Navy Commander is Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
Júlio Soares de Moura Neto
Admiral Júlio Soares de Moura Neto is the current Commander of the Brazilian Navy. He assumed his current assignment on March 1, 2007.-External links:*...

.

Hierarchy

The main branches of the Brazilian Navy are:
  • The "Comando de Operações Navais" (Naval Operations Command)
  • The "Comando da Força de Superfície" (Surface Fleet Command)
  • The "Comando da Força de Submarinos" (Submarine Fleet Command)
  • The "Comando da Força Aeronaval
    Brazilian Naval Aviation
    Brazilian Naval Aviation is the air arm of the Brazilian Navy. It was organized in August 1916, after creation of a naval aviation school and an aviation flotilla. Its roles include aircraft carrier support, fleet air defense, reconnaissance, transport of marine personnel, and anti-submarine warfare...

    " (Naval Aviation Command)
  • The "Comando da 1ª Divisão da Esquadra" (1st Fleet Division Command)
  • The "Comando da 2ª Divisão da Esquadra" (2nd Fleet Division Command)


Naval fleet


The Brazilian Navy has 100 ships in commission
Ship commissioning
Ship commissioning is the act or ceremony of placing a ship in active service, and may be regarded as a particular application of the general concepts and practices of project commissioning. The term is most commonly applied to the placing of a warship in active duty with its country's military...

, and others in construction, process of acquisition, and modernization. Between 1996 and 2005 the Navy retired 21 ships.

The Brazilian Navy operates one Clemenceau class aircraft carrier
Clemenceau class aircraft carrier
The Clemenceau class aircraft carrier are a pair of aircraft carriers which served in the French Navy from 1961 through 2000, and of which one currently remains in active service with the Brazilian Navy...

, the São Paulo, former French Navy
French Navy
The French Navy, officially the Marine nationale and often called La Royale is the maritime arm of the French military. It includes a full range of fighting vessels, from patrol boats to a nuclear powered aircraft carrier and 10 nuclear-powered submarines, four of which are capable of launching...

 Foch
Foch (R 99)
Foch was the second of the French Navy. She was the second warship named in honour of Marshal Ferdinand Foch, after a heavy cruiser commissioned in 1932, and scuttled in Toulon on 27 November 1942....

.

The Brazilian Navy operates four Tupi class and one Tikuna class Type 209 submarine
Type 209 submarine
The Type 209 is a class of diesel-electric attack submarine developed exclusively for export in the late 1960s by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft of Germany...

. The Tupi class submarines will be upgraded by Lockheed Martin at a cost of $35 million. The modernization includes the replacement of existing torpedoes with new MK 48 torpedoes. On March 14, 2008, the Brazilian Navy purchased four Scorpène class submarine
Scorpène class submarine
Scorpène class submarines are a class of diesel-electric attack submarine jointly developed by the French DCN and the Spanish company Navantia and now by DCNS. It features diesel propulsion and an additional air-independent propulsion ....

s from France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

. The Brazilian Navy is currently developing its first nuclear submarine
Nuclear submarine
A nuclear submarine is a submarine powered by a nuclear reactor . The performance advantages of nuclear submarines over "conventional" submarines are considerable: nuclear propulsion, being completely independent of air, frees the submarine from the need to surface frequently, as is necessary for...

.

On August 2008 the Navy incorporated the corvette
Corvette
A corvette is a small, maneuverable, lightly armed warship, originally smaller than a frigate and larger than a coastal patrol craft or fast attack craft , although many recent designs resemble frigates in size and role...

 Barroso; it was designed and built in Brazil at a cost of $263 million.

Current major ships in commission:

Aircraft carrier

  • Clemenceau-class
    Clemenceau class aircraft carrier
    The Clemenceau class aircraft carrier are a pair of aircraft carriers which served in the French Navy from 1961 through 2000, and of which one currently remains in active service with the Brazilian Navy...

     (1)
    • São Paulo (A12)

Submarine

  • Type 209 submarine
    Type 209 submarine
    The Type 209 is a class of diesel-electric attack submarine developed exclusively for export in the late 1960s by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft of Germany...

     (5)
    • Tupi (S30)
    • Tamoio (S31)
    • Timbira (S32)
    • Tapajó (S33)
    • Tikuna (S34)
      Brazilian submarine Tikuna (S34)
      Tikuna is a Tupi Class submarine of the Brazilian Navy.It was built in the Brazilian Navy arsenal in Rio de Janeiro and was launched on March 2005. The Tikuma was then incorporated into the Navy on July 21, 2006 when she was transferred to the Naval Operations Command...


Frigates

  • Niteroi class frigate
    Niteroi class frigate
    - History :The Niterói Class Frigates were designed and built by the British shipyard Vosper Thornycroft in the 1970's. These ships were designated Mk 10 by Vosper Thornycroft and are the largest of a series of ships built by that shipyard for both foreign buyers and the Royal Navy, also known as...

     (6)
    • Niterói (F40)
    • Defensora (F41)
    • Constituição (F42)
      Brazilian frigate Constituição (F42)
      The F Constituição is a Niteroi class frigate of the Brazilian Navy. The Constituição was the fourth Niterói class frigate ordered by the Brazilian Navy, on 20 September 1970...

    • Liberal (F43)
    • Independência (F44)
    • União (F45)
  • Type 22 frigate
    Type 22 frigate
    The Type 22 Broadsword class is a class of frigate built for the British Royal Navy. Fourteen of the class were built in total, with production divided into three batches. With the decommissioning of HMS Cornwall on 30 June 2011, the final Type 22 of the Royal Navy was retired from service...

     (3)
    • Greenhalgh (F46)
      HMS Broadsword (F88)
      HMS Broadsword was the lead ship and first Batch 1 unit of the Type 22 frigates of the Royal Navy.-Service:While on sea trials, Broadsword was called into service as the command ship during the large rescue operation required after storms struck the 1979 Fastnet race.Broadsword took part in the...

    • Bosísio (F48)
    • Rademaker (F49)
      HMS Battleaxe (F89)
      HMS Battleaxe was a Type 22 frigate of the Royal Navy. She was sold to the Brazilian Navy on 30 April 1997 and renamed Rademaker.HMS Battleaxe was featured in Tom Clancy's novel Red Storm Rising....


Corvette

  • Inhaúma class corvette
    Inhaúma class corvette
    The Inhaúma Class corvettes are four escort vessels operated by the Brazilian Navy. These ships were built in Brazil and designed with assistance from the German company Marine Technik. It was originally planned to build 12 to 16 ships but the economic situation in Brazil did not permit this and...

     (4)
    • Inhaúma (V30)
    • Jaceguai (V31)
    • Júlio de Noronha (V32)
    • Frontin (V33)
  • Barroso class corvette (1)
    • Barroso (V34)
      Brazilian corvette Barroso (V34)
      Cv Barroso is a corvette of the Brazilian Navy, and the lead ship of its class. The fifth Brazilian warship to be named after Admiral Francisco Manoel Barroso da Silva, Barroso was launched on 20 December 2002 and commissioned on 19 August 2008. A sister ship will be constructed and sold to...


Amphibious ships

  • Tank landing ship (3)
    • Almirante Sabóia (G25)
      RFA Sir Bedivere (L3004)
      RFA Sir Bedivere was a Landing Ship Logistic of the Round Table class. She saw service in the Falklands War, the Persian Gulf and Sierra Leone. In 2009 she was commissioned into the Brazilian Navy, and renamed NDCC Almirante Saboia -History:The ship was originally built for army service, and...

    • Mattoso Maia (G-28)
      USS Cayuga (LST-1186)
      The third USS Cayuga was a Newport-class tank landing ship in the United States Navy. She was named after a county in New York....

    • Garcia D'Avila (G29)
      RFA Sir Galahad (1987)
      RFA Sir Galahad was a landing ship logistics of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary, currently in service with the Brazilian Navy as the Garcia D'Avila.-History:...

  • Dock landing ship (2)
    • Ceará (G30)
      USS Hermitage (LSD-34)
      USS Hermitage was a of the United States Navy. She was named for The Hermitage, President Andrew Jackson's famed estate just outside of Nashville, Tennessee....

    • Rio de Janeiro (G31)
      USS Alamo (LSD-33)
      USS Alamo was a of the United States Navy. She was named for the Alamo, site of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo.Alamo was laid down on 11 October 1954 at Pascagoula, Miss., by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Corp.; launched on 20 January 1956; sponsored by Mrs. Daniel V. Gallery, the wife of Rear Admiral...


Minehunter

  • Aratu-class (6)
    • Aratu (M15)
    • Anhatomirim (M16)
    • Atalaia (M17)
    • Araçatuba (M18)
    • Abrolhos (M19)
    • Albardão (M20)

Patrol vessels

  • Cape class patrol boat
    Cape class patrol boat
    Cape class patrol boats were steel hull patrol boats with aluminum superstructures of the United States Coast Guard. They were unnamed until 1964, when they acquired names of US capes of land. Originally designed for anti-submarine warfare , all 35 boats in this class were built at the United...

     (6)
    • Piratini (P10)
    • Pirajá (P11)
    • Pampeiro (P12)
    • Paratí (P13)
    • Penedo (P14)
    • Potí (P15)
  • Pedro Teixeira class (2)
    • Pedro Teixeira (P20)
    • Raposo Tavares (P21)
  • Roraima class (3)
    • Roraima (P30)
    • Rondônia (P31)
    • Amapá (P32)
  • Grajaú class (12)
    • Grajaú (P40)
      Brazilian patrol boat Grajaú (P40)
      The NPa Grajaú is a Grajaú class patrol boat of the Brazilian Navy. The Grajaú was the first of twelve Grajaú class patrol boats ordered by the Brazilian Navy, on September 1990...

    • Guaíba (P41)
    • Graúna (P42)
    • Goiana (P43)
    • Guajará (P44)
    • Guaporé (P45)
    • Gurupá (P46)
    • Gurupi (P47)
    • Guanabara (P48)
    • Guarujá (P49)
    • Guaratuba (P50)
    • Gravataí (P51)
  • River-class minesweeper (4)
    • Bracuí (P60)
    • Benevente (P61)
    • Bocaína (P62)
    • Babitonga (P63)
  • Imperial Marinheiro class (2)
    • Imperial Marinheiro (V15)
    • Caboclo (V19)
      Brazilian corvette Caboclo (V19)
      The Cv Caboclo is an Imperial Marinheiro class corvette of the Brazilian Navy. The Caboclo was the fifth of ten Imperial Marinheiro class corvettes ordered by the Brazilian Navy in 1953...

  • Macaé class (2)
    • Macaé (P70)
      Brazilian patrol boat Macaé (P70)
      Brazilian patrol boat Macaé is an of the Brazilian Navy.The Chief of Staff of the Army Commander gave the first possession of the ship, Captain-of-Corvette Marcio Goncalves Martins Assumpção Taveira, and at that moment, was hoisted at the mainmast, the pennant Command. Delivering the ceremony, the...

    • Macau (P71)

Auxiliary ship

Auxiliaries (38 in service)
  • 2 Troopship
    Troopship
    A troopship is a ship used to carry soldiers, either in peacetime or wartime...

  • 3 Tanker ship
  • 6 Lightvessel
    Lightvessel
    A lightvessel, or lightship, is a ship which acts as a lighthouse. They are used in waters that are too deep or otherwise unsuitable for lighthouse construction...

  • 6 Oceanographic research vessel
  • 6 Salvage and rescue ship
  • 1 Submarine rescue ship
    Submarine rescue ship
    A Submarine rescue ship serves as a surface support ship for submarine rescue and deep-sea salvage operations. Methods employed are the McCann Rescue Chamber, Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicles and deep sea diving operations....

  • 2 Icebreaker
    Icebreaker
    An icebreaker is a special-purpose ship or boat designed to move and navigate through ice-covered waters. Although the term usually refers to ice-breaking ships, it may also refer to smaller vessels .For a ship to be considered an icebreaker, it requires three traits most...

  • 5 Auxiliary ship
    Auxiliary ship
    An auxiliary ship is a naval ship which is designed to operate in any number of roles supporting combatant ships and other naval operations. Auxiliaries are not primary combatants, although they may have some limited combat capacity, usually of a self defensive nature.Auxiliaries are extremely...

  • 1 River monitor
    River monitor
    River monitors were heavily armored, and normally mounted the largest guns of all riverine warships. The name originated from the US Navy's Brown Water Navy's USS Monitor, which made her first appearance in the American Civil War, and being distinguished by a single revolving turret.On 18 December...

  • 1 School ship
    School ship
    A training ship is a ship used to train students as sailors. The term is especially used for ships employed by navies to train future officers. Essentially there are two types: those used for training at sea and old hulks used to house classrooms....

  • 1 Sailing frigate
  • 4 Hospital ship
    Hospital ship
    A hospital ship is a ship designated for primary function as a floating medical treatment facility or hospital; most are operated by the military forces of various countries, as they are intended to be used in or near war zones....


Aircraft inventory


As of 2009, the Naval Aviation
Brazilian Naval Aviation
Brazilian Naval Aviation is the air arm of the Brazilian Navy. It was organized in August 1916, after creation of a naval aviation school and an aviation flotilla. Its roles include aircraft carrier support, fleet air defense, reconnaissance, transport of marine personnel, and anti-submarine warfare...

 arm of the Navy operates 89 aircraft, with all but the A-4 Skyhawk
A-4 Skyhawk
The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a carrier-capable ground-attack aircraft designed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The delta winged, single-engined Skyhawk was designed and produced by Douglas Aircraft Company, and later McDonnell Douglas. It was originally designated the A4D...

s being helicopters.
Current aircraft in service:
  • 23 attack aircraft (A-4 Skyhawk
    A-4 Skyhawk
    The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a carrier-capable ground-attack aircraft designed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. The delta winged, single-engined Skyhawk was designed and produced by Douglas Aircraft Company, and later McDonnell Douglas. It was originally designated the A4D...

    )/ 12 (9 A-4 + 3 TA-4) will be upgraded (AF-1 (A-4) and AF-1A (TA-4))

  • 2 attack helicopter
    Attack helicopter
    An attack helicopter is a military helicopter with the primary role of an attack aircraft, with the capability of engaging targets on the ground, such as enemy infantry and armored vehicles...

    s SH-3 Sea King (SH-3)
  • 12 attack helicopter
    Attack helicopter
    An attack helicopter is a military helicopter with the primary role of an attack aircraft, with the capability of engaging targets on the ground, such as enemy infantry and armored vehicles...

    s Super Lynx
    Westland Lynx
    The Westland Lynx is a British multi-purpose military helicopter designed and built by Westland Helicopters at its factory in Yeovil. Originally intended as a utility craft for both civil and naval usage, military interest led to the development of both battlefield and naval variants...

     (HA11)
  • 5 transport helicopters (Eurocopter AS332) (HU14)
  • 2 transport helicopters (Eurocopter AS532) (HU14)
  • 1 transport helicopters (Eurocopter EC725) (HU15) (16+ Ordered)
  • 18 scout helicopters (Eurocopter AS350) (HU12)
  • 8 scout helicopters (Eurocopter AS355
    Eurocopter AS355
    The Eurocopter AS355 Ecureuil 2 is a twin-engine light helicopter originally manufactured by Aérospatiale...

    ) (HU13)
  • 17 training helicopters (Bell 206
    Bell 206
    The Bell 206 is a family of two-bladed, single- or twin-engine helicopters, manufactured by Bell Helicopter at its Mirabel, Quebec plant. Originally developed as the Bell YOH-4 for the United States Army's Light Observation Helicopter program, the 206 failed to be selected...

    ) (HI6)


Ordered:
  • 8 carrier onboard delivery (C-1 Trader
    C-1 Trader
    |-See also:-External links:...

    ) (Ordered)
  • 6 multimission helicopter
    Helicopter
    A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by one or more engine-driven rotors. This allows the helicopter to take off and land vertically, to hover, and to fly forwards, backwards, and laterally...

    s S70B (SH60) Seahawk (MH16) (Ordered)

Naval bases

As of 2009, the main naval bases in use are:
  • Rio de Janeiro
    Rio de Janeiro (state)
    Rio de Janeiro is one of the 27 states of Brazil.Rio de Janeiro has the second largest economy of Brazil behind only São Paulo state.The state of Rio de Janeiro is located within the Brazilian geopolitical region classified as the Southeast...

    :
  • "Base Naval Almirante Castro e Silva", submarine base
  • "Base Naval do Rio de Janeiro", main naval base
  • "Arsenal da Marinha do Rio de Janeiro", naval shipyard
  • "Base Aérea Naval de São Pedro da Aldeia", naval aviation base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha do Governador", marine corps base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais da Ilha das Flores", marine corps base
  • "Base de Fuzileiros Navais do Rio Meriti", marine corps base
  • Bahia
    Bahia
    Bahia is one of the 26 states of Brazil, and is located in the northeastern part of the country on the Atlantic coast. It is the fourth most populous Brazilian state after São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro, and the fifth-largest in size...

    :
  • "Base Naval de Aratu", naval base and repair facility
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    Rio Grande do Norte
    Rio Grande do Norte is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern region of the country, occupying the northeasternmost tip of the South American continent. Because of its geographic position, Rio Grande do Norte has a strategic importance. The capital and largest city is Natal...

    :
  • "Base Naval de Natal", naval base
  • "Base Naval Almirante Ary Parreiras", naval base and repair facility
  • Pará
    Pará
    Pará is a state in the north of Brazil. It borders the Brazilian states of Amapá, Maranhão, Tocantins, Mato Grosso, Amazonas and Roraima. To the northwest it also borders Guyana and Suriname, and to the northeast it borders the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is Belém.Pará is the most populous state...

    :
  • "Base Naval de Val-de-Cães", naval base and repair facility
  • Mato Grosso do Sul
    Mato Grosso do Sul
    Mato Grosso do Sul is one of the states of Brazil.Neighboring Brazilian states are Mato Grosso, Goiás, Minas Gerais, São Paulo and Paraná. It also borders the countries of Paraguay and Bolivia to the west. The economy of the state is largely based on agriculture and cattle-raising...

    :
  • "Base Fluvial de Ladário", riverine naval aviation base, riverine naval base and repair facility
  • Amazonas:
  • "Estação Naval do Rio Negro", riverine naval base and repair facility
  • Rio Grande do Sul
    Rio Grande do Sul
    Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in Brazil, and the state with the fifth highest Human Development Index in the country. In this state is located the southernmost city in the country, Chuí, on the border with Uruguay. In the region of Bento Gonçalves and Caxias do Sul, the largest wine...

    :
  • "Estação Naval do Rio Grande", naval base

Mission

In addition to the roles of a traditional navy
Navy
A navy is the branch of a nation's armed forces principally designated for naval and amphibious warfare; namely, lake- or ocean-borne combat operations and related functions...

, the Brazilian Navy also carries out the role of organizing the merchant navy
Merchant Navy
The Merchant Navy is the maritime register of the United Kingdom, and describes the seagoing commercial interests of UK-registered ships and their crews. Merchant Navy vessels fly the Red Ensign and are regulated by the Maritime and Coastguard Agency...

 and other operational safety missions traditionally conducted by a coast guard
Coast guard
A coast guard or coastguard is a national organization responsible for various services at sea. However the term implies widely different responsibilities in different countries, from being a heavily armed military force with customs and security duties to being a volunteer organization tasked with...

. Other roles include:
  • conduct of national policies vis-à-vis the sea;
  • Implementing and enforcing laws and regulations with respect to the sea and inland waters.

See also

  • Armed Forces of the Empire of Brazil
    Armed Forces of the Empire of Brazil
    The Armed Forces of the Empire of Brazil were the overall unified military forces of the Empire of Brazil. The Brazilian military was first formed by Emperor Dom Pedro I to defend the new nation against the Portuguese Empire in the Brazilian War of Independence...

  • Brazilian Marine Corps
    Brazilian Marine Corps
    The Brazilian Marine Corps is the land combat branch of the Brazilian Navy.- Mission :...

  • Brazilian Naval Aviation
    Brazilian Naval Aviation
    Brazilian Naval Aviation is the air arm of the Brazilian Navy. It was organized in August 1916, after creation of a naval aviation school and an aviation flotilla. Its roles include aircraft carrier support, fleet air defense, reconnaissance, transport of marine personnel, and anti-submarine warfare...

  • Brazilian Army
    Brazilian Army
    The Brazilian Army is the land arm of the Brazilian Military. The Brazilian Army has fought in several international conflicts, mostly in South America and during the 19th century, such as the Brazilian War of Independence , Argentina-Brazil War , War of the Farrapos , Platine War , Uruguayan War ...

  • Brazilian Air Force
    Brazilian Air Force
    The Brazilian Air Force is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services. The FAB was formed when the Army and Navy air branch were merged into a single military force initially called "National Air Forces"...

  • Military history of Brazil
    Military history of Brazil
    The military history of Brazil comprises centuries of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Brazil, and the role of the Brazilian Armed Forces in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. For several hundreds of years, the area was the site of intertribal wars of indigenous peoples...

  • Military ranks of Brazil
    Military ranks of Brazil
    This article presents the insignia and ranks of the Brazilian military. These ranks originate from those adopted upon Brazil's independence from Portugal in 1822. Nowadays they are defined by Act no. 6880 of December 9, 1980...

  • Brazil and weapons of mass destruction
    Brazil and weapons of mass destruction
    In the 1970s and 80s, during the military regime, Brazil had a secret program intended to develop nuclear weapons. The program was dismantled in 1990, five years after the military regime ended, and Brazil is considered free of weapons of mass destruction....



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