Bass (fish)
Bass is a name shared by many different species of popular gamefish. The term encompasses both freshwater
Fresh Water
Fresh Water is the debut album by Australian rock and blues singer Alison McCallum, released in 1972. Rare for an Australian artist at the time, it came in a gatefold sleeve...

 and marine species. All belong to the large order Perciformes
The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, is one of the largest orders of vertebrates, containing about 40% of all bony fish. Perciformes means perch-like. They belong to the class of ray-finned fish and comprise over 7,000 species found in almost all aquatic environments...

, or perch-like fishes, and in fact the word bass comes from Middle English bars, meaning "perch."

Types of basses

  • The temperate basses, such as the striped bass
    Striped bass
    The striped bass is the state fish of Maryland, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and the state saltwater fish of New York, Virginia, and New Hampshire...

     (Morone saxatilis) and white bass
    White bass
    The white bass or sand bass The white bass or sand bass The white bass or sand bass (MoroneIt is the state fish of Oklahoma.- Range :White bass are distributed widely across the United States, particularly in the midwest. They are very abundant in Pennsylvania and the area around Lake Erie...

     (M. chrysops), belong to the family Moronidae
    Temperate Bass is in the Family PercichthyidaeHow to know the freshwater fishes Samuel Eddy, James C. Underhill.Moronidae, also known as the "temperate basses", is a family of perciform fish consisting of 6 freshwater and marine species...

  • The black basses, such as the largemouth bass
    Largemouth bass
    The largemouth bass is a species of black bass in the sunfish family native to North America . It is also known as widemouth bass, bigmouth, black bass, bucketmouth, Potter's fish, Florida bass, Florida largemouth, green bass, green trout, linesides, Oswego bass, southern largemouth...

     (Micropterus salmoides), smallmouth bass
    Smallmouth bass
    The smallmouth bass is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family of the order Perciformes. It is the type species of its genus...

     (M. dolomieu), spotted bass
    Spotted bass
    The Spotted Bass , also called "Spotty", "Leeman", or "Spots" in various fishing communities, is a species of freshwater fish sunfish family of order Perciformes. One of the black basses, it is native to the Mississippi River basin and across theGulf States, from central Texas through the Florida...

     (M. punctulatus), and Guadalupe bass
    Guadalupe bass
    The Guadalupe bass is a rare species of fish endemic to the U.S. state of Texas, where it also is the official state fish. It is restricted to creeks and rivers , and was formerly listed as vulnerable, but IUCN currently considers the data insufficient to determine its status...

     (M. treculii), belong to the sunfish family, Centrarchidae
    The sunfishes are a family of freshwater ray-finned fish belonging to the order Perciformes. The type genus is Centrarchus . The family's 27 species includes many fishes familiar to North Americans, including the rock bass, largemouth bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, and crappies...


Other species known as basses

Many species are also known as basses, including:
  • The Australian bass
    Australian bass
    Australian bass are a small to medium sized, primarily freshwater native fish found in coastal rivers and streams along the east coast of Australia. They are a member of the Percichthyidae family and, currently, the Macquaria genus. Australian bass are an iconic, highly predatory native fish...

    , Macquaria novemaculeata, is a member of the temperate perch family, Percichthyidae.
  • The black sea bass
    Black sea bass
    The black sea bass is an exclusively marine fish. It is a type of Grouper found more commonly in northern than in southern ranges.It inhabits the coasts from Maine to NE Florida and the eastern Gulf of Mexico....

    , Centropristis striata, is a member of the sea bass and sea grouper family, Serranidae
    Serranidae is a large family of fishes, belonging to the order Perciformes. The family contains about 450 species of serranids in 64 genera, including the sea basses and the groupers...

  • The giant sea bass
    Giant sea bass
    The giant sea bass is a fish native to the northern Pacific Ocean. Despite its conspicuous size and curious nature, relatively little is known about its biology or behavior....

     Stereolepis gigas, also known as the black sea bass, is a member of the wreckfish family, Polyprionidae.
  • The Chilean sea bass, Dissostichus eleginoides, more commonly known as the Patagonian toothfish
    Patagonian toothfish
    The Patagonian toothfish, Dissostichus eleginoides , is a fish found in the cold, temperate waters of the southern Atlantic, southern Pacific, Indian, and Southern Oceans on seamounts and continental shelves around most sub-Antarctic islands.A close relative, the Antarctic toothfish , is found...

    , is a member of the cod icefish family, Nototheniidae
    The cod icefishes or nothothens are the family Nototheniidae of acanthopterygian fishes, containing about 50 species in 13 genera. They are traditionally placed in the perciform assemblage together with their relatives, but like every lineage in the "Perciformes" their actual relationships are not...

  • The European seabass
    European seabass
    The European seabass, Dicentrarchus labrax, also known as Morone labrax, is a primarily ocean-going fish that sometimes enters brackish and fresh waters. It is also known as the sea dace...

    , Dicentrarchus labrax, is a member of the temperate bass family, Moronidae.
  • The "lanternbellies" or "temperate ocean-basses" - the family Acropomatidae
    Acropomatidae, also known as the lanternbellies or the temperate ocean-basses, is a family of perciform fish consisting of 33 marine species. Members of Acropoma are notable for having light-emitting organs alongside their undersides...

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