Baikal Amur Corrective Labor Camp (Bamlag) was a subdivision of GULAG
The Gulag was the government agency that administered the main Soviet forced labor camp systems. While the camps housed a wide range of convicts, from petty criminals to political prisoners, large numbers were convicted by simplified procedures, such as NKVD troikas and other instruments of...

 which existed during 1932-1948. Its administration, headed by Naftaly Frenkel
Naftaly Frenkel
Naftaly Aronovich Frenkel ; was a Soviet citizen and Chekist . Frenkel is best known for his role in the organisation of work in the Gulag, starting from the forced labor camp of the Solovetsky Islands, which is recognised as one of the earliest sites of the Gulag. -Origins:Naftaly Frenkel's...

 (1933-1938), was headquartered in the settlement of Svobodny, Amur Oblast
Svobodny, Amur Oblast
Svobodny is a town in Amur Oblast, Russia. Population: 58,730 ; 63,889 ; -Geography:The town is located north of Blagoveshchensk on the right bank of the Zeya River.-History:...

. Its main activity was construction of the Baikal Amur Mainline and secondary railroad branches. Its peak headcount was about 201,000 (1938). In 1938 it was dismantled into several camps.

Notable convicts

  • Pavel Florensky
    Pavel Florensky
    Pavel Alexandrovich Florensky was a Russian Orthodox theologian, philosopher, mathematician, electrical engineer, inventor and Neomartyr sometimes compared by his followers to Leonardo da Vinci.-Early life:Pavel Aleksandrovich Florensky was born on January 21, 1882, into the family of a railroad...

    , Russian Orthodox theologian and philosopher
  • Konstantin Rokossovsky
    Konstantin Rokossovsky
    Konstantin Rokossovskiy was a Polish-origin Soviet career officer who was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, as well as Marshal of Poland and Polish Defence Minister, who was famously known for his service in the Eastern Front, where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill...

    , Soviet marshal, and Polish Defense Minister
The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.