Athens Mass Transit System
Overview
 
The Athens Mass Transit System (or, more accurately, Mass transit system of Attica
Attica
Attica is a historical region of Greece, containing Athens, the current capital of Greece. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea...

) is the largest mass transit system of Greece
Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

. The system serves all areas in Athens Metropolitan Area and other parts of Attica Region.
As of July 2011, the Athens Mass Transit System consists of:
  • OSY S.A.
    • A bus network, formerly operated by ETHEL
      Ethel
      Ethel is an Old English word meaning "noble", frequently attested in Anglo-Saxon names. "Ethel" is derived from æthel, also spelled aethel and ethel. In Anglo-Saxon times it was a common first element in names e.g. "Ethelbert", "Etheldreda"...

       (Etaireia Thermikon Leoforeion/Thermal Bus Company)
    • An electric trolleybus
      Trolleybus
      A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

       network, formerly operated by ILPAP
      ILPAP
      I.L.P.A.P. was a public Greek company, part of the general Athens Mass Transit System, responsible for the operation of the trolleybuses network...

       (Ilektrokinita Leoforeia Periohis Athinon–Peiraios/Electric Buses of Athens–Piraeus)
  • STASY S.A.
Encyclopedia
The Athens Mass Transit System (or, more accurately, Mass transit system of Attica
Attica
Attica is a historical region of Greece, containing Athens, the current capital of Greece. The historical region is centered on the Attic peninsula, which projects into the Aegean Sea...

) is the largest mass transit system of Greece
Greece
Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

. The system serves all areas in Athens Metropolitan Area and other parts of Attica Region.

Companies

As of July 2011, the Athens Mass Transit System consists of:
  • OSY S.A.
    • A bus network, formerly operated by ETHEL
      Ethel
      Ethel is an Old English word meaning "noble", frequently attested in Anglo-Saxon names. "Ethel" is derived from æthel, also spelled aethel and ethel. In Anglo-Saxon times it was a common first element in names e.g. "Ethelbert", "Etheldreda"...

       (Etaireia Thermikon Leoforeion/Thermal Bus Company)
    • An electric trolleybus
      Trolleybus
      A trolleybus is an electric bus that draws its electricity from overhead wires using spring-loaded trolley poles. Two wires and poles are required to complete the electrical circuit...

       network, formerly operated by ILPAP
      ILPAP
      I.L.P.A.P. was a public Greek company, part of the general Athens Mass Transit System, responsible for the operation of the trolleybuses network...

       (Ilektrokinita Leoforeia Periohis Athinon–Peiraios/Electric Buses of Athens–Piraeus)
  • STASY S.A.
    • The Athens Tram
      Athens Tram
      The Athens Tram is public tram network system serving Athens. It is constructed, owned and operated by Tram S.A. , subsidiary company of Attiko Metro S.A. ....

       system, formerly operated by Tram S.A. which was a subsidiary of Attiko Metro S.A.
    • The Piraeus-Kifissia urban railway (ISAP), formerly owned and operated by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways
      ISAP
      I.S.A.P. is the acronym for the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways , the oldest urban rapid transit system of Athens metropolitan area in Greece. It is the second-oldest underground metro system in the world, after the Metropolitan Railway, of 1863, now a part of the London Underground...

      . It is occasinally advertised as Athens Metro Line 1.
    • The Athens Metro
      Athens Metro
      The Athens Metro is an underground rapid transit system serving Athens, the capital city of Greece. It was constructed and owned by Attiko Metro S.A. and operated until 2011 by Attiko Metro Etaireia Leitourgias S.A....

       system, consisting of Metro Line 2 and Metro Line 3, formerly owned by Attiko Metro S.A. and operated by subsidiary AMEL
      Amel
      Amel is a Belgian municipality in the Walloon province of Liège, and is part of the German-speaking Community of Belgium .On January 1, 2006 Amel had a total population of 5,282...

       (Attiko Metro Etaireia Leitourgias, Attiko Metro Operations Company)
  • A suburban rail system using Hellenic Railways Organisation (OSE) lines, operated by TrainOSE
    TrainOSE
    TrainOSE S.A. is a railway company in Greece which currently operates all passenger and freight trains on OSE lines. The company, formerly a subsidiary of the Hellenic Railways Organisation , has been from 2008 an independent state-owned company...

     S.A. under the name Proastiakos
    Proastiakos
    Proastiakós , is the name used for the suburban services of TrainOSE, servicing Greece's three largest cities: Athens, Thessaloniki and Patras; providing them with modern commuter rail links, towards their suburbs and also towards other cities and towns located around them.The service, operated by...

    . The section between Piraeus, Magoula and Koropi is regarded as the urban part.
  • A part of the OSE main line (between Piraeus and Aghios Stefanos) operated by TrainOSE S.A.


OSY and STASY (which absorbed the former companies ISAP, ILPAP, ETHEL, Tram, AMEL) as well as TrainOSE (for its Proastiakos department) are coordinated by Athens Urban Transport Organisation (Organismos Astikon Syngoinonion Athinon - OASA), a public company. ISAP, ETHEL and ILPAP were wholly owned by OASA S.A.

AMEL and Tram S.A. until June 2011 were subsidiaries of Attiko Metro S.A. , a company that is currently wholly owned by the Greek government.

TrainOSE S.A., which absorbed the former Proastiakos S.A. in 2007, became independent of the OSE group in 2008 and is now a separate public company.

In January 2011 the Greek government proposed a reorganization of the system, which involves reduction of the separate companies to just two, one for tram and rapid transit and one for conventional and trolley buses.

In March 2011, the Greek Government passed Law 3920 to allow Athens Metro Operations Company (AMEL) to absorb Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways
ISAP
I.S.A.P. is the acronym for the Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways , the oldest urban rapid transit system of Athens metropolitan area in Greece. It is the second-oldest underground metro system in the world, after the Metropolitan Railway, of 1863, now a part of the London Underground...

 and Athens Tram
Athens Tram
The Athens Tram is public tram network system serving Athens. It is constructed, owned and operated by Tram S.A. , subsidiary company of Attiko Metro S.A. ....

. The resulting company "STASY S.A." shall be a subsidiary of OASA S.A. Also ETHEL S.A. and ILPAP
ILPAP
I.L.P.A.P. was a public Greek company, part of the general Athens Mass Transit System, responsible for the operation of the trolleybuses network...

S.A. were merged in "OSY S.A." , another OASA subsidiary.

The merger was officially announced on June 10, 2011.   While merger at the top management level took place immediately, integration of the former companies at operations and support level proceeds slowly.

OASA companies established in 2011


Former companies


Non-OASA companies

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