Athenaeum (literary journal)
The Athenaeum was a literary journal started in 1798 by August Wilhelm and Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel. It is considered to be the founding publication of German Romanticism
German Romanticism
For the general context, see Romanticism.In the philosophy, art, and culture of German-speaking countries, German Romanticism was the dominant movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. German Romanticism developed relatively late compared to its English counterpart, coinciding in its...



Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel, August Wilhelm Schlegel, Dorothea von Schlegel
Dorothea von Schlegel
Dorothea von Schlegel was a German novelist and translator.-Biography :Dorothea von Schlegel was born in 1764 in Berlin. Oldest daughter of the philosopher Moses Mendelssohn, a leading figure in the German Enlightenment...

, Karoline Schelling
Karoline Schelling
Caroline Schelling, née Michaelis, widowed Böhmer, divorced Schlegel was a noted German intellectual.She was born at Göttingen, the daughter of the orientalist Michaelis....

 (then Schlegel), Novalis
Novalis was the pseudonym of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg , an author and philosopher of early German Romanticism.-Biography:...

, August Ferdinand Bernhardi
August Ferdinand Bernhardi
August Ferdinand Bernhardi was a German linguist and writer.After studying philosophy in Halle an der Saale, in 1791 Bernhardi became a teacher at the Friedrichwerderschen Gymnasium in Berlin and in 1808 became the institution's headmaster. In 1815 he joined the Consistory and the Academic...

, Sophie Bernhardi, Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher
Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher was a German theologian and philosopher known for his attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant orthodoxy. He also became influential in the evolution of Higher Criticism, and his work forms part of the foundation of...

, A. L. Hulsen, K.G. Brinckmann.


The following is a partial listing of articles in the Athaneum taken from Lacoue-Labarthe and Nancy's The Literary Absolute.


Volume 1 (1): Notice (Friedrich and August Schlegel), Languages: A Dialogue on Klopstock's Grammatical Dialogues (August Schlegel), Grains of Pollen (Novalis), Elegies translated from the Greek (Friedrich and August Schlegel), Contributions to the Most Recent Criticism of Literature (A.W. Schlegel)

Volume 1 (2): Fragments, On Goethe's Meister Wilhelm (Fridrich Schlegel)


Volume 2 (1): On Philosophy. To Dorothea (Friedrich Schlegel), The Paintings. A Dialogue (A.W. Schlegel with Caroline Schlegel), On the Natural Equality of Man (A.L. Hülsen)

Volume 2 (2): The Art of the Greeks. To Goethe. An Elegy (A. W. Schlegel), On Drawings Based on Poems, and on the Silhouettes of John Flaxmann (A. W. Schlegel), The Eleventh Song of "Orlando Furioso" (A.W. Schlegel), Postscript of the Translator to Ludwig Tieck (A.W. Schlegel), Notes (A. W. Schlegel), Discourses on Religion (Friedrich Schlegel, review), Anthropology by Emmanuel Kant (F.D.E. Schleiermacher, review), Notes (K.G. Brinckmann), The Literary Indicator of the Empire, or Archives of the Epoch and its Taste (August Schlegel)


Volume 3 (1): To Heliodora (Friedrich Schlegel), Ideas (Friedrich Schlegel), Considerations of Nature during a Voyage in Sweden (A.L. Hulsen), Dialogue on Poetry I (Friedrich Schlegel), The Last Writings Published by Garve (F.D.E. Schleiermacher, review), (various reviews by August Schlegel), List of Reviews Published by A. W. Schlegel in the Universal Journal of Literature

Volume 3 (2): To the Germans (Friedrich Schlegel), Dialogue on Poetry II (Friedrich Schlegel), Hymns to the Night (Novalis), Conception of Life (Sophie Bernhardi), Idylls translated from the Greek (August and Friedrich Schlegel), To Ludwig Tieck (August Schlegel, sonnet), Discourses on Religion --- The Soul of the World of Schelling (sonnets), The Athaneum --- Zebrino (Friedrich Schlegel, sonnet), The Moral Stories of Ramdohr (Dorothea Schlegel), (various reviews by August Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Bernhardi), On Incomprehensibility (Fridrich Schlegel)

Secondary Literature

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