Ateneo de Manila University
Overview
 
The Ateneo de Manila University (also Ateneo de Manila or Ateneo; Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

: Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila) is a private
Private university
Private universities are universities not operated by governments, although many receive public subsidies, especially in the form of tax breaks and public student loans and grants. Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. Private universities are...

 teaching and research university
University
A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is an organisation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education...

 run by the Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. It began in 1859 when the City of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 handed control of the Escuela Municipal de Manila in Intramuros
Intramuros
Intramuros is the oldest district in the present day city of Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. Nicknamed the "Walled City", Intramuros is the historic fortified city of Manila, the seat ot the government during the Spanish Colonial Period. Its name in Latin, intramuros,...

, Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

, to the Jesuits. It was then a state-subsidized school. It became a private school during the American occupation of the Philippines, and has moved from Manila to its current location.
Encyclopedia
The Ateneo de Manila University (also Ateneo de Manila or Ateneo; Filipino
Filipino language
This move has drawn much criticism from other regional groups.In 1987, a new constitution introduced many provisions for the language.Article XIV, Section 6, omits any mention of Tagalog as the basis for Filipino, and states that:...

: Pamantasang Ateneo de Manila) is a private
Private university
Private universities are universities not operated by governments, although many receive public subsidies, especially in the form of tax breaks and public student loans and grants. Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. Private universities are...

 teaching and research university
University
A university is an institution of higher education and research, which grants academic degrees in a variety of subjects. A university is an organisation that provides both undergraduate education and postgraduate education...

 run by the Society of Jesus
Society of Jesus
The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

 in the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

. It began in 1859 when the City of Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

 handed control of the Escuela Municipal de Manila in Intramuros
Intramuros
Intramuros is the oldest district in the present day city of Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. Nicknamed the "Walled City", Intramuros is the historic fortified city of Manila, the seat ot the government during the Spanish Colonial Period. Its name in Latin, intramuros,...

, Manila
Manila
Manila is the capital of the Philippines. It is one of the sixteen cities forming Metro Manila.Manila is located on the eastern shores of Manila Bay and is bordered by Navotas and Caloocan to the north, Quezon City to the northeast, San Juan and Mandaluyong to the east, Makati on the southeast,...

, to the Jesuits. It was then a state-subsidized school. It became a private school during the American occupation of the Philippines, and has moved from Manila to its current location. It received its university charter in 1959.

Its main campus in Loyola Heights, Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

 is home to the university's college and graduate school
Loyola Schools
The Loyola Schools is the higher education unit of the Ateneo de Manila University that offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in the Arts and Sciences. It operates under the statutes of the Ateneo de Manila University...

 units, as well as its high school and grade school. Two other campuses, in Rockwell Center
Rockwell Center
The Rockwell Center is an upscale mixed-use 15.5-hectare project in Poblacion, Makati City, Philippines. It is a project of the Rockwell Land Corporation , which is owned by the influential Lopez family.-Location and vicinity:...

 and Salcedo Village, both in Makati City
Makati City
The City of Makati is one of the 17 cities that make up Metro Manila, one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world. Makati is the financial center of the Philippines and one of the major financial, commercial and economic hubs in Asia...

, house the university's professional schools of business
Ateneo Graduate School of Business
The Ateneo Graduate School of Business or the AGSB is the graduate school of business of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. The school is located in the Ateneo Professional Schools Building in Rockwell Center,...

, law
Ateneo Law School
The Ateneo de Manila Law School is the law school of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private Jesuit university in the Philippines. It was founded in 1936, in the Padre Faura, Manila campus of the Ateneo, where it remained even after the college, graduate school, and basic education units moved...

, and government
Ateneo School of Government
The Ateneo School of Government or ASoG is the graduate school of public affairs of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines.-History:...

. A fourth facility in the Don Eugenio López, Sr. Medical Complex in Ortigas Center, Pasig City
Pasig City
The City of Pasig is one of the city municipalities of Metro Manila in the Philippines and was the former capital of the province of Rizal prior to the formation of this grouping of cities designated as the National Capital Region...

 houses its school of medicine and public health
Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health or ASMPH is the medical school of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines....

.

The Ateneo offers programs in the elementary, secondary, undergraduate, and graduate levels. Its academic offerings include the Art
Art
Art is the product or process of deliberately arranging items in a way that influences and affects one or more of the senses, emotions, and intellect....

s, Humanities
Humanities
The humanities are academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences....

, Business
Business
A business is an organization engaged in the trade of goods, services, or both to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, where most of them are privately owned and administered to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit...

, Law
Law
Law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behavior, wherever possible. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a social mediator of relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus...

, the Social Sciences
Social sciences
Social science is the field of study concerned with society. "Social science" is commonly used as an umbrella term to refer to a plurality of fields outside of the natural sciences usually exclusive of the administrative or managerial sciences...

, Philosophy
Philosophy
Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language. Philosophy is distinguished from other ways of addressing such problems by its critical, generally systematic approach and its reliance on rational...

, Theology
Theology
Theology is the systematic and rational study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truths, or the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university or school of divinity or seminary.-Definition:Augustine of Hippo...

, Medicine
Medicine
Medicine is the science and art of healing. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness....

 and Public Health
Public health
Public health is "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals" . It is concerned with threats to health based on population health...

, Biology
Biology
Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines...

, Chemistry
Chemistry
Chemistry is the science of matter, especially its chemical reactions, but also its composition, structure and properties. Chemistry is concerned with atoms and their interactions with other atoms, and particularly with the properties of chemical bonds....

, Physics
Physics
Physics is a natural science that involves the study of matter and its motion through spacetime, along with related concepts such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves.Physics is one of the oldest academic...

, Mathematics
Mathematics
Mathematics is the study of quantity, space, structure, and change. Mathematicians seek out patterns and formulate new conjectures. Mathematicians resolve the truth or falsity of conjectures by mathematical proofs, which are arguments sufficient to convince other mathematicians of their validity...

, Computer Science
Computer science
Computer science or computing science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and of practical techniques for their implementation and application in computer systems...

 and Information Technology
Information technology
Information technology is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications...

, Engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

, Environmental Science
Environmental science
Environmental science is an interdisciplinary academic field that integrates physical and biological sciences, to the study of the environment, and the solution of environmental problems...

, and Government
Government
Government refers to the legislators, administrators, and arbitrators in the administrative bureaucracy who control a state at a given time, and to the system of government by which they are organized...

. Aside from teaching and research, the Ateneo de Manila also engages in social outreach.

It was granted Level IV accreditation--the highest possible level—from the Commission on Higher Education
Commission on Higher Education (Philippines)
The Commission on Higher Education of the Philippines, , abbreviated as CHED. The CHED is attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes...

 (CHED) through the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines (FAAP) and the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
The Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities is a private, voluntary, non-profit and non-stock corporation which was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines on December 2, 1957...

 (PAASCU). Its was reaccredited at the same level, and was likewise granted Institutional Accreditation by the same body in 2011, the first time that both citations were awarded to a university simultaneously.

It is also one of few universities granted autonomous status by CHED, which likewise recognizes a number of the University's programs and departments as Centers of Excellence and Centers of Development.

Its grade school and high school have been granted Level III accreditation by PAASCU and FAAP, the highest possible level for basic education.

Among the Ateneo's alumni are José Rizal
José Rizal
José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda , was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by...

, the National Hero of the Philippines. Several Philippine Presidents
President of the Philippines
The President of the Philippines is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The president leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines...

, including the incumbent Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Aquino III
Benigno Simeon Cojuangco Aquino III , also known as Noynoy Aquino or PNoy, is a Filipino politician who has been the 15th and current President of the Philippines since June 2010....

, as well as his predecessors Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and is currently a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga...

, Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada was the 13th President of the Philippines, serving from 1998 until 2001. Estrada was the first person in the Post-EDSA era to be elected both to the presidency and vice-presidency.Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over 100 films in...

, Fidel Ramos, and Corazon Aquino
Corazon Aquino
Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino was the 11th President of the Philippines and the first woman to hold that office in Philippine history. She is best remembered for leading the 1986 People Power Revolution, which toppled Ferdinand Marcos and restored democracy in the Philippines...

 are alumni of or have ties with the university. Also among its graduates are several leaders of the propaganda movement during Philippine Revolution against Spain and the Philippine-American War, politicians, political activists, professionals, businessmen, writers, scientists, educators, and artists. This body of alumni was all-male until women were admitted to its graduate programs, and later, to its college.

The University's patron saint is Ignatius of Loyola
Ignatius of Loyola
Ignatius of Loyola was a Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus and was its first Superior General. Ignatius emerged as a religious leader during the Counter-Reformation...

, while María Puríssima
Immaculate Conception
The Immaculate Conception of Mary is a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church, according to which the Virgin Mary was conceived without any stain of original sin. It is one of the four dogmata in Roman Catholic Mariology...

 is its patroness, as is evident the pontifical name "University of the Immaculate Conception" and in the selection of blue and white as the school's colors. The patron saint of its law school
Ateneo Law School
The Ateneo de Manila Law School is the law school of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private Jesuit university in the Philippines. It was founded in 1936, in the Padre Faura, Manila campus of the Ateneo, where it remained even after the college, graduate school, and basic education units moved...

 is Thomas More
Thomas More
Sir Thomas More , also known by Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist. He was an important councillor to Henry VIII of England and, for three years toward the end of his life, Lord Chancellor...

, the high school has Stanislaus Kostka
Stanislaus Kostka
Stanisław Kostka S.J. was a Polish novice of the Society of Jesus. In the Catholic Church as Saint Stanislaus Kostka....

 as its patron, and the grade school the Holy Guardian Angels
Guardian angel
A guardian angel is an angel assigned to protect and guide a particular person or group. Belief in guardian angels can be traced throughout all antiquity...

 as its patrons.

Institution

The Ateneo de Manila University operates from several campuses in Metro Manila
Metro Manila
Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

, with each campus housing academic and research units. Several thousand faculty members serve a student body in different academic levels, from elementary to postgraduate. The Loyola Schools have around 8,000 undergraduate students and around 3,000 graduate students making the Ateneo small, in terms of population, relative to many other Philippine universities.

The University began operations in 1859 when the City of Manila turned over the Escuela Municipal de Manila, a public primary school in Intramuros
Intramuros
Intramuros is the oldest district in the present day city of Manila, the capital of the Republic of the Philippines. Nicknamed the "Walled City", Intramuros is the historic fortified city of Manila, the seat ot the government during the Spanish Colonial Period. Its name in Latin, intramuros,...

, to Spanish Jesuits. The school took the name Ateneo when it began offering secondary education in 1865, and has since grown into a university engaged in teaching, research, and social outreach. Its academic programs are geared towards research coupled with real-world output through which the university and its community engage social problems, especially in areas of national development and addressing poverty.

Social initiatives

The Ateneo has grounded its vision and mission in Jesuit educational tradition. Because of the Jesuit educational tradition of engagement with the world at large, the university is involved with civic work. Social involvement is a key part of Ateneo education, being integrated into the curricula of practically all university programs. Social entrepreneurship
Social entrepreneurship
Social entrepreneurship is the work of social entrepreneurs. A social entrepreneur recognizes a social problem and uses entrepreneurial principles to organize, create and manage a venture to achieve social change . While a business entrepreneur typically measures performance in profit and return, a...

 is also a key thrust now integrated into many of the university's academic programs.

Some of the Ateneo's social projects include the Ateneo-Mangyan Project for Understanding and Development (AMPUD) and Bigay Puso in grade school; and the Christian Service and Involvement Program, Damay Immersion, and Tulong Dunong program for senior students in high school. In college, social development is fostered by programs of the Office of Social Concern and Involvement, including house-builds with Gawad Kalinga, and the Ateneo Labor Trials Program tied into junior Philosophy classes. Student organizations and offices of the Loyola Schools also operate their own social involvement programs. At the Ateneo Professional Schools, programs and units like the Graduate School of Business' Mulat-Diwa, the Leaders for Health Program, the Law School's Human Rights Center and Legal Aid programs aim to form leaders. Other Ateneo initiatives include Pathways to Higher Education, a response to the problem faced by academically-gifted yet financially-underprivileged youth who seek a college education; and the Ateneo Center for Educational Development (ACED), which conducts national teacher and principal training programs.

The centerpiece social program of the university is its university-wide social action program, its partnership with Gawad Kalinga
Gawad Kalinga
Gawad Kalinga , which means to "give care" in Filipino, is officially known as the Gawad Kalinga Community Development Foundation, a Philippine-based poverty alleviation and nation-building movement....

, which, to date, has helped build communities and schools in Payatas, Quezon City
Quezon City
Quezon City is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. Located on the island of Luzon, Quezon City is one of the cities and municipalities that make up Metro Manila, the National Capital Region. The city was named after Manuel L...

, in many Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija
Nueva Ecija is a landlocked province of the Philippines located in the Central Luzon region. Its capital is Palayan City...

 municipalities, and three villages in Bicol
Bicol Region
The Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 17 regions of the Philippines. Its regional center is Legazpi City...

. GK-Ateneo has also driven Kalinga Luzon, the massive rehabilitation effort for victims of the late 2004 Luzon typhoons, GK Youth-Ateneo, arguably the largest and most active student social program of the Ateneo, Kalinga Leyte, an ongoing program which aims to provide long-term rehabilitation for the victims of the Southern Leyte
Southern Leyte
Southern Leyte is a province of the Philippines located in the Eastern Visayas region. Maasin City is the capital of the province. Southern Leyte was once a sub-province of Leyte before it was divided from the latter...

 landslide, and ongoing reconstruction efforts for typhoon-stricken Bicol.

Administration

{| style="float:right; margin:1em 1em 1em 1em; width:24em; border: 1px solid #a0a0a0; padding: 2px; bg-color=yellow; text-align:right;"
|- style="background:#0260a8; text-align:center;"
|Presidents and Rectors of the
Ateneo de Manila University

|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. José Fernández Cuevas, S.J., 1859–1864
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Juan Bautista Vidal, S.J., 30 July 1864–1868
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Pedro Bertrán, S.J., 11 June 1868–1872
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. José Lluch, S.J., 4 September 1871–1875
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Juan Bautista Heras, S.J., 21 August 1875–1881
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Pablo Ramón, S.J., 1 January 1881–1886
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Miguel Roses, S.J., 6 February 1886 - 1894
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Miguel Sedarra Mata, S.J., 11 February 1894–1901
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. José Clos, S.J., 9 June 1901 - 1905
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Joaquín Añon, S.J., 11 December 1905 - 1910
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Joaquín Villalonga, S.J., 31 October 1910 - 1916
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Marcial Sola, S.J., 28 May 1916 - 1920
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Juan Villalonga, S.J., 29 July 1920 - 1921
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Francis X. Byrne, S.J., 15 June 1921–1925
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. James J. Carlin, S.J., 24 July 1925 - 1927
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Richard A. O'Brien, S.J., 11 August 1927 - 1933
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Henry C. Avery, S.J., 30 July 1933–1937
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Carroll I. Fasy, S.J., 26 February 1937 - 1941
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Francis X. Reardon, S.J., 25 April 1941–1947
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. William F. Masterson, S.J., 14 May 1947–1950
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. James J. McMahon, S.J., 15 March 1950 - 1956
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Leo A. Cullum, S.J., 31 July 1956 - 1959
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Francisco Z. Araneta, S.J., 15 June 1959–1965
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. James F. Donelan, S.J., 2 July 1965–1969
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Pacifico A. Ortiz, S.J., 1 May 1969 - 1970
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Francisco Z. Araneta, S.J., 15 November 1970 - 1972
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. José A. Cruz, S.J., 12 August 1972 - 1984
|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J.
Joaquin G. Bernas
Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J., J.S.D. is a Jesuit and is Dean Emeritus of Ateneo Law School in Makati City, Philippines. He was a member of the 1986 Constitutional Commission which drafted the present Philippine Constitution....

, 1 April 1984–1993

|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J.
Bienvenido Nebres
Father Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J. is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university President of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J. in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011...

, 1 April 1993 - 1 June 2011

|- style="text-align:left; font-size:x-small;"
|Fr. Jose Ramon T. Villarin, S.J.
Jose Ramon Villarin
Father Jose Ramon T. Villarin, S.J., known as "Fr. Jett" by his students and fellow colleagues, is a Filipino Jesuit priest and scientist, who currently serves as university president of the Ateneo de Manila University. On June 29, 2010, he was elected to succeed Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, S.J. as...

, 1 June 2011 -

|}
The Ateneo de Manila is governed by a Board of Trustees, chaired by alumnus Edward Go, who succeeded former Chairman Manuel V. Pangilinan
Manuel V. Pangilinan
Manuel V Pangilinan , also known as Manny Pangilinan and MVP, is a Filipino businessman. He is the Chairman of the Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company, from 1998 up to the present....

. A central administration, led by University President Fr. Jose Ramon T. Villarin, S.J.
Jose Ramon Villarin
Father Jose Ramon T. Villarin, S.J., known as "Fr. Jett" by his students and fellow colleagues, is a Filipino Jesuit priest and scientist, who currently serves as university president of the Ateneo de Manila University. On June 29, 2010, he was elected to succeed Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, S.J. as...

 oversees key initiatives related to academics, international programs, university development and alumni relations, personnel, security, and other university-wide concerns. Fr. Villarin succeeded Fr. Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J.
Bienvenido Nebres
Father Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J. is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university President of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J. in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011...

 on June 1, 2011.

Individual units and departments are usually led by a vice president, with the exception of the basic education units, led by a director who oversees the leadership of both the High School's principal and the Grade School's headmaster. The Loyola Schools and Professional Schools are led by their respective vice presidents, who oversee school deans, who in turn oversee department chairs and program directors.

Admissions and financial aid

Admission into any educational unit of the Ateneo is competitive. The Ateneo receives thousands of applications every year. Individual units, such as the Loyola Schools, the Ateneo Professional Schools, and the Ateneo de Manila Grade School and High School, handle their own admissions. Admission into one unit does not guarantee admission into another unit. Applications from foreigners to the college and graduate school programs are quite common. In 2005, the Loyola Schools admitted 2,023 freshmen, a figure larger than the projected average of 1,800 freshmen from recent years. 20% of the entering class was composed of valedictorians (83), salutatorians (62), and honorable mention graduates (277).

For the Loyola Schools, admissions are largely determined by a prospective student's passing the Ateneo College Entrance Test (ACET), a privately-administered examination. Individual degree programs have unpublished cut-off scores for admission, although for degree programs designated as "honors" programs, an examinee must have scored in at least the top 15% in order to be admitted.

The university also extends financial aid to students. Scholarships are available in all academic units, with funding coming from the university, third parties, and donations made by alumni, the government, and the private sector. The Loyola Schools offer Merit Scholarships for the top scorers in the ACET, and the San Ignacio Merit Scholarships are given to top ACET takers from public high schools. Applicants who belong to the top 2% of ACET takers are included in the Ateneo Freshman Director's List. However, they do not receive a tuition and fees scholarship.

University units

The Ateneo de Manila University is composed of school units and auxiliary units. Affiliated units contribute to the work of the different school and auxiliary units, facilitating the work of learning, teaching, research, and social involvement. Individual units enjoy a considerable amount of autonomy from the central administration.

Professional Schools

The Ateneo Professional Schools (APS) is the main professional education division of Ateneo de Manila. The Professional Schools offer degrees such as Master of Business Administration
Master of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration is a :master's degree in business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines. The MBA designation originated in the United States, emerging from the late 19th century as the country industrialized and companies sought out...

 and Master of Arts
Master of Arts (postgraduate)
A Master of Arts from the Latin Magister Artium, is a type of Master's degree awarded by universities in many countries. The M.A. is usually contrasted with the M.S. or M.Sc. degrees...

, and the Law School confers the Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor is a professional doctorate and first professional graduate degree in law.The degree was first awarded by Harvard University in the United States in the late 19th century and was created as a modern version of the old European doctor of law degree Juris Doctor (see etymology and...

 (JD) degree in lieu of the Bachelor of Laws
Bachelor of Laws
The Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate, or bachelor, degree in law originating in England and offered in most common law countries as the primary law degree...

 (LLB) degree. The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health, which opened in 2007, offers an integrated Doctor of Medicine
Doctor of Medicine
Doctor of Medicine is a doctoral degree for physicians. The degree is granted by medical schools...

 and Master of Business Administration
Master of Business Administration
The Master of Business Administration is a :master's degree in business administration, which attracts people from a wide range of academic disciplines. The MBA designation originated in the United States, emerging from the late 19th century as the country industrialized and companies sought out...

 program. The Professional Schools also confer certificates for short courses.
  • AGSB-BAP Institute of Banking
  • Ateneo Graduate School of Business
    Ateneo Graduate School of Business
    The Ateneo Graduate School of Business or the AGSB is the graduate school of business of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. The school is located in the Ateneo Professional Schools Building in Rockwell Center,...

  • Ateneo Information Technology Institute
  • Ateneo Law School
    Ateneo Law School
    The Ateneo de Manila Law School is the law school of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private Jesuit university in the Philippines. It was founded in 1936, in the Padre Faura, Manila campus of the Ateneo, where it remained even after the college, graduate school, and basic education units moved...

  • Ateneo School of Government
    Ateneo School of Government
    The Ateneo School of Government or ASoG is the graduate school of public affairs of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines.-History:...

  • Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
    Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
    The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health or ASMPH is the medical school of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines....

  • Center for Continuing Education

Loyola Schools

The Loyola Schools offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in the arts and sciences. It is composed of four schools, the School of Humanities, the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science and Engineering, and the School of Social Sciences. The current Vice-President for the Loyola Schools is Professor John Paul Vergara
John Paul Vergara
John Paul C. Vergara is a Professor at the Department of Information Systems and Computer Science, School of Science and Engineering, Ateneo de Manila University. He is currently the Vice President for the Loyola Schools of the University, succeeding Ma. Assunta Cuyegkeng, Ph.D..- Education...

 (PhD Computer Science and Applications, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, popularly known as Virginia Tech , is a public land-grant university with the main campus in Blacksburg, Virginia with other research and educational centers throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, and internationally.Founded in...

). He replaced Professor Ma. Assunta C. Cuyegkeng (PhD Chemistry, University of Regensburg
University of Regensburg
The University of Regensburg is a public research university located in the medieval city of Regensburg, Bavaria, a city that is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university was founded on July 18, 1962 by the Landtag of Bavaria as the fourth full-fledged university in Bavaria...

). Vice-President Vergara assumed the post in April 2010.

The Loyola Schools' programs are geared toward student-centeredness. The Ateneo was one of the first schools in the Philippines to enact a Magna Carta
Magna Carta
Magna Carta is an English charter, originally issued in the year 1215 and reissued later in the 13th century in modified versions, which included the most direct challenges to the monarch's authority to date. The charter first passed into law in 1225...

 for Undergraduates.

The Commission on Higher Education has designated several departments and programs of the Loyola Schools as centers of excellence (COEs) and Centers of Development (CODs).

Centers of Excellence
  • Business Administration
  • Chemistry
  • English
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Information Technology
  • Literature
  • Mathematics
  • Philosophy
  • Physics
  • Psychology
  • Sociology

Centers of Development
  • Biology
  • Environmental Science

High school

The Ateneo de Manila High School is a Catholic preparatory school for male students.The principal is Fr. Raymund Benedict Q. Hizon, S.J.. His assumption of the post marks the first time a Jesuit has held the position since Mrs. Carmela C. Oracion was principal from 1998-2006.

The campus has two libraries, the Instructional Technology Center, the Tanghalang Onofre Pagsanghan (Dulaang Sibol), and a large athletics complex with one of the largest school-based covered courts facility in the country. In 2003, the High School opened a new building called the Center for Math, Science and Technology (commonly known as "MST"), which contains the school's science and computer laboratories and the faculty room for the Science and Math teachers.

The High School also offers religious formation programs, such as the Christian Service and Involvement Program (CSIP), which comprises the Dungaw-Exposure Trip for freshmen, Damá-Christian Service Program for sophomores, and the Damay Immersion and GK Programs for juniors. Other religious formation activities include the Tulong Dunong program for seniors, recollections and retreats. The Ateneo de Manila High School is notable for being the first school to hold sessions of Days with the Lord.

The High School also divides its students into honors, semi-honors, and regular sections. The honors section is section A. The semi-honors classes are sections B, and N (except for 1st Year, which is section 1O instead of N). Sections B, M, and N emphasize Mathematics, Filipino language, and English, respectively, while Section A emphasizes all 6 subjects. Students who are in those classes will be classmates for their entire high school life provided that they do not fail a year, with the exception of Section M, where regular section students from 1st Year, (1C-1N) will have to take the Class 2M Test which will evaluate their skills and abilities in Filipino. Honors and Semi-Honors classes have additional plus points in exam scores and final marks in each subject, but of course, their curriculum is much more advanced and rigorous than that of the regular sections. Students from those sections can also take joint classes in English, Science, and Math with students from the honors and other semi-honors sections.

Grade school

The Ateneo de Manila Grade School is an elementary school for boys with a population of around 4000 students. It has facilities and classrooms for students from the preparatory level to the seventh grade. It is an integral part of the Ateneo de Manila University governed by its own by-laws and administrative set-up. Its current headmaster is Fr. Norberto L. Bautista, SJ.

Library system and Museums

The Ateneo library system comprises several libraries housed in the Loyola Heights campus, and the Professional Schools campus. The university's main library is the Rizal Library
Rizal Library
The Rizal Library is the main university library of the Ateneo de Manila University. It mainly serves and supports the teaching and research in the Loyola Schools...

, located in Loyola Heights. The Ateneo Professional Schools Library
Ateneo Professional Schools Library
The Ateneo Professional Schools Library is an academic library of the Ateneo Professional Schools of the Ateneo de Manila University. This library serves the Schools of Law, Government, and the Graduate School of Business of the university...

, on the other hand is housed in the Professional Schools building. Also included in the library system are the libraries of the Ateneo Grade School, High School, and those of the East Asian Pastoral Institute and the Loyola School of Theology which hold large collection of books in religious studies. Libraries of other Jesuit universities in Naga, Zamboanga, Davao and Cagayan de Oro are likewise linked to the Ateneo de Manila Libraries.

As of 2007, the Rizal Library's resources are estimated at more than 500,000 materials. The library also keeps rare Filipiniana materials, which include a permanent exhibit of Rizal memorabilia, the Trinidad Pardo de Tavera collection, the American Historical Collection, the Ateneo Library of Women's Writings (ALIWW) and other special collections and manuscripts by Filipino scholars, writers, and artists are likewise housed. A new five-storey Rizal Library building was completed in 2009, and opened in November of the same year. The new building houses the library's circulation section, the undergraduate and graduate reserve sections, the multimedia collection, the periodicals collection, the Japanese collection, online database access terminals, an information commons, and the Library's technical services facilities. The former Rizal Library building will now be known as the Rizal Library Special Collection, and houses the Microform Reading Center, Art Book Collection, Filipiniana Section, American Historical Collection, the Ateneo Library of Women's Writings, the Pardo de Tavera Collection, and the Theses and Dissertations collection.

The Professional Schools Library holds one of the largest collection of materials in the fields of law, business and government in the Philippines.
Art Gallery

The Ateneo Art Gallery
Ateneo Art Gallery
The Ateneo Art Gallery is a museum of modern art of the Ateneo de Manila University. It is the first of its kind in the Philippines. It is housed on the ground floor of the Rizal Library main building. It serves as an art resource for the university community and the general public as well. The...

 is housed in the basement of the Rizal Library main building. The gallery is the first museum of modern art in the Philippines, and is the only museum in the country dedicated to the collection, display, and interpretation of Philippine modern art. The heart of its collection is a large selection of post-war art donated to the University by Fernando Zóbel de Ayala
Fernando Zóbel de Ayala y Montojo
Fernando Zóbel de Ayala y Montojo , also known as Fernando Zóbel y Montojo, Fernando M. Zóbel and sometimes as Fernando M...

.
University Archives

The University Archives are housed in the Rizal Library annex building. Since 1958 it has served as the central repository of non-current records of the administrative offices, academic departments, and student organizations. Among its collections are papers and documents from key university people, relics and personal effects of alumni, some archived publications, theses, and dissertations, as well as other materials such as maps, photographs, and art work.

Auxiliary units and Research Centers

  • Ateneo Art Gallery
    Ateneo Art Gallery
    The Ateneo Art Gallery is a museum of modern art of the Ateneo de Manila University. It is the first of its kind in the Philippines. It is housed on the ground floor of the Rizal Library main building. It serves as an art resource for the university community and the general public as well. The...

  • Ateneo Center for Asian Studies
  • Ateneo Center for Economic Research and Development
  • Ateneo Center for Educational Development
  • Ateneo Center for English Language Teaching
  • Ateneo Center for Organization Research and Development
  • Ateneo Center for Psychological and Educational Assessment
  • Ateneo Center for Social Policy and Public Affairs
  • Ateneo Institute of Literary Arts and Practices
  • Ateneo Java Wireless Competency Center
  • Ateneo Language Learning Center
  • Ateneo Macroeconomic Research Unit
  • Ateneo-PLDT Advanced Network Testbed
  • Ateneo Research Network for Development
  • Ateneo Teacher Center
  • Ateneo de Manila University Press
    Ateneo de Manila University Press
    The Ateneo de Manila University Press is a university press and the official publishing house of Ateneo de Manila University in the Philippines. The mission statement of the Press is to preserve national heritage, both in the Philippines and abroad, and thus dedicates itself to publishing writings...

  • Ateneo Wellness Center
  • Center for Communication Research and Technology
  • Center for Community Services
  • Governor José B. Fernandez Ethics Center for Business and Public Service
  • Institute of Philippine Culture
  • John Gokongwei School of Management Business Accelerator (SOMBA)
  • John Gokongwei School of Management Business Resource Center
  • Konrad Adenauer Asian Center for Journalism (ACFJ)
  • National Chemistry Instrumentation Center
  • Ninoy and Cory Aquino Center for Leadership
  • Pathways to Higher Education-Philippines
  • Philippines-Australia Studies Network
  • Ricardo Leong Center for Chinese Studies

  • Affiliate units

    Affiliate units are allied institutions which may or may not formally be part of the Ateneo de Manila, but which are based in an Ateneo campus, and support or augment the work of the university in various fields.
    • Arrupe International Residence
    • Asian Public Intellectuals Fellowships
    • Ateneo Union Office
    • Center for Family Ministries Foundation (CEFAM)
    • Center for Leadership & Change, Inc. (CLCI)
    • China Office
    • East Asian Pastoral Institute (EAPI)
    • Faculty Housing
    • Gaston Z. Ortigas Peace Institute (GZOPI)
    • Health Alternatives for Total Human Development Institute (HealthDEv Institute)
    • Institute of Social Order (ISO)
    • Institute on Church and Social Issues (ICSI)
    • ISO Canteen
    • Jesuit Basic Education Commission
    • Jesuit Communications Foundation (JesCom)
    • Jesuit Music Ministry
      Jesuit Music Ministry
      The Jesuit Music Ministry is a Philippines-based producer and publisher of music for use in the liturgy of the Roman Catholic church. It also manages a group of artists and composers, whose works are widely used in the liturgy of the Holy Mass in the Philippines...

       (JMM)
    • Jesuit Residence

    • Jesuit Volunteers Philippines
    • Loyola House of Studies
    • Loyola School of Theology
    • Manila Observatory
    • Office of Joaquin G. Bernas
      Joaquin G. Bernas
      Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J., J.S.D. is a Jesuit and is Dean Emeritus of Ateneo Law School in Makati City, Philippines. He was a member of the 1986 Constitutional Commission which drafted the present Philippine Constitution....

      , S.J.
    • Partnership of Philippine Support Agencies
    • Philippine Development NGOs for International Concern
    • Philippine Institute of Pure and Applied Chemistry (PIPAC)
    • Program for Cultural Cooperation
    • San Jose Major Seminary
    • Sentro ng Alternatibong Lingap Panligal (SALIGAN)
    • Simbahang Lingkod ng Bayan
    • Social Service Center
    • Society of Jesuit Social Apostolate (SJSA)
    • Ugnayan at Tulong para sa Maralitang Pamilya Foundation (UGAT Foundation)
    • Vietnam Service Office

    Membership in organizations

    The Ateneo de Manila University is part of the following networks and academic consortia:
    International
    • ASEAN University Network
      ASEAN University Network
      The ASEAN University Network is an Asian university association. It was founded in November 1995 by ASEAN member countries including 13 universities. After the enlargement of ASEAN by the ASEAN Charter in 1997 and 1999, the AUN membership has been increasing...

       (AUN)
    • Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia
      Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia
      The Association of Christian Universities and Colleges in Asia is an organization of Christian universities and colleges in Asia, dedicated to Christian witness and service in the field of education...

       (ACUCA)
    • Asia Europe Foundationa (ASEF)
    • Association of Southeast and East Asian Catholic Colleges and Universities (ASEACCU)
    • Association of Universities of Asia and the Pacific (AUAP)
    • European Studies Consortium
    • Forum for East Asia-Latin America Cooperation (FEALAC)
    • Hong Kong Baptist David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies (HKBU-LEWI)
    • Hong Kong Baptist University-Wing Lung Bank International Institute for Business Development (HKBU-IIBD)
    • International Association of Universities (IAU)
    • International Federation of Catholic Universities (IFCU)
    • Jesuit Conference for East Asia & Oceania (JCEAO)
    • Philippine Scholarship Award for Canadian Students (PSACS)
    • University for Peace
      University for Peace
      The University for Peace was established in Costa Rica in 1980 "to provide humanity with an international institution of higher education for peace and with the aim of promoting among all human beings the spirit of understanding, tolerance and peaceful coexistence."At present, the UPEACE Costa...

       (UPEACE)
    • University Mobility in Asian and the Pacific-Commission on Higher Education (UMAP-CHED)

    Local
    • Association of Catholic Universities in the Philippines (ACUP)
    • Catholic Educational Association of the Philippines (CEAP)
    • Jesuit Conference for East Asia & Oceania (JCEAO)
    • Philippine Academic Consortium for Latin American Studies (PACLAS)
    • Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges, and Universities (PAASCU)
    • Philippine Association of Law Schools (PALS)
    • University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP)

    International programs

    The Ateneo has international linkages with universities, institutions, and organizations, particularly in Asia, Australia, North and South America, and Europe. Through these cooperative efforts, the university hosts visiting faculty and research fellows from institutions abroad, and in turn, Ateneo faculty members also engage in teaching, research, and study in institutions abroad. International cooperation also includes active student exchange through Philippine immersion programs for a month or two for small groups of 15-18 students or full study programs wherein students from partner institutions abroad take regular courses.

    The Loyola Schools also offers students an opportunity to study abroad under a student exchange program during their undergraduate or graduate years. Students engage in either semestral or yearly study or exchange programs in partner universities abroad. Students of the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Social Sciences, the School of Science and Engineering and the Fine Arts Program of the School of Humanities can also sign up for the Junior Term Abroad program, wherein they will spend a semester in one of the Ateneo's partner schools for undergraduate business studies.

    Early history

    The founding of the Ateneo de Manila University finds its roots in the history of the Society of Jesus as a teaching order in the Philippines. The first Spanish Jesuits arrived in the Philippines in 1581 as missionaries. They were custodians of the ratio studiorum, the Jesuit system of education developed around 1559. Within a decade of their arrival, the Society, through Fr. Antonio Sedeño, founded the Colegio de Manila in Intramuros in 1590. The Colegio formally opened in 1595, and was the first school in the Philippines. The Colegio de Manila was often referred to as the Colegio de San Ignacio or Colegio Máximo de San Ignacio in historical textbooks. It was sometimes also called the Colegio Seminario de San Ignacio, a name which describes the Colegio de Manila and its extension residential college, the Colegio de San José, established in 1601, and the precursor of the present San Jose Seminary

    In 1621, the Colegio de Manila was authorized to confer university degrees in theology and arts by virtue of the privileges conferred by Pope Gregory XV
    Pope Gregory XV
    Pope Gregory XV , born Alessandro Ludovisi, was pope from 1621, succeeding Paul V on 9 February 1621...

     on colleges of the Society of Jesus. In 1623, Philip IV of Spain
    Philip IV of Spain
    Philip IV was King of Spain between 1621 and 1665, sovereign of the Spanish Netherlands, and King of Portugal until 1640...

     confirmed the authorization, and the decree arrived in Manila in 1625. In 1732, Philip V of Spain
    Philip V of Spain
    Philip V was King of Spain from 15 November 1700 to 15 January 1724, when he abdicated in favor of his son Louis, and from 6 September 1724, when he assumed the throne again upon his son's death, to his death.Before his reign, Philip occupied an exalted place in the royal family of France as a...

     founded two regius (royal) professorships in the Colegio, one in canon and another in civil law, making the school both a pontifical and a royal institution. The institution was frequently referred to in contemporary documents as the Universidad de San Ignacio, the first royal and pontifical university in the Philippines and in Asia.

    However, by the mid-18th century, Catholic colonial powers, notably France, Portugal
    Portugal
    Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the...

    , and Spain, had grown hostile to the Society of Jesus
    Society of Jesus
    The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

     because the Jesuits
    Society of Jesus
    The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

     actively educated and empowered colonized people. The Society
    Society of Jesus
    The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

     was particularly notorious for encouraging indigenous people to seek self-governance. Because of this, the colonial powers eventually expelled the Society, often quite brutally, from their realms. In 1768, the Jesuits surrendered the San Ignacio to Spanish civil authorities following their suppression
    Suppression of the Jesuits
    The Suppression of the Jesuits in the Portuguese Empire, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a result of a series of political moves rather than a theological controversy. By the brief Dominus ac Redemptor Pope Clement XIV suppressed the Society of Jesus...

     and expulsion from Spain and the rest of the Spanish realm, including the Philippines. Under pressure from Catholic royalty, Pope Clement XIV formally declared the dissolution of the Society of Jesus in 1773.Pope Pius VII
    Pope Pius VII
    Pope Pius VII , born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti, was a monk, theologian and bishop, who reigned as Pope from 14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823.-Early life:...

     reinstated the Society in 1814, after almost seven decades of persecution and over four decades of formal suppression. However, the Jesuits would not return to the Philippines until 1859, almost a century after their expulsion.

    19th century

    Through an 1852 Royal Decree from Queen Isabella II, ten Spanish Jesuits arrived in Manila on 14 April 1859, nearly a century after the Jesuits left the Philippines. This Jesuit mission was sent mainly to do missionary work in Mindanao
    Mindanao
    Mindanao is the second largest and easternmost island in the Philippines. It is also the name of one of the three island groups in the country, which consists of the island of Mindanao and smaller surrounding islands. The other two are Luzon and the Visayas. The island of Mindanao is called The...

     and Jolo
    Jolo
    Jolo may refer to:* Jolo Island* Jolo, Sulu* Jolo, West Virginia* Jolo is also the nickname of Swedish author Jan Olof Olsson....

    . Because of the Jesuits' entrenched reputation as educators among Manila’s leaders, on August 5 the Ayuntamiento or city council requested the Governor-General to found and finance a Jesuit school using public funds. On 1 October 1859, the Governor-General authorized the Jesuits to take over the Escuela Municipal de Manila, a small private school maintained for some 30 children of Spanish residents. Ten Spanish Jesuit priests and a Jesuit brother began operating the school on 10 December 1859. The Ateneo de Manila University considers this date its foundation day.

    Partly subsidized by the Ayuntamiento, the Escuela was the only primary school in Manila at the time. The Escuela eventually changed its name to Ateneo Municipal de Manila in 1865, when it became accredited as an institution of secondary education. It began by offering the bachillerato or bachelor's degree, as well as courses leading to certificates in agriculture, surveying, and business. José Rizal
    José Rizal
    José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda , was a Filipino polymath, patriot and the most prominent advocate for reform in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial era. He is regarded as the foremost Filipino patriot and is listed as one of the national heroes of the Philippines by...

    , who would later be named National Hero of the Philippines, enrolled for his secondary studies in 1872, and went on to graduate in 1877 with a Bachelor of Arts degree. He continued studying at the Ateneo for a license in land surveying.

    After Americans occupied the Philippines in the early 1900s, the Ateneo de Manila lost its government subsidy from the city and became a private institution. The Jesuits removed the word Municipal from the school’s official name soon after, and it has since been known as the Ateneo de Manila. In 1908, the American colonial government recognized the Ateneo de Manila's college status and licensed its offering the bachelor’s degree and certificates in various disciplines, including electrical engineering. The Ateneo campus also housed other Jesuit institutions of research and learning, such as the Manila Observatory and the San Jose Major Seminary.

    Early 20th century

    American Jesuits took over Ateneo administration in 1921. Fr. Richard O’Brien, the third American rector, led the relocation to the grounds the San Jose Major Seminary in Padre Faura St., Ermita
    Ermita, Manila
    Ermita is a district of Manila, Philippines located halfway between Intramuros and Malate.-History:Ermita was founded in the late 16th century...

     after a fire destroyed the Intramuros campus in 1932. The Ateneo campus was devastated again during World War II
    World War II
    World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

    . Only one structure remained standing – the statue of St. Joseph and the Child Jesus which now stands in front of the Jesuit Residence in the Loyola Heights campus. Salvaged ironwork and statues from the ruins have since been incorporated into Ateneo buildings such as the Ateneo monograms on the gates of the Loyola Heights campus, the iron grillwork on the ground floor of Xavier Hall, and the statue of the Immaculate Conception
    Immaculate Conception
    The Immaculate Conception of Mary is a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church, according to which the Virgin Mary was conceived without any stain of original sin. It is one of the four dogmata in Roman Catholic Mariology...

     displayed at the University Archives.

    Despite the apparent destruction of the campus, the university survived. Following the American and Filipino liberation, the Ateneo de Manila reopened temporarily in Plaza Guipit in Sampaloc, Manila. The Padre Faura campus reopened in 1946 with Quonset hut
    Quonset hut
    A Quonset hut is a lightweight prefabricated structure of corrugated galvanized steel having a semicircular cross section. The design was based on the Nissen hut developed by the British during World War I...

    s serving as buildings among the campus ruins.

    In 1952, Fr. William F. Masterson S.J., moved most of the Ateneo units to its present Loyola Heights campus which was donated by the Tuason family patriarch Jose Ramon for educational purposes. This decision faced some opposition, with an American Jesuit supposedly saying that only the "children of Tarzan" would study in the new campus. But over the years, the Loyola Heights campus has become the center of a dynamic community. The Padre Faura campus continued to house the professional schools until 1976. Fr. Francisco Araneta, S.J. was appointed as the Ateneo de Manila's first Filipino Rector in 1958. In 1959, its centennial year, the Ateneo became a university.

    Late 20th century

    The following decades saw escalating turbulence engulf the university as an active movement for Filipinization and a growing awareness of the vast gulf between rich and poor grip the entire nation. Throughout the 1960s, Ateneans pushed for an Ateneo which was more conversant with the Filipino situation and rooted more deeply in Filipino values. They pushed for the use of Filipino for instruction, and pushed the university to implement reforms that addressed the growing social problems of poverty and injustice. During that time, the Graduate School split into the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Economics and Business Administration, which eventually became the Graduate School of Business.

    In 1965, Fr. Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio V. de la Costa was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history....

    , became the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus. On 25 September 1969, Pacifico Ortiz, S.J., was installed as the first Filipino President of the Ateneo de Manila. A year earlier, the Ateneo co-founded the Asian Institute of Management
    Asian Institute of Management
    The Asian Institute of Management, or simply AIM, is a graduate school of business and a center of business and management research. It is one of the few business schools in Asia to be internationally accredited with the AACSB. It was established in partnership with Harvard Business School and uses...

    .

    Ateneans also played a vital role together with student organizations from other prominent colleges and universities as student activism rose in academe in the 1970s. Students faced university expulsion and violent government dispersal as they protested the dismissal of dissenting faculty and students, oppressive laws and price hikes, human rights violations, and other injustices. On 21 September 1972, Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Marcos
    Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos, Sr. was a Filipino leader and an authoritarian President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. He was a lawyer, member of the Philippine House of Representatives and a member of the Philippine Senate...

     declared martial law. The university administration had great difficulty reconciling the promotion of social justice and keeping the university intact. They locked down on the more overt expressions of activism—violence and miltancy—and strived to maintain a semblance of normalcy as they sought to keep military men from being stationed on campus.

    In 1973, Jesuit Superior General Fr. Pedro Arrupe called for Jesuit schools to educate for justice and to form "men and women for others." The Ateneo college opened its doors to its first female students in that same year. The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences moved to Loyola Heights in 1976, and the Padre Faura campus finally closed in 1977 as the Graduate School of Business and the Law School moved to H.V. de la Costa St. in Salcedo Village, Makati. That same year, the Ateneo, then the ‘winningest’ school in men's basketball, left the NCAA
    National Collegiate Athletic Association (Philippines)
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association is an athletics association of nine colleges and universities in the Philippines. Established in 1924, the NCAA is the oldest athletic association in the Philippines...

    , which it co-founded, due to violence plaguing the league. In February 1978, the Ateneo opened the Ateneo-Univac Computer Technology Center, one of the country’s pioneering computer centers. This later became the Ateneo Computer Technology Center. The Ateneo also joined the University Athletic Association of the Philippines.

    On 21 August 1983, Ateneo alumnus Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr.
    Benigno Aquino, Jr.
    Benigno Simeon "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr. was a Filipino Senator and a former Governor of Tarlac. Aquino, together with Gerry Roxas and Jovito Salonga, formed the leadership of the opposition to the Marcos regime in the years leading to the imposition of martial law in the Philippines...

     was assassinated upon his return from exile in the United States. Ateneans continued to work with sectors such as the poor, non-government organizations, and some activist groups in the dying years of the martial law era. On 11 February 1986, alumnus and Antique Governor Evelio Javier
    Evelio Javier
    Evelio Bellaflor Javier was a Filipino lawyer, civil servant, politician, and an oppositionist during the authoritarian regime of President Ferdinand Marcos. Due to these activities, he was assassinated by the regime on February 11, 1986...

     was gunned down. Two weeks later, Ateneans joined thousands of Filipinos
    Filipino people
    The Filipino people or Filipinos are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the islands of the Philippines. There are about 92 million Filipinos in the Philippines, and about 11 million living outside the Philippines ....

     from all walks of life in the peaceful uprising at EDSA which ousted Ferdinand Marcos.

    Recent history

    In 1987, nine years after the Ateneo joined the University Athletic Association of the Philippines (UAAP), the university went on to win its first crown in UAAP men’s basketball. The Blue Eagles won a second straight title in 1988. In 1991, the Ateneo joined in relief operations to help the victims affected by the eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. That same year saw the School of Law phase out its Bachelor of Laws
    Bachelor of Laws
    The Bachelor of Laws is an undergraduate, or bachelor, degree in law originating in England and offered in most common law countries as the primary law degree...

     degree to become the first Philippine law school to confer the Juris Doctor
    Juris Doctor
    Juris Doctor is a professional doctorate and first professional graduate degree in law.The degree was first awarded by Harvard University in the United States in the late 19th century and was created as a modern version of the old European doctor of law degree Juris Doctor (see etymology and...

     degree. In 1994, the Ateneo was one of the first Philippine schools on the Internet
    Internet
    The Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite to serve billions of users worldwide...

    , and was part of the conference that connected the Philippines to the World Wide Web. In 1996 the Ateneo relaunched the Ateneo Computer Technology Center as the Ateneo Information Technology Institute and established the Ateneo School of Government. In 1998, the Ateneo’s Rockwell campus, which currently houses the Ateneo Graduate School of Business, the Ateneo Law School, and the Ateneo School of Government, was completed in Rockwell Center in Bel-Air, Makati. The Science Education Complex was completed in the Loyola Heights campus.

    In 2000, the School of Arts and Sciences which comprised the College and the Graduate School restructured into four Loyola Schools
    Loyola Schools
    The Loyola Schools is the higher education unit of the Ateneo de Manila University that offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in the Arts and Sciences. It operates under the statutes of the Ateneo de Manila University...

    : the School of Humanities, the John Gokongwei School of Management, the School of Science and Engineering, and the School of Social Sciences. The Moro Lorenzo Sports Complex was completed in the Loyola Heights campus to bolster the sports program. Midway through that year, high school alumnus and Philippine President Joseph Estrada
    Joseph Estrada
    Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada was the 13th President of the Philippines, serving from 1998 until 2001. Estrada was the first person in the Post-EDSA era to be elected both to the presidency and vice-presidency.Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over 100 films in...

     faced grave corruption charges connected with economic plunder and jueteng, an illegal numbers game. The University hosted KOMPIL II and other organizations and movements in its Loyola Heights and Makati campuses. Members of the university community participated in the Jericho March at the Senate and other mass actions. In 2001, Ateneo Master of Arts alumna and former Economics faculty member Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
    Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo is a Filipino politician who served as the 14th President of the Philippines from 2001 to 2010, as the 12th Vice President of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001, and is currently a member of the House of Representatives representing the 2nd District of Pampanga...

     was sworn in as the 14th President of the Philippines
    President of the Philippines
    The President of the Philippines is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines. The president leads the executive branch of the Philippine government and is the commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines...

    , overthrowing Estrada after top military officers withdrew support from his as commander in chief. In April 2002, the office of the University President established Pathways to Higher Education-Philippines, one of the university's outreach initiatives, with the help of the Ford and Synergeia Foundations. On July 31, the feast of St. Ignatius, the University Church of the Gesù
    Church of the Gesu (Philippines)
    The Church of the Gesù is a landmark church of the Ateneo de Manila University campus in the Philippines. Designed by Jose Pedro Recio and Carmelo Casas, the edifice’s massive triangular structure symbolizes the Holy Trinity, as well as the three-fold mission and vision of the school...

     was completed in the Loyola Heights campus, and was consecrated by Cardinal Jaime Sin. The year also saw the Blue Eagles end a 14-year drought in men's basketball. In 2003, the Ateneo entered into its partnership with Gawad Kalinga
    Gawad Kalinga
    Gawad Kalinga , which means to "give care" in Filipino, is officially known as the Gawad Kalinga Community Development Foundation, a Philippine-based poverty alleviation and nation-building movement....

    , its first formal, university-wide social action program. In response to the typhoons and flooding that devastated most of the Philippine Island of Luzon in November 2004, the Ateneo launched Task Force Noah, its disaster response initiative, which has continued to contribute to disaster relief and rehabilitation efforts in areas that include Calatagan in Mindoro and Guinsaugon in Southern Leyte. The Ateneo earned the highest possible accreditation status, Level IV, the second Philippine university to earn this, from the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines
    Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines
    Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines , was established in 1977 and is authorized by the Philippine Commission on Higher Education to certify the quality levels of accredited programs at the tertiary level, for the purpose of granting progressive deregulation and other benefits....

     and the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
    Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
    The Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities is a private, voluntary, non-profit and non-stock corporation which was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines on December 2, 1957...

     (PAASCU). That same year, the Ateneo de Manila celebrated its 145th anniversary, and the 145th anniversary of the return of Jesuit education in the Philippines. It also launched the countdown to its sesquicentennial in 2009.

    As typhoon relief efforts wound down in January 2005 the Ateneo, Gawad Kalinga, and other partners launched Kalinga Luzon (KL), a program dedicated to the long-term rehabilitation of typhoon-stricken communities in Luzon. 2005 also saw the rise of initiatives such as the Social Involvement Workshops and other fora, especially in light of the political crisis sparked by allegations of President Arroyo's cheating in the 2004 presidential elections. The Ateneo also established more tie-ups and foreign linkages, as well as prepared efforts leading to the development of the Leong Center for Chinese Studies in the university.

    In early 2006, members of the Ateneo de Manila University and affiliated Jesuit institutions were part of movements calling for action on the political issues that continue to rock Filipino society. The Ateneo de Manila University also intensified its social development efforts, launching Kalinga Leyte, a program for the long-term rehabilitation of Southern Leyte, with its GK partners. The Ateneo has also expanded the scope of its involvement with Gawad Kalinga and has begun to drive GK initiatives throughout Nueva Ecija, and in other provinces such as Cotobato and Quezon. Midway through 2006, the Manuel V Pangilinan Center for Student Leadership was completed The University also began ground-breaking for the development of several projects: the Ricardo Leong Hall, which houses several units of the Loyola Schools' School of Social Sciences and the Confucius Institute for Chinese Studies, as well as the Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
    Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health
    The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health or ASMPH is the medical school of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines....

     facility in Ortigas, which welcomed its pioneering batch of professional students in June 2007. In December, the Ateneo also launched AGAP-Bikol in cooperation with other Jesuit-affiliated and civil society groups, in response to the devastation wrought by typhoons in the Bicol area. On 5 December 2007, University President Fr. Bienvenido Nebres
    Bienvenido Nebres
    Father Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J. is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university President of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J. in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011...

    , S.J., launched Frontline Leadership, a book project of the Ateneo School of Government (sponsored by German foundation Konrad Adenauer Stiftung), which narrates the performances of four former local officials, an unnamed female governor in the Visayas and one incumbent: Naga Mayor and Ramon Magsaysay awardee Jesse Robredo, former San Fernando, La Union Mayor Mary Jane Ortega, former Bulacan Gov. Josie de la Cruz, and former Surigao del Norte Gov. Robert Lyndon Barbers.

    In October 2008, 66 faculty members from different departments, including members of the Theology Department, challenged the position of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) on the Reproductive Health Bill
    Reproductive Health Bill (Philippines)
    The Reproductive Health bills, popularly known as the RH Bill, are Philippine bills aiming to guarantee universal access to methods and information on birth control and maternal care. The bills have become the center of a contentious national debate. There are presently two bills with the same...

     pending before the Philippine Congress University president Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, S.J.
    Bienvenido Nebres
    Father Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J. is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university President of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J. in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011...

     explained that their position was not the position of the university, but stressed that these faculty members had a right to express their views as individual Catholics and that there should be continuing efforts on the critical study and discussion of the bill among Church groups including the University and in civil society.

    In November 2008, the University began work on building a new Rizal Library facility. In December, the a new set of university dormitories was inaugurated. the Ateneo High School was granted Level III accreditation by the PAASCU, the highest level in the country.

    2008-2010 saw the University's basketball teams
    Ateneo Blue Eagles
    The Ateneo Blue Eagles is the name of the collegiate men's varsity basketball team of the Ateneo de Manila University that plays in the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, the premiere sports league in the country. The collegiate women's varsity basketball team is called the Lady...

     win three consecutive championships in both UAAP men's and junior's basketball, the first and only double three-peat in UAAP and NCAA combined history. The University's men's basketball team also copped several national titles, including 2 Philippine Collegiate Championship
    Philippine Collegiate Championship
    The Philippine Collegiate Championship is the national collegiate basketball championship tournament in the Philippines. It is sanctioned by the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas, the country's national basketball federation, and organized by the Philippine Collegiate Champions League...

     titles in 2009 and 2010, and two University Games titles in 2008 and 2009.

    In September and October 2009, students from the University organized Task Force Ondoy in response to Typhoon Ketsana. The task force conducted relief operations in various areas struck hard by the typhoon, particularly in Marikina City
    Marikina City
    Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

    .

    In May 2011, the University was granted Level IV Re-Accredited Status and Institutional Accreditation by the Commission on Higher Education
    Commission on Higher Education (Philippines)
    The Commission on Higher Education of the Philippines, , abbreviated as CHED. The CHED is attached to the Office of the President for administrative purposes...

     (CHED) through the Federation of Accrediting Agencies of the Philippines (FAAP) and the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
    Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities
    The Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities is a private, voluntary, non-profit and non-stock corporation which was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission of the Philippines on December 2, 1957...

     (PAASCU), the first time that both citations were awarded to a university simultaneously.

    2011 also marked the end of the presidency of Fr. Bienvenido Nebres, S.J., who was succeeded by Fr. Jose Ramon T. Villarin, S.J.

    Sesquicentennial Celebration

    December 10, 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of the Ateneo de Manila University, as well as the 150th anniversary of the return of the Jesuits to the Philippines. The University began a countdown to the celebrations back in 2007. The three years 2007, 2008, and 2009 were all given themes: Celebrating Excellence (2007), Deepening Spirituality (2008), and Building the Nation (2009). Also, in celebration of the Sesquicentennial Celebration of the Ateneo de Manila, the new Rizal Library was inaugurated and blessed on December 8, 2009, two days before the official celebration.

    Loyola Heights campus

    Overlooking the Marikina
    Marikina City
    Marikina, officially the City of Marikina, known as the Shoe Capital of the Philippines, was former capital of the province of Manila during the declaration of Philippine Independence and one of the sixteen cities within the Manila Metropolitan Area. Marikina is part of Eastern Manila District of...

     Valley, the main campus is located in Loyola Heights, along the eastern side of Katipunan Avenue
    Katipunan Avenue
    Katipunan Avenue is a major avenue in Quezon City, Metro Manila, the Philippines. It runs in a north-south direction from the University of the Philippines Diliman, intersecting with Tandang Sora Avenue at its northernmost point, down to the Manila Philippines Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ...

    , and is south of and adjacent to the campus of Miriam College
    Miriam College
    Miriam College is a non-stock, non-profit Filipino Catholic educational institution for girls and young women in Quezon City, Philippines. It offers academic programs from pre-elementary to post-graduate and adult education levels that develop the learning and caring competencies of students and...

    . The Grade School, High School, and Loyola Schools are located in the Ateneo's Loyola Heights campus. Beside the Grade School is the Henry Lee Irwin Theater, built in 1995 to house the school's formal events and productions. Complementing the old buildings of the Loyola Schools
    Loyola Schools
    The Loyola Schools is the higher education unit of the Ateneo de Manila University that offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs in the Arts and Sciences. It operates under the statutes of the Ateneo de Manila University...

     are the Science Education Complex, as well as the PLDT Convergent Technologies Center-John Gokongwei School of Management Complex.

    Within this campus is the Rizal Library
    Rizal Library
    The Rizal Library is the main university library of the Ateneo de Manila University. It mainly serves and supports the teaching and research in the Loyola Schools...

    , the main university library. Also located here are numerous units and research centers affiliated with the Ateneo, such as the Institute of Social Order, Institute of Philippine Culture, Institute on Church and Social Issues, Asian Public Intellectuals Fellowships, the Philippine Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry, the Jesuit Communications Foundation
    Jesuit Communications Foundation
    Jesuit Communications Foundation, or JesCom, is involved in the production of audiovisual materials for evangelization and education. JesCom is the media arm of the Philippine Province of the Society of Jesus....

    , the Jesuit Basic Education Commission, and others. Also situated here are the East Asian Pastoral Institute, Loyola School of Theology, and San Jose Seminary, all Jesuit formation institutions federated with the Ateneo de Manila University. The Manila Observatory
    Manila Observatory
    The Manila Observatory is a non-profit research institute housed in the campus of the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City, Philippines.Founded in 1865 by the Jesuits, it has served many purposes over the years including weather...

     is also located on campus.

    Athletic facilities include the Blue Eagle Gym
    Ateneo Blue Eagle Gym
    The Blue Eagle Gym is a gymnasium located in the main campus of the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City, Philippines. Unlike most gymnasiums, the basketball court is oriented perpendicular to the orientation of the building...

    , also known as the Loyola Center, standing at the southern end of the campus, and the Moro Lorenzo Sports Center
    Moro Lorenzo Sports Center
    The Moro Lorenzo Sports Center is a sports facility located in the Ateneo de Manila University campus in Quezon City, Philippines-About the MLSC:The Moro Lorenzo Sports Center or MLSC is under the management of the Blue Eagle Management, Inc....

     (MLSC) on the northern end. The Blue Eagle Gym is one of the largest gymnasiums among the universities in Metro Manila
    Metro Manila
    Metropolitan Manila , the National Capital Region , or simply Metro Manila, is the metropolitan region encompassing the City of Manila and its surrounding areas in the Philippines...

     while the MLSC is often used by the Philippine National Basketball Team as well as other professional teams for their training needs.

    The Church of the Gesù
    Church of the Gesu (Philippines)
    The Church of the Gesù is a landmark church of the Ateneo de Manila University campus in the Philippines. Designed by Jose Pedro Recio and Carmelo Casas, the edifice’s massive triangular structure symbolizes the Holy Trinity, as well as the three-fold mission and vision of the school...

    , completed in July 2002, stands on top of Sacred Heart Hill and overlooks the rest of the campus. The school's chapels include the St. Stanislaus Kostka Chapel and the Chapel of the First Companions in the High School, the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception
    Immaculate Conception
    The Immaculate Conception of Mary is a dogma of the Roman Catholic Church, according to which the Virgin Mary was conceived without any stain of original sin. It is one of the four dogmata in Roman Catholic Mariology...

     in the College complex's Gonzaga Hall, the chapel at the Loyola House of Studies, and the Chapel of the Holy Guardian Angels in the Grade School, among others. Though strictly speaking not a part of the University but standing on its campus, San Jose Major Seminary also has a chapel. Moreover, walking distance from the University Campus are two parish churches: the Our Lady of Pentecost Parish Church and the Santa María della Strada Parish Church. The latter parish includes the university in its territory.

    The university has three on-campus dormitories for college students: Cervini Hall, Eliazo Hall, and the University Dormitory
    Ateneo de Manila University Dormitory
    The Ateneo de Manila University Dormitory is a twin-building, on-campus dormitory for college students of the Ateneo de Manila University. Built in 2008, the Dormitory buildings stand seven stories high, and can accommodate over 600 students...

    . Located near the Loyola Schools, Cervini accommodates approximately two hundred male students, while Eliazo houses one hundred and sixty female students. The University Dormitory, completed in 2008, houses six hundred students. Other dormitories which are also open to college and graduate school students are those of the Institute of Social Order, Arrupe International Residence, and the East Asian Pastoral Institute. The Ateneo de Manila is also home to the largest Jesuit community in the Philippines, most of whom reside at the Jesuit Residence in the Loyola Heights campus. These Jesuits are involved in teaching, administration, and research within the University and others work with other affiliated units.

    Recently, majority of the units in the Loyola Schools Campus have been participating in the environmental initiatives started at the student organization and administrative levels. These have been grouped under the banner of the Ateneo Environmental Management Coalition, resulting in major changes in student lifestyle and resource management all over campus.

    Rockwell Center campus

    The Rockwell Center
    Rockwell Center
    The Rockwell Center is an upscale mixed-use 15.5-hectare project in Poblacion, Makati City, Philippines. It is a project of the Rockwell Land Corporation , which is owned by the influential Lopez family.-Location and vicinity:...

     campus of the Ateneo de Manila University houses three of the four Ateneo Professional Schools, namely the Law School, Graduate School of Business, School of Government, AGSB-BAP Institute of Banking, and the Ateneo Center for Continuing Education. The campus was donated by the Lopez Group of Companies to the Ateneo de Manila University. The Rockwell structure houses the different faculty departments, classroom and teaching facilities, several research centers, a moot court facility, and the Ateneo Professional Schools Library
    Ateneo Professional Schools Library
    The Ateneo Professional Schools Library is an academic library of the Ateneo Professional Schools of the Ateneo de Manila University. This library serves the Schools of Law, Government, and the Graduate School of Business of the university...

    .

    Salcedo Village campus

    The Salcedo Village campus houses the different facilities of the former Ateneo Information Technology Institute (AITI) and the Ateneo Center for Continuing Education (CCE). This facility formerly housed the Professional Schools prior to the completion of the Rockwell campus in 1998.

    Ortigas Center campus

    The Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health at the Don Eugenio López, Sr. Medical Complex in Ortigas Center, Pasig City
    Pasig City
    The City of Pasig is one of the city municipalities of Metro Manila in the Philippines and was the former capital of the province of Rizal prior to the formation of this grouping of cities designated as the National Capital Region...

     opened its doors to its pioneering batch of students in June 2007. Beside the ASMPH is its partner hospital, The Medical City.

    The Ateneo name

    The word and name Ateneo is the Spanish form of Athenæum
    Athenaeum (ancient Rome)
    The Athenaeum was a school founded by the Emperor Hadrian in Rome, for the promotion of literary and scientific studies and called Athenaeum from the town of Athens, which was still regarded as the seat of intellectual refinement...

    , which the Dictionary of Classical Antiquities defines as the name of "the first educational institution in Rome
    Rome
    Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

    " where "rhetoricians and poets held their recitations." Hadrian
    Hadrian
    Hadrian , was Roman Emperor from 117 to 138. He is best known for building Hadrian's Wall, which marked the northern limit of Roman Britain. In Rome, he re-built the Pantheon and constructed the Temple of Venus and Roma. In addition to being emperor, Hadrian was a humanist and was philhellene in...

    ’s school drew its name from a Greek temple
    Greek temple
    Greek temples were structures built to house deity statues within Greek sanctuaries in Greek paganism. The temples themselves did usually not directly serve a cult purpose, since the sacrifices and rituals dedicated to the respective deity took place outside them...

     dedicated to Athena
    Athena
    In Greek mythology, Athena, Athenê, or Athene , also referred to as Pallas Athena/Athene , is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, warfare, strength, strategy, the arts, crafts, justice, and skill. Minerva, Athena's Roman incarnation, embodies similar attributes. Athena is...

    , the goddess of wisdom. The said temple, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, was where "poets and men of learning were accustomed to meet and read their productions."

    Athenæum is also used in reference to schools and literary clubs. The closest English translation is academy, referring to institutions of secondary learning. The Escuela Municipal de Manila actually became the Ateneo Municipal only after it began offering secondary education in 1865. The Society of Jesus in the Philippines established several other schools, all named Ateneo, since 1865, and over the years, the name "Ateneo" has become recognized as the official title of Jesuit institutions of higher learning in the Philippines.

    When the United States withdrew subsidy from Ateneo in 1901, Father Rector Jose Clos, S.J. dropped the word municipal from the school name, which then became Ateneo de Manila, a name it keeps to this day. Since its university charter was granted in 1959, the school has officially been called the Ateneo de Manila University.

    Lux in Domino

    The Ateneo's motto is Lux in Domino, meaning "Light in the Lord". This is not the school's original motto. The Escuela Municipal's 1859 motto was "Al merito y a la virtud": "In Merit and in Virtue". This motto persisted through the school's renaming in 1865 and in 1901.

    The motto Lux in Domino first appeared as part of the Ateneo seal introduced by Father Rector Joaquin Añon, S.J. for the 1909 Golden Jubilee. It comes from the letter of Paul to the Ephesians
    Epistle to the Ephesians
    The Epistle of Paul to the Ephesians, often shortened to Ephesians, is the tenth book of the New Testament. Its authorship has traditionally been credited to Paul, but it is considered by some scholars to be "deutero-Pauline," that is, written in Paul's name by a later author strongly influenced by...

    , 5.8: "For you were once in darkness, now you are light in the lord. Live as children of light, for light produces every kind of goodness, righteousness, and truth."

    The Lux in Domino Award is a capstone award that requires the crowning achievement of both life and work given to an extraordinary individual who has incarnated in life, and perhaps even in death, in an outstanding and exemplary manner, the noblest ideals of the Ateneo de Manila University.

    Seal

    In 1859, the Escuela Municipal carried the coat of arms of the city of Manila, granted by King Philip II of Spain
    Philip II of Spain
    Philip II was King of Spain, Portugal, Naples, Sicily, and, while married to Mary I, King of England and Ireland. He was lord of the Seventeen Provinces from 1556 until 1581, holding various titles for the individual territories such as duke or count....

    . By 1865, along with the change of name, the school's seal had evolved to include some religious images such as the Jesuit monogram "IHS" and some Marian symbols. A revision was introduced in the school's golden jubilee 1909 with clearer Marian symbols and the current motto, Lux in Domino. This seal was retained for 20 years. Father Rector Richard O’Brien, S.J. introduced a new seal for Ateneo de Manila’s diamond jubilee in 1929. This seal abandons the arms of Manila and instead adopts a design that uses mostly Jesuit and Ignatian symbols. This is the seal currently used by the Ateneo.

    The seal is defined by two semi-circular ribbons. The crown (top) ribbon contains the school motto, "Lux-in-Domino", while the base (bottom) ribbon contains the school name, "Ateneo de Manila". These ribbons define a circular field on which rests the shield of Oñaz-Loyola: a combination of the arms of the paternal and maternal sides of the family of St. Ignatius.

    In precise heraldic
    Heraldry
    Heraldry is the profession, study, or art of creating, granting, and blazoning arms and ruling on questions of rank or protocol, as exercised by an officer of arms. Heraldry comes from Anglo-Norman herald, from the Germanic compound harja-waldaz, "army commander"...

     terms, the Shield of Oñaz-Loyola may be described as: "Party per pale: Or, seven bendlets Gules; Argent, a two-eared pot hanging on a chain between two wolves rampant." In plain English, the shield is gold, and divided vertically. To the viewer's left is a field of gold with seven red bands. These are the arms of Oñaz, Ignatius' paternal family, which commemorates seven family heroes who fought with the Spaniards against 70,000 French, Navarese
    Navarre
    Navarre , officially the Chartered Community of Navarre is an autonomous community in northern Spain, bordering the Basque Country, La Rioja, and Aragon in Spain and Aquitaine in France...

    , and Gascons
    Gascony
    Gascony is an area of southwest France that was part of the "Province of Guyenne and Gascony" prior to the French Revolution. The region is vaguely defined and the distinction between Guyenne and Gascony is unclear; sometimes they are considered to overlap, and sometimes Gascony is considered a...

    . To the viewer's right is a white or silver field with the arms of Loyola, Ignatius' maternal family. The arms consist of a two-eared pot hanging on a chain between two rampant wolves, which symbolize the nobility. The name "Loyola" is actually a contraction of lobos y olla (wolves and pot). The name springs from the family's reputation of being able to provide so well that they could feed even wild wolves.

    Above the shield is a Basque
    Basque people
    The Basques as an ethnic group, primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country , a region that is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay and straddles parts of north-central Spain and south-western France.The Basques are known in the...

     sunburst, referring to the Basque roots and heritage of Ignatius
    Ignatius
    Ignatius is a male given name of presumed Latin or Etruscan origin, believed to mean "fiery one".It may refer to:-Given name:*Ignatius Kutu Acheampong , Ghanaian military ruler*Ignatius Bonomi , British architect...

    . It also represents a consecrated host. It bears the letters IHS, the first three letters of the Holy Name of Jesus in Greek, and an adaptation of the emblem of the Society of Jesus
    Society of Jesus
    The Society of Jesus is a Catholic male religious order that follows the teachings of the Catholic Church. The members are called Jesuits, and are also known colloquially as "God's Army" and as "The Company," these being references to founder Ignatius of Loyola's military background and a...

    .
    Both scalloped and unscalloped versions of the seal are extant. Since scallops are not formally a part of a seal's design in traditional heraldry, they are merely a decorative element applied for aesthetic or nostalgic purposes.

    The seal’s colors are blue, white, red, and gold. In traditional heraldry
    Heraldry
    Heraldry is the profession, study, or art of creating, granting, and blazoning arms and ruling on questions of rank or protocol, as exercised by an officer of arms. Heraldry comes from Anglo-Norman herald, from the Germanic compound harja-waldaz, "army commander"...

    , white or silver (Argent) represents a commitment to peace and truth. Blue (Azure) represents fortitude and loyalty. Red (Gules) represents martyrdom, sacrifice, and strength. Gold (Or) represents nobility and generosity.

    White and blue are also Ateneo’s school colors, the colors of Mary. Red and gold are the colors of Spain, home of Ignatius and the Ateneo’s Jesuit founders. Finally, these four color mirror those of the Philippine flag
    Flag of the Philippines
    The national flag of the Philippines is a horizontal flag bicolor with equal bands of royal blue and scarlet red, and with a white equilateral triangle at the hoist; in the center of the triangle is a golden yellow sun with eight primary rays, each containing three individual rays, which represent...

    , marking the Ateneo’s identity as a Filipino University.

    Marian devotion

    Ateneans value symbols of devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary, María Puríssima, Queen of the Ateneo. Among them are the rosary in the pocket, the "October Medal" (the Miraculous Medal
    Miraculous Medal
    The Miraculous Medal, also known as the Medal of the Immaculate Conception, is a medal created by Saint Catherine Labouré following a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary...

     of the Immaculate Conception with a blue ribbon), and the graduation hymn, "A Song for Mary."

    In official Jesuit documents (e.g., Catalogus Provinciae Philippinae Societatis Jesu), the Ateneo de Manila is also referred to as the "University of the Immaculate Conception BVM", the Immaculate Conception being the official patron of the University. This is why the eighth of December, the Solemn Feast of the Immaculate Conception is always a school holiday although the University community honors her liturgically a few days before or after the feastday itself.

    "A Song for Mary"

    Before the Ateneo de Manila moved to Loyola Heights, the school anthem was "Hail Ateneo, Hail," a marching tune. When the Ateneo moved from Padre Faura to Loyola Heights in the 1950s, the school adopted "A Song for Mary" as its graduation hymn. Fr. James Reuter wrote the lyrics, and Ateneo band moderator Colonel Jose Campaña adapted the melody from Calixa Lavallée
    Calixa Lavallée
    Calixa Lavallée, , born Calixte Lavallée, was a French-Canadian-American musician and Union officer during the American Civil War who composed the music for O Canada, which officially became the national anthem of Canada in 1980.-Biography:Calixa Lavallée was born at Verchères, a suburb of...

    's patriotic hymn "O Canada
    O Canada
    It has been noted that the opening theme of "O Canada" bears a strong resemblance to the "Marsch der Priester" , from the opera Die Zauberflöte , composed in 1791 by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and that Lavallée's melody was inspired by Mozart's tune...

    ," composed in 1880, which eventually became Canada's national anthem in 1980. Over the decades, the graduation hymn eventually supplanted "Hail Ateneo, Hail" and is now widely considered the Ateneo de Manila's alma mater song.

    Colors: blue and white

    The Ateneo has adopted blue and white, the colors of its patron Mary, as its official school colors. Marian blue is traditionally ultramarine, a deep ocean blue tincture derived from lapis lazuli, which historically has been used to color the vestments of Mary in paintings. But since Mary is honored as Stella Maris (Star of the Sea) and Queen of Heaven, various shades of blue, such as royal blue and sky blue are acceptable shades of Marian blue as well.

    Athletics

    The Ateneo de Manila University is a member of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines, where it fields teams in all events. It was originally a founding member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association
    National Collegiate Athletic Association (Philippines)
    The National Collegiate Athletic Association is an athletics association of nine colleges and universities in the Philippines. Established in 1924, the NCAA is the oldest athletic association in the Philippines...

     in the 1920s. The Ateneo left the NCAA in 1978 due to the league-wide violence prevalent at the time, and then joined the UAAP in the same year.

    Aside from the UAAP, the Ateneo also participates in the Father Martin Cup, the Home and Away
    Home and Away League-Philippines
    The Home and Away Invitational League is an intercollegiate basketball and volleyball league in the Philippines formed in 2004. It is managed by group led by Far Eastern University Athletic Heads Mark Molina and Anton Montinola....

     tournament, and the Shakey's V-League
    Shakey's V-League
    The Shakey's V-League is an intercollegiate women's volleyball league in the Philippines formed in 2004 under the management group led by former PBA commissioner Jun Bernardino and pizza company Shakey's...

    . Different university units also field teams in leagues such as RIFA (football), PAYA and PRADA (basketball), the Inter-MBA Friendship Games and inter-university golf tournaments. The Ateneo also fields teams to the Jesuit Athletic Meet, an athletic meet of the Jesuit schools in the Philippines.

    Mascot: The Blue Eagle

    Prior to the 1930s, Ateneo had no mascot. Meanwhile, Catholic Schools in the United States, particularly those named after saints, were distressed by the cheekiness with which they were mentioned in newspapers' sports pages. Headlines read "St. Michael’s Wallops St. Augustine’s", or "St. Thomas' Scalps St. Peter’s". It was then agreed that each school adopt a mascot, a symbol for the team which sportswriters could toss about with impunity. The idea caught on in the Philippines. By the 1930s, the Ateneo adopted Blue Eagle as a symbol, and had a live eagle accompany the basketball team.

    The choice of the color blue is based on the Ateneo's colors. The choice of an eagle is a reference to the "high-flying" basketball team which would "sweep the fields away" as a dominating force. Furthermore, there was some mythological— even political—significance to the choice of the eagle as a symbol of power. In On Wings of Blue, a booklet of Ateneo traditions, songs, and cheers published in the 1930s and reprinted in the 1950s, Lamberto V. Avellana explains the significance of the Blue Eagle in the context of Ateneo tradition:

    "The Eagle — fiery, majestic, whose kingdom is the virgin sky, is swift in pursuit, terrible in battle. He is a king - a fighting king... And thus he was chosen—to soar with scholar’s thought and word high into the regions of truth and excellence, to flap his glorious wings and cast his ominous shadow below, even as the student crusader would instill fear in those who would battle against the Cross. And so he was chosen — to fly with the fleet limbs of the cinder pacer, to swoop down with the Blue gladiator into the arena of sporting combat and with him to fight — and keep on fighting till brilliant victory, or honorable defeat. And so he was chosen — to perch on the Shield of Loyola, to be the symbol of all things honorable, even as the Great Eagle is perched on the American escutcheon, to be the guardian of liberty. And so he was chosen—and he lives, not only in body to soar over his campus aerie, but in spirit, in the Ateneo Spirit... For he flies high, and he is a fighter, and he is King!"

    Cheering tradition

    The Ateneo de Manila was successful in athletics even before the NCAA began. To help cheer the Ateneo squad on, the Jesuits decided that the Ateneo ought to have some sort of organization in its cheering. The Ateneo then introduced organized cheering to the country by fielding the first-ever cheering squad in the Philippines, which is now known as the Blue Babble Battalion. The Ateneo claims that its brand of cheering is both unique and rooted in classical antiquity. In the 1959 Ateneo Aegis (the college yearbook), alumnus Art Borjal explained:
    The words of some of the cheers seem incomprehensible or derived from an exotic language. Loud, rapid yells of "fabilioh" and "halikinu" are used to intimidate and confuse the enemy gallery. Meanwhile, fighting songs help inspire the team to "roll up a victory".

    Further reading

    • Websites
      • Ateneo de Manila University http://www.ateneo.edu
      • Ateneo Law School
        Ateneo Law School
        The Ateneo de Manila Law School is the law school of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private Jesuit university in the Philippines. It was founded in 1936, in the Padre Faura, Manila campus of the Ateneo, where it remained even after the college, graduate school, and basic education units moved...

         http://law.ateneo.edu
      • Ateneo Graduate School of Business
        Ateneo Graduate School of Business
        The Ateneo Graduate School of Business or the AGSB is the graduate school of business of Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. The school is located in the Ateneo Professional Schools Building in Rockwell Center,...

         http://gsb.ateneo.edu
      • Ateneo Center for Continuing Education http://cce.ateneo.edu
      • Ateneo Information Technology Institute http://www.aiti.ateneo.edu
      • Ateneo School of Government
        Ateneo School of Government
        The Ateneo School of Government or ASoG is the graduate school of public affairs of the Ateneo de Manila University, a private, Roman Catholic university established by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines.-History:...

         http://www.asg.ateneo.edu
      • Loyola School of Theology http://www.lst.edu
      • Manila Observatory
        Manila Observatory
        The Manila Observatory is a non-profit research institute housed in the campus of the Ateneo de Manila University in Quezon City, Philippines.Founded in 1865 by the Jesuits, it has served many purposes over the years including weather...

         http://www.observatory.ph
      • Society of Jesus Philippine Province http://www.phjesuits.org
      • Ateneo Office of International Programs http://www.ateneo.edu/oip
      • College Athletics Office http://www.goateneo.com/
    • Aegis
      • Roman A. Cruz, Jr. "The Ateneo Story." Aegis. 1959
    • Ateneo Alumni Business Directory
    • The GUIDON
      The GUIDON
      The GUIDON is the official student newspaper of the Ateneo de Manila University. It is a part of the Ateneo's Confederation of Publications , including Heights and Matanglawin...

        student newspaper of the Ateneo de Manila University
    • Lamberto V. Avellana. On Wings of Blue
    • Katipunan magazine
      Katipunan
      The Katipunan was a Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos in Manila in 1892, whose primary aim was to gain independence from Spain through revolution. The society was initiated by Filipino patriots Andrés Bonifacio, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, and others on the night...

    • Loyola Schools Bulletin
  • The HILL
    • Soledad S. Reyes. "From the walled city by the sea to the hill over the valley: The Ateneo through the years" The HILL. Maiden Issue. 2004.
    • Letters to the Editor, Vol. I No. 2. 2004
  • Newspaper articles and supplements
    • Joaquin G. Bernas
      Joaquin G. Bernas
      Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J., J.S.D. is a Jesuit and is Dean Emeritus of Ateneo Law School in Makati City, Philippines. He was a member of the 1986 Constitutional Commission which drafted the present Philippine Constitution....

      , S.J. "The Ateneo de Manila Celebrates 145 Years". Published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer
      Philippine Daily Inquirer
      The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is the most widely read broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines, with a daily circulation of 260,000 copies. It is one of the Philippines' newspapers of record...

       and Philippine Star. 10 December 2004.
    • Bienvenido F. Nebres
      Bienvenido Nebres
      Father Bienvenido F. Nebres, S.J. is a Filipino scientist, mathematician, and Jesuit who was the longest-serving university President of the Ateneo de Manila University. He succeeded Fr. Joaquin G. Bernas, S.J. in 1993, and served as University President until 1 June 2011...

      , S.J. "The Ateneo de Manila beyond 145". Published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer
      Philippine Daily Inquirer
      The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is the most widely read broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines, with a daily circulation of 260,000 copies. It is one of the Philippines' newspapers of record...

       and Philippine Star. 10 December 2004.
    • "Maging Liwanag". Published in the Philippine Daily Inquirer
      Philippine Daily Inquirer
      The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as the Inquirer, is the most widely read broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines, with a daily circulation of 260,000 copies. It is one of the Philippines' newspapers of record...

       and Philippine Star. 10 December 2005. http://www.ateneo.edu/news.php?office_id=1&news_id=3507
  • Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio V. de la Costa was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history....

    , S.J. Light Cavalry.
  • Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio de la Costa
    Horacio V. de la Costa was the first Filipino Provincial Superior of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines, and a recognized authority in Philippine and Asian culture and history....

    , S.J. The Jesuits in the Philippines.
  • Jose S. Arcilla, S.J. Rizal and the Emergence of the Philippine Nation. Office of Research and Publications, Ateneo de Manila University. 2003. ISBN 971-550-020-X
  • Teodoro A. Agoncillo
    Teodoro Agoncillo
    Teodoro Andal Agoncillo was a 20th-century Filipino historian. He and his contemporary Renato Constantino were among the first Filipino historians renowned for promoting a distinctly nationalist point of view of Filipino history...

    . History of the Filipino People, 8th Edition. Garotech Publishing. 1990. ISBN 971-8711-06-6
  • Nick Joaquin
    Nick Joaquín
    Nicomedes Márquez Joaquín was a Filipino writer, historian and journalist, best known for his short stories and novels in the English language. He also wrote using the pen name Quijano de Manila...

    . Manila, My Manila. Bookmark. 1999. ISBN 971-569-313-X
  • Jean Mallat, translated by Pura Santillan-Castrence and Lina S. Castrence. The Philippines: History, Geography, Customs, Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce of the Spanish Colonies in Oceania. National Historical Institute. 1998. ISBN 971-538-081-6.
  • Cristina Jayme Montiel and Susan Evangelista, eds. Down from the Hill: Ateneo de Manila In the First Ten Years Under Martial Law, 1971-1982. Ateneo de Manila University Press. 2005. ISBN 971-550-486-8.


  • External links

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