, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. In his eleven years as president he changed Egypt's
direction, departing from some of the economic and political principles of Nasserism
by re-instituting the multi-party system, and launching the Infitah
He was a senior member of the Free Officers group that overthrew the Muhammad Ali Dynasty
in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser
, whom he succeeded as President in 1970.
1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to officially visit Israel, when he meets Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin and speaks before the Knesset in Jerusalem, seeking a permanent peace settlement.
1977 Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin meets in Egypt with President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat.
1978 Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace process at Camp David, Maryland.
1978 U.S. President Jimmy Carter, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt, and Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel meet at Camp David and agree on the Camp David Accords a framework for peace between Israel and Egypt and a comprehensive peace in the Middle East.
1978 Arab-Israeli conflict: Prime Minister of Israel Menachem Begin and President of Egypt Anwar Sadat are jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1981 Vice President Hosni Mubarak is elected as the President of Egypt one week after the assassination murder of the President of Egypt, Anwar Sadat. As of June 1, 2010, Mr. Mubarak is still the President of Egypt, having been re-elected several times.