Antanas Vienuolis
Antanas Vienuolis (April 7, 1882 — August 17, 1957) was a Lithuanian writer, dramatist and one of the most famous realistic
Realism (arts)
Realism in the visual arts and literature refers to the general attempt to depict subjects "in accordance with secular, empirical rules", as they are considered to exist in third person objective reality, without embellishment or interpretation...



Vienuolis was born on April 7, 1882 in Ažuožeriai, Anykščiai district, Russian Empire
Russian Empire
The Russian Empire was a state that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It was the successor to the Tsardom of Russia and the predecessor of the Soviet Union...

. His parents, Julijonas Žukauskas and Rozalija Baranauskaitė, were peasants. Antanas was the youngest child and the only one son in the family, he had 5 older sisters. Antanas' family was in quite good circumstances and had 25 ha of land.

In 1894, he moved to Užupiečiai, where he attended Anykščiai
Anykščiai is a ski resort town in Lithuania, 20 miles west of Utena. The Roman Catholic Church of St. Matthias in Anykščiai is the tallest church in Lithuania, with spires measuring 79 meters in height.The city has a football club FK Anykščiai.-Name:...

 school, where all subjects were taught in Russian
Russian language
Russian is a Slavic language used primarily in Russia, Belarus, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is an unofficial but widely spoken language in Ukraine, Moldova, Latvia, Turkmenistan and Estonia and, to a lesser extent, the other countries that were once constituent republics...

. Žukauskas was an exempliary student at school. In 1895 he moved to Liepāja
Liepāja ; ), is a republican city in western Latvia, located on the Baltic Sea directly at 21°E. It is the largest city in the Kurzeme Region of Latvia, the third largest city in Latvia after Riga and Daugavpils and an important ice-free port...

, where he attended gymnasium and met famous Lithuanian writer Jonas Biliūnas
Jonas Biliunas
Jonas Biliūnas was a Lithuanian writer, poet, and a significant contributor to the national awakening of Lithuania in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.-Biography:...


Vienuolis died on August 17, 1957 from the acute trombosis of heart arteries. He was buried in the yard near his house.


Vienuolis has written many legend
A legend is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude...

s, novels, novellas, memorials and dramas.

List of works of Antanas Vienuolis:
  • Amžinasis smuikininkas (Eternal violinist)
  • Užkeiktieji vienuoliai (Cursed monks)
  • Platelių ežero paslaptis (Secret of Lake Plateliai)
  • Gražuolės Lalos kalnas(Mountain of Beauty Lala)
  • Kruvinojo keršto uola (Rock of the bloody revenge)
  • Samgori dykuma (Samagori desert)
  • Krymo įspūdžiai (Crimean impressions)
  • Mieganti Ararato mergelė (Sleeping miss from Ararath)
  • Anykščių padavimai (Anykščiai stories)
  • Medvėgalio pilis (Medvėgalis Castle)
  • Naglio kalno lobiai (Treasure of Mount Naglis)
  • Šventavartė (Holygate)
  • Grįžo (Came back)
  • Aleliuja (Hallelujah)
  • „Kūčių naktį (At night of Christmas Eve)
  • Paskutinė vietelė (The last snug)
  • „Užžėlusiu taku
  • Paskenduolė (The drowned)
  • Didysis karas (The big war)
  • Pati
  • Samdinė Elena
  • Mano krikštatėvio kumeliukas (My Godfather's colt)
  • Pavainikė (Illegitimate)
  • Arkliavagio duktė (Rustler's daughter)
  • Gediminaitė ir mužikas (Gediminaitė and kern)
  • Susitikimai Kaukaze (Meetings in Caucasus)
  • Iš mano atsiminimų (From my memorials)
  • Inteligentų palata (Intelligents' ward)
  • Vėžys
  • Mirtinai sužeistas (Mortally wounded)
  • Karžygys (Warior)
  • Prieš dieną (Day before )
  • Kryžkelės (Crossroads)
  • 1831 metai (The year 1831)
  • Nemigo naktys (Sleepless nights)
  • Viešnia iš šiaurės (Guest from the north)
  • Ministeris (Minister)
  • Dauboje (In the dip)
  • Išdukterė
  • Puodžiūnkiemis
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