Andrei Sakharov Prize (APS)
The Andrei Sakharov Prize is a prize that is to be awarded every second year by the American Physical Society
American Physical Society
The American Physical Society is the world's second largest organization of physicists, behind the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. The Society publishes more than a dozen scientific journals, including the world renowned Physical Review and Physical Review Letters, and organizes more than 20...

 since 2006. The recipients are chosen for "outstanding leadership and/or achievements of scientists in upholding human rights
Human rights
Human rights are "commonly understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being." Human rights are thus conceived as universal and egalitarian . These rights may exist as natural rights or as legal rights, in both national...

". The prize is named after Andrei Sakharov
Andrei Sakharov
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov was a Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist. He earned renown as the designer of the Soviet Union's Third Idea, a codename for Soviet development of thermonuclear weapons. Sakharov was an advocate of civil liberties and civil reforms in the...

 (1921-1989), Soviet nuclear physicist, dissident and human rights activist; as of 2007 it is valued at $10,000.


  • 2010 Herman Winick
  • 2008 Liangying Xu
    Xu Liangying
    Xu Liangying , b 1920, is a Chinese physicist, translator and a famous historian and philosopher of natural science in China.-Biography:...

  • 2006 Yuri Orlov

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