Allis-Chalmers
Overview
 
The Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co. of West Allis, Wisconsin
West Allis, Wisconsin
West Allis is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. The population was 61,254 at the 2000 census. Its name derives from Edward P. Allis, who started the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company in the 19th century. The site of the town was...

, is an American company known for its past as a manufacturer with diverse interests, perhaps most famous for their bright Persian Orange farm tractor
Tractor
A tractor is a vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction...

s. The company eventually divested its manufacturing businesses and today is based in Houston, Texas
Houston, Texas
Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

, as Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy Inc. is a Houston-based oil company which provides both services and equipment to oil and natural gas companies throughout the Gulf of Mexico and in surrounding states and countries.-History:...

.
Allis-Chalmers first entered the manufacturing business as E.P. Allis of Milwaukee in the 1840s. They made waterwheel, sawmill and grindstones.
Encyclopedia
The Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co. of West Allis, Wisconsin
West Allis, Wisconsin
West Allis is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. The population was 61,254 at the 2000 census. Its name derives from Edward P. Allis, who started the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company in the 19th century. The site of the town was...

, is an American company known for its past as a manufacturer with diverse interests, perhaps most famous for their bright Persian Orange farm tractor
Tractor
A tractor is a vehicle specifically designed to deliver a high tractive effort at slow speeds, for the purposes of hauling a trailer or machinery used in agriculture or construction...

s. The company eventually divested its manufacturing businesses and today is based in Houston, Texas
Houston, Texas
Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

, as Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy Inc. is a Houston-based oil company which provides both services and equipment to oil and natural gas companies throughout the Gulf of Mexico and in surrounding states and countries.-History:...

.

History

Allis-Chalmers first entered the manufacturing business as E.P. Allis of Milwaukee in the 1840s. They made waterwheel, sawmill and grindstones. While originally incorporated in Delaware, the company soon became a major manufacturer of steam engines and industrial equipment in the Milwaukee area after merging with other firms—Fraser & Chalmers were a large steel and mining retort manufacturer. The company's presence in Milwaukee became so large that its plants were once used as a landmark there, and, in particular, its "west" plant may have lent its name to the city of West Allis
West Allis, Wisconsin
West Allis is a city in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. The population was 61,254 at the 2000 census. Its name derives from Edward P. Allis, who started the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company in the 19th century. The site of the town was...

. Allis-Chalmers entered into the farm equipment business in 1914 at about the time of the World War I
World War I
World War I , which was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter, was a major war centred in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918...

. The company would also play a major part as a manufacturer in the World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 building pumps for uranium separation as part of the Manhattan Project
Manhattan Project
The Manhattan Project was a research and development program, led by the United States with participation from the United Kingdom and Canada, that produced the first atomic bomb during World War II. From 1942 to 1946, the project was under the direction of Major General Leslie Groves of the US Army...

 and building electric motors for U.S. Navy submarines. Allis-Chalmers also built triple expansion marine steam engines for Liberty ships.

The company introduced a number of product lines including Agricultural Tractor, Implements, Industrial Tractor, Gleaner Combines
Gleaner Manufacturing Company
Gleaner Manufacturing Company was the name of a company which made the first self-propelled combine harvesters. They are best known for their production while part of Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company. Gleaners were silver in color, unlike the Allis-Chalmers field tractors, which were unique...

, Hydroturbines, Valves and Pumps, Compressors, Electric Motors, Crushing and screening equipment, Comminution, Air Purification, Coal Gasification and Simplicity Garden Tractors.
Allis-Chalmers was one of fourteen major electrical manufacturing companies that went to court in October 1937 to change the way unions excluded contractors and products in the building trades through the union use of the "Men and Means Clause". The action of Allis-Chalmers and others eventually resulted in the U.S. Supreme Court decision of June 18, 1945 that ended certain union practices that violated the Sherman Antitrust Act.

A series of acquisitions were made by the company beginning in 1928 with the acquisition of Monarch Tractor Company. In 1931, the company acquired Advance-Rumely
Advance-Rumely
The Advance-Rumely Company of La Porte, Indiana was organized in 1915 as a producer of many types of agricultural machinery, most notably threshing machines and large tractors...

 based in LaPorte, Indiana
LaPorte, Indiana
La Porte is a city in La Porte County, Indiana, United States, of which it is the county seat. Its population was 22,053 at the 2010 census. It is one of the two principal cities of the Michigan City-La Porte, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the...

.Buda Engine Co.
Buda Engine Co.
Buda Engine was founded in 1881. Based in Harvey, Illinois, Buda manufactured engines for industrial, truck, and marine applications. Early Buda engines were gasoline fueled. Later, diesel engines were introduced, utilizing proprietary Lanova cylinder head designs, injection pumps and nozzles....

, based in Harvey, Illinois
Harvey, Illinois
Harvey is a city in Cook County, Illinois, United States, near Chicago. The population was 30,000 at the 2000 census.Harvey is bordered by Dixmoor, Riverdale and Blue Island to the north, Posen and Markham to the west, South Holland, Phoenix, and Dolton to the east, and East Hazel Crest to the...

 was acquired in 1953. Two years later the company acquired Gleaner Harvester Co., and in 1959 it acquired the French company Vendeuvre. Also in 1959, Allis-Chalmers acquired Tractomotive Corporation located in Deerfield, IL. Allis-Chalmers also acquired Simplicity
Simplicity Outdoor
Simplicity Manufacturing Company is a company based in Port Washington, Wisconsin that builds lawn and garden equipment under various brands. It was founded by William J. Niederkorn in 1922, and started building riding garden tractors in 1939...

, which was later sold to its management in 1983.

In 1978 a partnership Siemens-Allis was formed, supplying electrical control equipment. Siemens
Siemens
Siemens may refer toSiemens, a German family name carried by generations of telecommunications industrialists, including:* Werner von Siemens , inventor, founder of Siemens AG...

 bought Allis-Chalmers' interest in the company in 1985 and it was incorporated into Siemens' Energy and Automation division.

The company began to struggle in the 1980s in a climate of rapid economic change. It was forced amid financial struggles to sell its farm equipment division to K-H-D (Klöckner-Humboldt-Deutz) AG of Germany in 1985, the owners of Deutz-Fahr
Deutz-Fahr
Deutz-Fahr German tractor now a part of SAME Deutz-Fahr, traces its roots to 1894 when Deutz was founded. Deutz merged with Fahr, founded in 1870 by Johann Georg Fahr, in 1961 to become Deutz-Fahr...

, which was renamed Deutz-Allis. Deutz-Allis later was sold to management and became what is now the AGCO Corporation (Allis-Gleaner Corporation), and tractors were sold under the AGCO-Allis name - though later this became just AGCO. What remained of the manufacturing businesses were dispersed in 1998 and the company officially closed its offices in Milwaukee in January 1999 The remaining service businesses became Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy Inc. is a Houston-based oil company which provides both services and equipment to oil and natural gas companies throughout the Gulf of Mexico and in surrounding states and countries.-History:...

 in Houston, Texas
Houston, Texas
Houston is the fourth-largest city in the United States, and the largest city in the state of Texas. According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the city had a population of 2.1 million people within an area of . Houston is the seat of Harris County and the economic center of , which is the ...

.

In August, 2008, Briggs & Stratton
Briggs & Stratton
Briggs & Stratton is the world's largest manufacturer of air-cooled gasoline engines primarily for outdoor power equipment. Current production averages 11 million engines per year.-History:...

 announced that it would sell lawn tractors under the Allis-Chalmers brand name.

Agricultural machinery

Allis-Chalmers offered a complete line of agricultural machinery, from tillage and harvesting to tractors.

Generators

In 1965, Allis-Chalmers built "Big Allis
Big Allis
Big Allis, formally known as Ravenswood No. 3, is a giant electric power generator originally commissioned by Consolidated Edison Company and built by the Allis-Chalmers Corporation in 1965...

," or Ravenswood No. 3, the biggest generator in New York. It's located in Queens, and has a total output of 1000 MW. It is still operational today.

Tractor models

In 1959, a team led by Harry Ihrig built a 15 kW fuel cell
Fuel cell
A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimes used...

 tractor for Allis-Chalmers which was demonstrated across the US at state fairs. This was the first fuel-cell-powered vehicle. Potassium hydroxide served as the electrolyte. The original AC fuel cell tractor is currently on display at the Smithsonian.

Balers

The first model introduced in 1949. They called their baler the Roto-Baler". It was the fore-runner to what we know today as a round baler. The Roto-Baler was built until sometime in the 1960s or 1970s. Allis Chalmers also built many small square baler models.

Tractor parts

While AGCO is now the parts manufacturer for most of the parts one would need to fix up their older Allis-Chalmers tractors, including water pumps to oil filters, and even rebuild kits and tractor manuals, aftermarket suppliers offer parts that AGCO does not.

Industrial and power house equipment

Allis Chalmers marketed and sold a full line of Industrial and Power House equipment including turbo generators and medium voltage switchgear. In the 1920s through the 1960s AC Power House and Industrial equipment was very much competitive with industry giants like General Electric and Westinghouse. As early as the 1920s AC was manufacturing multi MVA hyrdo-electric generators and turbines may of which are still in service today (Louisville Gas & Electric Ohio Falls units 1-8, 8MW low head turbines and Kentucky Utilities Dix Dam units 1-3, 11MVA 300 RPM generators).

Allis Chalmers manufactured several lines of medium voltage switchgear such as the HF and MA lines. The HF line was a direct competitor with the General Electric "AM" Magneblast line of vertical lift medium voltage switchgear. The MA line was a direct competitor of the ITE "HK" line of horizontal racking medium voltage switchgear.

Also, Allis-Chalmers produced a line of substation transformers, voltage regulators, and distribution transformers.

Allis Chalmers, during the period 1930-1965 and beyond, manufactured and marketed an extensive line of ore crushing equipment for the worldwide mining industry

Lawn and outdoor machinery

In the late 1960s and early 1970s AC expanded into the lawn and out-door products equipment market.

All Terrain Vehicles

AC made a line of 6-wheeled Amphibious ATV
Amphibious ATV
An amphibious all-terrain vehicle is a small off-road, and typically six-wheel drive, amphibious vehicle. They were developed in the early 1960s and quickly became popular in both the US and Canada. These vehicles are now used by enthusiasts and professionals worldwide.These vehicles earned...

's called the "Terra Tiger".

Fuel cell golf carts

In 1965, Allis-Chalmers built hydrogen
Hydrogen
Hydrogen is the chemical element with atomic number 1. It is represented by the symbol H. With an average atomic weight of , hydrogen is the lightest and most abundant chemical element, constituting roughly 75% of the Universe's chemical elemental mass. Stars in the main sequence are mainly...

 fueled fuel cell
Fuel cell
A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction with oxygen or another oxidizing agent. Hydrogen is the most common fuel, but hydrocarbons such as natural gas and alcohols like methanol are sometimes used...

 golf carts.

Military machinery

  • M1 tractor medium model HD7W
  • M1 tractor heavy model HD10W
  • M4 Tractor
    M4 Tractor
    -Design and development:The M4 was based on the chassis and drive train of the obsolescent M2 Light Tank. This common practice of re-using old vehicles simplified design, allowed for easy production, and made maintenance in the field easier....

     high speed 18-Ton artillery tractor
    Artillery tractor
    Artillery tractor is a kind of tractor, also referred to as a gun tractor, a vehicle used to tow artillery pieces of varying weights.-Traction:...

     manufactured from 1943.
  • M6 Tractor
    M6 Tractor
    The M6 High-Speed Tractor was an artillery tractor used by the US Army in World War II to tow heavy artillery pieces such as 8 inch Gun M1 and 240 mm Howitzer M1.- See also :* List of U.S. military vehicles by supply catalog designation* List of U.S...

     high speed 38-Ton (artillery tractor)
  • M7 Snow Tractor
    M7 Snow Tractor
    The Allis-Chalmers M7 snow tractor was designed for use by the U.S. Army Air Corps as a rescue vehicle in remote northern bases.-History:The M7 snow tractor was standarized in August 1943, and was downgraded to Limited standard in November 1944. It was intended to pull a 1-ton M19 snow trailer ....

  • M19 snow trailer, 1-Ton
  • Ontos
    Ontos
    The Ontos, officially the Rifle, Multiple 106 mm, Self-propelled, M50, was an American light armored tracked anti-tank vehicle developed in the 1950s...

     - a light anti-tank vehicle, 297 units produced from 1955 to 1957.

Allis-Chalmers Energy

Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy
Allis-Chalmers Energy Inc. is a Houston-based oil company which provides both services and equipment to oil and natural gas companies throughout the Gulf of Mexico and in surrounding states and countries.-History:...

 is a Houston-based multi-faceted oilfield services company. Allis-Chalmers provides services and equipment to oil and natural gas exploration and production companies, both domestically and internationally.

See also

  • List of Allis-Chalmers tractors
  • List of Allis-Chalmers engines
  • AGCO
    AGCO
    AGCO is an agricultural equipment manufacturer based in Duluth, Georgia, USA. As a leading global manufacturer of agricultural equipment, AGCO offers a full line of tractors, combines, hay tools, sprayers, forage and tillage equipment, which are distributed through more than 2,700 independent...

     (holder of former Deutz-Allis assets)
  • CNH Global
    CNH Global
    CNH Global N.V. is a global, full line company operating in both the agricultural and construction equipment industries. CNH's scope includes integrated engineering, manufacturing, marketing and distribution of equipment on five continents...

     (holder of former Fiat-Allis assets)
  • Siemens AG
    Siemens AG
    Siemens AG is a German multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Munich, Germany. It is the largest Europe-based electronics and electrical engineering company....

     (holder of former Siemens-Allis assets)
  • Timeline of hydrogen technologies
    Timeline of hydrogen technologies
    Timeline of hydrogen technologies — A timeline of the history of hydrogen technology.-1600s:* 1625 - First description of hydrogen by Johann Baptista van Helmont...

  • Gleaner (harvester)
  • Serial Number Locations

External links

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.
 
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