Alexei Andreyevich Tupolev was a Soviet
The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....
aircraft designer who led the development of the first supersonic
Supersonic speed is a rate of travel of an object that exceeds the speed of sound . For objects traveling in dry air of a temperature of 20 °C this speed is approximately 343 m/s, 1,125 ft/s, 768 mph or 1,235 km/h. Speeds greater than five times the speed of sound are often...
passenger jet, the failed Tupolev Tu-144
The Tupolev Tu-144 was a Soviet supersonic transport aircraft and remains one of only two SSTs to enter commercial service, the other being the Concorde...
. He also helped design the Buran
The Buran spacecraft , GRAU index 11F35 K1 was a Russian orbital vehicle analogous in function and design to the US Space Shuttle and developed by Chief Designer Gleb Lozino-Lozinskiy of Energia rocket corporation...
space shuttle and the Tu-2000, which has been suspended because of the lack of funds.
Tupolev was the son of famed Soviet aircraft pioneer, Andrei Tupolev
Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev was a pioneering Soviet aircraft designer.During his career, he designed and oversaw the design of more than 100 types of aircraft, some of which set 78 world records...
. He graduated from the Moscow Aviation Institute
Moscow Aviation Institute
Moscow Aviation Institute is one of several major engineering higher education establishments in Moscow .Although the school is currently offering a wide range of majors and research...
in 1949 and began working with his father at the Tupolev Design Bureau. He became chief designer in 1963 and general designer in 1973.
Airliners designed by Andrei Tupolev
List (partial) of retired or active Airliners designed or made by aviation designer/engineer Andrei Tupolev; incl. both military and civilian planes, jets and other aircraft: Tupolev Tu-104, Tupolev Tu-16, Tupolev Tu-114, Tupolev Tu-116, Tupolev Tu-126, Tupolev Tu-134, Tupolev 124, Tupolev Tu-95.