Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757  – July 12, 1804) was a Founding Father
Founding Fathers of the United States
The Founding Fathers of the United States of America were political leaders and statesmen who participated in the American Revolution by signing the United States Declaration of Independence, taking part in the American Revolutionary War, establishing the United States Constitution, or by some...

, soldier, economist
An economist is a professional in the social science discipline of economics. The individual may also study, develop, and apply theories and concepts from economics and write about economic policy...

, political philosopher, one of America's first constitutional law
Constitutional law
Constitutional law is the body of law which defines the relationship of different entities within a state, namely, the executive, the legislature and the judiciary....

yers and the first United States Secretary of the Treasury
United States Secretary of the Treasury
The Secretary of the Treasury of the United States is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, which is concerned with financial and monetary matters, and, until 2003, also with some issues of national security and defense. This position in the Federal Government of the United...

. As Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton was the primary author of the economic policies of the George Washington Administration
Presidency of George Washington
With inauguration on April 30, 1789, the presidency of George Washington initiated a significant leadership role over the United States. President Washington entered office with the full support of the national and state leadership, and established the executive and judicial branches of the federal...

, especially the funding of the state debts by the Federal government, the establishment of a national bank, a system of tariffs, and friendly trade relations with Britain.

For my own part, I sincerely esteem it a system which without the finger of God, never could have been suggested and agreed upon by such a diversity of interests.

Statement after the Constitutional Convention (1787)

It has been observed that a pure democracy if it were practicable would be the most perfect government. Experience has proved that no position is more false than this. The ancient democracies in which the people themselves deliberated never possessed one good feature of government. Their very character was tyranny; their figure deformity.

Speech in New York, urging ratification of the U.S. Constitution (1788-06-21)

Here, sir, the people govern; here they act by their immediate representatives.

Remarks on the U.S. House of Representatives, at the New York state convention on the adoption of the Federal Constitution, Poughkeepsie, New York (1788-07-27)

Every power vested in a government is in its nature sovereign, and includes by force of the term a right to employ all the means the attainment of the ends of such power.

Opinion on the Constitutionality of the Bank (1791-02-23)

If the end be clearly comprehended within any of the specified powers, and if the measure have an obvious relation to that end, and is not forbidden by any particular provision of the Constitution, it may safely be deemed to come within the compass of the national authority.


If it be asked, What is the most sacred duty and the greatest source of our security in a Republic? The answer would be, An inviolable respect for the Constitution and Laws — the first growing out of the last... A sacred respect for the constitutional law is the vital principle, the sustaining energy of a free government.

Essay in the American Daily Advertiser (1794-08-28)

The passions of a revolution are apt to hurry even good men into excesses.

Essay (1795-08-12)

I have thought it my duty to exhibit things as they are, not as they ought to be.

Letter (1802-04-16)

Men are rather reasoning than reasonable animals, for the most part governed by the impulse of passion.


A garden, you know, is a very usual refuge of a disappointed politician. Accordingly, I have purchased a few acres about nine miles from town, have built a house, and am cultivating a garden.

Letter to Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (1802-12-29)