Albay
Overview
 
Albay is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Bicol Region
Bicol Region
The Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 17 regions of the Philippines. Its regional center is Legazpi City...

 in Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

. Its capital is Legazpi City
Legazpi City
The City of Legazpi is a first class city and capital of the province of Albay, Philippines. With 179,481 inhabitants according to the 2007 census, it is the largest city in the Bicol Region in terms of population, though not in land area...

 and the province borders Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Pili and the province borders Camarines Norte and Quezon to the north, and Albay to the south...

 to the north and Sorsogon
Sorsogon
Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region; it is the southernmost province in Luzon and is subdivided into fourteen municipalities and one city. Its capital is Sorsogon City and borders the province of Albay to the north...

 to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf is a large gulf in the southeastern part of Luzon island, Philippines, at . It is separated from the Philippine Sea by Caramoan Peninsula in the north....

.

Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano, also known as Mount Mayon, is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, Mayon forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City, the largest city in terms of...

 is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano
Volcano
2. Bedrock3. Conduit 4. Base5. Sill6. Dike7. Layers of ash emitted by the volcano8. Flank| 9. Layers of lava emitted by the volcano10. Throat11. Parasitic cone12. Lava flow13. Vent14. Crater15...

 forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.
Population Based on the August 2007 census, Albay has a total population of 1,190,823, which makes it the 20th most populous province in the country.
Encyclopedia
Albay is a province
Provinces of the Philippines
The Provinces of the Philippines are the primary political and administrative divisions of the Philippines. There are 80 provinces at present, further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are autonomous from any provincial...

 of the Philippines
Philippines
The Philippines , officially known as the Republic of the Philippines , is a country in Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. To its north across the Luzon Strait lies Taiwan. West across the South China Sea sits Vietnam...

 located in the Bicol Region
Bicol Region
The Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 17 regions of the Philippines. Its regional center is Legazpi City...

 in Luzon
Luzon
Luzon is the largest island in the Philippines. It is located in the northernmost region of the archipelago, and is also the name for one of the three primary island groups in the country centered on the Island of Luzon...

. Its capital is Legazpi City
Legazpi City
The City of Legazpi is a first class city and capital of the province of Albay, Philippines. With 179,481 inhabitants according to the 2007 census, it is the largest city in the Bicol Region in terms of population, though not in land area...

 and the province borders Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur
Camarines Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Pili and the province borders Camarines Norte and Quezon to the north, and Albay to the south...

 to the north and Sorsogon
Sorsogon
Sorsogon is a province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region; it is the southernmost province in Luzon and is subdivided into fourteen municipalities and one city. Its capital is Sorsogon City and borders the province of Albay to the north...

 to the south. Also to the northeast is Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf is a large gulf in the southeastern part of Luzon island, Philippines, at . It is separated from the Philippine Sea by Caramoan Peninsula in the north....

.

Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano, also known as Mount Mayon, is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, Mayon forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City, the largest city in terms of...

 is the symbol most associated with the province. This nearly perfectly-shaped active volcano
Volcano
2. Bedrock3. Conduit 4. Base5. Sill6. Dike7. Layers of ash emitted by the volcano8. Flank| 9. Layers of lava emitted by the volcano10. Throat11. Parasitic cone12. Lava flow13. Vent14. Crater15...

 forms a scenic backdrop to the capital city of Legazpi 15 kilometers to the south.

People and culture

Population Based on the August 2007 census, Albay has a total population of 1,190,823, which makes it the 20th most populous province in the country. There are 208,640 households in the province with an average size of 5.22 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99.

Languages Bikol
Bikol language
Central Bicolano , is one of the individual languages of the Bikol languages. It belongs to Coastal Bikol. It is spoken in Bicol Region of the Philippines .-Bikol-Naga:...

 is the primary language spoken in Albay, being a part of the Bicol Region. There are other dialects spoken in the province, however, such as Bicolano Viejo, Daragueño, Legazpeño or Albayano, Oasnon and others. The dialects spoken in the coastal areas of the province are similar to that spoken in Camarines Sur while those further inland are similar to each other but differs significantly from the coastal dialect. Majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog and English.

History

Long before the Spaniards arrived, Albay had a thriving civilization. This was evident in the archeological finds dating to the middle Pleistocene age between 200,000 to 300,000 years ago. During those times, Albay was called Ibat ruled by Gat Ibal, a very old chief.

In July 1569, Luis Enriquez de Guzman, a member of the expedition led by Maestro de Cam-po Mateo de Saz and Captain Martin de Goiti, led a group who crossed from Burias and Ticao islands and landed on a coastal settlement called Ibalon in what is presently the province of Sorsogon. From this point another expedition was sent to explore the interior and founded the town of Camalig.

In 1573, Juan de Salcedo penetrated the Bicol peninsula from the north as far south as Libon and established the settlement of Santiago de Libon. Jose Maria Peñaranda, a military engineer, was made “coregidor” of the province on May 14, 1834. He constructed public buildings and built roads and bridges.

The entire Bicol peninsula was organized as one province with two divisions, Camarines in the northwest, and Ibalon in the southeast. In 1636, the two partidos were separated, and Ibalon became a separate province with Sorsogon as capital. In the 17th century the Moro slave raiders ravaged the coastal areas of the province of Albay on the northeastern coast.

Mayon Volcano, in one of the most violent eruptions, destroyed five towns surrounding its base in 1814. This eruption forced the town of Cagsawa to relocate its present site to Legazpi.

A decree was issued by Governor and Captain General Narciso de Claveria in 1846 separating Masbate, Ticao and Burias from Albay to form the comandancia of Masbate. Albay was then divided into four districts: Iraya, Cordillera or Tabaco, Sorsogon and Catanduanes.

Glicerio Delgado, a condemned “insurecto” started the revolutionary activities in the province. With headquarters in the mountain of Guinobatan, he joined the revolutionary government of Albay as lieutenant of the infantry.

A unit of the Philippine Militia was then organized by the Spanish military authorities. Mariano Riosa was appointed major of the Tabaco Zone which comprised all the towns along the seacoast from Albay to Tiwi, while Anacieto Solano was also appointed as major for the Iraya Zone which was made up of the towns from Daraga to Libon. Each town was organized into sections of fifty men under the command of a lieutenant.

On September 22, 1898, the provisional revolutionary government of Albay was formed with Anacieto Solano as provisional president. Major General Vito Belarmino, appointed military commander, reorganized the Filipinos Army in the province.

During the Filipno-American War, Brigadier General William Kobbe headed the expedition that landed on the ports of Sorsogon, Bulan and Donsol. From there, the American marched to Legazpi and captured the place.

Although, a civil government was established in Albay on April 26, 1901, Colonel Harry H. Bandhortz, Commanding Officer of the Constabulary in the Bicol Region, attested that Simeon Ola, with a thousand of men, continued to defy American authority after the capture of Belarmino in 1901. Ola was later captured with about six hundred men.

During the Second World War, the Kimura Detachment of the Japanese Imperial Forces occupied Legazpi on December 12, 1941. The region was defended only by the Philippine Constabulary unit under Major Francisco Sandico.
On 1945, Filipino soldiers of the 5th, 51st, 52nd, 54th, 55th, 56th and 57th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 5th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary was around the liberation and re-captured the province of Albay and helping Bicolano guerrilla fighters and American soldiers was defeated and against the Kimura Detachment of the Japanese Imperial Forces and ended in World War II.

Economy

Traditional industries. Agriculture is the main industry in Albay, which produces such crops as coconut, rice, sugar, and abacá. Handicrafts are the major source of rural income. It continuous to provide fairly large share in the small-scale industries of the province. Forestry and papermaking are another source of livelihood. The manufacture of abacá products such as Manila hemp,hats,bags,mats,and slippers is one of the main sources of income in the rural areas. Fishing is also done along both shores of the province. Tourism, primarily because of Mayon Volcano, also draws income for Albay.

Transportation. Albay is also the region's principal trans-shipment point with its ports: Tabaco International, Legazpi National, Pio Duran Provincial, and the Pantao Regional Port.Legazpi City also has its own domestic airport which hopes to serve international flights in the near future.Legazpi Airport serves as Bicol's gateway to Manila and the Visayas.

Geography

Albay has a total land area of 2,552.6 square kilometers, which makes it the 26th smallest province. Most of Albay is located on mainland Bicol Peninsula
Bicol Peninsula
Bicol is a peninsula of the Philippines. It is located on Luzon Island and is part of Bicol Region. The active Mayon Volcano is here....

 and it has four major island
Island
An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, cays or keys. An island in a river or lake may be called an eyot , or holm...

s to the east: Rapu-Rapu
Rapu-rapu Island
Rapu-rapu Island is an island in the Philippines where the municipality of Rapu-rapu, Albay is located. It is situated in the Lagonoy Gulf.It is one of the two islands comprising the whole municipality. The other island is Batan Island....

, Batan
Batan Island, Albay
Batan Island is an island in the Lagonoy Gulf in the Philippines. Along with Rapu-rapu Island it forms the municipality of Rapu-rapu, in the province of Albay in the Bicol region. The other islands in this strip of islands are Cagraray Island and San Miguel Island.Batan Island compose of many...

 (part of Rapu-Rapu), Cagraray
Cagraray Island
Cagraray Island is located in the province of Albay in the Philippines. Except barangays San Antonio and Salvacion which belongs to Malilipot, the other barangays of Cagraray belong to the municipality of Bacacay, Albay....

 (largely part of Bacacay, with small area as part of Malilipot), and San Miguel
San Miguel Island, Albay
San Miguel Island is located at the western end of the strip of islands in the Lagonoy Gulf in the province of Albay. It is part of Tabaco City.The island contains five barangays: Angas, Hacienda, Rawis, Sagurong and Visita...

 (part of Tabaco City
Tabaco City
Tabaco City is a 4th class city in the province of Albay in the Philippines. It is one of the three component cities of the province. The mainland part of the city is bordered by the town of Malinao to the north, the towns of Polangui and Oas to the west, Ligao City to the southwest, Malilipot town...

).

Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf
Lagonoy Gulf is a large gulf in the southeastern part of Luzon island, Philippines, at . It is separated from the Philippine Sea by Caramoan Peninsula in the north....

 borders the province to the northeast, separating it from the province
Province
A province is a territorial unit, almost always an administrative division, within a country or state.-Etymology:The English word "province" is attested since about 1330 and derives from the 13th-century Old French "province," which itself comes from the Latin word "provincia," which referred to...

 of Catanduanes
Catanduanes
Catanduanes is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region in Luzon. Its capital is Virac and the province lies to the east of Camarines Sur across Maqueda Channel. As of 2007, the population of the province is 232,757 people.-Etymology:"Isla de Cobos" was Catanduanes' first...

. Burias Island
Burias Island
Burias Island is one of the three major islands of Masbate Province in the Philippines. The other two major Islands are Ticao Island and Masbate Island. The Island has two municipalities, Claveria and San Pascual....

 in the province Masbate
Masbate
Masbate is an island province of the Philippines located in the Bicol Region. Its capital is Masbate City and consists of three major islands: Masbate, Ticao and Burias.-History:...

 can be found to the southwest across Burias Pass.

The province is generally mountainous with scattered fertile plains and valleys. Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano
Mayon Volcano, also known as Mount Mayon, is an active volcano in the province of Albay, on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. Renowned as the "perfect cone" because of its almost symmetric conical shape, Mayon forms the northern boundary of Legazpi City, the largest city in terms of...

, standing at around 2460 meters, is the most famous landform in Albay, and in the whole of Bicol
Bicol Region
The Bicol Region or Bicolandia is one of the 17 regions of the Philippines. Its regional center is Legazpi City...

, in fact. This active volcano is nearly perfectly-shaped and is considered by many to be more beautiful than Mt. Fuji in Japan
Japan
Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

. Other mountains and volcanoes in the province are Catburawan, Masaraga, Malinao, and Pantao.

On January 18, 2008, Albay Governor Joey Salceda
Joey Salceda
Jose Clemente "Joey" Sarte Salceda is the governor of the province of Albay in the Philippines. Prior to that, he was a three-year term representative of the Third District of Albay and was appointed as Presidential Chief of Staff on February 10, 2007 after the resignation of Michael Defensor...

 and the Department of Science and Technology
Department of Science and Technology
Department of Science and Technology could refer to:*Department of Science and Technology *Department of Science and Technology *Department of Science and Technology...

 (DOST) Estrella Alabastro relaunched one of the country's 4th upper-air receiving equipment in Albay worth P 18-million. The other upper-air receiving stations are in Laoag, Cebu
Cebu
Cebu is a province in the Philippines, consisting of Cebu Island and 167 surrounding islands. It is located to the east of Negros, to the west of Leyte and Bohol islands...

, and Tanay
Tanay, Rizal
Tanay is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. It is located 57 kilometers east of Manila, although a typical commute between Manila and Tanay will take between one to three hours depending upon traffic conditions...

, Rizal
Rizal
Rizal is a province located in the CALABARZON , just 16 kilometers east of Manila. The province was named after the country's national hero, José Rizal. Rizal Governor Casimiro A. Ynares III on June 17, 2008 announced the transfer of the Capitol from Pasig. Its P 270-million capitol building,...

.

Political

Albay is subdivided into 15 municipalities and 3 cities
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

 namely Legazpi, Ligao, Tabaco. Seven of them, Polangui
Polangui, Albay
- Demography :Having a total land area of 14,530 hectares or 145.30 km2 and a population of 78,572. It has a projected population density of 540 per km2, a labor force of 37,247 and 40,576 voting population.- Climate :...

, Daraga
Daraga, Albay
Daraga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines.According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 110,625 people in 20,082 households.-History:February 1, 1814 was Mayon's deadliest eruption....

, Guinobatan
Guinobatan, Albay
Guinobatan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. It is the birthplace of Gen. Simeón Ola, the last Filipino general to surrender to the Americans after the Philippine-American War....

, Camalig
Camalig, Albay
Camalig is a first class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. At the time of the 2007 census, it had a population of 60,319 people in 11,275 households....

, Oas
Oas, Albay
Oas is now reclassified as First Class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines . According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 63,888 people in 11,715 households.-Economy:The town's economy is generally agricultural...

, Libon
Libon, Albay
Libon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 68,846 people in 12,572 households. Libon is known regionally as the "Rice Granary of Albay"....

, and Tiwi
Tiwi, Albay
Tiwi is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines as recorded in the latest National Statistics Coordinating Board. According to the 2007 NSO Census of Population, it has a population of 49,185 people in 8,036 households....

 are classified as 1st class municipalities and it has 3 congressional districts.

CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS
City
Cities of the Philippines
A city is a tier of local government in the Philippines. All Philippine cities are chartered cities, whose existence as corporate and administrative entities is governed by their own specific charters in addition to the Local Government Code of 1991, which specifies the administrative structure...

/Municipality
Municipalities of the Philippines
A municipality is a local government unit in the Philippines. Municipalities are also called towns . They are distinct from cities, which are a different category of local government unit...

No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2007)
Rank
Mayor
(2010-2013)
Bacacay
Bacacay, Albay
Bacacay is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 61,574 people in 11,154 households.-Tourism:...

56
61,574
9
Tobias Betito
Camalig
Camalig, Albay
Camalig is a first class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. At the time of the 2007 census, it had a population of 60,319 people in 11,275 households....

50
60,139
10
Carlos Irwin G. Baldo
Daraga
Daraga, Albay
Daraga is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines.According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 110,625 people in 20,082 households.-History:February 1, 1814 was Mayon's deadliest eruption....

54
118.6
110,625
3
Gerry Jaucian
Guinobatan
Guinobatan, Albay
Guinobatan is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. It is the birthplace of Gen. Simeón Ola, the last Filipino general to surrender to the Americans after the Philippine-American War....

44
74,386
6
Juan M. Garcia II
Jovellar
Jovellar, Albay
Jovellar is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 17,615 people in 3,234 households. It was named in honor of Spanish governor-general Don Joaquín Jovellar y Soler....

23
17,815
18
Jorem Archangel
Legazpi City
70
204.20
179,481
1
Geraldine Rosal
Libon
Libon, Albay
Libon is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 68,846 people in 12,572 households. Libon is known regionally as the "Rice Granary of Albay"....

48
68,846
7
Agnes P. Dycoco
Ligao City
55
246.40
101,179
4
Linda P. Gonzales
Malilipot
Malilipot, Albay
Malilipot is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 33,593 people in 5,714 households.-Barangays:Malilipot is politically subdivided into 18 barangays...

18
33,593
14
Roli Volante
Malinao
Malinao, Albay
Malinao is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 39,516 people in 8,418 households....

29
39,516
13
Avelino C. Ceriola
Manito
Manito, Albay
Manito is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 21,652 people in 3,776 households....

15
21,625
17
Cesar S. Daep
Oas
Oas, Albay
Oas is now reclassified as First Class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines . According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 63,888 people in 11,715 households.-Economy:The town's economy is generally agricultural...

53
291.73
63,888
8
Gregorio H. Ricarte
Pio Duran
Pio Duran, Albay
Pio Duran is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 44,972 people in 7,966 households.-Barangays:Pio Duran is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.* Agol* Alabangpuro...

33
44,972
12
Dante R. Arandia
Polangui
Polangui, Albay
- Demography :Having a total land area of 14,530 hectares or 145.30 km2 and a population of 78,572. It has a projected population density of 540 per km2, a labor force of 37,247 and 40,576 voting population.- Climate :...

44
77,122
5
Cherilie Sampal
Rapu-Rapu
Rapu-Rapu, Albay
Rapu-Rapu is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 32,646 people in 5,591 households...

34
32,646
15
Nora Onate
Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo, Albay
' is a 4th class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2007 Philippine census, it has a population of 30,711 people in 5,390 households.-Barangays:Santo Domingo is divided into 23 barangays.* Alimsog* Buhatan* Calayucay...

23
30,711
16
Herbie Aguas
Tabaco City
47
117.14
123,513
2
Cielo Krisel Lagman-Luistro
Tiwi
Tiwi, Albay
Tiwi is a 1st class municipality in the province of Albay, Philippines as recorded in the latest National Statistics Coordinating Board. According to the 2007 NSO Census of Population, it has a population of 49,185 people in 8,036 households....

25
49,185
11
Jaime C. Villanueva

External links

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