Academy of European Law
The Academy of European Law (known by the German acronym ERA for “Europäische Rechtsakademie”) is an international centre for training and debate for lawyers. A public foundation based in Trier
Trier, historically called in English Treves is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC....

, Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

, its objective is to promote the awareness, understanding and good practice of European law.


Through conferences, seminars, study visits, language courses and e-learning projects, many of them multilingual, ERA enables legal practitioners to gain a wider and deeper knowledge of the diverse aspects of European law. Attendees at the events, taking place at the Academy’s conference centre in Trier, in Brussels
Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

 and other European cities, include judges, prosecutors, lawyers in private practice, notaries, in-house counsel, law enforcement officers, lawyers in public administration and other legal practitioners. The Academy also provides a forum for the discussion of proposals and developments of legal policy at European level and thus contributes to creating a pan-European public sphere.


The Academy’s genesis was closely associated with the accelerating pace of European integration and the completion of the internal market. In 1990, the European Parliament
European Parliament
The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union . Together with the Council of the European Union and the Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world...

 recommended that the European Commission
European Commission
The European Commission is the executive body of the European Union. The body is responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the Union's treaties and the general day-to-day running of the Union....

 invest in a centre for the continuing education of lawyers in order to improve the consistent application of European law. In 1991 the Parliament endorsed a proposal drawn up by a number of MEPs and politicians from Luxembourg
Luxembourg , officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg , is a landlocked country in western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. It has two principal regions: the Oesling in the North as part of the Ardennes massif, and the Gutland in the south...

 and the German Land of Rhineland-Palatinate
Rhineland-Palatinate is one of the 16 states of the Federal Republic of Germany. It has an area of and about four million inhabitants. The capital is Mainz. English speakers also commonly refer to the state by its German name, Rheinland-Pfalz ....

 to establish an Academy of European Law in Trier, Germany, close to the European Court of Justice
European Court of Justice
The Court can sit in plenary session, as a Grand Chamber of 13 judges, or in chambers of three or five judges. Plenary sitting are now very rare, and the court mostly sits in chambers of three or five judges...

 in Luxembourg. The Academy was set up in 1992 as a public foundation. The founding patrons were the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, the Land of Rhineland-Palatinate and the City of Trier. They were soon joined by the other German Länder, the federal state of Germany and, from 2000 on, by other Member States of the European Union
European Union
The European Union is an economic and political union of 27 independent member states which are located primarily in Europe. The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Economic Community , formed by six countries in 1958...

. Today, 23 EU Member States are patrons of the Academy.


The Academy’s training events are designed and implemented by an international team of lawyers divided into four sections: European private law, European business law, European criminal law and European public law. Speakers are drawn from a Europe-wide network of experts, leading professionals and lawmakers. Besides revenue from its conferences, publications and interest on foundation capital, a significant share of the Academy’s budget is made up of support from the European Union and the Land of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Former European Commission president Jacques Santer is the president of the Academy’s Governing Board, which is responsible for fundamental policy decisions and approval of the budget. Pauliine Koskelo, President of the Supreme Court of Finland, is chairwoman of its Board of Trustees. Klaus-Heiner Lehne
Klaus-Heiner Lehne
Klaus-Heiner Lehne is a German politician and Member of the European Parliament for North Rhine-Westphalia. He is a member of the conservative Christian Democratic Union, part of the European People's Party.-References:...

 MEP is chairman of its Executive Board. The Academy’s director is Wolfgang Heusel.


ERA publishes the quarterly legal journal ERA Forum
ERA Forum
ERA Forum is a quarterly law journal published by Springer Science+Business Media on behalf of the Academy of European Law. The journal contains articles from presentations delivered at ERA’s conferences. Most articles are published in English; however, articles in French and German are also...

in cooperation with Springer Science+Business Media
Springer Science+Business Media
- Selected publications :* Encyclopaedia of Mathematics* Ergebnisse der Mathematik und ihrer Grenzgebiete * Graduate Texts in Mathematics * Grothendieck's Séminaire de géométrie algébrique...

The source of this article is wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.  The text of this article is licensed under the GFDL.