Aarhus
Overview
 
Aarhus or Århus (ˈɒːhuːˀs) is the second-largest city in Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

. The principal port
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

 of Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

, Aarhus is on the east side of the peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 in the geographical center of Denmark. Aarhus is the seat of the council of Aarhus municipality
Aarhus Municipality
Aarhus Municipality, also commonly known by its Danish spelling Århus Municipality, is a municipality on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of , and has a total population of 307.000...

 with 311,235 inhabitants and 249,709 (1 January 2011) in the inner urban area.
According to Aarhus municipality, the "Greater Aarhus" area has a population of about 1.2 million people.
Encyclopedia
Aarhus or Århus (ˈɒːhuːˀs) is the second-largest city in Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

. The principal port
Port
A port is a location on a coast or shore containing one or more harbors where ships can dock and transfer people or cargo to or from land....

 of Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

, Aarhus is on the east side of the peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 in the geographical center of Denmark. Aarhus is the seat of the council of Aarhus municipality
Aarhus Municipality
Aarhus Municipality, also commonly known by its Danish spelling Århus Municipality, is a municipality on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of , and has a total population of 307.000...

 with 311,235 inhabitants and 249,709 (1 January 2011) in the inner urban area.
According to Aarhus municipality, the "Greater Aarhus" area has a population of about 1.2 million people. The city claims the unofficial title "Capital of Jutland".

Aarhus is the main and biggest city in the East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area is a geographic term for an area in Jutland, Denmark.The term denotes a functional coherent urban area linked by both infrastructure and labour across municipal boundaries...

 , which is a co-operation in eastern Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 with 17 municipalities. With more than 1.2 million people living in the East Jutland metropolitan area it represents approximately 23% of the population of Denmark. Aarhus has the second-largest urban area
Urban area
An urban area is characterized by higher population density and vast human features in comparison to areas surrounding it. Urban areas may be cities, towns or conurbations, but the term is not commonly extended to rural settlements such as villages and hamlets.Urban areas are created and further...

 in Denmark after Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

.

Name

The city was mentioned for the first time by Adam of Bremen
Adam of Bremen
Adam of Bremen was a German medieval chronicler. He lived and worked in the second half of the eleventh century. He is most famous for his chronicle Gesta Hammaburgensis Ecclesiae Pontificum .-Background:Little is known of his life other than hints from his own chronicles...

 who stated that "Reginbrand, bishop of the church of Aarhus (Harusa)" participated in a church meeting in the city of Ingelheim in Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

.

During the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
The Middle Ages is a periodization of European history from the 5th century to the 15th century. The Middle Ages follows the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 and precedes the Early Modern Era. It is the middle period of a three-period division of Western history: Classic, Medieval and Modern...

 the city was called Arus, and in Icelandic chronicles, it was known as Áróss. It is a compound of the two words ār, genitive of ā ("river", Modern Danish å) and ōss ("mouth", Modern Danish munding; in Modern Icelandic this word is still used for "river delta"). The name originates from the city's location around the mouth of the stream Aarhus Å (English: Aarhus River
Aarhus River
The Aarhus River is a 40 km long stream that drains a basin of 324 km² in the middle eastern part of the Jutland peninsula. The river originates 54 m above sea level in Astrup Mose next to Stilling-Solbjerg Sø southwest of Aarhus and exits into Aarhus Harbour at 56°9' northern...

), Å being the Danish word for a small river.

Through regular sound development, Medieval Danish Arus became Aars or Oes, a form which persisted in the dialects of the surrounding parishes until the 20th century. In 1406, Aarhus became prevalent in the written sources, and gradually became the norm in the 17th century. Aarhus is probably a remodelling after the numerous Low German place names in -husen, possibly as a result of the influence of German merchants.

Aarhus/Århus spelling

After the Danish spelling reform of 1948 Aarhus changed name to Århus.

In 2010, a majority of the city council voted for a name change from Århus back to Aarhus, and the renaming came into effect on January 1, 2011. Mayor Nicolai Wammen
Nicolai Wammen
Nicolai Halby Wammen is a Danish politician, representing the Social Democrats. He used to be the mayor of Aarhus. Now he's the Minister for European Affairs in Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt.-External links:*...

 argued that the Aa spelling would strengthen the city's international profile, help private enterprise and make it easier to access Aarhus on the internet. The Aarhus spelling has, however, always had some use in non-Scandinavian languages. There is considerable opposition to the Aa spelling and according to a May 2011 poll 59.8 % of the city's inhabitants preferred the Å spelling.

Although many citations of the name on signs and other physical media still read Århus, official informational websites have effectively altered occurrences of Århus to Aarhus. Furthermore, certain geographically affiliated names have been updated to reflect the name of the city. An example is the Aarhus River
Aarhus River
The Aarhus River is a 40 km long stream that drains a basin of 324 km² in the middle eastern part of the Jutland peninsula. The river originates 54 m above sea level in Astrup Mose next to Stilling-Solbjerg Sø southwest of Aarhus and exits into Aarhus Harbour at 56°9' northern...

 for which the Danish name has been altered from Århus Å to Aarhus Å. However, in Danish it is always correct to write geographical names with the letter Å, while local councils since 1984 have been allowed to use the Aa spelling as an alternative option. When a local authority decides so, most newspapers and state institutions will re-adopt the pre-1948 Aa spelling and the Å spelling will in practice become second-place. However, the official authorities are the Danish Placename Commission and the Danish Language Committee
Dansk Sprognævn
Dansk Sprognævn is the official regulatory body of the Danish language as a part of the Danish Ministry of Culture, and resides at the University of Copenhagen. It was established in 1955...

, publisher of the Danish Orthographic Dictionary, which will keep Århus as the main name and have Aarhus as a new, second option, in brackets.

History

The bishopric of Aarhus dates back to at least 951, and archaeological findings date back some 1,300 years to Viking
Viking
The term Viking is customarily used to refer to the Norse explorers, warriors, merchants, and pirates who raided, traded, explored and settled in wide areas of Europe, Asia and the North Atlantic islands from the late 8th to the mid-11th century.These Norsemen used their famed longships to...

 times. The city itself is presumably older than 770 AD, making Aarhus the oldest big city in Scandinavia. The favorable central position of the city within Denmark afforded it trade from Germany
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

, the Baltic countries, the greater peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 and the communities on the many smaller islands in its vicinity, which meant that trade always had a great significance to the town – a significance which is still true today.

The city did not expand outwards until the late 19th century, and Aalborg
Aalborg
-Transport:On the north side of the Limfjord is Nørresundby, which is connected to Aalborg by a road bridge Limfjordsbroen, an iron railway bridge Jernbanebroen over Limfjorden, as well as a motorway tunnel running under the Limfjord Limfjordstunnelen....

 remained the largest city on the peninsula until the 1920s. The relatively fast, albeit late, growth of the city can be ascribed to the general tendencies of a population moving from rural to urban areas during the industrial revolution
Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transportation, and technology had a profound effect on the social, economic and cultural conditions of the times...

. Industrialisation meant that proximity to trade routes became more important, giving the harbour city some advantages over other nearby cities as new industries came into existence.

Viking Age and before

The oldest archaeological
Archaeology
Archaeology, or archeology , is the study of human society, primarily through the recovery and analysis of the material culture and environmental data that they have left behind, which includes artifacts, architecture, biofacts and cultural landscapes...

 findings in Aarhus are glass pearls, which date to the end of the 7th century. Half buried longhouses, used both as homes and workshops for the Vikings have also been found. In the houses and the adjoining archaeological layers, combs, jewelry and basic multi-purpose tools have been found that indicate the settlement is from approximately year 900. Digs in the spring of 2005 revealed a so-called city-ditch from the year 850 which might have marked the trade centre upon which the city is built.

The finding of six runestones in and around Aarhus indicates the city had some significance around year 1000 as only wealthy nobles traditionally used them. The center of Aarhus was once a pagan burial site
Germanic paganism
Germanic paganism refers to the theology and religious practices of the Germanic peoples of north-western Europe from the Iron Age until their Christianization during the Medieval period...

 until Aarhus' first church, Holy Trinity Church, a timber structure, was built upon it during the reign of Frode, King of Jutland, around 900.

17th–18th centuries

During the wars of the 17th century, it is probable that the city suffered in a significant way. Fortifications still exist south of the city as a reminder of the German
Germany
Germany , officially the Federal Republic of Germany , is a federal parliamentary republic in Europe. The country consists of 16 states while the capital and largest city is Berlin. Germany covers an area of 357,021 km2 and has a largely temperate seasonal climate...

 imperial campaigns between 1627 and 1629. In 1644, Sweden
Sweden
Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

 taxed the city harshly and between 1657 and 1659, it was occupied by Swedish troops on several occasions.

In spite of these and other misfortunes, such as plague and city-wide fires, Aarhus was still quite a significant city in Denmark
Denmark
Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

 due to its favourable geographical position which was of significant importance for trading. Trade came mainly from the inland of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 but also from Norway
Norway
Norway , officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic unitary constitutional monarchy whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula, Jan Mayen, and the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and Bouvet Island. Norway has a total area of and a population of about 4.9 million...

, Lübeck
Lübeck
The Hanseatic City of Lübeck is the second-largest city in Schleswig-Holstein, in northern Germany, and one of the major ports of Germany. It was for several centuries the "capital" of the Hanseatic League and, because of its Brick Gothic architectural heritage, is listed by UNESCO as a World...

, Amsterdam
Amsterdam
Amsterdam is the largest city and the capital of the Netherlands. The current position of Amsterdam as capital city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands is governed by the constitution of August 24, 1815 and its successors. Amsterdam has a population of 783,364 within city limits, an urban population...

, England, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

 and Spain
Spain
Spain , officially the Kingdom of Spain languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Spain's official name is as follows:;;;;;;), is a country and member state of the European Union located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula...

. In the middle of the 18th century the trade fleet consisted of approximately 100 ships.

19th century

In the 19th century, the city gained more independence from the dominance of Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

 and Hamburg
Hamburg
-History:The first historic name for the city was, according to Claudius Ptolemy's reports, Treva.But the city takes its modern name, Hamburg, from the first permanent building on the site, a castle whose construction was ordered by the Emperor Charlemagne in AD 808...

. While it had been the third largest city in Jutland during the early 19th century, its population surpassed Randers
Randers
Randers is a city in Randers municipality on the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. It is Denmark's sixth-largest city, with a population of 60,656 . Randers city is the main town of the municipality and the site of its municipal council.-Overview:Randers municipality has 94,750 inhabitants...

 in 1840 and in 1850, Ålborg, thus becoming the largest city in Jutland and the second largest in Denmark.

The city's material prosperity continued to increase as the harbour expanded and the railway network grew. Culturally, it marketed itself as the "Capital of Jutland" and expanded many of its cultural institutions like the national library, universities, the Aarhus Theatre
Aarhus Theatre
The Aarhus Theatre in Aarhus is the largest provincial theatre in Denmark.The present theatre house constructed in the late 19th century as a replacement for the old theatre, nicknamed "Svedekassen". Since Aarhus had grown to be Jutland's biggest city during the 19th century, the old theatre had...

 and hospitals.

Geography

The city lies roughly at the geographical centre of Denmark on the peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

. Forests reach from the south into the city to within a kilometre (0.6 mi) of the city centre, because the city has grown around the forest, and some forest areas are completely surrounded by the city, such as Riis Skov. The city is built mostly around the harbour, which is predominantly industrial, although a large recreational marina is situated south of it as an extension.
While some of the highest points in Denmark are close to the city, the general landscape is typically hilly, interspersed with forests and meadows; the city itself is very hilly north of the centre (by Danish standards, that is; see Highest hill, Denmark). The coastline consists mainly of sandy beaches, but stony areas are not uncommon. The immediate coastal regions are not heavily populated due to a national policy of keeping residences inland rather than crowding the coast.

The city lies at the junction of railway lines from all parts of the country. To the south west (about 21 km (13 mi), by rail) lies a picturesque region that contains the Gudenå. Several larger lakes extend West from the Skanderborg
Skanderborg
Skanderborg, with a population of 18,253 , is a town in Denmark just southwest of Aarhus. It is more or less a suburb today, located in Skanderborg municipality, Jutland.Skanderborg municipality has a population of 57,303 ....

 railway junction and rise to heights exceeding 152 metres (498.7 ft) at Himmelbjerget
Himmelbjerget
Himmelbjerget is a hill located in Skanderborg Municipality, Denmark. With a height of 147 meters it is one of the highest points of elevation, and commonly celebrated as the highest point, in Denmark, which it was believed to be until 1847...

. The railway traverses this district of moorland and woodland to Silkeborg
Silkeborg
Silkeborg is a city in central Denmark. Located in Silkeborg municipality in Jutland, the city has a population of 42,724 . The development of Silkeborg as a modern city may be traced to the foundation of the paper mill by Michael Drewsen on the Gudenaa in 1844...

.

Administrative divisions

Aarhus is divided into several districts and suburbs with its own postal code (Postdistrikter).

Districts (boroughs) inside the 2nd city beltway:
  • Aarhus C
  • Aarhus N
  • Aarhus V
  • Aarhus S
  • Åbyhøj
  • Viby
    Viby J
    Viby is a district in the southwestern part of Aarhus with almost 30,000 inhabitants. The "J" stands for Jutland, as there is another town called Viby on the island of Zealand called Viby Sj. It is primarily a working class area, including many immigrants who also live in Viby J...

  • Brabrand
    Brabrand
    Brabrand is a Danish town 6–9 km west of Aarhus with a population of 19,000 which became a suburb of Århus in 1970.South of the town lies the lakes "Brabrand Sø" and "Aarslev Engsø", which is the largest recreational areas of Aarhus County...



Demographics

More than 300,000 people live within the city limits of Aarhus, while an additional 500,000 live in the surrounding local area of the East Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

 region.
Aarhus is also a major part of the larger East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area
East Jutland metropolitan area is a geographic term for an area in Jutland, Denmark.The term denotes a functional coherent urban area linked by both infrastructure and labour across municipal boundaries...

 with 1,200,000 inhabitants, which makes East Jutland the second most-populated area in Denmark, after the Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

 area.

Of the population of Aarhus, 65,000 are under 18 years of age. Aarhus has been growing at a steady rate of about 1% per year since 1950, when the city had about 150,000 inhabitants. Aarhus University estimates an increase of around 20,000 more students in the next six years, with attendant concerns over a lack of housing. In response, the city council has already initiated a large range of building projects to house some 100,000 new citizens before 2030 so the city population will rise to almost 400,000 inhabitants.

The population of Aarhus is both younger and better-educated than the national average. This is often attributed to the high concentration of educational institutions and facilities in the area.

Nearly 12% of the population are immigrants, which is high for Denmark, but modest when compared to some other European cities. The largest immigrant groups (January 1, 2008) are Lebanese (4,644), Turks (4,089), Somalis (3,476), Iraqis (3,140), Vietnamese (2,382), and Iranians (2,199). These groups live mainly in the western parts of Aarhus, where the Gellerup
Gellerup
Gellerup is a district of Brabrand and western suburb to the city of Aarhus, Denmark. The name Gellerup is also commonly used to refer to a large housing project called Gellerupparken located in the suburb. The housing project was built in 1968-72 and contains in total 1776 apartments...

 area is infamous for its high concentration of immigrants (88%, 2006). The vast majority of the immigrants in Gellerup are Arabs, Turks
Turkish people
Turkish people, also known as the "Turks" , are an ethnic group primarily living in Turkey and in the former lands of the Ottoman Empire where Turkish minorities had been established in Bulgaria, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Greece, Kosovo, Macedonia, and Romania...

 and Somalis
Somali people
Somalis are an ethnic group located in the Horn of Africa, also known as the Somali Peninsula. The overwhelming majority of Somalis speak the Somali language, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family...

. Other large immigrant groups in Aarhus include Germans (1,573), Poles (1,555), Norwegians (1,050), Afghans (958), and Britons (763).

Economy

The harbour is one of the largest industrial harbours in Northern Europe
Northern Europe
Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe. Northern Europe typically refers to the seven countries in the northern part of the European subcontinent which includes Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Finland and Sweden...

 and the largest in Denmark . The facilities are very modern and handle approximately 12 million tonnes of cargo (2006) and are therefore among the 100 biggest containerports in the world. Much agricultural produce is exported, while coal
Coal
Coal is a combustible black or brownish-black sedimentary rock usually occurring in rock strata in layers or veins called coal beds or coal seams. The harder forms, such as anthracite coal, can be regarded as metamorphic rock because of later exposure to elevated temperature and pressure...

 and iron
Iron
Iron is a chemical element with the symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is the most common element forming the planet Earth as a whole, forming much of Earth's outer and inner core. It is the fourth most common element in the Earth's crust...

 are among the chief imports. The harbour itself is maintained by Århus Stevedore Kompagni A/S originally based in Aarhus but currently operating several harbours around the world.

The region is a major producer of agricultural products
Agriculture
Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, and other products used to sustain life. Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the...

 with many large farms in the outlying districts. Cattle, pork and grain are the main products with a sizable related refinement industry present. Computer and technology heavy industries are mainly focused in the urban areas with an abundance of small and medium sized IT and service companies dotting the city centre.

The Ceres Brewery
Ceres Brewery
Ceres Brewery is a brewery located in Aarhus, Denmark. Today, it is part of Royal Unibrew.-History:Ceres Brewery was founded by a grocer named Malthe Conrad Lottrup, with help from the chemists A. S. Aagard and Knud Redelien, as the city's seventh brewery...

, part of Royal Unibrew
Royal Unibrew
Royal Unibrew is the second largest brewery group in Denmark, selling under the brands Ceres, Faxe and Albani, although their best selling beer is marketed as Royal...

, was originally founded in Aarhus. Royal Unibrew announced the closure of Ceres in 2008.

Culture

Aarhus is a centre for education on the peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

. It draws students from a large area, especially from the western and southern parts of the peninsula. The relatively large influx of young people and students creates a natural base for cultural activities. There are many cafes and restaurants as well as discothèques, cinemas, museums, amusement parks, and various other entertainment venues . Each year, the town hosts several festivals and concerts, including Aarhus International Jazz Festival and Aarhus Festuge
Aarhus Festuge
Aarhus Festuge, in English referred to as Aarhus Festival , is literally translated to "Aarhus Party Week", however, it represents a yearly arts and culture festival in the city of Aarhus, Denmark...

 the biggest festival in Scandinavia. The Vestereng
Vestereng
Vestereng is a recreational park area, in the environs of northern Århus and Skejby, in Denmark, that is also sometimes used as a venue for large outdoor concerts.Located in a largely residential area, but accessible by many bus routes, one finds Vestereng...

 park facility is also a site for large popular-music concerts.

One major tourist attraction in Aarhus is The Old Town
The Old Town, Aarhus
The Old Town in Aarhus, Denmark , is an open-air village museum consisting of 75 historical buildings collected from 20 townships in all parts of the country. In 1914 the museum opened for the first time as the world's first open-air museum of its kind and to this day it remains one of just a few...

 , which is not actually an old part of the city itself, but a collection of historic Danish buildings gathered from all around the country. The city also hosts the Tivoli Friheden
Tivoli Friheden
Tivoli Friheden is an amusement park located in Aarhus, Denmark. The park was visited by more than 365.000 visitors in 2009, and the figure is rising.The park is situated about 2 km to the south of the city centre. It has several themed sections with different types of attractions...

 amusement park as well as the deer park
Medieval deer park
A medieval deer park was an enclosed area containing deer. It was bounded by a ditch and bank with a wooden park pale on top of the bank. The ditch was typically on the inside, thus allowing deer to enter the park but preventing them from leaving.-History:...

 situated in the large nearby public forest.
Architecturally impressive sights include the 13th century cathedral
Cathedral
A cathedral is a Christian church that contains the seat of a bishop...

 in the centre of the city; Århus Domkirke
Århus Domkirke
Aarhus Cathedral is the main religious edifice of Aarhus, Denmark, in the Jutland peninsula in the western part of the country. The cathedral is dedicated to the patron saint of sailors, St. Clemens, and located at the address Domkirkepladsen 2, 8000 Århus C, Denmark, on the port-side of the...

 is the tallest cathedral in Denmark, as well as the second longest in Northern Europe
Northern Europe
Northern Europe is the northern part or region of Europe. Northern Europe typically refers to the seven countries in the northern part of the European subcontinent which includes Denmark, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Finland and Sweden...

, being only 45 cm (17.7 in) shorter than its counterpart in Trondheim
Trondheim
Trondheim , historically, Nidaros and Trondhjem, is a city and municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. With a population of 173,486, it is the third most populous municipality and city in the country, although the fourth largest metropolitan area. It is the administrative centre of...

. The Aarhus City Hall is a uniquely designed building drawn by renowned architect Arne Jacobsen
Arne Jacobsen
Arne Emil Jacobsen, usually known as Arne Jacobsen, was a Danish architect and designer. He is remembered for contributing so much to architectural Functionalism as well as for the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.-Early life and education:Arne Jacobsen was born...

, located in the city centre. The city hall is included in the national educational canon for culture as an example of important architectural work.

There are many museums scattered around the city with ARoS
ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum
ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum is an art museum in Aarhus. ARoS is one of the largest art museums in northern Europe, 10 storeys tall with a total of 17,000 m². The museum opened on 8 April 2004 after a construction process that started with Danish architects schmidt hammer lassen winning the design...

 being the newest and largest featuring daily exhibits of contemporary art. Other museums include Aarhus Kunstbygning
Aarhus Kunstbygning
Aarhus kunstbygning or the Aarhus Art Building is an art museum in Aarhus, in Denmark.It has 1000 square metres of exhibition halls making it one of Denmark’s largest and significant venues for contemporary art...

 also featuring mostly contemporary art, Frihedsmuseet focusing on the occupation and resistance movement during World War II
World War II
World War II, or the Second World War , was a global conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945, involving most of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis...

 and Kvindemuseet
Kvindemuseet i Danmark
Kvindemuseet i Danmark, or Women's Museum in Denmark is a feminist history museum in Aarhus, Denmark. It is currently located in the old Aarhus City Hall building.-External links:*...

 mainly showcasing feminist history and culture.

Being a comparatively large Danish city, Aarhus has received a fair share of immigrants from various other cultures and is as such also home to one of the few ghetto
Ghetto
A ghetto is a section of a city predominantly occupied by a group who live there, especially because of social, economic, or legal issues.The term was originally used in Venice to describe the area where Jews were compelled to live. The term now refers to an overcrowded urban area often associated...

s in Denmark, Gellerup
Gellerup
Gellerup is a district of Brabrand and western suburb to the city of Aarhus, Denmark. The name Gellerup is also commonly used to refer to a large housing project called Gellerupparken located in the suburb. The housing project was built in 1968-72 and contains in total 1776 apartments...

. The international cultures present in the community are an obvious and visible part of the city's daily life and contribute to many cultural flavours uncommon for the North, such as the Arabic themed Bazar West, a market with shopkeepers predominantly of foreign descent.

The city has an active and visible gay and lesbian community which the city officially attempts to promote and nurture. The Aarhus Festuge
Aarhus Festuge
Aarhus Festuge, in English referred to as Aarhus Festival , is literally translated to "Aarhus Party Week", however, it represents a yearly arts and culture festival in the city of Aarhus, Denmark...

 festival usually includes several exhibits, concerts or events specifically designed for these communities. There are several clubs, discos and cafes aimed at gays and lesbians: Danish D-lite (sports), G bar(disco) or Gaia Vandreklub (hiking club) are a few examples.

It is common for tourist brochures and local politicians to refer to the town with the tongue-in-cheek slogan "The world's smallest big city" reflecting the fact that the city has everything a city needs despite not being a metropolis like London. Another popular, and perhaps better known, phrase to describe the city is "City of Smiles" – a slogan first coined by the city council in the 1930s as an advertising slogan, and which subsequently is used widely in popular culture today.

Main sights

  • Århus Domkirke
    Århus Domkirke
    Aarhus Cathedral is the main religious edifice of Aarhus, Denmark, in the Jutland peninsula in the western part of the country. The cathedral is dedicated to the patron saint of sailors, St. Clemens, and located at the address Domkirkepladsen 2, 8000 Århus C, Denmark, on the port-side of the...

    , the tallest and longest cathedral in Denmark.
  • Vor Frue Kirke
    Church of Our Lady (Aarhus)
    The Church of Our Lady is one of the largest churches of Århus, Denmark. It is situated in the centre of the city not far from Aarhus Cathedral . The church's crypt contains a stone church dating to 1060 AD.-History:...

     (Church of Our Lady), a large church.
  • Aarhus Rådhus (City Hall of Aarhus), drawn by Arne Jacobsen
    Arne Jacobsen
    Arne Emil Jacobsen, usually known as Arne Jacobsen, was a Danish architect and designer. He is remembered for contributing so much to architectural Functionalism as well as for the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.-Early life and education:Arne Jacobsen was born...

    .
  • Aarhus Universitet (Aarhus University).
  • Statsbiblioteket (State library).
  • Den Gamle By (The Old Town), an open air museum displaying the old original buildings of not only Aarhus, but several other cities in Denmark.
  • Det Jyske Musikkonservatorium (The Jutland
    Jutland
    Jutland , historically also called Cimbria, is the name of the peninsula that juts out in Northern Europe toward the rest of Scandinavia, forming the mainland part of Denmark. It has the North Sea to its west, Kattegat and Skagerrak to its north, the Baltic Sea to its east, and the Danish–German...

    ic music conservatory).
  • Botanisk Have (Botanical garden).
  • Tivoli Friheden
    Tivoli Friheden
    Tivoli Friheden is an amusement park located in Aarhus, Denmark. The park was visited by more than 365.000 visitors in 2009, and the figure is rising.The park is situated about 2 km to the south of the city centre. It has several themed sections with different types of attractions...

    , amusement park.
  • ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum
    ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum
    ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum is an art museum in Aarhus. ARoS is one of the largest art museums in northern Europe, 10 storeys tall with a total of 17,000 m². The museum opened on 8 April 2004 after a construction process that started with Danish architects schmidt hammer lassen winning the design...

    , the main Aarhus arts museum.
  • Aarhus Kunstbygning
    Aarhus Kunstbygning
    Aarhus kunstbygning or the Aarhus Art Building is an art museum in Aarhus, in Denmark.It has 1000 square metres of exhibition halls making it one of Denmark’s largest and significant venues for contemporary art...

    , an arts museum.
  • Marselisborg Slot
    Marselisborg Palace
    Marselisborg Palace, in Danish Marselisborg Slot, is a royal residence of the Danish Royal Family in Aarhus. It has been the summer residence of Queen Margrethe II since 1967....

     (Marselisborg Palace), the summer-retreat of the Danish royal family.
  • Aarhus Teater
    Aarhus Theatre
    The Aarhus Theatre in Aarhus is the largest provincial theatre in Denmark.The present theatre house constructed in the late 19th century as a replacement for the old theatre, nicknamed "Svedekassen". Since Aarhus had grown to be Jutland's biggest city during the 19th century, the old theatre had...

     (Aarhus Theatre), the largest theatre in the city.
  • Søsterhøj
    Telecommunication Tower Aarhus
    Telecommunication Tower Aarhus, or in Danish Søsterhøj Antennen / Søsterhøj Senderen, is the main radio/television transmission tower in Aarhus, Denmark, and the second tallest building in Denmark. The construction of it began in 1956, and the tower was finished later the same year...

    , a 325 meter tall concrete tower with guyed mast on its top
  • Skejby Sygehus
    Skejby Sygehus
    Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, is a large university hospital located in Aarhus in Denmark.On 4 January 1988 the first patient was admitted. The university status of the hospital means that extensive research and education is carried out...

    , the second largest hospital in Denmark
  • Atletion
    Atletion
    Atletion is a combinated sport venue, in Aarhus, Denmark, where the football stadium and the arena are the main parts.-NRGi Park:After the expansion of the stadium in 2001, there are now seats for 20,032 spectators. It's a modern stadium, and the pitch is heated, so even the first games of the...

    , a combined sports venue
  • Kvindemuseet
    Kvindemuseet i Danmark
    Kvindemuseet i Danmark, or Women's Museum in Denmark is a feminist history museum in Aarhus, Denmark. It is currently located in the old Aarhus City Hall building.-External links:*...

    , the Women's Museum
  • Den Permanente
    Den Permanente
    Den Permanente is a popular closed beach area located in Aarhus, Denmark....

     a popular closed beach area, also providing views of Helgenæs
    Helgenæs
    Helgenæs is a minor peninsula stretching out from Mols, itself part of the peninsula Djursland, again part of the peninsula Jutland in Denmark.-Etymology:Helgenæs derives from Danish "hellig" + "næs" , and was in 1231 spelled "Hælghænæs"....

     and Samsø
    Samsø
    Samsø is a Danish island in the Kattegat off the Jutland Peninsula. Samsø is located in Samsø municipality. The community has 4,300 inhabitants called Samsingers and is 114 km² in area. Due to its central location, the island was used during the Viking Age as a meeting place...

     across Århus Bay.
  • Moesgård Museum
    Moesgård Museum
    The Moesgård Museum is a museum located in Højbjerg, a suburb of Aarhus, Denmark. The museum is housed partially in the historic Moesgård manor, newer facilities built for the purpose of the museum and a large open portion of the museum surrounds the facilities...

    , a museum that features many relics from the region, including Gravballemanden.
  • Viking Museum
    Viking Museum (Aarhus)
    The Viking Museum is a museum located beneath the Nordea bank building in central Aarhus, Denmark. The museum is built upon the site of an archaeological excavation that revealed various Viking Age structures, items, and parts of a human skeleton...


Sports

In the southern-Aarhus Marselisborg Park, the sports center named Atletion
Atletion
Atletion is a combinated sport venue, in Aarhus, Denmark, where the football stadium and the arena are the main parts.-NRGi Park:After the expansion of the stadium in 2001, there are now seats for 20,032 spectators. It's a modern stadium, and the pitch is heated, so even the first games of the...

 is located comprises athletics
Sport
A Sport is all forms of physical activity which, through casual or organised participation, aim to use, maintain or improve physical fitness and provide entertainment to participants. Sport may be competitive, where a winner or winners can be identified by objective means, and may require a degree...

, the football NRGi Park and the indoor sports NRGi Arena. Several sport clubs have their home ground in Atletion, including AGF Århus, the Danish superliga football team, and Aarhus GF handball team, the 1960 European Cup runner-up. Although basketball
Basketball
Basketball is a team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules...

 is a minor sport in Denmark, Aarhus is considered the main Danish hub of the sport , with the local team Bakken Bears
Bakken Bears
Bakken Bears is a Danish professional basketball club based in Aarhus. It was founded in 1962 and has won the Danish championship eight times so far .-Current squad:- National Honours :*Danish championship...

 being the most successful team in Denmark for the past decade.

Aarhus (and especially Atletion) has served or will serve as the host of many sport events in recent years including:
  • 2002 European Women's Handball Championship
    2002 European Women's Handball Championship
    The 2002 EHF European Women's Handball Championship was held in Denmark from 6–15 December. It was won by Denmark after beating Norway 25–22 in the final match.-Venues:The European Championships was held in the following cities:...

  • 2005 European Table Tennis
    Table tennis
    Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight, hollow ball back and forth using table tennis rackets. The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net...

     Championships
  • Denmark Open in badminton
    Badminton
    Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players or two opposing pairs , who take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. Players score points by striking a shuttlecock with their racquet so that it passes over the net and lands in their...

  • UCI
    Union Cycliste Internationale
    Union Cycliste Internationale is the world governing body for sports cycling and oversees international competitive cycling events. The UCI is based in Aigle, Switzerland....

     Women's Road Cycling
    Road bicycle racing
    Road bicycle racing is a bicycle racing sport held on roads, using racing bicycles. The term "road racing" is usually applied to events where competing riders start simultaneously with the winner being the first to the line at the end of the course .Historically, the most...

     World Cup
  • 2006 World Orienteering
    Orienteering
    Orienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usually unfamiliar terrain, and normally moving at speed. Participants are given a topographical map, usually a specially prepared orienteering map, which they...

     Championships
  • 2006 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
    2006 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships
    39th World Artistic Gymnastics Championships were held in Aarhus, Denmark from October 13 to October 21, 2006 in NRGi Arena.It was the first time the World Gymnastics Championships was organized by a Danish city...

  • GF World Cup; the world's largest handball tournament for women
  • DanceSport
    DanceSport
    Dancesport denotes competitive ballroom dancing, as contrasted to social or exhibition dancing. It is wheelchair dancesport where at least one of the dancers is in a wheelchair....

     IDSF
    International DanceSport Federation
    The World DanceSport Federation , formerly the International DanceSport Federation , is the international governing body of dancesport and Wheelchair DanceSport, as recognised by the International Olympic Committee and the International Paralympic Committee .Originally founded in 1957 as the...

     World Standard 2006

Education

The town is home to Aarhus University, Aarhus School of Business
Aarhus School of Business
Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University is a business school in Aarhus, Denmark. It offers both undergraduate and graduate level studies in areas such as Business, Management, Economics, Business Language, and Law....

, Aarhus Technical College, The Danish School of Journalism, the Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus
Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus
The Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus, Denmark, is a conservatoire under the auspices of the Danish Ministry of Culture...

, VIA University College
VIA University College
-Preview:VIA University College is one of eight new regional organizations of different study sites in Denmark offering bachelor courses of all kinds in all of Central Denmark Region....

 Aarhus School of Architecture
Aarhus School of Architecture
The Aarhus School of Architecture was founded in 1966 in Århus, Denmark. Along with the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture in Copenhagen, it is responsible for the education of architects in Denmark...

, KaosPilots
KaosPilots
The KaosPilots is a 3 year long alternative business school located in the Latin Quarter of Århus, Denmark.The KaosPilots is in English and accepts 35-37 international students per year in the ages 21-31, and is funded by EU and students' school fees...

, and the Engineering College of Aarhus and several other higher education centres. It is possible to receive higher education in many areas, from engineering
Engineering
Engineering is the discipline, art, skill and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, mathematical, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes that safely realize improvements to the lives of...

 and dentistry
Dentistry
Dentistry is the branch of medicine that is involved in the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders and conditions of the oral cavity, maxillofacial area and the adjacent and associated structures and their impact on the human body. Dentistry is widely considered...

 to language
Language
Language may refer either to the specifically human capacity for acquiring and using complex systems of communication, or to a specific instance of such a system of complex communication...

 and theology
Theology
Theology is the systematic and rational study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truths, or the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university or school of divinity or seminary.-Definition:Augustine of Hippo...

.

Aarhus University has approximately 30,000 students at the university with approximately 5,000 new students per year.

Politics

The city council consists of 31 members elected for 4-year terms. Anybody eligible to vote and residing in Aarhus municipality
Aarhus Municipality
Aarhus Municipality, also commonly known by its Danish spelling Århus Municipality, is a municipality on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of , and has a total population of 307.000...

 can run for a seat on the city council. After elections have determined the members of the city council, the council elects a mayor, 2 deputy mayors and 5 councilmen. The current Mayor
Mayor
In many countries, a Mayor is the highest ranking officer in the municipal government of a town or a large urban city....

 of Aarhus is Jacob Bundsgaard of the Social Democrats
Social Democrats (Denmark)
The Social Democrats , is a Danish political party committed to the political ideology of social democracy. It is the major coalition partner in Denmark's government since the 2011 parliamentary election, and party leader Helle Thorning-Schmidt is the current Prime Minister of Denmark...

, who took over after Nicolai Wammen
Nicolai Wammen
Nicolai Halby Wammen is a Danish politician, representing the Social Democrats. He used to be the mayor of Aarhus. Now he's the Minister for European Affairs in Cabinet of Helle Thorning-Schmidt.-External links:*...

 in August 2011. Wammen wanted to focus on the upcoming election for Parliament.

The city is divided into 6 minor administrative bodies which together constitute the magistrate
Magistrate
A magistrate is an officer of the state; in modern usage the term usually refers to a judge or prosecutor. This was not always the case; in ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers. Today, in common law systems, a...

 led by the mayor and the 5 elected councilmen as political and administrative directors. The 6 magistrate departments of the city are the "Mayor's Magistrate", "Social and Employment Magistrate", "Technology and Environment Magistrate", "Health and Social Magistrate", "Culture and Service Magistrate" and "Children and Youth Magistrate" and handle all the day-to-day operations of the city.

Aarhus is the seat of Aarhus Municipality
Aarhus Municipality
Aarhus Municipality, also commonly known by its Danish spelling Århus Municipality, is a municipality on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula in central Denmark. The municipality covers an area of , and has a total population of 307.000...

. Until the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which replaced the Danish counties with five regions, it was also the seat of Aarhus County
Aarhus County
Aarhus County or Århus County is a former county in central Denmark on the Jutland peninsula. The county was abolished effective January 1, 2007, when almost all of it merged into Region Midtjylland . A very small portion was merged into Region Nordjylland...

, which has now been disbanded in favor of the new Region Midtjylland
Region Midtjylland
Central Denmark Region or Central Jutland Region is an administrative region of Denmark established on January 1, 2007 as part of the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which replaced the traditional counties with five larger regions. At the same time, smaller municipalities were merged into larger...

, its seat located in Viborg
Viborg County
Viborg Amt is a former county in the north-central part of the Jutland peninsula in western Denmark. The county was abolished on 1 January 2007, when most of it merged into Region Midtjylland...

.

Aarhus has twinning agreements with Gothenburg
Gothenburg
Gothenburg is the second-largest city in Sweden and the fifth-largest in the Nordic countries. Situated on the west coast of Sweden, the city proper has a population of 519,399, with 549,839 in the urban area and total of 937,015 inhabitants in the metropolitan area...

, Turku
Turku
Turku is a city situated on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River. It is located in the region of Finland Proper. It is believed that Turku came into existence during the end of the 13th century which makes it the oldest city in Finland...

, Bergen
Bergen
Bergen is the second largest city in Norway with a population of as of , . Bergen is the administrative centre of Hordaland county. Greater Bergen or Bergen Metropolitan Area as defined by Statistics Norway, has a population of as of , ....

, Harbin
Harbin
Harbin ; Manchu language: , Harbin; Russian: Харби́н Kharbin ), is the capital and largest city of Heilongjiang Province in Northeast China, lying on the southern bank of the Songhua River...

, Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is a city and a federal subject of Russia located on the Neva River at the head of the Gulf of Finland on the Baltic Sea...

 and Julianehåb; and has a connection with Swansea
Swansea
Swansea is a coastal city and county in Wales. Swansea is in the historic county boundaries of Glamorgan. Situated on the sandy South West Wales coast, the county area includes the Gower Peninsula and the Lliw uplands...

.

Transport

Aarhus Airport
Aarhus Airport
In addition to the scheduled airlines above, several charter airlines serve Aarhus airport: BH Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Jettime and SunExpress.-Cargo airlines:-Transportation:...

, a local airport of Aarhus, is located 40 km (24.9 mi) north-east of Aarhus, in Tirstrup
Tirstrup
Tirstrup is a small town in East Jutland, Denmark with a population of 511 as of 1st January 2011.Tirstrup is located 44 kilometers from Aarhus and 18 kilometers from Grenaa. The town is home to Aarhus Airport. Tirstrup lies in the Syddjurs Municipality and is governed as part of Region Midtjylland....

. The number of available destinations leaving from Aarhus Airport is rapidly increasing because of the rising international interest in the City, but residents also use the bigger Billund Airport
Billund Airport
In addition to the scheduled airlines above, several charter airlines serve Billund airport: BH Air, Bulgarian Air Charter, Corendon Airlines, Jettime, Nesma Airlines, Onur Air, Sky Airlines and SunExpress.-Cargo airlines:...

, situated 95 km (59 mi) south-west of Aarhus. There have been plans for constructing a new, bigger airport for a long time, but so far, the plans have not been realized.

Aarhus is served by commuter rail that connects the city itself with neighbouring towns. The main station in Aarhus is Århus Central Station
Århus Central Station
Aarhus Central Station is the main railroad station in the Danish city of Århus.Serving as the main connecting hub for rail traffic between Aarhus and rest of Denmark on inter-city rail and commuter rail, the station is used by an average of 6.3 million people per year, making it the busiest train...

, which is located in the city centre. Most city bus lines go through the inner city and pass through either Park Alle or Banegårdspladsen (lit. English: "Central Station Square") or both. County and Inter-city buses terminate at Aarhus Bus Terminal which is located 900 meters north-west of Banegårdspladsen, in front of the Radisson SAS Scandinavia hotel located at Margrethepladsen 1, 8000 Århus C).

The Danish ferry company Mols-Linien
Mols-linien
Mols-Linien is a Danish company that operates ferry services between the Jutland and the island of Zealand.-History:Mols-Linien was formed by DFDS in 1964 sailings commenced on the 18th May 1966....

 connects Aarhus with Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with an urban population of 1,199,224 and a metropolitan population of 1,930,260 . With the completion of the transnational Øresund Bridge in 2000, Copenhagen has become the centre of the increasingly integrating Øresund Region...

 (located on the isle of Zealand). The fastest ferries in the world (100 km/h) operate up to 10 times daily from the port of Aarhus to the port cities of Sjællands Odde
Sjællands Odde
Sjællands Odde is a 15 km long peninsula on the northwest coast of Zealand between the Kattegat and Sejerø Bay. From the outermost point of the peninsula, Gniben, a reef juts some 10 km out into the Kattegat....

 and Kalundborg
Kalundborg
Kalundborg is a city with a population of 16,434 in Kalundborg municipality in Denmark and the site of its municipal council. Kalundborg is on the main island Zealand, with Copenhagen, but opposite on the far western edge....

 on Zealand. The ferries take both vehicles and the Busline 888, which is the fastest link between the two Danish capitals.

Aarhus also has a free bike sharing system, Århus Bycykler. The bicycles are available from 1 April to 30 October at 57 stands throughout the city and can be obtained by placing a DKK 20 coin in the release slot, just like caddies in a supermarket. The coin can be retrieved when the bike is returned.

Notable people

Politics
  • H. C. Hansen
    H. C. Hansen
    Hans Christian Svane Hansen , often known as H. C. Hansen or simply H. C., was a social democrat and Prime Minister of Denmark from 29 January 1955 to 19 February 1960 as the head of the Cabinet of H. C. Hansen I and II. Before becoming Prime Minister, H. C...

    , prime minister
  • Hans Hedtoft
    Hans Hedtoft
    Hans Hedtoft Hansen was Prime Minister of Denmark from 13 November 1947 to 30 October 1950 as the leader of the Cabinet of Hans Hedtoft I and again from 30 September 1953 to 29 January 1955 as the leader of the Cabinet of Hans Hedtoft II.Hedtoft was a Social Democrat, and had taken over the...

    , prime minister
  • Svend Auken
    Svend Auken
    Svend Gunnarsen Auken was a Danish politician. He represented the Social Democrats as a member of the Danish parliament from 1971 until his death....

    , minister of labour, environment & energy
  • Svend Unmack Larsen
    Svend Unmack Larsen
    Svend Unmack Larsen was a Danish politician for the Social Democratic Party who served as Denmark's Minister of Justice and was the mayor of Aarhus, Denmark for 13 years .-Early life:...

    , minister of justice (1939–1940), mayor of Aarhus (1945–1958)

Science
  • Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, statistician
  • Lene Hau
    Lene Hau
    Lene Vestergaard Hau is a Danish physicist. In 1999, she led a Harvard University team who, by use of a superfluid, succeeded in slowing a beam of light to about 17 metres per second, and, in 2001, was able to momentarily stop a beam.In 1989, Hau accepted a two-year appointment as a postdoctoral...

    , physicist
  • Ole Rømer, astronomer
  • Jens Christian Skou
    Jens Christian Skou
    Jens Christian Skou is a Danish chemist and Nobel laureate.Skou was born in Lemvig, Denmark to a wealthy family. His father Magnus Martinus Skou was a timber and coal merchant. His mother Ane-Margrethe Skou took over the company after the death of his father. At the age of 15 Skou entered a...

    , Nobel laureate
  • Bjarne Stroustrup
    Bjarne Stroustrup
    Bjarne Stroustrup ; born December 30, 1950 in Århus, Denmark) is a Danish computer scientist, most notable for the creation and the development of the widely used C++ programming language...

    , computer scientist
  • Ole Worm
    Ole Worm
    Ole Worm , who often went by the Latinized form of his name Olaus Wormius, was a Danish physician and antiquary.-Life:...

    , physician, scholar and antiquarian

Sports
  • Martin Kampmann
    Martin Kampmann
    Martin Kampmann Frederiksen is a Danish mixed martial artist who is currently fighting out of Las Vegas, Nevada, U.S. and trains at the Xtreme Couture gym. He is known for his precise strikes and his quick submissions...

    , mixed martial artist
  • Camilla Martin
    Camilla Martin
    Camilla Martin Nygaard née Martin is a retired badminton player from Denmark. She and Lene Køppen, who played two decades earlier, are the only Danish women to have won both the All-England and World singles titles....

    , badminton world champion
  • Flemming Povlsen
    Flemming Povlsen
    Flemming Søgaard Povlsen is a Danish former professional football player who most notably played as a striker for Borussia Dortmund in Germany.-Career:...

    , footballer
  • Marc Rieper
    Marc Rieper
    Marc Rieper-Jensen is a Danish former professional football player, who most notably played as a central defender for English club West Ham United F.C. and Celtic F.C. from Scotland...

    , footballer
  • Stig Tøfting
    Stig Tøfting
    Stig Tøfting , nicknamed Tøffe, and The Lawn Mower, is a former Danish professional footballer and assistant coach, who most recently was the assistant of Erik Rasmussen at AGF....

    , footballer

Music and culture
  • Steffen Brandt
    Steffen Brandt
    Steffen Brandt is a Danish singer-songwriter and composer. Since 1981 he has been lead singer of rock group TV-2, as he also wrote both text and music to all the group's songs....

    , singer and composer
  • Ida Corr
    Ida Corr
    Ida Corr is a Danish singer, songwriter and music producer.-Career:At the age of 11 Corr won the first Danish Children Songcontest...

    , singer
  • Tina Dickow, singer
  • Hatesphere
    Hatesphere
    Hatesphere is a Danish death and thrash metal band from Aarhus. The band was formed in 1998 by guitarist Peter “Pepe” Hansen. As of 2010, the band consists of vocalist Esben "Esse" Hansen, guitarists Peter “Pepe” Hansen, and Jakob Nyholm, bass player Jimmy Nedergaard and drummer Mike Park. The band...

    , metal band
  • Thomas Helmig
    Thomas Helmig
    Thomas Helmig is a Danish rock singer and musician, and has been one of the most popular singers in Denmark since the middle of the 1980s.-Biography:...

    , singer
  • Gitte Hænning
    Gitte Hænning
    Gitte Hænning is a Danish singer and film actress, who rose to fame as a child star in the 1950s.Because her name was relatively unique, she was known primarily without a surname in Europe. She moved to Sweden in 1958. Her first hit in Swedish was "Tror du jag ljuger" from 1961...

    , singer and film star
  • Michael Learns to Rock
    Michael Learns to Rock
    Michael Learns to Rock are a Danish pop-soft rock band that performs songs in English. Formed in 1988, the band has sold over 11 million records worldwide, mainly in Asia, and in addition, another 6 million or more paid downloads for their single "Take Me To Your Heart" which was awarded "Most...

    , soft rock band
  • Kaare Norge
    Kaare Norge
    Kaare Norge is a Danish classical guitarist.In 1992 he became the first classical musician to play at the Roskilde Festival.Although he has recorded a very broad repertory of classical works, well known for his recitals of composers such as Chopin and Bach...

    , guitarist
  • Jørgen Leth
    Jørgen Leth
    Jørgen Leth is a Danish poet and film director who is considered a leading figure in experimental documentary film making. Most notable are his epic documentary A Sunday in Hell and his surrealistic short film The Perfect Human...

    , poet, director, author and journalist
  • Niels Malmros, director, screenwriter and Physician
  • Renee Simonsen
    Renee Simonsen
    Renée Toft Simonsen is a former model from Denmark, who currently works as a writer. Simonsen was one of the most successful models in the world during the 1980s.- Biography :...

    , supermodel and author
  • Wayne Siegel
    Wayne Siegel
    Wayne Siegel is an American composer living in Malling, Denmark.From 1971 to 1974 Siegel studied composition and philosophy at the University of California, Santa Barbara. After three years there he decided to complete his Bachelor of Arts degree in Århus, Denmark, where he studied with the noted...

    , composer, professor of electronic music at the Royal Academy of Music
  • Kurt Westergaard
    Kurt Westergaard
    Kurt Westergaard is a Danish cartoonist who created the controversial cartoon of the Islamic prophet Muhammad wearing a bomb in his turban. This cartoon was the most contentious of the 12 Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons, which met with strong and sometimes violent reactions from Muslims worldwide...

    , cartoonist
  • Medina (singer)
    Medina (singer)
    Medina Danielle Oona Valbak , known by the mononym Medina is a Danish pop, dance and R&B singer and songwriter....

    , Danish singer
  • Liam O'Connor
    L.O.C.
    Liam O'Connor is a Danish rapper, more commonly known as L.O.C. He is a former member of Alzheimer Klinikken and B.A.N.G.E.R.S...

     or L.O.C.
    L.O.C.
    Liam O'Connor is a Danish rapper, more commonly known as L.O.C. He is a former member of Alzheimer Klinikken and B.A.N.G.E.R.S...

    , the best-selling rapper in Denmark and founder of the famous and special Aarhus-style in Danish hiphop
  • Uffe Elbæk
    Uffe Elbæk
    Uffe Elbæk is a politician of the Danish Social Liberal Party.Elbæk is the founder and former Principal of the KaosPilots International School of New Business Design and Social Innovation, located in Aarhus...

    , politician and founder of the first KaosPilot school in the world, which was founded in 1991 in Aarhus
  • Under Byen
    Under byen
    ' is a Danish band founded in 1995 mainly by Katrine Stochholm and Henriette Sennenvaldt. is known for producing their own unorthodox interpretation of rock. They rarely use guitars. Instead their soundscape is dominated by piano, cello, violin, electrically distorted saw, organ, drums and...

    , a post-rock band


In popular culture

In Denmark, an "Aarhus story" — similar to a Molbo story
Molbo story
A molbo story is a tale about molboers, the inhabitants of Molboland. Geographically this is an area called Mols in Denmark, typically a kind of an ethnic joke. The folklore tales of the molboers called molbohistorier have existed in Denmark at least since the 18th century...

 — is a kind of derogatory ethnic joke
Ethnic joke
An ethnic joke is a humorous remark relating to an ethnic, racial or cultural group, often referring to a stereotype of the group in question for its punchline....

. Such stories about the citizens of Aarhus began in the early 20th century and the term continues to be used colloquially. For example, one popular Aarhus story goes as follows. "Have you heard about the Aarhus citizen who was leafing through a phonebook and remarked: 'Jensen, Jensen, Jensen, Jensen, Jensen... How many phones does this guy have?'"

External links


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