1960 Summer Olympics
Overview
 
The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international
International
----International mostly means something that involves more than one country. The term international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries...

 multi-sport event
Multi-sport event
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games.Many...

 held from August 25 to September 11, 1960 in Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. Rome had been awarded the organization of the 1908 Summer Olympics
1908 Summer Olympics
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome. At the time they were the fifth modern Olympic games...

, but after the 1906 eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting...

, was forced to decline and pass the honors to London
1908 Summer Olympics
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome. At the time they were the fifth modern Olympic games...

.
On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

, Rome beat out Lausanne, Detroit, Budapest (being the first city of the Eastern Bloc
Eastern bloc
The term Eastern Bloc or Communist Bloc refers to the former communist states of Eastern and Central Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact...

 to bid for the Olympic Games), Brussels, Mexico City and Tokyo for the rights to host the Games.

  • Soviet
    Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

     gymnasts won 15 of 16 possible medals in women's gymnastics
  • Danish
    Denmark
    Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

     sailer Paul Elvstrøm won his fourth straight gold medal in the Finn class.
Encyclopedia
The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international
International
----International mostly means something that involves more than one country. The term international as a word means involvement of, interaction between or encompassing more than one nation, or generally beyond national boundaries...

 multi-sport event
Multi-sport event
A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports between organized teams of athletes from nation-states. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the modern Olympic Games.Many...

 held from August 25 to September 11, 1960 in Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

, Italy
Italy
Italy , officially the Italian Republic languages]] under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. In each of these, Italy's official name is as follows:;;;;;;;;), is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe. To the north it borders France, Switzerland, Austria and...

. Rome had been awarded the organization of the 1908 Summer Olympics
1908 Summer Olympics
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome. At the time they were the fifth modern Olympic games...

, but after the 1906 eruption of Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius is a stratovolcano in the Gulf of Naples, Italy, about east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. It is the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within the last hundred years, although it is not currently erupting...

, was forced to decline and pass the honors to London
1908 Summer Olympics
The 1908 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the IV Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was held in 1908 in London, England, United Kingdom. These games were originally scheduled to be held in Rome. At the time they were the fifth modern Olympic games...

.

Host city selection

On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris
Paris
Paris is the capital and largest city in France, situated on the river Seine, in northern France, at the heart of the Île-de-France region...

, France
France
The French Republic , The French Republic , The French Republic , (commonly known as France , is a unitary semi-presidential republic in Western Europe with several overseas territories and islands located on other continents and in the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans. Metropolitan France...

, Rome beat out Lausanne, Detroit, Budapest (being the first city of the Eastern Bloc
Eastern bloc
The term Eastern Bloc or Communist Bloc refers to the former communist states of Eastern and Central Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact...

 to bid for the Olympic Games), Brussels, Mexico City and Tokyo for the rights to host the Games.
1960 Summer Olympics bidding results
City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rome
Rome
Rome is the capital of Italy and the country's largest and most populated city and comune, with over 2.7 million residents in . The city is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, on the Tiber River within the Lazio region of Italy.Rome's history spans two and a half...

 
 Italy 15 26 35
Lausanne
Lausanne
Lausanne is a city in Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland, and is the capital of the canton of Vaud. The seat of the district of Lausanne, the city is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva . It faces the French town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura mountains to its north-west...

 
 Switzerland 14 21 24
Detroit   United States 6 11
Budapest
Budapest
Budapest is the capital of Hungary. As the largest city of Hungary, it is the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial, and transportation centre. In 2011, Budapest had 1,733,685 inhabitants, down from its 1989 peak of 2,113,645 due to suburbanization. The Budapest Commuter...

 Hungary 8 1
Brussels
Brussels
Brussels , officially the Brussels Region or Brussels-Capital Region , is the capital of Belgium and the de facto capital of the European Union...

 
 Belgium 6
Mexico City
Mexico City
Mexico City is the Federal District , capital of Mexico and seat of the federal powers of the Mexican Union. It is a federal entity within Mexico which is not part of any one of the 31 Mexican states but belongs to the federation as a whole...

 
 Mexico 6
Tokyo
Tokyo
, ; officially , is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the center of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the largest metropolitan area of Japan. It is the seat of the Japanese government and the Imperial Palace, and the home of the Japanese Imperial Family...

 
 Japan 4

Highlights

  • Soviet
    Soviet Union
    The Soviet Union , officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991....

     gymnasts won 15 of 16 possible medals in women's gymnastics
  • Danish
    Denmark
    Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

     sailer Paul Elvstrøm won his fourth straight gold medal in the Finn class. The only others to emulate his performance in an individual event are Al Oerter
    Al Oerter
    Alfred Adolf Oerter, Jr. was an American athlete, and a four-time Olympic Champion in the discus throw....

    , Carl Lewis
    Carl Lewis
    Frederick Carlton "Carl" Lewis is an American former track and field athlete, who won 10 Olympic medals including 9 gold, and 10 World Championships medals, of which 8 were gold. His career spanned from 1979 when he first achieved a world ranking to 1996 when he last won an Olympic title and...

     and, if the Intercalated Games of 1906
    1906 Summer Olympics
    The 1906 Intercalated Games or 1906 Olympic Games were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in Athens, Greece. They were at the time considered to be Olympic Games and were referred to as the "Second International Olympic Games in Athens" by the International Olympic Committee...

     are included, Ray Ewry
    Ray Ewry
    Raymond "Ray" Clarence Ewry was an American track and field athlete who won 8 gold medals at the Olympic Games and 2 gold medals at the "Intercalated Games" . This puts him among the most successful Olympians of all time...

    .
  • Finnish
    Finland
    Finland , officially the Republic of Finland, is a Nordic country situated in the Fennoscandian region of Northern Europe. It is bordered by Sweden in the west, Norway in the north and Russia in the east, while Estonia lies to its south across the Gulf of Finland.Around 5.4 million people reside...

     Vilho Ylönen, a field shooter, shot a bullseye to a wrong target and was dropped from the second place to fourth.
  • The future Constantine II
    Constantine II of Greece
    |align=right|Constantine II was King of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1973, the sixth and last monarch of the Greek Royal Family....

    , King of Greece
    Greece
    Greece , officially the Hellenic Republic , and historically Hellas or the Republic of Greece in English, is a country in southeastern Europe....

    , won his country a gold in sailing Dragon Class.
  • Fencer Aladár Gerevich
    Aladár Gerevich
    Aladár Gerevich was a fencer from Hungary, regarded as "the greatest Olympic swordsman ever". He won medals in sabre in six Olympics. With Birgit Fischer, Gerevich was one of only two athletes to do so. He is also the only athlete to win the same event six times...

     of Hungary
    Hungary
    Hungary , officially the Republic of Hungary , is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is situated in the Carpathian Basin and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Ukraine and Romania to the east, Serbia and Croatia to the south, Slovenia to the southwest and Austria to the west. The...

     won his sixth consecutive gold medal in the team sabre
    Sabre
    The sabre or saber is a kind of backsword that usually has a curved, single-edged blade and a rather large hand guard, covering the knuckles of the hand as well as the thumb and forefinger...

     event (1932–1936, 1948–1960).
  • Wilma Rudolph
    Wilma Rudolph
    Wilma Glodean Rudolph was an American athlete. Rudolph was considered the fastest woman in the world in the 1960s and competed in two Olympic Games, in 1956 and in 1960....

    , a former polio patient, won three gold medals in sprint events on the track. She was acclaimed as "the fastest woman in the world".
  • Abebe Bikila
    Abebe Bikila
    Abebe Bikila was a two-time Olympic marathon champion from Ethiopia. A stadium in Addis Ababa is named in his honor.-1932–1959:...

     of Ethiopia
    Ethiopia
    Ethiopia , officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is the second-most populous nation in Africa, with over 82 million inhabitants, and the tenth-largest by area, occupying 1,100,000 km2...

     won the marathon bare-footed to become the first black Africa
    Africa
    Africa is the world's second largest and second most populous continent, after Asia. At about 30.2 million km² including adjacent islands, it covers 6% of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4% of the total land area...

    n Olympic champion.
  • Cassius Clay
    Muhammad Ali
    Muhammad Ali is an American former professional boxer, philanthropist and social activist...

    , later known as Muhammad Ali
    Muhammad Ali
    Muhammad Ali is an American former professional boxer, philanthropist and social activist...

    , won boxing's light-heavyweight gold medal.
  • Ramon "Buddy" Carr was one of the boxing coaches that led this team to winning gold.
  • The Japan
    Japan
    Japan is an island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south...

    ese men's gymnastics team won the first of five successive golds, the last of which was won in 1976
    1976 Summer Olympics
    The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event celebrated in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in 1976. Montreal was awarded the rights to the 1976 Games on May 12, 1970, at the 69th IOC Session in Amsterdam, over the bids of Moscow and...

    , in Montreal
    Montreal
    Montreal is a city in Canada. It is the largest city in the province of Quebec, the second-largest city in Canada and the seventh largest in North America...

    .
  • South Africa
    South Africa
    The Republic of South Africa is a country in southern Africa. Located at the southern tip of Africa, it is divided into nine provinces, with of coastline on the Atlantic and Indian oceans...

     appeared in the Olympic arena for the last time under its apartheid regime. It would not be allowed to return until 1992, after the abandonment of apartheid and during the transition to majority rule.
  • The United States men's national basketball team -- led by future Basketball Hall of Fame
    Basketball Hall of Fame
    The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, located in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States, honors exceptional basketball players, coaches, referees, executives, and other major contributors to the game of basketball worldwide...

    rs Walt Bellamy, Jerry Lucas
    Jerry Lucas
    Jerry Ray Lucas was a basketball player from the 1950s to the 1970s, and is now a memory education expert. In 1996, the NBA's 50th anniversary, he was named one of the 50 greatest players in National Basketball Association history...

    , Oscar Robertson
    Oscar Robertson
    Oscar Palmer Robertson , nicknamed "The Big O", is a former American NBA player with the Cincinnati Royals and the Milwaukee Bucks...

     and Jerry West
    Jerry West
    Jerry Alan West is a retired American basketball player who played his entire professional career for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association . His nicknames include "Mr...

     -- captured its fifth straight Olympic gold medal.
  • Swedish
    Sweden
    Sweden , officially the Kingdom of Sweden , is a Nordic country on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe. Sweden borders with Norway and Finland and is connected to Denmark by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund....

     canoer
    Canoeing
    Canoeing is an outdoor activity that involves a special kind of canoe.Open canoes may be 'poled' , sailed, 'lined and tracked' or even 'gunnel-bobbed'....

     Gert Fredriksson
    Gert Fredriksson
    Gert Fridolf Fredriksson was a Swedish sprint canoer who competed from 1942 to 1964...

     won his sixth Olympic title.
  • Danish
    Denmark
    Denmark is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The countries of Denmark and Greenland, as well as the Faroe Islands, constitute the Kingdom of Denmark . It is the southernmost of the Nordic countries, southwest of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. Denmark...

     cyclist
    Cycling
    Cycling, also called bicycling or biking, is the use of bicycles for transport, recreation, or for sport. Persons engaged in cycling are cyclists or bicyclists...

     Knud Enemark Jensen collapsed during his race under the influence of Roniacol and later died in the hospital. It was the second time an athlete died in competition at the Olympics, after the death of Portuguese
    Portugal
    Portugal , officially the Portuguese Republic is a country situated in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the West and South and by Spain to the North and East. The Atlantic archipelagos of the...

     marathon runner Francisco Lázaro
    Francisco Lázaro
    Francisco Lázaro was the first Portuguese Olympic marathon runner and standard bearer of the Portuguese legation in the nation's first ever Olympic games, the 1912 Summer Olympics, in Stockholm, Sweden....

     at the 1912 Summer Olympics
    1912 Summer Olympics
    The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event held in Stockholm, Sweden, between 5 May and 27 July 1912. Twenty-eight nations and 2,407 competitors, including 48 women, competed in 102 events in 14 sports...

    .
  • Australian athlete Herb Elliott
    Herb Elliott
    Herbert James "Herb" Elliott AC MBE is a former Australian athlete, one of the world's greatest middle distance runners...

     won the men's 1500 meters in one of the most dominating performances in Olympic history.
  • American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     athlete Rafer Johnson
    Rafer Johnson
    Rafer Lewis Johnson is an American former decathlete and film actor.-Biography:Johnson was born in Hillsboro, Texas, but the family moved to Kingsburg, California, when he was nine. For a while, they were the only black family in the town. A versatile athlete, he played on Kingsburg High School's...

     defeated his rival and friend C.K. Yang in one of the greatest decathlon events in Olympic history.
  • Peter Camejo
    Peter Camejo
    Peter Miguel Camejo was an American author, activist and politician. In the 2004 United States presidential election, he was selected by independent candidate Ralph Nader as his vice-presidential running mate on a ticket which had the endorsement of the Reform Party.Camejo was a three-time Green...

    , a 2004 American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     vice-presidential candidate for the Green Party
    Green Party (United States)
    The Green Party of the United States is a nationally recognized political party which officially formed in 1991. It is a voluntary association of state green parties. Prior to national formation, many state affiliates had already formed and were recognized by other state parties...

    , competed in yachting for Venezuela
    Venezuela
    Venezuela , officially called the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela , is a tropical country on the northern coast of South America. It borders Colombia to the west, Guyana to the east, and Brazil to the south...

    .
  • Armin Hary
    Armin Hary
    Armin Hary is a German athlete. In 1960 he became the first non-American since 1928 to win the Olympic 100 metres.Born in Quierschied, Saarland, after playing football in his youth, Hary switched to sprinting at age 16...

     won the 100 metres
    100 metres
    The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896...

     in an Olympic record time of 10.2 seconds.
  • Pakistan
    Pakistan
    Pakistan , officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast. In the north, Tajikistan...

     broke India
    India
    India , officially the Republic of India , is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world...

    's dominance in Olympic Men's Field Hockey
    Field hockey
    Field Hockey, or Hockey, is a team sport in which a team of players attempts to score goals by hitting, pushing or flicking a ball into an opposing team's goal using sticks...

     by becoming the first team in history to beat India in Olympic Field Hockey
    Field hockey at the Summer Olympics
    Field hockey was introduced at the Summer Olympic Games as a men's competition at the 1908 Games in London, with six teams, including four from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland....

     since 1928 and winning its first ever Olympic gold medal in the process. India had already won 6 previous hockey golds in the Summer Olympics.
  • The future Sofía of Spain
    Queen Sofía of Spain
    Queen Sofía of Spain is the wife of King Juan Carlos I of Spain.-Early life and family:Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark was born in Psychiko, Athens, Greece on 2 November 1938, the eldest child of the King Paul of Greece and his wife, Queen Frederika , a former princess of Hanover...

     represented Greece in sailing events.
  • Jeff Farrell of the United States won two gold medals in swimming after undergoing an emergency appendectomy six days before the Olympic Trials.
  • Singapore
    Singapore
    Singapore , officially the Republic of Singapore, is a Southeast Asian city-state off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, north of the equator. An island country made up of 63 islands, it is separated from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor to its north and from Indonesia's Riau Islands by the...

     competed for the first time under its own flag, which was to become its national flag after independence, as the British had granted it self government a year earlier. Coincidentally, it was the first time (and only time until 2008) an athlete from Singapore won an Olympic medal, when Tan Howe Liang
    Tan Howe Liang
    Tan Howe Liang is a weightlifter from Singapore who earned himself a place in history as the first Singaporean to win an Olympic Games medal. He did this in the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome where he won the silver medal in the lightweight category...

     won silver in the Weightlifting lightweight category.
  • American
    United States
    The United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district...

     wrestlers Shelby Wilson
    Shelby Wilson
    Shelby Wilson is an American wrestler and Olympic champion. A native of Ponca City, Oklahoma, he competed at the 1960 Olympic Games in Rome, where he received a gold medal in freestyle lightweight. He later became a high school wrestling coach at Owen Valley Community High School.-References:...

    , and Doug Blubaugh both won gold medals in their respective weight classes. Both men were raised in the town of Ponca City, Oklahoma and wrestled together through high school and college.
  • CBS
    CBS
    CBS Broadcasting Inc. is a major US commercial broadcasting television network, which started as a radio network. The name is derived from the initials of the network's former name, Columbia Broadcasting System. The network is sometimes referred to as the "Eye Network" in reference to the shape of...

     paid $394,000 for the right to broadcast the Games in the United States.

Venues

  • Olympic Stadium
    Stadio Olimpico
    The Stadio Olimpico is the main and largest sports facility of Rome, Italy. It is located within the Foro Italico sports complex on the north of the city. An asset of the Italian National Olympic Committee, the structure is intended primarily for football...

    ² (Stadio Olimpico) - opening/closing ceremonies, athletics, equestrian events
  • Flaminio Stadium
    Stadio Flaminio
    The Stadio Flaminio is a stadium in Rome. It lies along the Via Flaminia, three kilometres northwest of the city centre, 300 metres away from the Parco di Villa Glori....

    ¹ (Stadio Flaminio) - football finals
  • Swimming Stadium
    Stadio Olimpico del Nuoto
    The Stadio Olimpico del Nuoto is an aquatics centre at the Foro Italico in Rome, Italy. Inaugurated in 1959, it was designed by the architects Enrico Del Debbio and Aniballe Vitellozzi to host the swimming, diving, water polo, and swimming portion of the modern pentathlon events for the 1960...

    ¹ - swimming, diving, water polo, modern pentathlon (swimming)
  • Sports Palace
    PalaLottomatica
    PalaLottomatica, formerly known as Palazzo dello Sport or PalaEUR, is a multi-purpose sports and entertainment arena in Rome, Italy. It is located in the heart of the well known modern EUR complex. The arena hosted the 1960 Olympic basketball tournamentsThe stadium features 8 meetings points, a...

    ¹ (Palazzo dello sport) - basketball, boxing
  • Olympic Velodrome
    Olympic Velodrome, Rome
    The Olympic Velodrome was a sports venue located in Rome, Italy. Constructed for the 1960 Summer Olympics, it hosted the track cycling and field hockey events.The velodrome was constructed between 1957 and early 1960. It was imploded in July 2008....

    ¹ - cycling (track), field hockey
  • Small Sports Palace
    Palazzetto dello sport
    The Palazzetto dello Sport, also known as the PalaTiziano and PalaFlaminio is an indoor arena located in Piazza Apollodoro in Rome, Italy. Built for the 1960 Summer Olympics , it has a 3,500 seating capacity and was designed by Pier Luigi Nervi. It hosted basketball among other sports during the...

    ¹ (Palazzetto dello Sport) - basketball, weightlifting
  • Marble Stadium² (Stadio dei Marmi
    Stadio dei Marmi
    The Stadio dei Marmi is a sport stadium in the Foro Italico, a sport complex in Rome, Italy.It was designed in the 1920s as a complement to the annexed Academy of Physical Education , to be used by its students for training. Construction, designed by Enrico Del Debbio, was finished in 1928...

    ) - field hockey preliminaries
  • Baths of Caracalla
    Baths of Caracalla
    The Baths of Caracalla in Rome, Italy were Roman public baths, or thermae, built in Rome between AD 212 and 216, during the reign of the Emperor Caracalla.- History :...

     - gymnastics
  • Basilica of Maxentius
    Basilica of Maxentius
    The Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine is an ancient building in the Roman Forum, Rome, Italy...

     - wrestling
  • Palazzo dei Congressi
    Palazzo dei Congressi
    Palzzo dei Congressi is a venue located in Rome, Italy. Constructed originally for the 1942 Universial Exposition, but cancelled to World War II, it hosted the fencing and the fencing part of the modern pentathlon events for the 1960 Summer Olympics....

     - fencing
  • Umberto I Shooting Range
    Umberto I Shooting Range
    The Umberto I Shooting Range is a firing range located in the Lazio region west of Rome, Italy. For the 1960 Summer Olympics, it hosted the pistol and rifle shooting, and the shooting part of the modern pentathlon events.-References:* Volume 1. pp. 66-7.*...

    ¹ - modern pentathlon (shooting), shooting (pistol/ rifle)
  • Roses Swimming Pool¹ (Piscina delle Rose
    Piscina delle Rose
    The Piscina delle Rose is a sports venue located in Rome, Italy. It hosted the preliminaries for the water polo events at the 1960 Summer Olympics.-References:* Volume 1. pp. 75-6.*...

    ) - water polo
  • Lake Albano, Castelgandolfo - rowing, canoeing
  • Piazza di Siena, Villa Borghese gardens
    Villa Borghese gardens
    Villa Borghese is a large landscape garden in the naturalistic English manner in Rome, containing a number of buildings, museums and attractions. It is the second largest public park in Rome after that of the Villa Doria Pamphili...

     - equestrian (dressage, eventing - jumping, jumping - individual)
  • Pratoni del Vivaro, Rocca di Papa
    Rocca di Papa
    Rocca di Papa is a small town and comune in the province of Rome, Lazio, Italy. It is one of the Castelli Romani about 25 km south east of Rome on the Alban Hills. It is bounded by the other communes of Velletri, Rocca Priora, Monte Compatri, Grottaferrata, Albano and Marino...

     - equestrian (eventing)
  • Gulf of Naples
    Gulf of Naples
    The Gulf of Naples is a c. 15 km wide gulf located in the south western coast of Italy, . It opens to the west into the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the cities of Naples and Pozzuoli, on the east by Mount Vesuvius, and on the south by the Sorrentine Peninsula and the main...

    , Naples
    Naples
    Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

     - yachting
  • Communal Stadium, Florence
    Florence
    Florence is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany and of the province of Florence. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with approximately 370,000 inhabitants, expanding to over 1.5 million in the metropolitan area....

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Communal Stadium
    Stadio Olimpico Carlo Zecchini
    Stadio Olimpico Carlo Zecchini is a multi-use stadium in Grosseto, Italy. It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of U.S. Grosseto F.C.. The stadium holds 10,200....

    , Grosseto
    Grosseto
    Grosseto is a city and comune in the central Italian region of Tuscany, the capital of the Province of Grosseto. The city lies 14 km from the Tyrrhenian Sea, in the Maremma, at the centre of an alluvial plain, on the Ombrone river....

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Communal Stadium
    Stadio Tommaso Fattori
    Stadio Tommaso Fattori is a multi-use stadium in L'Aquila, Italy. It is currently used mostly for football and rugby union matches and the home of L'Aquila Calcio and L'Aquila Rugby. The stadium holds 9,285 people....

    , L'Aquila
    L'Aquila
    L'Aquila is a city and comune in central Italy, both the capital city of the Abruzzo region and of the Province of L'Aquila. , it has a population of 73,150 inhabitants, but has a daily presence in the territory of 100,000 people for study, tertiary activities, jobs and tourism...

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Ardenza Stadium, Livorno
    Livorno
    Livorno , traditionally Leghorn , is a port city on the Tyrrhenian Sea on the western edge of Tuscany, Italy. It is the capital of the Province of Livorno, having a population of approximately 160,000 residents in 2009.- History :...

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Adriatico Stadium
    Stadio Adriatico
    Stadio Adriatico is a stadium in the city of Pescara, Abruzzo, Italy, which opened in 1955. For the 1960 Summer Olympics, it hosted some of the football preliminaries. It originated as a multipurpose facility and is a center of the CONI...

    , Pescara
    Pescara
    Pescara is the capital city of the Province of Pescara, in the Abruzzo region of Italy. As of January 1, 2007 it was the most populated city within Abruzzo at 123,059 residents, 400,000 with the surrounding metropolitan area...

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Saint Paul's Stadium
    Stadio San Paolo
    Stadio San Paolo is a multi-purpose stadium in the western suburb of Fuorigrotta in Naples, Italy, and is the third largest football stadium in Italy after the San Siro and Stadio Olimpico. For the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, it hosted the football preliminaries. It is currently used mostly for...

    , Naples
    Naples
    Naples is a city in Southern Italy, situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Phlegraean Fields, it is the capital of the region of Campania and of the province of Naples...

     - football/soccer preliminaries
  • Campo Tre Fontane
    Campo Tre Fontane
    Campo Tre Fontane is a sports venue located in Rome, Italy. For the 1960 Summer Olympics, it hosted seven field hockey matches.The camp is part of the Tre Fontane Sports Zone, and is home to S.S. Lazio Hockey Prato.-References:* Volume 1. p. 76....

     - field hockey preliminaries
  • Acqua Santa Golf Club Course
    Acqua Santa Golf Club Course
    The Acqua Santa Golf Club Course is an Italian golf course located along the Appian Way southeast of Rome.Constructed in 1903, it hosted the running portion of the modern pentathlon events for the 1960 Summer Olympics.-References:...

     - modern pentathlon (running)
  • Arch of Constantine
    Arch of Constantine
    The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was erected to commemorate Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312...

     - athletics (marathon finish)
  • Cesano Infantry School Range
    Cesano Infantry School Range
    The Cesano Infantry Shooting Range was a temporary firing range set up by the Italian Army for the infantry off the Via Cassia. It hosted the 300 m free rifle shooting event for the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.-References:* Volume 1. pp. 66-7....

     - shooting (300 m free rifle)
  • Lazio Pigeon Shooting Stand
    Lazio Pigeon Shooting Stand
    The Lazio Pigeon Shooting Stand was a temporary firing range built near the Olympic village in Rome. It was used for the trap shooting event for the 1960 Summer Olympics.-References:* Volume 1. pp. 66-7.* Volume 2. Part 2. p. 932.*...

     - shooting (trap shotgun)
  • Passo Corese
    Passo Corese
    Passo Corese is a precinct of Fara in Sabina, 35 km from Rome, Italy. It was the venue for the riding part of the modern pentathlon event for the 1960 Summer Olympics. During World War II, it was the site of a large POW camp, P.G. 54-References:...

     - modern pentathlon (riding)
  • Grande Raccordo Anulare
    Grande Raccordo Anulare
    The GRA or Grande Raccordo Anulare is a toll-free, ring-shaped orbital motorway, 68,2 km in circumference that encircles Rome...

     - athletics (marathon)
  • Via Appian Antica
    Appian Way
    The Appian Way was one of the earliest and strategically most important Roman roads of the ancient republic. It connected Rome to Brindisi, Apulia, in southeast Italy...

     - athletics (marathon)
  • Via Cassia
    Via Cassia
    The Via Cassia was an important Roman road striking out of the Via Flaminia near the Milvian Bridge in the immediate vicinity of Rome and, passing not far from Veii traversed Etruria...

     - cycling (individual road race)
  • Via Flaminia
    Via Flaminia
    The Via Flaminia was an ancient Roman road leading from Rome over the Apennine Mountains to Ariminum on the coast of the Adriatic Sea, and due to the ruggedness of the mountains was the major option the Romans had for travel between Etruria, Latium and Campania and the Po Valley...

     - cycling (individual road race)
  • Via Cristoforo Colombo
    Via Cristoforo Colombo
    Via Cristoforo Colombo is a road in Italy named for Christopher Columbus. This road stretches from its southernmost point at the beaches the Tyrrhenian Sea to its northernmost point in Rome near the La porta Ardeatina nelle Mura Aureliane....

     - athletics (marathon), cycling (road team time trial)
  • Via di Grottarossa
    Via di Grottarossa
    Via di Grottarossa is a road located north of Rome, Italy. The road was part of the individual road race cycling event for the 1960 Summer Olympics.-Reference:* Volume 1. p. 84.* Volume 2. Part 2. p. 319....

     - cycling (individual road race)


¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Events and medals awarded

See for individual sports and for medal winners, ordered by sport:
  • Athletics
    Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, 34 events in athletics were contested, 24 by men and 10 by women. There were a total number of 1016 participating athletes from 73 countries.-Men's events:-Women's events:-Medal table:-Records broken:...

  • Basketball
    Basketball at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    Basketball at the 1960 Summer Olympics was the fifth appearance of the sport in Olympic competition. 16 nations were admitted into the Olympic tournament, with many others being eliminated in a pre-Olympic tournament held earlier in the year from 13 to 20 August 1960 at the Sports Palace at Bologna...

  • Boxing
    Boxing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    In the 1960 Summer Olympics, Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. won the gold medal in the boxing light heavyweight division for the United States.-Medals:- Flyweight :-Quarterfinals:...

  • Canoeing
    Canoeing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, seven events in sprint canoe racing were contested at Lake Albano. Four changes were done to the program. First, the 10000 metre events that were raced from 1936 to 1956 were permanently dropped from the Olympic program, leaving all races at the 500 metre and...

  • Cycling
    Cycling at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    The cycling competition at the 1960 Summer Olympics consisted of two road cycling events and four track cycling events, all for men only.-Medal table:-Medal summary:-References:*...

  • Diving
    Diving at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    -Medal summary:The events are labelled as 3 metre springboard and 10 metre platform by the International Olympic Committee, and appeared on the 1960 Official Report as 3-metre springboard diving and 10-metre high diving, respectively.-Men:-Women:...

  • Equestrian
    Equestrian at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    The Equestrian Events at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome included dressage, eventing, and show jumping. Eventing and show jumping presented both individual and team medals, dressage presented only individual medals...

  • Fencing
    Fencing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, eight events in fencing were contested. Men competed in both individual and team events for each of the three weapon types , but women competed only in foil events.-Medal summary:...

  • Football
    Football at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    The football tournament at the 1960 Summer Olympics was held from 26 August to 10 September in 1960 throughout Italy.-Venues:-Medalists:-Group A:---------------------Group B:---------------------Group C:--------...

  • Gymnastics
    Gymnastics at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics, fourteen different artistic gymnastics events were contested, eight for men and six for women. All events were held in the Baths of Caracalla in Rome from September 5 through 10th.-Format of competition:...

  • Hockey
  • Modern pentathlon
    Modern pentathlon at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, two events in modern pentathlon were contested.-Medal summary:-Medal table:...

  • Rowing
    Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. The competitions were held from August 30, 1960 to September 3, 1960 on the Lago di Albano.-Medal summary:-Medal table:-References:*...

  • Sailing
    Sailing at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    Sailing/Yachting is a Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad . With the exception of 1904 and possible 1916 sailing was always a part of the Olympic program....

  • Shooting
    Shooting at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    Shooting at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome comprised six events.-Medal summary:-Medal table:-References:*...

  • Swimming
    Swimming at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, 15 swimming events were contested, eight for men and seven for women. There was a total of 380 participants from 45 countries competing. For the first time, the 4×100 metres medley relay was contested...

  • Water polo
    Water polo at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    -Medal summary:-Results:For the team rosters see: Water polo at the 1960 Summer Olympics - Men's team squads.-Final standings:-References:*...

  • Weightlifting
    Weightlifting at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    The weightlifting competition at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome consisted of seven weight classes, all for men only.-Medal summary:-Medal table:-References:...

  • Wrestling
    Wrestling at the 1960 Summer Olympics
    At the 1960 Summer Olympics, 16 wrestling events were contested, all for men. There were eight weight classes in Greco-Roman wrestling and eight classes in freestyle wrestling.- Greco-Roman:-Freestyle:-See also:...


  • Participating nations

    A total of 84 nations participated at the Rome Games. Athletes from Morocco
    Morocco
    Morocco , officially the Kingdom of Morocco , is a country located in North Africa. It has a population of more than 32 million and an area of 710,850 km², and also primarily administers the disputed region of the Western Sahara...

    , San Marino
    San Marino
    San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino , is a state situated on the Italian Peninsula on the eastern side of the Apennine Mountains. It is an enclave surrounded by Italy. Its size is just over with an estimated population of over 30,000. Its capital is the City of San Marino...

    , Sudan
    Sudan
    Sudan , officially the Republic of the Sudan , is a country in North Africa, sometimes considered part of the Middle East politically. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the...

    , and Tunisia
    Tunisia
    Tunisia , officially the Tunisian RepublicThe long name of Tunisia in other languages used in the country is: , is the northernmost country in Africa. It is a Maghreb country and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Its area...

     competed at the Olympic Games for the first time.
    Suriname
    Suriname
    Suriname , officially the Republic of Suriname , is a country in northern South America. It borders French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south, and on the north by the Atlantic Ocean. Suriname was a former colony of the British and of the Dutch, and was previously known as...

     also made its first Olympic appearance, but its lone athlete withdrew from competition, leaving a total of 83 nations that actually competed.
    Athletes from Barbados
    Barbados
    Barbados is an island country in the Lesser Antilles. It is in length and as much as in width, amounting to . It is situated in the western area of the North Atlantic and 100 kilometres east of the Windward Islands and the Caribbean Sea; therein, it is about east of the islands of Saint...

    , Jamaica
    Jamaica
    Jamaica is an island nation of the Greater Antilles, in length, up to in width and 10,990 square kilometres in area. It is situated in the Caribbean Sea, about south of Cuba, and west of Hispaniola, the island harbouring the nation-states Haiti and the Dominican Republic...

     and Trinidad and Tobago
    Trinidad and Tobago
    Trinidad and Tobago officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic state in the southern Caribbean, lying just off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and south of Grenada in the Lesser Antilles...

     would represent the new (British
    British Empire
    The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom. It originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height, it was the...

    ) West Indies Federation
    West Indies Federation
    The West Indies Federation, also known as the Federation of the West Indies, was a short-lived Caribbean federation that existed from January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962. It consisted of several Caribbean colonies of the United Kingdom...

    , competing as "Antilles", but this nation would only exist for this single Olympiad. Athletes from East Germany
    German Democratic Republic
    The German Democratic Republic , informally called East Germany by West Germany and other countries, was a socialist state established in 1949 in the Soviet zone of occupied Germany, including East Berlin of the Allied-occupied capital city...

     and West Germany
    West Germany
    West Germany is the common English, but not official, name for the Federal Republic of Germany or FRG in the period between its creation in May 1949 to German reunification on 3 October 1990....

     would compete as the United Team of Germany
    United Team of Germany
    The Unified Team of Germany , competed in the 1956, 1960, and 1964 Winter and Summer Olympic Games as a united team of athletes from the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic...

     from 1956-1964. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants that each country contributed.

    Medal count

    These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:
    1 43 29 31 103
    2 34 21 16 71
    3 13 10 13 36
    4 12 19 11 42
    5 8 8 6
    6 7 2 0 9
    7 6 8 7 21
    8 4 7 7 18
    9 4 6 11 21
    10 3 2 3 8'Bold text

    External links

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