(1) (Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written; is used in a synagogue during services
(2) The first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
(3) The whole body of the Jewish sacred writings and tradition including the oral tradition
- The first five books of the Hebrew Scriptures, attributed to Moses and therefore also known as the Five Books of Moses.
- Tradition holds that the Torah was handed down to Moses on Mount Sinai.
- The full body of written Jewish law, including the Tanakh, the Talmud, the Mishnah and the midrashic texts.
- It says in the Torah that both gossip and murder cause irreparable damage.
- The whole of Jewish law, both written and unwritten.
- The encompassing philosophy of Judaism.