(1)   Any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of various families of the order Perciformes
(2)   Spiny-finned freshwater food and game fishes
(3)   Support consisting of a branch or rod that serves as a resting place (especially for a bird)
(4)   Any of numerous fishes of America and Europe
(5)   An elevated place serving as a seat
(6)   A square rod of land
(7)   A linear measure of 16.5 feet


(8)   Sit, as on a branch
"The birds perched high in the tree"
(9)   To come to rest, settle
"Misfortune lighted upon him"

Etymology 1

French perche, Latin perca, Greek πέρκη, cognate with περκνός, "dark-spotted".


  1. Any of the three species of spiny-finned freshwater fish in the genus Perca.
  2. Any of the about 200 related species of fish in the taxonomic family Percidae.
  3. Several similar species in the order Perciformes, such as the grouper.


fish in genus Perca
fish in family Percidae
fish in order Perciformes

Etymology 2

French perche, Latin pertica, "staff", "long pole", "measuring rod".


  1. a rod, staff, or branch of a tree etc used as a roost by a bird
  2. a position that is secure and advantageous, especially one which is prominent or elevated
  3. a linear measure of 5.5 yards, equal to a rod, a pole, ¼ chain or 5½ yards; the related square measure
  4. a cubic measure of stonework equal to 16.6 x 1.5 x 1 feet
  5. a frame used to examine cloth


  1. To rest on a perch; to roost.
  2. To stay in an elevated position.
  3. To place something on (or as if on) a perch.